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Golden Sayings & Speeches of Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir a.s.
Asalamoalaka ya Hazrat Imam Muhammad Baqir a.s.
1.      He, peace be on him said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Lying is good in three (cases): the trick during war, your promise to your wife, and making peace between (two) people. Truthfulness is bad in three (cases): tale bearing, your telling the person about his wife with what he hates, and your accusing the person of lying (when he tells) about good. Sitting with three (kinds of people) deadens the heart: sitting with the low, conversation with women, and sitting with the rich. (Al-Khisal, p. 84)
2.      The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, permitted telling lies in these cases because of the interests that result from them. The scholars said: "Telling lies is not the perfect cause of ugliness. Rather it is a necessity for it. So, when the interests that remove its ugliness are found, the person is permitted to it. Truthfulness is also ugly in these cases because of evil that arises from it.
3.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Every eye will weep on the Day of Judgment except three eyes: the eye that weeps out of the fear of Allah, the eye that blinks at what Allah has prohibited, and the eye that stays awake at night for Allah. (Al-Khisal, p. 94)
4.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "The quickest good in reward is benefaction and the quickest evil in punishment is oppression. It is enough fault for the person that he looks at what the people have while he has it, that he disgraces the people with what he cannot leave, and that he hurts his friend with that which does not concern him. (Al-Khisal, p. 106)
This tradition urges people to do good, to be careful of evil and  aggression against people, and to censure the person who looks for the faults of people and does not look for his own faults.
5.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "No staying up at night but for three (cases): spending the night in (reciting) the Koran or in seeking knowledge or in directing the bride to her husband. (Al-Khisal, p.108)
6.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Whoever does not have three (traits) does not belong to me nor does he belong to Allah, the Great and Almighty. It was said: O Apostle of Allah, what are they? He said: clemency through which he drives back the ignorance of the ignorant, good manners through he lives among the people, This tradition summons the Moslem person to build his character according to noble foundations such as clemency, good manners, and refraining from what Allah has prohibited.
7.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Three (groups of people) have the right to intercede with Allah, the Great and Almighty: the prophets, the scholars, and the martyrs. (Al-Khisal, p. 147)
8.      He, peace be no him, said: The Apostle of Allah bless him and his family, said: "Belief is appreciation with heart, acknowledgment with tongue, and action with limbs. (Al-Khisal, p.164) Belief is not a word on everybody's lips. Rather, it is an affair settled in the depth of the heart and inner self. It motivates man to act out of conviction and loyalty.
9.      He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said to Abu` Dharr: "O Abu` Dharr, beware of begging, for it is present abasement and quickens poverty. There will be a long reckoning concerning it on the Day of Judgment. O Abu Dharr, you will live by yourself, die by yourself, and enter Paradise by yourself. Some Iraqis will be happy because of you. They will wash and prepare you for burial. Do not beg with the palm of your hand. When a thing comes, then accept it. Then he, may Allah bless him and his family, said to his Companions: Shall I tell you about your wicked ones?
"Yes, O Apostle of Allah."
Those who go about with slander, sow division among the friends, and find fault with the innocent. (Al-Khisal, p.167)
10.  The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, advised Abu` Dharr to cling to abstinence and self-esteem. He, may Allah bless him and his family, recognized from behind the unseen that this great reformer would suffer from severe punishments and persecutions because of carrying out his immortal reformative message. Thus, Abu` Dharr was indignant with the Umayyads who turned away from the rights of the community and possessed alone its wealth. So, they inherited successively the property of Allah and enslaved His servants. Thus, Abu` Dharr defended the rights of the oppressed and the persecuted and showed their sufferings. So, the Umayyads were unable to bear him. Accordingly, they banished him to al-Rabadha and imposed a house arrest. He lived at that barren area. Then this great revolutionist died of hunger. He was banished from the home of Allah and of His Apostle. However, the Umayyads possessed the gold of the land and the wealth of the community. They spent them on their pleasures.
Abu Dharr sacrificed his life for achieving social justice, finding equal opportunities for the people, removing poverty and oppression, and returning the government of the Koran and the justice of Islam to them.
11.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "O 'Ali, four (persons) whose supplication is not refused are: the just Ima`m, the father (who invokes Allah) for his son, the man who invokes (Allah) for his absent brother, and the oppressed one to Allah, the Great and Almighty, says: By My Greatness and Might, I will support you even after a while. (Al-Khisal, p. 180)
12.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said to 'Ali: "O 'Ali, indeed, Allah, the Great and Almighty, looked thoroughly over the people of the earth and chose me from them. Then He looked over them a second time and chose you from them after me. Then He looked over them a third time and chose from them the Ima`ms from your children. Then He looked over them a forth time and chose Fa`tima from the women of the world. (Al-Khisal, p.188)
13.  Surely, Allah, the Most High, chose His great Prophet and his testamentary trustees, the pure Ima`ms, from His creatures.
14.  He made them keepers for His knowledge, store for His wisdom, pillars for His monotheism, signpost (of knowledge) in His earth, and guides for His pleasure and obedience. May Allah bless them all.
15.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Whoever has four (attributes) is in Allah's great light: the protection of his affair is that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Apostle of Allah. When a misfortune hits him, he says: to Allah we belong and to Him is our return. When he gains good, he says: praise belongs to Allah. When he commits a sin, he says: I ask Allah's forgiveness and turn to Him in repentance. (Al-Khisal, p. 203)
16.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Whoever has four (traits), Allah spreads His protection over him and makes him enter the garden through His mercy: good manners through which he lives among people, leniency towards the grieved, piety for the parents, and kindness to the slave. (Al-Khisal, p. 205)
17.  This tradition summons the people to cleave to good manners,
good behavior among the people, and leniency and mercy towards the afflicted (with disaster) and the unfortunate. He, peace be on him reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, who said: "Four (acts) deaden the heart: sin after sin, much talk with the women, disputing with the fool, (You say and he says, he never returns to good), and sitting with the dead. It was said to him: Who are the dead? He said: All the extravagant. (Al-Khisal, p. 208)
18.  The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, warned (his community) of these affairs, for they deaden the conscience and stiffen the heart. However, Islam has taken great care of man's conscience. Meanwhile Islam wants man to be aware, free, educated, and merciful.
19.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said in his testamentary bequest to the Ima`m, the Commander of the Faithful, peace be on him: "O 'Ali, act through four: your youth before your old age, your health before your illness, your riches before your poverty, and your life before your death. (Al-Khisal, p.217)
20.  The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, summoned (his community) to do good and to seize the opportunity to do what approaches the servant to his Creator before it is too late, so man loses the blessings which Allah has prepared for him in the eternal abode.
21.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, peace be on him, who said: "Among the signs of unhappiness are: the impudence of the eye, the cruelty of the heart, the intensity of greediness in seeking livelihood, and the persistence of the sin. (Al-Khisal, p. 221) The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, warned (the community) of these things that make man far from his Lord and throw him into great evil.
22.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said on his pulpit: "Indeed the best names are: 'Abd Allah, 'Abd al-Rahma`n, Ha`ritha, and Hammam.
The worst names are: Dera`r, Murah, Harb, and Zalim. (Al-Khisal, p.228)
The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, ordered the Moslems to call their children with blessed names and prevented them from calling them with evil names.
23.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "The servant will be asked about four (things) on the Day of Judgment before his legs disappear: in what he used up his age, in what he wore out his youth, from where he earned his money and in what he spent it, and our love, we, the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt).(Al-Khisal, p. 231)
24.  Indeed Allah, the Exalted, will ask man on the Day of Judgment about all the affairs of his life in this world. He will ask him about whether he had used up his age in the obedience and pleasure of Allah to reward him or he had used it up in committing sins and oppressing the creatures to punish him. He will especially ask him about in what he had worn out his youth. He will ask him about whether he had lawfully earned his money to reward him or he had unlawfully earned it to punish him. He will also ask him about his love for the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them, for they are the source of light and good in the earth. If he (man) loves them, he will be successful; otherwise he will be unsuccessful.
25.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers, who said that the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, addressed the people on the last Friday of the month of Sha'ban.
26.  He thanked Allah, praised Him, and then said: O People, indeed, a month will shade you. I
27.  n it there is a night (that) is better than a thousand months.
28.  It is the month of Ramadan. Allah has imposed the fasting in it (on you).
29.  He has made performing a prayer willingly in a night of it as performing prayers willingly in seventy nights in months other than it.
30.  He has made (the reward) of him who does willingly good and kindness as the reward of him who carries out a commandment of the Commandments of Allah.
31.  Whoever carries out a commandment of the Commandments of Allah is like him who carries out seventy commandments in (months) other than it.
32.  It is the month of patience. The reward of patience is the garden. It is the month of help.
33.  It is the month in which Allah increases the livelihood of the believer.
34.  Whoever breaks the believer's fast, with that, has with Allah, the Great and Almighty, releasing a slave and forgiving his past sins.
35.  It was said to him: O Apostle of Allah, not all of us are able to break the believer's fast. He said: Indeed Allah, the Blessed, is generous.
36.  He gives this reward to those of you who have nothing to break someone's fast except milk mixed with water or a drink of fresh water or few dates.
37.  Whoever helps his slave in it, Allah will commute his punishment.
38.  It is the month whose beginning is mercy, whose middle is forgiveness, and whose end is answer and releasing from fire. In it you are in need of four qualities:
39.  Two qualities through which you please Allah.
40.  Two qualities are necessary for you. As for the two (qualities) through which you please Allah, they are: Testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Apostle of Allah.
41.  As for the two (qualities) that are necessary for you, they are: In it ask Allah for your needs and Paradise. In it ask Allah for good health and seek refuge with Him from the Fire. (Al-Khisal, p.236)
42.  Surely, the month of Ramadan has holiness and sacredness with Allah. Thus, Allah has preferred it to the other months. In it the Apostle summoned the people to obey (Allah) and to do good and kindness to the poor. He distinguished it very much from the other months.
43.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said to 'Ali in his testamentary bequest: "O 'Ali, four (things) are in vain: eating after fullness, the lamp in the moon, planting in the salt ground, and doing a favor for the people who are not worthy of it. (Al-Khisal, p.240)
44.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "I summon (my community to follow) five (practices) till death: I will eat with the slaves at the foot (of the mountain). I will ride the donkey with saddle. I will milk the she-goat with my hand. I will greet the boys so as to be a practice (sunna) after me. (Al-Khisal, p.247) These affairs were among the high morals through which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, became the Lord of all the prophets and made the people believe in Islam.
45.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Whoever sells and buys should refrain from five qualities; other wise he should refrain from selling and buying: usury, swearing (by Allah), concealing the defect, praising when he sells, dispraising when he buys. (Al-Khisal, p. 260)
46.  The seller and the buyer should understand the affairs of dealings to avoid the usurious dealings that are among the great prohibitions in Islam.
47.  They should avoid swearing (by Allah) during the dealing. If they are truthful, it is hateful for them to do that. If they are liars, they commit a sin and a prohibition.
48.  They should not conceal the defect whether in the cost or in the goods. When concealment occurs and then it is discovered, the deceived one has the right to repudiate the dealing.
49.  The seller should avoid praising his commodity.
50.  The buyer should avoid dispraising what he has bought when it is sound.
51.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers, who said that a man came to the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, and asked him:
- O Apostle of Allah, what is knowledge?
- Listening.
- Then what?
- Listening to it.
- Then what?
- Memorizing it.
- Then what?
- Putting it into practice.
- Then what?
- Proclaiming it. (Al-Khisal, p. 262)
52.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said to his Companions: "Feel shame before Allah very much. They said: What shall we do? He said: If you want to do (that), then no one of you should spend the night but he is in fear of Him. He should keep the head and what it has contained and the abdomen and what it has included. He should recall the grave and death. Whoever likes the hereafter should leave the embellishment of the world. (Al-Khisal, p.267)
Indeed man can accomplish shame through fearing his Lord, holding back his tongue from telling lies, preventing his eyes from looking at the unlawful, and recalling the grave and the fright therein. When man does that, he feels shame before Allah.
53.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, was asked about the best servants. So, he said: "When they do good, they are cheerful (about it). When they misbehave, they ask Allah's forgiveness. When they are given, they thank. When they are tested, they are patient. When they are angered, they forgive. (Al-Khisal, p.308)
54.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers, who said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, said to 'Ali in his commandment:
O 'Ali, there are six qualities in fornication: three of them are in the world, and the others are in the hereafter. As for those in the world, they take away glory, hasten ruin, and stop livelihood. As for those in the hereafter, (they will lead to) evil reckoning, the wrath of the Merciful (Allah), and immortality in the Fire. (Al-Khisal, p.310) Indeed fornication is a social catastrophe that destroy morals. Thus, Islam has intensely forbidden it and threatened those who commit it with various kinds of torment in the hereafter.
55.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Monopoly is in six things: Wheat, barley, dates, raisins, (cooking) fat, and (animal) oil. (Al-Khisal, p. 311)
56.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Ill-gotten property is the price of the dead animal, of the dog, and of wine. (It is) the prostitution rate, the bribery in government, and the wage of the magician. (Al-Khisal, p.311)
57.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfather on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Allah and every prophet with accepted (prayers) have cursed six (persons): the one who increases the Book of Allah, the one who accuses the determination of Allah of lying, the one who leaves my practices (sunna), the one who regards as lawful what Allah has prohibited concerning the members of my House (ahl al-Bayt), the one who dominates through tyranny to degrade those whom Allah has consolidated, to strengthen him whom Allah has lowered, and to possess alone the booty the Moslems gain without fighting and regards it as lawful. (Al-Khisal, p. 308)
58.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said to 'Ali: "O 'Ali, seven things of the sheep are prohibited: blood, the penis, the bladder, the spinal cord, the glands, the spleen, and the gall bladder.
Islam has forbidden these parts to preserve public health and to guard society against diseases. Modern medicine has proved that they harm public health. Thus, it advises people to refrain from eating them.
59.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said to 'Ali: "O 'Ali, indeed, Allah has given me seven qualities concerning you: You and I are the first to whom the grave will split open. You will be the first to stop with me on the path. You will be the first to be clothed when I will be clothed and to live when I will live. You will be the first to dwell with me in the highest gardens. You will be the first to drink with me from the pure drink that is sealed (to others), whose sealing is musk. (Al-Khisal, p. 311)
60.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostles of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Allah, the Great and Almighty, is not worshipped with a thing better than reason.
61.  The believer is not wise till ten qualities come together in him: good from him is hoped, evil from him is safe, regards little good from other than him as much, regards his own good as little, is not tired of seeking knowledge throughout his life, is not fed up with those who request needs from, humbleness is more lovable for him than high rank, poverty is more lovable for him than riches, his portion of the world is food, the tenth (quality), what is the tenth (quality)?
62.  When he sees someone, he says: he is better and more pious than me.
63.  People are two men- one man is better and more pious than him,
64.  the other is more evil and lower than him.
65.  So, if he sees the one who is better and more pious than him,
66.  he should behave humbly towards him to follow him.
67.  If he sees the one who is more evil and lower than him,
68.  he should say: perhaps the good of this (person) is hidden,
69.  and his evil hidden. May (Allah) make his final result good.
70.  If he does that, his glory becomes high and he is the lord of the people of his time. (Al-Khisal, p.403)
This traditions, like the other Prophetic traditions, urges (people) to reform their souls and to educate them with good manners and deeds to be the source of guidance for people.
71.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Ten (persons) are cursed because of wine: the one who plants it, the one who guards it, the one who presses it, the one who gives it, the one who drinks it, the one who carries it, the one to whom it is carried, the one who sells it, the one who buys it, and the one who takes its price .(Al-Khisal, p. 414)
72.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Blessing is ten parts: ten parts are in trade and one part is in the skins (i. e. sheep).(Al-Khisal, p. 414)
73.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Islam has been built on ten parts: Testifying that there is no god but Allah- it is the religion, the prayer- it is the religious duty, fasting - it is the garden, zakat (alms)- it is purity, the hajj- it is the Islamic law, jihad (armed struggle) - it is invasion, enjoining (people) to do good deeds - it is the fulfillment, forbidding (them) from doing bad deeds - it is the proof, unity - it is familiarity, and infallibility - it is obedience. (Al-Khisal, p. 416)
74.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "When you ask Allah, then you ask Him with the palm of the hand. When you ask him for protection, then do not ask him with the outside of the hand.
75.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "If my community does fifteen qualities, the tribulation will afflict it: if they steal properties successively, regard the deposit of booty and zakat (alms) as loss, the men obey their wives and disobey theirs mothers, treats his friend with kindness and turns away from his brother, the voices become loud in the mosques, a man is honored out of fear of his evil, the leader of the people is the lowest of them, silk is worn, wine is drunk, female singers and stringed instruments are adopted, and the last (generation) of this community curses the earlier (generation) of it, after that, they must look forward to three qualities: red wind, transformation, and humiliation. (Al-Bayan wa al-Tabyyin, vol. 2, p. 262)
76.  The Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, warned (his community) of these affairs, for they ruin nations and peoples. If the Islamic community commits them, then Allah will punish it.
77.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Whoever spends the night tired from earning the lawful spends the night forgiven. (Al-Sadiq, p. 257)
78.  Islam has also urged the community to earn its livelihood lawfully. It has regarded such a kind of livelihood as jihad and honor for its owner. Whoever strives to earn (the livelihood) of his family spends the night forgiven.
79.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, was asked about the best creatures. So, he, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "When they do good, they are cheerful. When they are given, they are grateful. When they are tested, they are patient. When they are angered, they forgive. (Al-Sadiq, p. 9)
80.  Whoever has these qualities is the best of all the people and the most honorable than them. In other words he possesses the rein of his soul and his reason controls his desire.
81.  He, peace be on him said, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "You are unable to encompass the people with your money, so encompass them with your ethics. (Al-Sadiq, p. 11)
82.  How high this wisdom is! It makes people love each other and unifies their feelings and sentiments.
83.  The power of money is unable to achieve that.
84.  However, morals are the strongest factor in building society on sound bases.
85.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, passed by a group of people raising stones, so he said: "What is this?" "With that we know the strongest of us, "they said. Shall I tell you about the strongest of you? "asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family. "Yes, "they said. He, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "The strongest of you is he whose content enters him in neither sin nor falsehood when he is pleased, he whose discontent does not prevent him from saying the truth when he is displeased, who he does not take other than his right when he is powerful. (Al-Sadiq, p. 18)
86.  Islam takes care of only the strength of conscience towards the truth.
87.  As for the boast of the muscles is among the customs of the pre-Islamic times. However, Islam has forbidden them.
88.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Sitting with the people of religion is the honor of here and the hereafter. (Al-Sadiq, p. 54)
89.  He, peace be on him, said: [The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said:] "Indeed this religion is strong. So, go deeply into it gradually. Do not make the servants of Allah hate worshipping Allah.
90.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Whoever wants to seek access through me (to Allah) and that there will be a hand for him, through which I intercede for him (with Allah) on the Day of Judgment, then he should keep in contact with the members of my family and make them happy. (Wasilat al-Mal fi'Ad Manaqib al-Al, p. 61)
91.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said to 'Ali: "O 'Ali, I am the city of knowledge and you are the gate. He who claims that he can reach the city not through the gate tells lies.(Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib, p. 85)
92.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of Umm Salama on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "The hajj is the jihad of every weak (person).( Siyar A'lam al-Nubala', vol. 4, p. 242)
93.  He, peace be on him, said: [The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said:] "Whomever Allah moves from the abasement of sins to the glory of (religious) devotion, then He (Allah) makes him rich without money, strong without a tribe, and entertains him without a close friend.
94.  Whoever fears Allah, Allah makes everything afraid of him. Whoever does not fear Allah, Allah makes him afraid of everything. Whoever is satisfied with the little livelihood of the property of Allah, He (Allah) is satisfied with his little deed.
95.  He, peace be on him, reported on the authority of his grandfathers on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, who said: "Indeed I and twelve members from my family, of whom 'Ali is the first, are the stakes through which Allah prevents the earth and its people from sinking. If the twelve members from my family depart, the earth and its people will sink.
96.  He, peace be on him, said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him and his family, said: "Twelve chiefs are from my family. They narrate traditions. Among them will be the one who will undertake (bring about) the truth (al-Qa`'m bi al-Haqq). (Al-Karak'jiki, al-Istinsar, 'ala al-A'imma al-Athar, p. 8)
97.  Mohammed b. al-Munkadir was among those who were contemporary with Ima`m Zayn al-'Abidin and his son, Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him. He stated his impressions of him, saying: "I did not think that 'Ali b. al-Husayn would leave a successor similar to him in outstanding merits, abundant knowledge, clemency, etc. , till I saw his son, Mohammed. (Roudat al-Kafi. Words similar to these have been mentioned in al-Ithaf bi Hub al-Ashraf (p. 53) and in Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, vol. 1, p. 352).
98.  Sudayf al-Makki was among the companions of Ima`m Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir). He communicated with him. He was among those who admired and glorified him. He said: "I have never seen a Mohammedan similar to him. (Al-Saduq, al-Amali, p. 297).
99.  As for Hisha`m, he was among the most spiteful towards the Ima`m and among the most mortal enemies of his. Still, he acknowledge the high rank of the Ima`m and his great importance. Thus, he addressed him, saying: "O Mohammed, Quraysh will lead Arabs and non-Arabs as long as there are (persons) among them similar to you.( Diya' al-Amilin, part 11 on the Life of Imam Mohammed al-Baqir).
100.                      (At an assembly), Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, talked about the Oa`'im (the one who will undertake the office of the Ima`mate) of the family of Mohammed, may Allah bless him and his family, and the Mahdi (the rightly-guided one) of the this community. Al-Mansu`r al-Dawa`niqi was at the assembly. He was astonished at that. Thus, he told Sayf b. 'Umayr about what he had heard of the Ima`m, saying: "If all the people of the earth tell me (about that), I will not accept (it) from them. However, he is Mohammed b. 'Ali. ( Al-Ghazali, al-Fara'id, vol. 6, p. 143).
These words indicate that he admired and glorified the Ima`m. If the people of the earth had told him about that, he would have not accepted (it) from them nor would he have believed them. However, the Ima`m told him about it. So, al-Mansu`r acknowledged that the Ima`m was superior to all the people in truthfulness and reliability.
101.                      Abd Allah b. 'Ata talked about the admiration, glorification, and humbleness of the scholars for the Ima`m (al-Ba`qir), peace be on him. He said: "I have never seen the scholars with (a person) inferior to them. (However, I have seen them) with Abi Ja'far (al-Ba`qir), for they behaved humbly and modestly before him, knew his right and his knowledge, and learned from him.
Although al-Hakam b. 'Utayba was great and old, I saw him before al-Ba`qir to learn from him. He was like the boy before the teacher.( 'Uyun al-Akhbar wa Funun al-Athar, p. 14. Similar words have benn mentioned in Hulyat al-Auliya' ( vol. 3, p. 186), Shadhrat al-Dhahab (vol. 1, p. 149), Tarikh by b. 'Asakir (vol. 51, p. 43), and Mir'at al-Jinan (vol. 1, p. 248).
102.                      He added : "I saw al-Hakam with al-Ba`qir. He was like a helpless bird.(Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, vol. 2, p. 133). We must mention a brief idea about al-Hakam b. 'Utayba to understand his scientific rank so that we are able to understand the vast sciences of Ima`m al-Ba`qir, peace be on him, and his high rank with the scholars. The narrators said : "Al-Hakam was among the greatest and the most important scholars of his time. "Mujahid b. Ru`mi said: "I saw al-Hakam in the mosque of al-Khif.
103.                      The scholars of the people were around him. "Jarir reported on the authority of al-Mughira, who said: "When al-Hakam came to Medina, the people left the praying-place of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family , for him to pray at it. Ibn Sa'd said: "He was a reliable jurist and prominent scholar. He had many traditions. "Al-Hakam had vast knowledge and a high rank. Nevertheless he was like a powerless boy before Ima`m al-Ba`qir. Therefore, the Ima`m was the most knowledgeable of all the people of his time in all sciences. The Shi'a believe in this and produce it as evidence in support of his abundant sciences.
104.                      Ja`bir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi was among the most famous Moslem scholars and among the greatest reporters of traditions. He was among those who studied under Ima`m Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir), peace be on him. He reported seventy thousand traditions on the authority of the Ima`m, as al-Dhahabi said.He was among those who knew the Ima`m's scientific position. Thus, when he narrated traditions on his authority, he said: "The trustee of the trustees and inheritor of the knowledge of prophets related to me. (Ibn Shar Ashub, al-Manaqib, vol. 4, 180).
105.                      The great companion (of the Prophet), Ja`bir b. 'Abd Allah al-Ansa`ri was famous for following the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them. He loved them very much. It was he who sent the greetings of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, to Ima`m Abu` Ja'far (al-Baqir), peace be on him, as we have already mentioned. He was among those who understood the high rank of the Ima`m, peace be on him. He glorified and respected the Ima`m from his childhood. When he addressed him, he said: "You are the son of the best of all the creatures. Your father is the Lord of the Youth of Heaven. (Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 11, p. 64).
106.                      Shaha`b al-Din, Ahmed b. Hajar al-Haythami, said: "Abu` Ja'far, Mohammed, was called al-Ba`qir. The word al-Ba`qir was derived from baqara al-ard, meaning he splits open the ground and lights the hidden things in it. Thus, the Ima`m brought to light hidden things, such as the treasures of sciences, the facts of the rules, the maxims, and the good things.
He made them so clear that nobody misunderstands them except those with bad insight and corrupt interior. Concerning him it was said that he split open knowledge and collected it. He made famous his knowledge and raised it. His heart became clear. His knowledge and his deeds were honest. His soul became pure. His morals were noble. His times were spent in Allah's obedience. The tongues of describers fall short of depicting his marks in the positions of the gnostic. This quick talk is unable to encompass all his words on behavior and sciences. (Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa, p. 120).
These words display some bright sides of the life of Ima`m Abi Ja'far (al-Ba`qir), peace be on him. Among them was that he brought to light the treasures of sciences and the facts of the rules, while the people were unable to do that. We will talk about that in the researches that follow.
107.                      Abu` al-Fida`', al-Ha`fiz b. Kuthayr, wrote Ima`m al-Ba`qir's biography. Concerning him he said: "Al-Ba`qir was among the leading members of the next generation. He had a great rank. He was among the great figures of this community in knowledge, deeds, leadership, and honor. He was called al-Ba`qir, for he split open knowledge and concluded the rules. He remembered Allah. He was humble and patient. He was among the progeny of the Prophet. He was of a noble lineage. He was cognizant of the hearts. He wept very much. He refrained from arguments and quarrels. (Al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya, vol. 9, p. 309).
108.                      Ibn Kuthayr talked about the vast sciences of the Ima`m. (He also talked about) his worship, his patience, his much weeping because of his fear of Allah, and his refraining from the argument and the disputes. Because of these qualities, the scholars admired and glorified the Ima`m, peace be on him.
109.                      'Abd al-Hamid b. al-'Ima`d al-Hanbali wrote the Ima`m's biography. He said: "Al-Ba`qir was among the jurists of Medina. He was called al-Ba`qir because he widely split open knowledge. He was among the Twelve Ima`ms according to the faith of the Ima`mi (Shi'a). (Shadharat al-Dhahab).
110.                      Shaykh Yousif b. Isma`'il al-Nabaha`ni said: "Mohammed al-Ba`qir b. 'Ali, Zayn al-'Abidin, b. al-Husayn was one of the Ima`ms of our masters, the noble members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), and was among the prominent scholars. (Jami' Karamat al-Alawiya', voll 1, p. 97).
111.                      Ahmed b. Yousif Al-Qirma`ni wrote the Ima`m's biography. He said: "He was called al-Ba`qir, for he split open knowledge. He was, out of (all) his brothers, the successor and testamentary trustee of his father. He undertook (the office of) the Ima`mate after him. None of the sons of al-Hasan and al-Husayn showed the same ability in knowledge of religion, the laws, the knowledge of the Koran, the ways of life, and the techniques of literature, as Abi Ja'far (al-Ba`qir) did. The surviving Companions (of the Prophet) and the leading members of the next generation reported the principal features of religion on his authority. (Akhbar al-Diwal, p. 111).
112.                      He said: "Al-Ba`qir was the best of the Ha`shimites at his time in outstanding merit, knowledge, and righteousness.( Tadhib al-Kamal, 3/Q4/262 (manuscript).
113.                      He said : "Al-Ba`qir was the lord of the Ha`shimites of his time. He was known as al-Ba`qir, for he split open knowledge. Thus, he knew its hidden origin.(. Tadhkirat al-Huffaz, vol. 1, 124).
114.                      He said : "Al-Ba`qir was among those who had knowledge, deeds, righteousness, honor, trust, and sedateness. He was appropriate for the succession (to authority). He was among the Twelve Ima`ms whom the Ima`mi Shi'a respect and in whose infallibility and knowledge in all religion they believe.
115.                      Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir) was a qualified Ima`m. He recited Allah's Book. He was of great importance. However, he was not the same level with b. Kuthayr in the Koran, nor was he the same level with Abi al-Zanna`d and Rai'a in jurisprudence, nor was he the same level with Qatta`da and b. Shaha`b in memorizing and knowing the traditions.(Siyar A'lam al-Nubala', vol, 4, p. 241).
116.                      Al-Dhahabi deviated from the truth when he preferred b. Kuthayr, Abi al-Zannad, Rai'a, Qatta`da, and b. Shaha`b to the Ima`m. Indeed these eminent men are not compared with his students, such as Zarara b. A'yun, Mohammed b. Moslem, and Ja`bir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi.
This is because knowledge and outstanding merits which have been reported on their authority are much more than those which have been reported on the authority of Qatta`da and his group. The Ima`m (al-Ba`qir) debated with Qatta`da and defeated him. However, al-Dhahabi was narrow-minded. He bore malice and hatred against the family of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, and their followers. He has mentioned that in many of his researches. How wonderful what has been said concerning him is!
You are today called al-Dhahabi.
This name was derived from dhiha`b al-'aql (madness)
not from al-dhahab (gold).
117.                      Mohammed b. Abi Bakr, known as b. Hamma`d Dakkin died 700 A. H. , said: "Our master Ima`m Mohammed, son of Ima`m Zayn al- 'Abidin, peace be on him, showed an outstanding merit in knowledge, asceticism, and righteousness. He was of noble reputation and great importance. None of the sons of al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, showed the same ability in the knowledge of religion, traditions, the sunna, the knowledge of the Quran, the life of the Prophet, and the techniques of literature, as Abu` Ja'far showed. The scholars of religion, the surviving Companions (of the Prophet), the leading members of the next generation, and the heads of the jurists of the Moslems reported on his authority. By virtue of his outstanding merit he became a signpost (of knowledge) to his family. Proverbs were coined about him and reports and verses were written to describe him.(Roudat al-A'yan fi Mashahir Akhbar al-Zaman.)
118.                      Mohammed b. Mohammed al-Jazri said: "Abu` Ja'far, Mohammed b. 'Ali b. al-Husayn b. 'Ali b. Abi Ta`lib, was called al-Ba`qir, for he split open knowledge. Thus, he knew its apparent and hidden (origins). He was the best of the Ha`shimites in knowledge, outstanding merit, and tradition.(Ghayat al-Nihaya fi Tabaqat al-Qurra', vol. 2, p. 202).
119.                      Kama`l al-Din al-Sha`fi'i said: "He was the one who split open knowledge (al-baqir) and gathered it. Then he made it famous. His heart was clear. His act was honest. His soul was pure. His morals were noble. His times were spent in Allah's obedience. His foot was steady at the place of devotion. The features of closeness (to Allah) and the purity of kindness appeared on him. Thus, virtues competed with each other for him, and qualities were noble through him.(Matalib al-Sa'ul fi Manaqib Al-al-Rasul)
120.                      Idris al-Qarashi said: "Mohammed b. 'Ali (al-Ba`qir) was the first to get the honor of the two origins, and the birth of al-Hasan and al-Husayn came together for him. He grew up on the virtue, purity, leadership, mastership, and knowledge. He followed the behavior of his pure grandfathers. He moved through the degrees of virtues and went deeply into high glorious deeds.
121.                      Jama`l al-Din, Yousif b. Taghari Bardi al-Ata`baki, said: "Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir) b. 'Ali, Zayn al-'Abidin, b. al-Husayan, b. 'Ali b. Abi Ta`lib was the Lord of the Ha`shimites at his time. He was among the Twelve Ima`ms in whose infallibility the Rafida ( the Shi'ites believe. (Al-Nijum al-Zahira, vol. 1, p. 273).
122.                      Mohammed al-Sabba`n said: "As for Mohammed al-Baqir, he was the owner of sciences and was the brother of the details and the pleasant things. His miracles appeared. His hints in behavior were many. He was called al-Ba`qir, for he split open knowledge. Thus, he knew its hidden origin.(Is'af al-Raghibin, p. 316).
123.                      'Abd al-Hamid b. Abi al-Haddid said: "Mohammed b. 'Ali al-Ba`qir was the Lord of the Jurists of Hija`z (Saudi Arabia). The people learned jurisprudence from him and his son, Ja'far. He was called al-Ba`qir. Allah's Apostle nicknamed him so while he was not created yet. He (Allah's Apostle) announced good news to him. He promised Ja`bir to see him.(Ibn Abi al-Haddid, Sharh).
124.                      Shaykh al-Mufid said: "Al-Ba`qir Mohammed b. 'Ali b. Al-Husayn, peace be on them, was out of (all) his brothers, the successor of his father, 'Ali b. al-Husayn, his testamentary trustee, and the one who undertook the office of Ima`m after him. He surpassed all of them through his outstanding merit in traditional knowledge, asceticism, and leadership.
He was the most renowned of them, the one among them who was most esteemed by both non-Shi'a and Shi'a, and the most able of them. None of the sons of al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, showed the same ability in knowledge of religion, traditions, the sunna, the knowledge of the Koran, the life of the Prophet, and the techniques of literature, as Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir) showed.
The surviving Companions (of the Prophet), the leading members of the next generation, and the leaders of the Moslem jurists reported the principal features of religion on his authority. By virtue of his outstanding merit he became a signpost (of knowledge) to his family. Proverbs were coined about him and reports and verses were written to describe him. (Al-Mufid, al-Irshad, p. 293).
125.                      Shaykh Abu` al-Hasan al-Tabrisi said: "Indeed al-Ba`qir has become famous in the world, for he surpassed the creatures in knowledge, asceticism, and honor. None of the (grand) sons of the Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family, showed the same ability in the knowledge of the Koran, the traditions, the life of the Prophet, sciences, wise sayings, and literature, as he showed.
The great surviving Companions (of the Prophet), the leading members of the next generation, and the jurists of the Moslems visited him frequently. The reporters of the traditions narrated that Allah's Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family, called him Ba`qir al-'Ilm (the one who splits open knowledge).( Alam al-Wara bi Alam al-Huda, p. 268).
126.                      Ta`jj al-Din b. Mohammed, the head of Aleppo, said: "Abu` Ja'far, Ba`qir al-'Ilm (the one who splits open knowledge), was the first for whom the birth of al-Hasan and al-Husayn came together. He had vast knowledge and plentiful clemency. Many traditions and abundant knowledge were reported on his authority.(Ghayat al-Ikhtisar, p. 401).
127.                      Mahmu`d b. Whayb al-Baghdadi said: "His name al-Ba`qir was derived from baqara al-ard, meaning split open the ground and brought to light its hidden things. Thus, he brought to light the hidden things of the treasures of sciences, the facts of legal precepts and wisdom, and the pleasant things. He made them so clear that nobody misunderstands them except those with bad insight and corrupt interior.
Concerning him, it was said that he split open knowledge and gathered it. He made famous his knowledge and raised it. Thus, his heart was clear. His knowledge and his deed were honest. His soul was pure. His morals were noble. His times were full of Allah's obedience. So, describers' tongues fall short of depicting his marks in the positions of the gnostic. (Jawhart al-Kamal fi Madh al-Sada al-A'lam, p. 132).
128.                      Sayyid 'Abba`s b. 'Ali al-Makki said: "Al-Ba`qir is among the Twelve Ima`ms with the Ima`mi (Shi'a). He was a great scholar. He was called al-Ba`qir, for he widely split open knowledge. (Nazhat al-Jalis, vol. 2, p. 36).
129.                      Sayyid Ka`zim al-Yama`ni said: "Ima`m al-Ba`qir was the second grandson (of the Prophet) and the Fifth Infallible Ima`m in the opinion of those who believe in that. (He was) the fourth pious one in the opinion of all Moslem legal scholars. It was he who was given the kunya of Abu` Ja'far.( Al-Nafha al-'Anbariya).
130.                      Ibn Taymiya said: "Mohammed al-Ba`qir was the greatest of all the people in asceticism and worship. The prostration (in prayer) split open his forehead. He was the most knowledgeable of the people of his time. Allah's Apostle, may Allah bless him and his family, named him al-Ba`qir. ( Minhajj al-Sunna, vol. 2, pp. 114-115).
131.                      Ibn Taymiya mentioned the tradition which Ja`bir reported. However, he refrained from what he said. He denied that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and his family, nicknamed (Mohammed) al-Ba`qir. He said: "(This tradition) has no origin with the people of knowledge. Rather, it is among the fabricated traditions.( Minhajj al-Sunna, vol. 2, pp. 123).
Surely, b. Taymiya bore malice and hatred against the members of the House (ahl al-Bayt), peace be on them, and their followers. He ascribed all stories and fables to them. Indeed Allah, knowledge, and history will punish him for that. Perhaps the greatest punishment that has afflicted him is that all historians mistrust all his writings.
132.                      'Abd al-Qa`dir al-Shaykhani said: "Mohammed al-Ba`qir was the most famous of all the people of his time, the most perfect of them in outstanding merits, and the greatest of them in nobility. None showed at his time the same ability in the knowledge of religion, traditions, the knowledge of the Koran, the life of the Prophet, and the techniques of literature, as he showed. (Al-Sirat al-Sawi, p. 194).
133.                      Shaykh al-Majlisi said: "None of the sons of al-Hasan and al-Husayn showed the same ability in sciences, the interpretation (of the Koran), theology, religious opinions, the lawful, and the unlawful, as he (al-Ba`qir) showed. The surviving Companions (of the Prophet), the leading members of the next generation, and the leaders of the Moslem jurists reported the principal features of religion on his authority.
Among the Companions (of the Prophet) was Ja`bir b. 'Abd Allah al-Ansa`ri. Among the leading members of the next generation were Ja`bir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi, and Kaysan al-Sakhtya`ni, the leader of the Sufis. Among the jurists were b. al-Muba`rak, al-Zuhri, al-Awza'i, Abi Hanifa, Ma`lik, al-Sha`fi'i, Zyya`d b. al-Mundhir, and al-Nahdi. Among the authors were al-Tabari, al-Bala`dhari, and al-Kha`tib, in their books called 'Ta`rikh'. (The principal features of religion have been also reported on his authority in various books, such as:) al-Muwatti', Sharaf al-Mustafa`, al-Ibana, Hulyat al-Awliya', al- Sinan by Abi Da`uwd, al-Musnad by Abi Hanifa, al-Targhib by al-Asfaha`ni, al-Basit by al-Wa`hidi, al-Tafsir by al-'Ayya`shi, (al-Tafsir) by al-Zumakhshari, and Ma'rifat al-Usu`l by al-Sama'a`ni. They said:' Mohammed b. 'Ali. ' Perhaps they said:' Mohammed al-Ba`qir. (Bihar al-Anwar,vol. 11, p. 84).
The speech of al-Majlisi refers to the scientific aspect of the character of the great Ima`m, who encompassed all the sciences. Thus, the Moslem scholars studied jurisprudence, history, interpretation (of the Koran), and the techniques of maxims and literature under him. This played an important role in developing Islamic thought.
134.                      Al-Nawawi said: "(Mohammed) al-Ba`qir was a leading member of the next generation. He was a skillful Ima`m. (The Moslem scholars) have unanimously agreed on his greatness. He was numbered among the jurists and Ima`ms of Medina.(Tahdhib al-Lughat wa al-Asma', vol. 1, p. 87).
135.                      Abu Zar'a said: "Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir) was among the greatest scholars.( A'yan al-Shi'a, Q1/4/485).
136.                      Jamal al-Din, Ahmed b. 'Ali b. al-Husayn b. al-Muhanna` b. 'Anba, said: "Mohammed al-Baqir had vast knowledge and plentiful clemency. His great position is more famous than calling (someone's) attention to it. ('Umdat al-Talib, vol. 2, p. 29).
137.                      The minister, 'Ali b. 'Isa al-Arbali, talked about the high behavior of Abu` Ja'far (al-Ba`qir), peace be on him. Then he ended his talk, saying: "Indeed al-Ba`qir's virtues are too many to count, and his outstanding merits are too high to encompass. When his glorious deed are numbered, glorious and laudable deeds prostrate themselves before them. That is because his honor surpassed the limit and reached the end.
His great rank overcame security and reached the highest degree. His place in knowledge and act raised a thousand banners for him. How many a mark of righteousness, an expression of leadership, a sign of generosity, enthusiasm, noble rank, high lineage, glorious origin, purity of mother and father he had. He learned liberality and purity through the strongest means. If he competed with the sky for highness, he would be higher than it. If he wanted the stars in their zenith, he would attain them.( Kashf al-Ghumma, vol. 2, p. 363).
138.                      Shaykh Ahmed Fahmi said : "Ima`m al-Ba`qir is the fifth Ima`m with the Ima`mi (Shi'a). He , may Allah be blessed with him, was the most truthful of all the people, the best of them in splendor, and the most wonderful of them in language.(Imam Zayn al-'Abidin, p. 18).
139.                      Farid Wajdi said: "Al-Ba`qir was a noble scholar and great lord. He was called al-Ba`qir because he split open knowledge widely. (Wajjdi, Da'rat al-Ma'ari, vol. 3, p. 563).
140.                      Shaykh Abu` Zahrah said : "His (Ima`m Zayn al-'Abidin's) son, Mohammed (al-Ba`qir), was his heir in leading knowledge and obtaining guidance. So the scholars from all the Islamic countries came to him. All those who visited Medina went to Mohammed al-Ba`qir's house to learn from him.(Al-Imam al-Sadiq, p. 22).
141.                      Al-Talmasa`ni said: "Mohammed b. 'Ali b. al-Husayn b. Abi Ta`lib was Ima`m Ja'far al-Sa`diq's father. He was called al-Ba`qir because he went deeply into knowledge. He was a just, reliable member of the next generation and famous Imam.( Al-Khafaji, Sharh al-Shafa, vol. 1, p. 292).
142.                      Abd al-Qa`dir al-Halabi said : "Al-Ba`qir was the first 'Alid who was between two 'Alids. He was a member of the next generation with a great rank. He was a skillful Ima`m. (The Moslem scholars) have unanimously agreed on his Ima`mate and his greatness. (They) numbered him as one of the jurists and Ima`ms of Medina.(Al-Hadith al-Mufahhas 'an Sharaf Nasl al-Imam 'Ali, p. 139).
143.                      Ima`m al-Ba`qir surpassed all the scholars of his time in knowledge and outstanding merits. No one was similar to him in scientific abilities and talents. He surpassed in outstanding merit and knowledge his brothers, the children of his uncles, and all the children of the Prophetic family who were the source of light and awareness in the earth.
144.                      The scholars of his time lowered themselves before him. They recognized his high scientific rank and his high authority for the Islamic world.
145.                      Ima`m al-Ba`qir had vast knowledge not only in Islamic jurisprudence but also in all sciences, such as theology, philosophy, interpretation (of the Koran), history, maxims, and literature. With that he became the bright signpost of Islamic sciences.
146.                      He brought to light the hidden origins of some sciences, which the people did not know.
147.                      He was the first pioneer of the scientific movement of his time. Thus, the scholars quoted from his pure knowledge. The researchers, the authors, and the writers took from his vast sciences.
148.                      He conformed to religion very much. He was very pious and feared Allah to the extent that he became one of the Ima`ms of the pious and the repentant.
149.                      In the Name of Allah, the Most High, the Most Merciful
Aba Hamza narrates that once Imam Baqir (PBUH) told him, "O' Aba Hamza! Whenever one of you intends to travel a distance, he searches for a proof and a guide (so he doesn't lose track of the path); and you, are less knowledgeable to the paths of the sky than to the paths of the earth. Thus, now find yourself a proof and a guide (so you do not lose track on the path toward Allah and the heavens). (Source: Usul al-Kafi, vol.1, p.184, Hadith #10)
150.                      The secret and key to this issue on why must the religion of Allah (SWT) be taught by an infallible Imam is very clear. By Allah's (SWT) order, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) had the duty to invite mankind toward the straight path. And the Quran informs us that this act was accomplished, "And most surely you invite them to the straight path" (Quran 23:73). Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) made us responsible to ask Allah (SWT) in our prayers, whether in an obligatory or voluntarily prayer, and to say, "(O Allah) guide us toward the straight path" (Quran 1:6).
Holy Prophet (p)’s fifth infallible successor Imam Mohammad Baqir (p), known as Baqir-ul-Uloom, was the son of fourth Imam Ali bin Al-Hussein Zainul Abidin (p) and Hadhrat Fatima, daughter of Imam Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Taleb (p). He was martyred in Medina Munawwara on 7th of Dhul Hijjah in the year 114 AH at the age of 57. Imam (p), who was a witness of Karbala tragedy, received the title of Baqir due to his ample knowledge and for he split open knowledge, scrutinized it and examined the depths of it.
151.                      One day, a man questioned Imam, “Was the Prophet (p) heir to all the knowledge of the Prophets?" He replied, “Yes” then he was asked whether he had inherited it? He said he had. He was then asked if he could raise the dead to life, restore sight to the blind, and cleanse the leper? He said yes, by valor of God, the most high. He therefore put his hand on the blind eyes of a man sitting next to him and prayed. The next moment the blind man’s eyesight was restored.
152.                      A most authentic Hadith of Holy Prophet Hadhrat Mohammad Mostafa (p) narrated by both Khassah and A’mmah historians shows great status of Imam Baqir (p). According to reports one of the companions of the Holy Prophet (p) Jabir Ibn Abdallah Ansari was in the presence of the Holy Prophet. He asked the Prophet about the names of descendants from his daughter Sayyedah Fatima (p) and Ali (p). The Prophet told him, “O Jabir, you will have a long life, and although you will go blind, but you will meet the 5th in line of my descendants whose name will be my name, who will walk like me and who will be the 5th Imam of the time. When you will meet him, give my salam to him”.
153.                      As said by the Holy Prophet (p) Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari (R) had a long life and became blind in his old age. He devoutly waited for the time when he would meet the 5th Imam. One day while he was waiting in the street of Medina, he heard someone walking towards him, the sound of footsteps reminded him of the way Holy Prophet (p) used to walk.
154.                      Jabir stood up, stopped the man and asked his name. He replied, “Mohammad”, Jabir asked, whose son? He replied “Ali Ibil Hussain”. Jabir immediately recognized the man he was talking to was the 5th Imam.
155.                      He kissed his hand and conveyed him the message from the Holy Prophet and that the Prophet sent his salam to him. Imam took him to his home, asked his friends to gather as many people as they can.
156.                      When they all assembled in his house, the Imam asked Jabir to tell the whole story again. Jabir narrated the story, they all cried and attested in unison of the Imamate of the Fifth Imam and also the names of the other Seven Imams in his line up to the Twelfth Imam.
157.                      Once Imam Baqir (p) said Our followers are of three kinds, one who follows us but depends on others, one who is like a glass involved in his own reflections, but the best are those who are like gold, the more they suffer the more they shine.
158.                      He said I admonish you regarding five things: if you are wronged, do not commit wrong doing to others; if you are betrayed, do not betray anyone; if you are called a liar, do not be furious; if you are praised, do not be jubilant; if you are criticized, do not fret and think of what is said in criticism. If you find in yourself what is criticized about you, then you are falling down in the eyes of God; when you are furious about the truth, it is much greater calamity then your falling down in the eyes of the people. And if you are opposite of what is said (in criticism) about you, then it is a merit you acquired without having to tire yourself in obtaining it.
159.                      Imam Muhammed al-Baqir (a.s) instructed people in percepts of religion, taught them the ethics of life, and used to strive very hard to educate, culture and guide the people. During the course of his life, he taught the people thousands of theological and religious principles, as well as scientific subjects, and his teachings have been handled down to us. His wisdom and learning was so much that he was called Baqir ul-ulum, which means "the opener of sciences".
160.                      Muhammed Ibin Muslim had also said this, I asked Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir all the questions that would come to my mind. I asked him about all the thirty thousand Ahadeeths."
161.                      A Christian man, deliberately mispronounced the Imam's (as) name. Had tried to ridicule him in public.
"Are you 'Baqar'?"
Meaning: A 'Cow'
The Imam (as) smiled and calmly corrected him politely saying to the man,
"No, my name is not 'Baqar', but Baqir."
The man then said,
"Are you the son of female cook?"
The Imam (as) also replied calmly,
Yes, that is her profession!"
The Christian man then said,
"Are you the son of a bad negro woman?"
The Imam (as) softly said to him,
"If what you say is true, then may Allah forgive her and if what you say is not true then may Allah forgive you."
162.                      (Muhammad b. Ali was asked) about God’s words : Ask the people of remembrance (ahl-al-dhikr) if you do not know (XVI 43). He said we are the people of remembrance (ahl-al-dhikr)”
163.                      The shaykh from al-Rayy said: I asked Mohammad b. Muqatil about these (words). He spoke about them according to his opinion and he said: “The people of remembrance (ahl-al dhikr) are all the religious scholars (Ulema).”
164.                      I mentioned that to Abu Zura. He was astounded at his words. Then I put before him what Yahya b. Abdal Hamid had told me. He said : “Mohammad b. Ali, peace be upon them, speaks the truth. They are the people of remembrance (ahl-al dhikr). By my life, Abu Jafar, peace be upon him, is one of the greatest scholars (Ulema). Kitabal Irshad,S. Mufid. p.397.
165.                      “Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, a famous scholar belonging to the Snnite School says : “Imam Muhammad al-Baqar has disclosed the secrets of knowledge and wisdom and unfolded the principles of spiritual and religious guidance .Nobody can deny his exalted character, his God-given knowledge, his divinely-gifted wisdom and his obligation and gratitude towards spreading of knowledge. He was a sacred and highly talented spiritual leader and for this reason he was popularly titled ‘al Baqir‘ which means ‘the exponder of knowledge’. Kind of heart, spotless in character, sacred by soul and noble by nature, the Imam devoted all his time in submission to Allah (and advocating the teachings of the Holy Prophet and his descendents). It is beyond the power of a man to count the deep impression of knowledge and guidance left by the Imam on the hearts of the faithful”. A brief History of Fourteen Infallibles, Ansarian Publications, Qum, Iran, p. 118.
166.                      “The Holy Imam managed to collect the teachings and reforms of the Holy Prophet and his Ahlu-l-Bait in the form of books. His pupils compiled books on different branches of science and arts under his instructions.
167.                      In the excellence of his personal purity and godly traits, the Holy Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was a model of the Holy Prophet and his great grandfather, Ali ibn Abi Talib. His admonitions created a spiritual sensation among the Muslims in general”. Ibid. p. 119.
168.                      The Holy Imam gave much importance to convening majalis (meetings) in commemoration of the martyrdom of Imam Husayn. Kumayt ibn Zayed al-Asadi, one of the most famous and hi9ghly talented poets of that time used to recite the elegy of Imam Husayn in those majalis. Ibid. p. 119
169.                      Abu Jafar, peace be upon him,recounted reports of the beginings of history (mubtada’) and reports of the prophets. Stories of the compaigns of the Prophet (maghazi) were written on his authority. (men) followed the practices of the Prophet (sunan) on his authority and relied on him with regard to the rites of the pilgrimage which he reported on the authority of the Apostle of God, amy God bless him and his family. They (also) wrote a commentary of the Quran on his authority. Both the Shia (Khasa) and the non Shia (amma) report traditions on his authority. He debated with exponents of individual reasoning (ahl al-ara) and the people learnt a great deal of theology (ilm al-kalam), on the authority of his father, peace be upon them, that the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to say : “The best works are three: Looking after brothers with money; giving the people justice on your own account; and mentioning God in every circumstances”. Ibid. 401.
170.                      “It is reported on his authority, peace be on him, that he was asked about traditions which he put forward and did not support with a chain of authorities. He said: “If I report a tradition without giving it a chain of authorities then my chain of authorities doe it is in fact my father on the authority of my grand father on the authority of his father on the authority of his grand father, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, on the authority of Gabriel, peace be on him, on the authority of God, the Mighty and High”. Ibid. 401.
171.                      Reports have come down that Nafi b. al-Azraq came to Muhammad b. Ali, peace be on them, and sat before him to ask him questions about what was permitted and what forbidden. Abu Jafar, peace be on him, said in the course of his answer: Say to these deviators (from the true course): How did you make separation from the Commander of the faithful (Ali), peace be on him, lawful when you had earlier shed your own blood on his behalf and in obedience to him and (you were then close) to God through helping him? Then they will answer you:
172.                      He allowed arbitration with regard to the religion of God. Say to them: God, the Exalted, allowed arbitration in the law (sharia) of His Prophet, may God bless him and his family, between two of His creatures. For He said: Send an arbitrator from his family and an arbitrator from her family if they want reconciliation (to take place) between them with the agreement of God [IV 35].
173.                      The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, appointed Sad b. Muadh as an arbitrator over the tribe of Qurayza. He judged them according to what God had accomplished. Did you not know that the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, ordered the arbitrators only to judge according to the Qur'an and not to go beyond it?
174.                      He stipulated the rejection of any of the laws of men which opposed the Qur'an. They said to him: 'You have appointed as arbitrator over yourself, men who will judge you.'
175.                      He replied: 'I have not appointed a creature as an arbitrator. I have only made the Book of God an arbitrator. Therefore where do the deviators find the wrong-doing in the matter of arbitration by the Qur'an, when he stipulated the rejection of whatever opposed it, unless they are persisting in a false accusation?
"By God", said Nafi b. al-Azraq, "these are words which I have never heard before and which have never occurred to my mind. It is the truth, God willing."
176.                      He, peace be on him, used to say: "The people cause us great trouble. We summon them but they do not answer us. If we abandoned them, they would be guided by no one."
177.                      He, peace be on him, (also) used to say: "What is it that the people hate in us who are the family of the House of Mercy, the Tree of Prophet hood, the Source of Wisdom, (the people) frequented by angels and (those upon whom) inspiration descended?"
178.                      Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said to his grandson Imam Hussein (a.s.): "Allah has certainly chosen nine Imams from your loins, O Hussein. All of them are equal in their outstanding merits and position in the sight of Allah."
179.                      Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansari, is reported to have said, "The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said to me, ‘You may live long enough to see a son of mine from the loins of Hussein (a.s.), called Muhammad. He will certainly ‘cut through’ the sciences of religion. Should you see him, convey my greetings to him."
180.                      Abdullah bin Ata’ al-Makki is reported to have said, "Never have I seen scholars so limited in knowledge in the presence of a scholar other than Muhammad bin Ali al-Baqir."
181.                      Muhyil-Deen bin Sharafah Al-Nawawi said, "…He is a venerable man of the second Muslim generation. He is a knowledgeable Imam unanimously agreed to be a man of dignity. He is adjudged as one of the religious affairs authorities (fuqaha’) and Imams of the city of Madinah. From Jabir and Anas he communicated Prophetic traditions. Abu-Ishaq, Ata’ bin Abi-Rabah, Amru bin Dinar al-A’raji (who was older than Al-Baqir), al-Zuhri, Rabi’ah and many more of the second generation and the great Imams of religious affairs (fiqh) reported Islamic Prophetic traditions from him. Both Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported from him."
182.                      Ibn al-Imad al-Hanbali said, "Abu-Jafar Muhammad al-Baqir was one of the fuqaha’ of Madinah. He was given the title of al-Baqir because he ripped open knowledge, knew its fine subtleties and expanded it…"
183.                      Muhammad bin Talhah al-Shafi’ is reported to have said that, "Muhammad bin Ali al-Baqir was the one who cut through knowledge, collected and disseminated it. He raised it many degrees, outwitted others in exploiting it, imbibed it and decorated it with gems of thought. His heart was serene, his good deeds ever-growing, his soul chaste, and his morals noble. He would fill his time with deeds in obedience to Allah. His piety was unshakably firm. One could clearly see in him the signs of closeness to Allah, and the purity of the divine choice. Virtues hastened to him, and good qualities were honored by him."
184.                      Imadul-Deen Abul Fida’ Isma’il bin Umar bin Kuthayr testified that, "Abu-Jafar al-Baqir was a venerable man of the second Muslim generation who enjoyed great religious status. He was one of the foremost people of this ummah in knowledge, deeds, lordship and nobility. He was called al-Baqir ‘for he ripped open knowledge and inferred judgment.’ He was a religious man, a praiser of Allah, submissive and patient in worship. He descended from the family of the Prophet. Of what noble descent was! Spiritually lofty, he would weep profusely in fear of Allah. He shied from futile arguments and animosities."
185.                      When reporting from him, Jabir bin Yazid al-Ju’fi would say, "The trustee of trustees, the inheritor of the knowledge of the prophets, Muhammad bin Ali bin Hussein (a.s.), told me…"
Reference: Al-Balagh Foundation. Imam al-Baqir (a.s.). Tehran, I.R. Iran. Pages 7-14.
186.                      One who disobeys Allah has no knowledge of him.
187.                      Seize the opportunity in asking for du`a on five occasions:
a) After reciting the Qur'an
b) At the time of azan
c) When an oppressed invokes assistance
d) When two armies are facing each other seeking martyrdom
e) At the time of raining.”
188.                      Whoever recites the Holy Qur'an while standing in prayer, Allah Almighty will bestow a hundred blessings for every letter; whoever recites it while sitting in prayer, Allah will reward with fifty blessings for every letter; whoever recites the Qur'an outside of prayer, Allah will grant ten blessings for each letter.
189.                      The height of perfection is excellence in the understanding of the religion, endurance in hardships and administration of the affairs of life according to one's means, in the right measure.
190.                      Imam Baqir told Jabir: O Jabir, if I had expounded for you our belief and tenets we would have destroyed ourselves. In any case, we are relating for you traditions that we collected from the Prophet, just as people collect gold and silver.
191.                      I admonish you regarding five things; if you are wronged, do not commit wrong doing to others, if you are betrayed, do not betray anyone, if you are called a liar, do not be furious, if you are praised, do not be jubilant, if you are criticized do not fret and think of what is said in criticism, if you find in yourself what is criticized about you, then you are falling down in the eyes of God; when you are furious about the truth, it is much greater calamity then your falling down in the eyes of the people. And if you are opposite of what is said (in criticism) about you, then it is a merit you acquired without having to tire yourself in obtaining it.
192.                      Imam Muhammad Baqir says that Imam Ali once said: There were two things in this world, which softened the Wrath of Allah and prevented its descent upon man: One has been taken away from you; hold the other stead- fastly. The one which has been taken away from men is the Holy Prophet and the one which is still left with them and which they must hold steadfastly is repentance and atonement for sins because Allah at one place in the Holy Book addressed the Holy Prophet and said Allah would not punish them while you were among them nor while they were asking for forgiveness. (Surah Anfal, 8 : 33)
193.                      All eyes except three kinds of eyes would weep on the Judgment Day:
194.                      i) Eyes that remain awake the whole night in Allah's service.
195.                      ii) Eyes that weep from the fear of Allah.
196.                      iii) Eyes that have saved themselves from sinning in the world. Ref- Al Kafi vol 2 Pg# 80
197.                      No worship is superior to chastity and eating what is halal. Ref- Al Kafi vol 2 pg#80
198.                      Three things destroy a man: i) considering his own deeds to be really great.
199.                      ii) forgetting the sins that have been committed.
200.                      iii) Considering his own opinion to be the highest. Ref- Al Khisaal vol 1 Pg# 112
201.                      The height of perfection is excellence in the understanding of the religion, endurance in hardships and administration of the affairs of life according to one's means, in the right measure.
202.                      The scholar (`alim) who derives benefit from his knowledge is better than seventy thousand devotees ('abid ).
203.                      One who disobeys Allah has no knowledge of Him.
204.                      Man's tongue is the key to all good and evil. Therefore, a believer should lock his tongue like he would keep his gold and silver locked up.
205.                      If man knew the rewards for hardships and suffering, he would cut himself to pieces (to suffer)!
206.                      Three things destroy a man: i) considering his own deeds to be really great.
207.                      ii) Forgetting the sins that have been committed.
208.                      iii) Considering his own opinion to be the highest.
209.                      1 - So often a person is greedy for one of the affairs of this world which he had gained and this caused his wretchedness and trouble , and so often a person dislikes an affair of the affairs of the Hereafter that he has attained , however , this caused his happiness .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 166)
210.                      2 - I admonish you of five things : If were oppressed , don't oppress ; if others were treacherous to you , don't be treacherous ( to others ) ; if were disclaimed , don't get angry ; if were praised , don't get happy ;
and if were reproached , don't be impatient .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 162)
211.                      3 - Take the good speech from whoever said it even if his practice was not accordingly .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 170)
212.                      4 - Nothing is mixed with another better than meekness with knowledge .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 172)
213.                      5 - The utmost perfection is understanding in religion , patience in affliction , and moderation in life's spenditure . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 172)
214.                      6 - Three are of the good traits of this world and the hereafter : forgiving the one who oppressed you , having relations with the one who interrupted their relations with you , and having forbearance when behaved ignorantly with you .(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 173)
215.                      7 - God dislikes people's insisting in requesting from each other , however , he likes insisting in requesting from himself . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 173)
216.                      8 - A scholar whose knowledge can be benefited from is better than seventy thousand worshippers .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 173)
217.                      9 - A slave ( of God ) is not knowledgeable unless is not jealous from his superiors and is not humiliating to his subordinates . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 173)
218.                      10 - Whoever has good intention , his sustenance is increased .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 175)
219.                      11 - Whoever has good - treatment with his family , his life - time is increased .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 175)
220.                      12 - Refrain from laziness and restlessness because these two are the key to all evils ; whoever is lazy doesn't fulfill the rights and whoever is restless is impatient with the truth . -
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 175)
221.                      13 - Relations with relatives , purify the deeds , increase the wealth's , keep away calamities , ease the reckoning of the hereafter , and delay death .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 71 , P . 111)
222.                      14 - Tell the people the best thing you like to be told .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 65 , P . 152)
223.                      15 - God favors his believer slave with afflictions as the traveler sends the gift for his family ; and he ( God ) protects him from this world as the doctor protects the patient .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 180)
224.                      16 - Have piety , assiduity , truthfulness and paying trusts to whoever trusted you ( for that ) no matter if that person is good or bad .(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 179)
225.                      17 - Back - biting is to tell regarding your brother something which God has covered and concealed , and calumny is to accuse your brother of a fault which he doesn't have .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 178)
226.                      18 - God hates the scurrilous that has no dignity .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 176)
227.                      19 - Humbleness is to accept to set in a place below one's status , to greet ( say salam to ) everybody you meet , and to leave dispute and argumenting even it were right .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 176)
228.                      20 - Best worship is chastity of the stomach and private parts .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 176)
229.                      21 - God's exactness in reckoning his slaves in the day of judgment is according to the mind he bestowed upon them in this world .(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 7 , P . 267)
230.                      22 - The one of you who teaches knowledge to others has ( before the Exalted God ) the same reward as the learner , and even more .(Al - kafi , Vol . 1 , P . 35)
231.                      23 - Whoever seeks knowledge for vaunting the scholars , argumenting the fool or attracting people's attention towards him should receive fire where ( he is ) seated .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 2 , P . 38)
232.                      24 - The Exalted Glorious God likes the joker among the group , not using indecent words .
(Al - kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 663)
233.                      25 - There are three traits which their owner doesn't die until see their bad result : oppression , renouncing relatives , and false swearing which is combat against God .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 174)
234.                      26 - Swearing to God that no slave has insisted in supplication and requesting before the Exalted Glorious God except that his need is fulfilled .(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 475)
235.                      27 - The Exalted Glorious God likes , among his believer slaves , the slave who makes supplication a lot ; so make supplication at dawn till sun - rise , because , that is the time when the doors of heaven are open , provisions are distributed and great needs are fulfilled . (Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 478)
236.                      28 - The human's supplication for his believer brother in his absence is the fastest and closest for being answered . (Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 507)
237.                      29 - All eyes are crying in the day of judgment except for three : an eye stayed the night vigilant in the way of God , an eye cried in fear of God , and an eye guarded from the Godly unlawful .
(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 80)
238.                      30 - The greedy to this world is as the silk worm the more silk it wove around itself the harder it is to come out until die of grief and sorrow . (Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 316)
239.                      31 - How good the good - deeds are after bad - deeds and how bad the bad - deeds are after good - deeds . (Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 458)
240.                      32 - When a believer shake hands with another believer , they separate from each other pure and having no sins .(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 73 , P . 20)
241.                      33 - Refrain from enmity because it makes your mind busy and causes hypocrisy .
(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 301)
242.                      34 - No drop is more beloved to the Exalted God than a drop of tear in the middle of night out of his fear and for him .(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 482)
243.                      35 - Whoever depends upon God is not beaten ; and whoever seeks refuge to God from sins is not defeated . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 68 , P . 151)
244.                      36 - Increase of blessings is not interrupted by God except if thanking is interrupted by slaves .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 68 , P . 54)
245.                      37 - God gives this world to his friends and enemies , but gives his religion only to his beloved .
(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 215)
246.                      38 - The believer is the brother of the believer , doesn't use bad language with him , doesn't prevent from him , and doesn't have bad opinion towards him .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 45 , P . 176)
247.                      39 - No one is safe from sins unless control his tongue .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 178)
248.                      40 - Three things break one's back ( severe destruction ) : a man considering his deeds as great , forgetting his sins and being pleased with his opinion .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 69 , P . 314)
249.                      41 - Whoever's appearance is better than his inside his balance of deeds becomes light .
(Al - faqih , Vol . 4 , P . 404)
250.                      42 - Today is the best opportunity ; while don't know tomorrow is whose .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 179)
251.                      43 - The dirtiest earnings is the profit of usury .(Froo Al - Kafi , Vol . 5 , P . 147)
252.                      44 - Whoever controlled his anger when able to show it , God fills his heart with peace and security in the day of judgment . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 7 , P . 303)
253.                      45 - Four are of the treasures of goodness : concealing the need , hiding the charity , concealing the pain , and concealing the affliction . (Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 75 , P . 175)
254.                      46 - Children are protected from deviation by goodness of their fathers ( parents ) .
(Behar Al - anwar , Dar Ehya Al - torath Al - arabi , Vol . 68 , P . 236)
255.                      47 - Twenty years of friendship is kinship . (Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 302)
256.                      48 - In all divine decree their is a good hidden for the believer .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 302)
257.                      49 - Any innovation ( attributing lies to God's religion ) is deviation ; and any deviation leads to hell - fire .
(Al - Kafi , Vol . 1 , P . 56)
258.                      50 - The closest and fastest worship in reward is observing bonds of relationship .
(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 303)
259.                      51 - Know your brother's heartily love for you by the amount of heartily love you have for him .
(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 304)
260.                      52 - Faith , is love ( to God's friends ) and enmity ( to God's enemies ) . (Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 304)
261.                      53 - Faith is confession and action , and Islam is confession without action .
(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 307)
262.                      54 - Give charities in the morning because it blackens the Satan's face ( disgrace him ) , and keeps away evil of the oppressing ruler from you in that day .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 308)
263.                      55 - Insist in forgiveness - seeking from God , because it causes the erasing of sins .
(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 308)
264.                      56 - Know that the need - seeker ( from you ) didn't keep his dignity before you , so keep yours in not rejecting him .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 309)
265.                      57 - The followers of Ali ( peace be upon him ) are , the generous to each other because of their loyalty to us , the lovers to each other because of devotion to us , and the visitors to each other for reviving our affair , never oppress when get angry , never squander when pleased , a blessing to neighbors , and the cause of peace and serenity to their associates . (Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 310)
266.                      58 - God likes the modest , patient , chaste and pious .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 310)
267.                      59 - God likes disclosing the greeting .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 311)
268.                      60 - Have compromise with your tongue with the hypocrate , sincere love to the believer and good - behavior if associated with a Jew . (Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 301)
269.                      61 - The tongue is the key to all good and bad ; it is worthy for the believer to stamp his tongue as he stamps his gold and silver .(Tohaf Al - oKool , P . 308)
270.                      62 - If our up riser upraised , God puts the hand of mercy over the heads of the slaves , and put their minds together so their reasoning is perfected .(Al - Kafi , Vol . 1 , P . 25)
271.                      63 - God's mercy be upon a slave who revives knowledge .(Al - Kafi , Vol . 1 , P . 41)
272.                      64 - Envy eats up the faith as fire eats up the wood .(Al - kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 306)
273.                      65 - Every thing has a spring and the spring of Quran is the month of Ramadan .
(Al - Kafi , Vol . 2 , P . 630)

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