Hazrat Meesam-e-Tammar

Hazrat Meesam-e-Tammar brief biography and Martyrdom:
Meesam was a slave belonging to a woman of Bani Asad. Hazrat Ali (A.S.) purchased this slave from the woman and set him free in the way of Allah. He was a man of high character and a true lover of Allah (SWT), Prophet Mohammad (SAW) and his Ahl-e-Bait (A.S.). Meesam desired his name to be kept as Salem. Hazrat Ali (A.S.) approached the Holy Prophet (SAW) who said that he should be known as Meesam but he could keep the Kuniyet as Abu Salem.This very Meesam proved to be one of the nearest disciples of Hazrat Ali (A.S.). He used to sell dates and on this account he was known as Meesam-e-Tammar. He used to take lessons from Hazrat Ali (A.S.) and Hazrat Ali (A.S.) acquainted him with a good many secrets of the faith. Hazrat Ali (A.S.) taught him many branches of knowledge which included ilm-e-Manaya wal Balaya (the knowledge of death and future calamities) and ilm-e-Taweel (Interpretation and exegesis of Quran). At times with the permission of his master, Meesam used to acquaint the public about the deep secrets learnt by him. At times on account of the frank speech of Meesam people used to think that Meesam had lost his head. They could hardly understand the depth of his words.
Once Hazrat Ali (A.S.) told him that he (Meesam) would be hanged on account of love for his master. He also gave the address and told him that he would be hanged in a farm next to the house of Amr lbn Huraith. The tree on which he would be hanged was the smallest of the ten trees existing in the farm at that time. Meesam was also informed that his tongue would be cut out because he would not stop praising his master [Hazrat Ali (A.S.)].
After getting this information, it is recorded in history that, Meesam used to go to the tree pointed out by Hazrat Ali (A.S.), clean the place and water the tree and offer prayers saying, "Oh tree! You are for me and I am for you.
Months and years passed by, Hazrat Ali (A.S.) was martyred then Imam Hassan (A.S.) was martyred and Meesam kept waiting for the time. Finally came 60 A.H. when Ubaidullah Ibn-e-Ziyad was appointed Governor of Kufah/Koofa.
Meesam then went to perform Hajj and there after returned to Kufa. One-day Ubaidullah Ibn-e-Ziad, the Governor of the place, called him and asked him in the Court, "Oh Meesam! Inform me where your God is?" Meesam immediately replied. "He is in quest of an opportunity to punish the transgressors." Ibn Ziad then asked him about his connection with Hazrat Ali (A.S.). Meesam replied that Hazrat Ali (A.S.) was his master and that he loved him. Ibn Ziad then asked him. "Did your master tell you anything about your end?"
Meesam replied, "Yes, he informed me that I would be hanged and that my tongue would be cut." Ibn Ziad sent a roar of laughter and said, "I will see that your master did not tell you the truth (Naozo Billah). I will see that his prophecy is belied." Meesam said, "My master's words are true because he got that information from God. The Prophet was informed by Jibrael and Jibrael came with the message of Allah." Ibn Ziad ordered Meesam to be jailed. Meesam escaped from jail and joined Mukhtar. Mukhtar had risen in revolt to avenge the massacre of Karbala. Discussions took place between Mukhtar and Meesam. Revenge was planned. But Meesam was caught by the order of Ibn Ziad and was ordered to be hanged.
Meesam was brought to the same tree to be hanged as pointed out by Hazrat Ali (A.S.). Meesam began singing the praises of his master, and about a thousand people gathered to see Meesam being hanged. Even after being hanged, the tongue of Meesam went on singing the praises of Hazrat Ali (A.S.). Ibn Ziad was informed about this and the tyrant ordered that the tongue of Meesam is cut and thus the prophecy of Hazrat Ali (A.S.) came true and Meesam died after his tongue was cut out. Inna lillahe wa inna ilehe rajeoon.
Mother's Rights:
It was for some time that Zakariyya, son of Ibrahim, felt attracted towards Islam although his father, mother and all the family members were Christians and he too was the believer of Christianity. Both his conscience and heart were inviting him towards Islam. At last, against the liking of his father, mother and family-members, he accepted Islam and surrendered himself to the commandments of Islam.The Hajj season commenced. Young Zakariyya left Kufah with the objective of performing Hajj and had the honour of meeting Al-Imam As-Sadiq (AS) in Madinah. He narrated to Imam (AS) the incident of his acceptance of Islam. Imam (AS) enquired:
"What virtue of Islam attracted your attention?" He replied: "I can only say that it was Allah's words in Qur'an which impressed me and holds true in my case. Allah says to his Prophet (SAW) in Qur'an: "O Prophet! Earlier you didn't know what the Book is and didn't know what the faith is, but We revealed to you this Qur'an and made it a light by which We guide whomsoever We wish."
Imam (AS) said: "I confirm Allah has guided you."
Then Imam (AS) said thrice:
"O Allah! You Yourself be a guide to him."
Afterwards Imam (AS) said:
"My son, now whatever questions you have, asks me".
The Youngman said: "My father, mother and family-members, are all Christians. My mother is blind. I am associated to them and I am compelled to eat with them. What am I supposed to do in such circumstances?"
Imam (AS): "Do they eat pork?"
Zakariyya: "No, O son of Prophet (SAW)! They don't even touch pork."
Imam (AS): "Then, there is nothing wrong in your association with them."
Then Imam (AS) said: "Be careful about your mother's health. Be kind to her till she is alive. When she dies, don't give her body to anyone else. You personally take charge of her corpse." Here, don't tell anyone that you have met me. I will also come to Makkah. Insha Allah (Allah willing), we will meet in Mina.
In Mina, the Youngman went in search of Imam (AS). There was a huge crowd around Imam (AS).
The people, like the children surrounding their teacher and asking questions one after the other without giving any time, were asking questions one after the other from Imam (AS) and were listening to his replies.
The Hajj season came to an end and the Youngman returned to Kufah/Koofa. He had kept in mind Imam's (AS) advice. With firm determination, he started serving his mother and never failed to be kind and loving to his blind mother. He served food to her with his own hands. He even used to check her clothes and head to see that no lice might be present. This change in the behavior of the son, mainly after his return from Makkah, was surprising for his mother. One day she asked her son:
"Dear Son! Earlier, when you followed our religion, you were not so kind to me. Now what has happened to you that though I and you are not the same in respect of religion, you are more kind to me than before?"
Zakariyya: "Dear mother! A person from the descendants of our Prophet (SAW) has told me to do so."
Mother: "Is he himself a Prophet?"
Son: "No, he is not a Prophet. He is the son of the Prophet (SAW)."
Mother: "My son! I think he himself is a Prophet as this type of advices and preaching's not given by anyone except the Prophets."
Zakariyya: "No mother! Be sure that he is not a Prophet. He is the son of the Prophet (SAW). Basically, no Prophet is supposed to come to earth after our Prophet Muhammad (SAW)."
Mother: "My son! Your religion is very good. It is better than all the other religions. Teach me your religion."
The Youngman told his mother the 'Shahadatayn' (meaning: "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad (SAW) is his Messenger").
Thus, the mother became a Muslim. Then the Youngman taught his blind mother the process of reciting salat (prayer). The mother grasped it and recited the Zuhr (noon) and the Asr (afternoon) salats. It became night. She succeeded in reciting both the Maghrib (evening) and the Isha (night) salats. Suddenly, late in the night, the mother's condition (of health) changed; she fell sick and got bed-laid. She called her son and said:
"My son, once more teach all the things you had taught me."
Once again, the son taught his mother the Shahddatayn and all the principles of Islam, that is, belief in Allah, Prophet (SAW), angels, the Divine Books and the Ma'ad (Day of Resurrection). The mother repeated all these as a symbol of her belief and acceptance and offered her life to the Creator.
In the morning, the Muslims gathered for giving her Ghuslul-Mayyit (obligatory bath to the dead) and her burial. The person, who recited Sulatul-Mayyit (prayer for the dead) and buried her, was none but her young son, Zakariyya.

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