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Golden Sayings / Speeches / Sermon of Hazrat Imam e Hassan a.s

Asalamoalaka ya Hazrat Imam Hassan a.s.

1.      Praise & Eulogy is for Allah who hears the conversation of who so ever talks & if he remains silent (then) He knows whatever is there in his interior (soul). And who ever lives , his sustenance is upon Allah & who so ever dies his resurrection is with Allah. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-112).
2.      Oh my son ! do not become the companion of anyone ( & don't befriend) but when you come to know about the places he comes & goes to (visits). And after you have minutely observed (his character) & got pleased with his association & social conduct then acquire his company , on the basis of forgiving the faults & (extending) consolation during the hardships. (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-233).
3.      The most sighting eye is the one which penetrates (views) into the blessings & beneficences . And the most auditory ear is the one which takes in (comprehends & retains) admonition , & gets benefited by it. The healthiest of hearts is the heart which is pure from doubts. (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-225).
4.      A person asked him ", what is fear ? He said , " to have courage upon friend & recoiling from the enemy ". (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-225).
5.      Do not make haste in punishing the sinner for his sin & let a way (passage) between the two (fault & punishment) excuse & apology. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-113).
6.      All the beneficences of both the worlds come to the hand & are achieved by the mind (wits) . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
7.      There is no poverty like the ignorance .
8.      Teach others your knowledge & learn knowledge of others so you will bring your knowledge to perfection & learn something which you do not know . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
9.      A person asked him , " What is generosity & magnanimity ' He replied , " To secure & protect the religion , & respecting one's soul , (self respect) & softness of conduct (gentleness in behavior) & permanency of favour & kindness & the discharging of rights . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-102).
10.  I have not seen a cruel one more similar & resembling with an oppressed & wronged one than the jealous. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
11.  Nice conduct & behavior with people is the height of intelligence & wits . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
12.  Brother hood is loyalty in hardship & comfort. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-114).
13.  Deprivation is abandoning your share which has been offered to you . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-115).
14.  A man asked him , ' what is munificence & bounty ? " He replied , " to begin with granting before being asked for ." (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-225).
15.  There is a distance of 4 fingers between the right & false hood (eyes & ears ) .What you saw with your eyes that is right ,.And you have heard plenty number of false & utter things through your ears . (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-229).
16.  Do not struggle hard like a successful (searcher) of material & do not depend upon destiny like those who surrender to it (Neither greed nor laziness). Because seeking the grace (of God) is a sunnah (tradition) & not being greedy in seeking sustenance repulsion nor greed attracts grace (plenty fullness & wealth ). ( Adopt the middle one of the 2 ways ). (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-233).
17.  No nation counseled but that they were guided toward their progress. (aims of achieving  prosperity affluence , success , & maturity & couplet ion.) (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-233).
18.  He Describing the virtues of a pious companion said , " He was greater than the other people in my eyes . The loftiest virtue which had made him great in my eyes (opinion , view) is that the world was small (valueless) in his eyes. He had attained freedom from the domination of ignorance . And never begged from anyone , except the trust worthy person , for a benefit.  He did not complain & did not get enraged & furious & was not put out of patience . (by weariness or annoyance).  Most of the times he remained silent but when he opened up his lips to talk he would be at the zenith of all the speakers .  He was weak & feeble but when it came to struggle & strife he was a fierce lion. He was more inclined to lend ear in the gathering of scholars than talk. If some one overcame him in speech , no one could overcome him in silence . He never said what he did not practice (but) practiced what he did not say .When he was confronted with 2 matters that he did not know which one of those was nearer to his desire so he would oppose it. He did not blame anyone for the works where in there was room for excuse , in similar cases . (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-234).
19.  Who ever loves the world (material ) the fear of here after gets out (finishes) from his heart . (LYAL AL EKHBAR VOL1, P-51).
20.  Ignorant is the one who is foolish about his wealth . (regarding spending it ). who is slack & negligent about his honour , when he is abused & reviled , he does not respond. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-115).
21.  Good deed is the one before which there is no evading & delaying & there is no boasting of favour , after it .(BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-113).
22.  Shame & disgrace is better than the fire (of Hell). (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-234).
23.  Indeed the faithful takes provision of journey (from the worldly sources) & the infidel gets benefits. (as a lasting share). (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-112).
24.  Ignorance is the submission to the vile & base , & the company of perverted & misled. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-115).
25.  Between you & admonition stays the curtain of respect . (respect which is more of pride , egoism , arrogance of refraining one to accept advise or admonition) . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-109).
26.  The annihilation of people lies in 3 things Arrogance , & greed & jealousy . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
27.  Arrogance is the cause of destruction & annihilation of religion & Satan was cursed due to it . And greed is the enemy of soul & Adam was expelled by it from the paradise & jealousy is the guide  to wicked ness for the same reason Qabil (Cain) killed Abel (Habeel). (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-111).
28.  It is for you to ponder because it is the (source of the ) life of visionist's heart. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-115).
29.  The one who does not have wits & intelligence does not have decorum & decency & the one who lacks fortitude , does not have generosity & magnanimity & that one who does not possess shame & modesty , does not have religion . (KASHFUL GHUMMA VOL 2, P-197).
30.  The best wealth is contentment & the worst poverty is humility (before the rich ones). (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-113).
31.  Humor eats up (finishes) , the appalling appearance (majesty) the silence person has got much of appalling appetence . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-113).
32.  Leisure swiftly passes on & the return to it is very slow. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-113).
33.  Proximate (relative) is the one who is be neared by love & affection although he is a distant relation . (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-234).
34.  Abjectness is, not thanking for the beneficence. (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-233).
35.  Associate with & treat the people in way as you like to get associated & treated by them . (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-116).
36.  The one who continues his visits (going & coming) to the mosque does lay his hands upon one of eight benefits: 1.(Getting to know) one of the decisive verses.2. Finding a beneficial brother .3.Fresh knowledge.4.A mercy waiting for him.5.A word leading to the guidance .6.An admonition averting from sin.7.Not committing sin out of schame.8.Not committing sin for the fear of Allah. (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-235).
37.  I am surprised over the person who thinks about the things he eats (so that those are hygenic & clean) how does he not thin & ponder about his spiritual (matters) so he avoids the harmful foods to enter his stomachs but his chest (mind) becomes the rendezvous of deviational , low meanings. (SAFINA TUL BIHAR VOL-2 , P-84).
38.  When the desirable & commendable services damage & harm the obligatory services , abandon them. (BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 78 , P-109).
39.  And know it that indeed whoever fears Allah (adopts piety) Allah paves his way of salvation out of the inequities. And makes him firm in his matter . And provides him (the path of) guidance . And makes his proof & arguments successful & enlightens his face & grants him what he desires . He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His beneficences & boons from among the Prophets & the truthful's & the martyrs & pious ones. (TUHFUL AQOOL , P-232).
  1. The greatest forgiveness and pardon of God comes when the sinner is not able to make a pretext for his wrong doing .
  2. One who know God , loves God . One who knows the world , the world tries to be chaste , and a true believer never goes after useless things , unless he is taken unawares and when he recohnizes his mistake , he feels sad .
  3. God provides everything to one who worships God .
  4. 1.Whoever fears Allah (adopts piety), He (Allah) paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials, and directs him (onto the right path) in his affairs, and facilitates his (path) of guidance. And makes his proof (and arguments) successful. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires. He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His favours from among the Prophets, The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company are they.
  5. 2.Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom, and the distinction of all deeds
  6. 3. Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah's choices, doesn't wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
  7. 4. The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably
  8. 5. Magnanimity is adhering to the religion, and honouring one's self (nafs), and having a lenient conduct, and permanency of favours, and the discharging of rights.
  9. 6.(What is magnanimity) prudence in one's religion, and incorruptness of his wealth, and uprightness in (discharging) of rights.
  10. 7.(Silence is) concealment of ignorance, adornment of one's self, and the one performing it (keeps silent) is in ease, and his companion is safe
  11. 8.How can a believer be a believer when he is discontent with His (Allah's) predestination, and disparages His (Allah's) status, when it is Allah whom rules over him. And I guarantee, for the one whose heart does not harbor other than satisfaction, that if he supplicates Allah, he will be granted.
  12. 9.One who lacks intelligence has no decorum, and one who lacks determination has no magnanimity, and one who has no modesty has no religion
  13. 10.O' Son of Adam, abstain from the unlawful and you will be a worshipper, and be content with what Allah has predestined for you, you will be sufficient, be benevolent to those who take up proximity in your neighbourhood, you will be a Muslim.
  14. 11.Do not be hasty in punishing (someone's) sin, and leave (room) between the two (fault and punishment) for apology.
  15. 12.Tolerance of the noble is forgiving, if apologizing is difficult for the sinner,
  16. 13.The most preferable adornment is graceful manners
  17. 14. The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility
  18. 15.Clemency is suppression of anger and self-restraint
  19. 16.Generosity is giving in prosperity and adversity
  20. 17.The annihilation of people lies in three things: Arrogance, Greed and envy. Arrogance causes destruction of the religion and because of it Satan was cursed, and Greed is the enemy of one's soul, and because of it Adam was expelled from Paradise, and envy is the guide to wickedness, and because of it Qabil killed Habil.
  21. 18.avariciousness is for one to consider what he has given (away) as a loss and what he kept (for himself) as glory
  22. 19.I did not witness an oppressor who is more alike to an oppressed, than the one who is envious.
  23. 20.Put what you seek from this world, but you know is unattainable, in the same rank as that which does not cross your mind.
  24. 21.Teach the people of your knowledge, and learn from their knowledge. Hence you would have become adept and learnt that which you do not know.
  25. 22.You are the most inferior amongst a nation, when you could be on the verge of dignity amongst another nation, therefore learn the knowledge, and those of you who cannot memorize it, consequently, should write it and place it in his house
  26. 23.There was not a nation who consulted (amongst themselves), but was directed to a path of guidance
  27. 24.I wonder at a person who ponders over the things that he eats, how he does not ponder over his reasoning. He preserves his stomach from that which harms him, yet deposits in his breast that which is a cause for his destruction
  28. 25.It is for you to ponder, for it is revitalization for the heart of the perspicacious and the key to the gateways of wisdom.
  29. 26.(describing a good companion of his) He was prestigious in my view because the world was small (insignificant) in his eyes. He was a dissident, (departing from) the domain of ignorance. He would not extend a hand unless he is sure that benefit would come from it. He did not complain nor become enraged or impatient despair. Most of his life he kept silent, but when he spoke he silenced the other speakers (surpassed them)
  30. He was perceived weak, but at time of struggle he was a fierce lion. In the gathering of scholars, he was more eager to observe silence than speak. Even if he could be exceeded in speaking, he could not be excelled in silence.
  31. He would not say what he did not practice, but practiced (deeds) what he did not say. When he was confronted with two matters, not knowing which was nearer (more pleasing) to Allah, he would ascertain of the two that which was closer to his personal inclinations and then oppose it. He would not reproach anyone
  32. 27.O' Son of Adam! Since the day you left your mother's womb you life has been on the decrease. Therefore, avail yourself of that between your hands for the hereafter, because the believer takes provisions (from this world) and the disbeliever only takes his leisure (from this world)
  33. 28.Allah, the Great and Al-Mighty, did not open the gateway of invocation for anyone, to then shut off from him the gateway of response. Nor did a man open the door of action, to then have the door of acceptance shut off from him, nor was the door of gratitude opened for the servant, to have the door of accretion (plentiful) shut off from him.
  34. 29.The most discerning eye is the one that penetrates (views) into the blessings and the most auditory ear is the one heeds reminding and benefits from it. And the most pure of hearts is the one purified from doubt.
  35. 30.Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
  36. 31.Brotherhood is loyalty during adversity and during comfort.
  37. 32.If the recommended actions harm the obligatory actions, then abandon them.
  38. 33.It is incumbent on whoever stands in the presence of the Lord of Throne (Allah), that his colour pales, and that his limbs tremble.
  39. 34.One is ignorant of blessing as long as they are present, but when they pass, one becomes aware (of the value) of them.
  40. 35.Do not struggle hard like a successful (searcher) of material and do not depend upon destiny like those who surrender to it. (Neither greed nor laziness). Because seeking the Grace (of Allah) is Sunnah and not being greedy in seeking sustenance is modesty. And modesty is not the cause for the repulsion of sustenance, nor does greed attract grace, because sustenance is (already) apportioned, and being greedy is being sinful.
  41. 36.Opportunities pass away swiftly, and take longer to return
  42. 37.Jest eats away one's dignity, and the one remaining silent increases in dignity.
  43. 38.Proximate is the one that is drawn closer by affection, even though he is a distant relation. And the one that is far is the one that affection distances him, even though he is a close relation.
  44. 39.Goodness that is free of any wickedness is, gratitude for the blessings, and patience during misfortune.
  45. 40.A blessing is trial, if gratitude is shown for it, it becomes a blessing, and if you show ingratitude for it then it becomes a wrath.
  46. He who counts his good deeds compromises the gratitude and benedictions that are due to him .
  47. Some body asked Imam Hassan (PBUH ) about the virtues of reticence . He replied . Reticence is a cover for ignorance and beauty honor and respect . And he who observes silence is always easy and calm and the one who associates with him is secure .
  48. A man sought guidance of Imam Hussain . The Imam replied : Don't praise me for I know myself much better than you know me and don't consider me a liar for the views of a liar are worthless and never talk light of  others before me .
  49. Oh son of Adam , abstain from misdeeds to remain pious and be content with what God gives you to remain free of needs .Recognize and implement the right of your neighbor to remain a Muslim and
    treat others as you would like others to treat you , in order to remain just .
  50. It was asked of Imam , " Whose life is better than all ? " .He replied : " The one who , he allows participation of people in his life .
  51. Being deprived of necessities is better than cadging from the aberrant .
  52. Having a sour disposition is worse than affliction and misfortune .
  53. Oh you people of Kufa , remember that there is beauty in forbearance and keeping promises manliness , precipitance and haste show lake of knowledge and lake of knowledge imprudence , Fellowship with the mean brings disgrace and shame , and social communication with libertines and sinners creates suspicion and doubt .
  54. Have experienced and those who experience have also experienced that nothing surpasses forbearance in effectiveness and nothing is more pernicious as lack of it . With patience all affairs are rectified and nothing else can replace it .
  55. I have never seen any right with no wrong in it but death , which is so Similar to wrong with no right in it .
  56. Imam Hassan Mujtaba used to raise his eyes upwards before entering the mosque and say : Oh creator your guest is standing in front of your house . Oh the beneficent ! I the uncouth transgressor, have come to your threshold to ask forgiveness for all my loathsome misdeeds from all the beauties that abound in you, oh thou the merciful and beneficent .There are 12 Points which Should be observed about eating and that every Muslim is required to be informed of . Four of them are compulsory, the other four are the Prophets traditions, and the remaining four are in accordance with the etiquettes and ethics .                  On compulsory Points :
  57. 1 ) Knowing the Person who feeds you .
  58. 2 ) Being satisfied with what is fed .
  59. 3 ) Taking the name of Good and being thankful to whatever is endowed .
    On Prophet' traditions
  60. 1 ) Performing one's ablution before eating .
  61. 2 ) Sitting on the left leg (Or part of the body) .
  62. 3 ) Eating with 3 fingers and licking them up .
    On etiquettes and ethics
  63. 1 ) Eating What is set before you .
  64. 2 ) Having small morsels .
  65. 3 ) Chewing the food well .
  66. 4 ) Avoiding staring at the others constantly .
  67. Jesting eliminates respect and honor .
  68. A good deed is one performed without hesitation and Without reminding that a favor has been done .
  69. The blessings of our Creator remain unknown and are taken for granted , as long as they abound and their worth is realized , only when they are gone .
  70. Hazrat Qasim was the youngest son of Imaam Hassan (A.S.). Qasim was born in 47 A.H., three years before his father was martyred. When Imaam Hussain prepared to leave Madina in the month of Rajab 60 A.H. Qasim mother Umme-e-Farwa asked Imaam Hussain to take her and Qasim with him. Imaam Hussain agreed. Hazrat Qasim, although only 13 years old, had, like his cousins Aun and Muhammad, learnt fencing from Hazrat Abbas and Hazrat Ali Akber. Hazrat Abbas was very fond of Hazrat Qasim.
    On the night before Ashura when Imaam Hussain was passing by Umm-e-Farwa's tent he heard Qasim say to his mother, "Mother, tomorrow Uncle Abbas, Ali Akber and I will defend Imaam Hussain. Mother, if I get killed please do not weep for me." Umm-e-Farwa replied, "My son although I dearly love you, I shall not weep for you. Nothing will make me prouder than to see my son give his life for Islam". When Imaam Hussain heard this conversation he prayed to Allah to bless Hazrat Qasim and Umm-e-Farwa.
    On Ashura day after Aun and Muhammad had fallen in the battlefield, Hazrat Qasim came to Imaam Hussain and begged for permission to go and fight. Twice Imaam Hussain refused saying "Qasim you are young and your mother's only son". Hazrat Qasim was very disappointed. He went to his mother. When she saw her son so disappointed she remembered that just before he died, Imaam Hassan had written a letter, given it to Umm-e-Farwa saying ,"If ever you find Qasim in difficulty, give him this letter." She gave Hazrat Qasim the letter. In the letter it was written, "My son Qasim, a day will come when my brother Hussain will be facing an enemy army of tens of thousands. That will be the day when Islam will need to be saved by sacrifice. You must represent me on that day."
    Hazrat Qasim read the letter. He smiled. He rushed to Imaam and gave him the letter. After reading the letter Imaam Hussain said, "O my brother's son, how can I stop you from doing what your father wanted you to do. Bismillah, go. Allah be with you".
    Imaam Hussain tied Imaam Hassan's turban on the head of Hazrat Qasim and helped him mount his horse. As Qasim was riding out, Imaam Hussain said "Inna Lilla-hi Wa Inna Ilai-hi Raji'oon". Hazrat Qasim said "O my uncle - Do not be upset. I do not fear death. Death for Islam will be sweeter for me than honey". Hazrat Qasim came to the battle field. He was a very handsome boy. When the enemy saw him, they began to murmur, "How can we kill someone whose face is shining like moon?"
    In a loud and a clear voice Hazrat Qasim introduced himself and cried out a challenge for single combat. He killed several famous warriors who came forward.
    Every time he felled an enemy Hazrat Qasim would stand on his stirrups, look behind and wave to Hazrat Abbas, just as a pupil would seek approval of his teacher on any assignment, Hazrat Abbas would proudly wave back. When the enemy saw his bravery and realized that they could not possibly over power him in single combats, they came from behind and one of them hit Hazrat Qasim on the head with a sword.
    Hazrat Qasim tried to go on fighting but alas he was so young and he was so very thirsty! He fell from his horse crying out, "YA AMMAHO, ACCEPT MY LAST SALAAMS." Imaam Hussain and Hazrat Abbas rode out. The soldiers tried to stop them, when finally they came to where Hazrat Qasim had fallen they saw a dreadful sight!! Hazrat Qasim's body had been trampled by the horses of the soldiers who had tried to stop Imaam Hussain and Hazrat Abbas. Hazrat Abbas was so angry when he saw this that he began to shake with fury. He took out his sword and wanted to attack the enemy. Imaam Hussain restrained him saying "Abbas, have patience, dear brother. Do not give them an excuse for saying that we attacked them first".
    Was Qasim body carried to the camp to his mother? This is not very clear. It is reported, however, that Imaam Hussain took off his abaa, spread it on to the ground, gathered the pieces from the ground as one gathers flowers from a garden!
  71. Disasters and hardships are keys to rewards and compensations .
  72. A blessing is a Divine test , therefore if you thank God it remains a blessing , but if you are ungrateful it turns in to God's wrath .
  73. The benefit you get from your tongue is enough for you to distinguish the path to guidance from the route to aberration .
  74. Don't ever regret deep reflection and rationalization because thinking revives the alert heart and is a key to doors of wisdom .
  75. Oh thou the son of Adam ! Since you were born you were busy destroying your life . So try to provide provision for the world hereafter in the rest  of your life . Indeed a true believer makes provision in this world and an unbeliever regales himself and then he recited this verse : " Make provision ( in this world ) indeed there is no provision better than piety . "
  76. Some one asked Imam to give him a piece of advice . He said : Get ready for your last journey , and before death arrives prepare yourself some provision and be ware that when you desire this world , death desires for you .
  77. To day you shouldn't think about tomorrow's sorrows .
  78. And be ware that whatever wealth gathered by you , if it exceeds your daily sustenance , infact is saved for others .
  79. And be ware for the lawful wealth of this world will be duly counted , and the unlawful wealth is followed by punishment ,and there is reproach in doubtful wealth .
  80. Therefore consider this world as a carcass and take only that much that suffices you .
  81. In this case if it is lawful , you've performed a virtuous act , and if it is unlawful you haven't committed any sin because it sufficed your urgent need , the same way you may eat a carcass in exigency , and if there is any reproach in it , it will be little and light .
  82. Behave , in this world , in such a way as if you will be living  forever , and for the world hereafter act in a way as if you'll die tomorrow .
  83. If you had to become friends due to a want with a man and associate with him , Be friends with a person whose association adds to your dignity and when you do him a service , he supports you and when you ask him for assistance he helps you and if you say something , he confirms your words and if you attack , strengthens you in your assault and if you asked for something , assists you and if your shortcoming is revealed he covers it and if he sees any good deed performed he takes it into account .
  84. One prayer of he who recites Quran is accepted by God either immediately or with some delay .
  85. Imam Hassan on whom be peace : The Prophet of God ( P.B.U.H ) has said : Any one who recites " AYAT - OL - KORSI " ( verses ) after obligatory prayer will be under the protection of God till the next prayer .
  86. Any fasting person can have one prayer accepted at the time he opens his fast . So when you take the first morsel to open a fast say : " In the name of God , oh God thine forgiveness is over whelming and abundant . Please forgive me .
  87. Imam Hassan on whom be peace : The Prophet of God ( P.B.U.H ) he said after performing morning prayers anyone who sits in the same place and keeps invoking the name of God until sunrise will have a curtain and a barrier between him and the tormenting fire of God .
  88. Whoever is found of praying , purifies and adorns himself for it.
  89. It is becoming of a man on fast to dye his beard and put perfume on his clothes and It is becoming of a woman on fast to comb her hair and put perfume on her clothes .
  90. I heard it from my father that the messenger of God said anyone who tries to satisfy the need of his Muslim brother , his endeavors are equal to nine thousand years of worshipping God with days spent on fasting and nights busy with praying .
  91. Giving alms tax never results in decrease of wealth .
  92. I feel ashamed of my God to meet Him while I haven't performed pilgrimage to the House of God on foot
  93. When one of you meets his friend , you must kiss the place of light on his forehead .
  94. He whose death is due asks for time to compensate for the misdeeds of the past and one whose death is not due and has time to perform good deeds , procrastinates .
  95. Oh those who seek pleasures of the world ! You should know that they are transitory and taking pride in a shadow that vanishes is absurdity .
  96. Once a house maid presented him a bunch of flowers and because of this the Imam (as) set her free. He then said that it was because of how Allah (swy) has disciplined us and he stated this from the Holy Koran, "When you are greeted, you should respond in even a better way or just return the greeting."
  97. Once a person from Syria on a horse back met the Imam and started to abuse him but the Imam did not respond. When the Syrian said all that he wanted to say the Imam went closer to him and said with a smile, "May peace be with you.
  98. I think you have just come to this town.
  99. If you need some food we can provide you.
  100. If you may need anything we can give you
  101. and if you need directions we can give directions
  102. and if you may need a ride we can provide one
  103. and if you need protection we are ready to protect you."
    The man after hearing all this began to cry and said, " I testify that you are deputy of Allah on earth and Allah knows better who to entrust with Divine message."
  104. Messenger of Allah , peace be upon him and his progeny , said :" Choose to be a friend of the Prophet's family , for whoever meets God while being a friend of our household , will enter Paradise as a result of our intercession .
  105. O' people ! I heard my grandfather , the messenger of God , say : " I am the city of knowledge and Ali , peace be upon him , is the gate to the city . How can one enter a city without going through its gate ?
  106. Some body asked Imam Hassan , peace be upon him , : Why are we reluctant to die , why don't we like death ? "
  107. Because , " replied the Imam , " You ruined your next world and developed this one ; naturally , you do not like to be transferred from flourishing to decline .
  108. I swear by God , whoever chooses to be our friend , no matter he is kept in captivity in such a remote place as Deylam , our friendship will benefit him . Indeed , our friendship removes Adam's offspring's' sins , as the wind scatters the leaves of trees .
  109. Most inhabitants of Kufah wrote Mu'awiya letter to the effect that they support him and that should he wish so , they would capture Imam Hassan , peace be upon him and bring him to Mu'awiya . Than they plundered Imam Hassan's tent and injured him . subsequently , Imam Hassan , peace be upon him , wrote
    Mu'awiya the follwing letter : Indeed , this government and the Holy Prophet's succession belongs to me , and the members of my family being forbidden to you and the members of your family , that is what I personally heard from the Apostle of God .
  110. I swear by God , If I could find patient friends aware of their right, I would not yield to you and would deny you your requests .
  111. If I could reduce the entire world to one single mursel of food to feed a pure worshipper , I would feel negligent of my duties to wards him .
  112. And if I could prevent an infidel from enjoying worldly blessing , to the extent that his life should be endangered for want of food and water , and then I hand him a glass of water , I would consider myself to be wasteful .
  113. To God , the highest - ranking man is the one most familiar with people's rights . And that who is humble towards his brothers in faith , will be put , by God , among the veracious and shi'ites of the king of the
    Believers Ali , peace be upon him .
  114. The Holy Prophet said : No one is a true believer unless he does an evaluation of himself more seriously than the selting of accounts between two partners or between a master and his slave .
  115. The Messenger of God , may the blessing of Allah be upon him said : " Making brothers in faith happy causes one's sins to be forgiven .
  116. This world is a trouble - some place of trail , and everything therein will decline , God has informed us of its situation so that we could be thought a lesson there from .
  117. He has warned us against punishment in order that , thereafter , we would not argue with him .
  118. Consequently , be pious in this perishing world , and be interested in the internal , and be God fearing openly and secretly
  119. Abandon what is discretionary when it happens to be in contradiction to what is obligatory .
  120. Three things lead people to their destruction . pride , greed and jealousy .
  121. Pride undermines faith , and Satan was cursed and damned for the same .
  122. Greed is the enemy of one's soul and Adam was expelled from paradise for the same reason ,
  123. and jealousy leads to evil and misery . Cain killed his brother Abel only because of jealousy .
  124. Transfer your knowledge to others and also learn from others to enhance your own knowledge and also forever coming your own short comings .
  125. Only visit those from whom you hope to be endowed or whose power you fear , or those who benefit . you from their knowledge or those whom you hope would pray for you , or those who are your own relatives .
  126. I have never seen a tyrant more similar to the oppressed than a jealous person .
  127. Forget about whatever worldly things you aimed to attain but couldn't.
  128. Any one whom God blesses with an opportunity to pray , God will accept his prayers and to whom God gives the chance to worship and be obedient ,
  129. for him He will open the doors of acceptance , and any one who is blessed by Him to thank God ,
  130. He will open the doors of abundance for increasing his blessings .
  131. This question was put forward to Imam Mojtaba . Oh son of Prophet . How are you ? He said : I have a God that controls me while the fire of  Hell is in front of me .
  132. Death is summoning me and I am surrounded by what I've to give an account of on the day of final Judgment .
  133. I'm caught and entangled between my actions and deeds .
  134. I can't get what I like and I am unable to get away from what I despise , because all affairs are in the hands of God .
  135. If He chooses He will forgive me . Therefore which poor man is more needy than me ?
  136. Giving promises is like aphids in generosity and philanthropy , the remedy is only in fulfillment and accomplishment .
  137. Don't be too prompt in punishing wrongdoings and errors; always leave some time for apology between the perpetration of a mistake and punishment .
  138. In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful *Excerpt from Kitab al-Irshad, submitted by T. Zayn Al-Abidin , When the Commander of the Faithful, peace be on him, died, al-Hassan addressed the people. He reminded them of his right (to authority). The followers of his father pledged allegiance to him in terms of fighting those he fought and making peace with those with whom he made peace (peace be on them both). [Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya al-Azdi reported: Ash'ath b. Suwar told me on the authority of Abu Ishaq al-Sabi'i and others, who said:] Al-Hassan b. 'Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which the Commander of the Faithful, peace be on him, died. He praised and glorified God and blessed the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Then he said:
    "There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early (Muslims) in (good ) actions.
  139. Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his level in (good) actions.
  140. He used to fight alongside the Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and protect him with his own life.
  141. The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Michael supported him on his left.
  142. He would not return until God brought victory through his hands.
  143. He, peace be on him, has died on this the night on which Jesus, son on Mary, was taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nun, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, peace be on him, died.
  144. He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend ('ata), with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family." Then tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him.
  145. Then he continued: "I am the (grand) son of the one who brought the good news.
  146. I am the (grand) son of the Warner. I am the (grand) son of the man who, with God's permission, summoned (the people) to God.
  147.  I am the (grand) son of the light which shone out (to the world).
  148. I am of the House, from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has purified thoroughly.
  149. I am of the House for whom God has required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said:
  150. "Say, I do not ask you for any reward except love for (my) kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself." [42:23]
  151. The good is love for us, the House." Then he sat down.
    'Abd Allah b. al-'Abbas, may God have mercy on him, arose in front of him and said: "People, this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him"
    The people answered him saying, "No one is more loved by us nor has anyone more right to succession (khilafa). "Reference: Shaykh al-Mufid (1981) Kitab al-Irshad - The Book of Guidance into the Lives of the Twelve Imams, The Muhammadi Trust, London, U.K, p 280-281.
  152. Whoever regularly goes to the mosque will enjoy one of the following eight benefits : a decisive verse , access to a helpful brother , new knowledge , an expected mercy , a word leading him to the way of salvation or salvation or saving him from death , quitting sins out of public shame , and God-fearing .
  153. Indeed , the eyes with most clear - sightedness are those penetrating good , the ears with sharpest hearing are those benefiting from advice , and the purest hearts are those without any doubts .
  154. A man asked Imam Hassan peace be upon him , " I have a daughter , whom should she marry ? " A man", answered the Imam , " of faith and God fearing for if he loves her,he will respect her , and should he hate her won't do injustice to her".
  155. Indeed , this world offers no everlasting blessing , nor one is immune to its damages and evils . The world is a sham standing on the way to happiness , an unreliable support .
  156. O' Servants of God ! Take advice from example , be admonished by the effects of ancients , stop disobedience by remembering His blessings and benefit from pieces of advice .
  157. Indeed , God made Ramadan a racing field of His people so that take precedence to obtain His consent by obeying Him .
  158. I Swear by God , if the veil is lifted , it will be revealed that benefactors are engaged in benefaction and that malefactors in wickedness .
  159. O' My son Fraternize nobody before knowing his destiny or origin .
  160. Thus , after having come to know him and after having accepted to keep company with him , enter in to a fraternity , provided you could pardon his blunders and help him in hardships .
  161. When asked what fear is , Imam , peace be upon him , replied .Showing bravery towards friends and running away from enemies .
  162. Infamy is easier than entering the Hell .
  163. Foolishness is tending to meanness and keeping company with the misguided .
  164. Imam , peace be upon him , described his benefactor brother as follows : I thought him to be the greatest of all .
  165. The secret of his greatness lay in his low opinion of this world .
  166. Ignorance had no control on him .
  167. He did not take any action unless he made sure that the action was useful .
  168. He never complained, nor , did he get angry and distressed .
  169. He was silent for the greater part of his life time and when he spoke , he was the most eloquent of all .
  170. He looked weak ; how ever , he fought as bravely as a lion .
  171. At the presence of scholars , he preferred listening to speaking .
  172. He spoke whenever it was necessary , never saying anything he did not act upon and acting upon things he did not speak about .
  173. When faced with two alternatives he was not sure which one was more pleasing to God , he considered the alternative less pleasing to himself .
  174. He did not blame anybody for doing something for which there existed an acceptable excuse .
  175. After burying his father, Hassan (as) proceeded to the mosque and addressed the grieving ummah. He said: “There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early Muslims in good actions.
  176. Nor did any later Muslims attain his level.
  177. He used to fight alongside the Prophet, and protect him with his own life.
  178. The Prophet (pbuh) used to send him with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Micheal on his left.
  179. He would not return until Allah brought victory through his hands.
  180. He has died on this night on which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up to Heaven, on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee of Moses, died.
  181. He has left behind him no gold and silver except 700 dirhams of his stipend, with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family. “
  182. The people wept as he continued: “I am the grandson of the one who brought the good news.
  183.  I am the grandson of the Warner.
  184. I am the grandson of the man who, with Allah’s permission summoned the people to Allah.
  185. I am the grandson of the light which shone out to the world.
  186. I am of the House, from whom Allah has sent away abomination and whom He has purified thoroughly.
  187. I am of the House for whom He has required love in his book when He said:
  188. Say: I do not ask you for any reward except love for my kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself. The good is love for us, the ahlul bayt. (42.23)
  189. Imam Hassan (as) accepted the caliphate and ruled justly for 6 months. People rushed forward to pledge allegiance to him as a successor. When asked about politics the imam said:
    “Politics means observing the rights of Allah and the rights of the living and the rights of the dead.
  190. Rights of Allah are that you should obey His orders, and avoid what He forbids.
  191. Rights of the living are that you should observe your duty to your brothers, and not tarry in serving your ummah.
  192. You should be faithful to the one in authority among you as long as he is faithful to his ummah.
  193. You should speak up in his face should he deviate from the right path.
  194. Rights of the dead are that you should remember their good deeds and overlook their bad ones.
  195. They have a Lord who shall ask them about whatever they did.”
  196. After signing the Peace Treaty, some people were brazen enough to try to find fault with Imam Hassan (as). He replied to them: “Am I not the Hujjat of the Almighty, being his remembrance upon his creatures?
  197. Did not the Holy Prophet (pbuh) of Islam (pbuh) say: “Hassan (as) and Hussina are two Imams, whether they are standing or sitting?” If I had not agreed to this, all of the shia would have been annihilated.”
  198. With this reply, Imam Hassan (as) reached his objective: the discernment of truth over falsehood. Muawiya (la) confirmed this. Shortly afterwards, he would not only breech the conditions of the contract, but publicly announce: “By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray, nor to fast, nor to make the pilgrimage, nor to pay zakat.
  199. I fought you so that I might have power over you and God has given that to me when you were reluctant to obey Him.
  200. Indeed I have been requested by Hassan (as) to give him things and I have given things to him. All of them are now trampled under my foot and from now on, I will not fulfill any of them.”
  201. When Muawiya (la) gloated over what he had taken from Imam Ali (as) and his son, Imam Hassaan replied: “O you who mention Ali, I am Al Hassan (as), and Ali (as) was my father.
  202. You are Muawiya (la) and our father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan).
  203. My mother was Fatima (as) and your mother was Hind.
  204. My grand father was the apostle of Allah and your grandfather was Harb.
  205. My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother ws Futayla.
  206. May Allah curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in disbelief and hypocrisy.
    Rumors and a prophecy:
  207. The Holy Imam devoted himself to prayers in such abundance, that he bore scars of prostration on his limbs. He spent most of the nights in absorption and humiliation, shedding tears and trembling. He went on the pilgrimage 25 times on foot. He had worldly possessions and wealth at his disposal, but used it to improve the condition of the poor, as he was charitable in nature. One day a man came to him and said that poverty and bad luck were torturing him and asked Imam Hassan (as) to save him from this cruel enemy. The imam gave him 5,000 dinars to start a business and relieve himself of debt, poverty and reourcelessness. Hassan (as) once set a servant free when she offered him a bouquet of flowers. He kept company with poor and beggars, never making them feel inferior to him. He was patient and had control over his emotions. Once a man from Syria saw Imam Hassan (as) riding his horse and started abusing him. Imam Hassan (as) greeted him cheerfully and asked for forgiveness, offered him transportation, food, clothes, and to grant his rights and protect him. Feeling ashamed, the man cried upon realizing that he was Allah’s heir on earth. He admitted formerly resenting the Prophet (pbuh) and his family, but now seeing Imam Hassan’s (as) true nature, repented and professed their love and obedience.
  208. An irrational person is rude , and a person with no ambition lacks manliness , An infidel has no shame . Wisdom causes one to keep good company with people . Happiness in both worlds is obtained by wisdom .
  209. I am astonished to see people thoughtful of their food , but unthoughtful of their spiritual nourishment . They protect themselves against harmful food , but fail to reject dirty and mean thoughts .
  210. Imam , the chosen one , peace be upon him , wore his best attire on prayers . In response to those who had asked the reason ,
  211. Imam said : " God is beautiful and likes beauty , that is why I adorn myself at His presence .
  212. The only permanent phenomenon in this perishing world is Quran . There-fore , let Quran be your Imam and leader to be guided . Indeed , those who apply the teaching of Quran to their conduct , are the most deserving of the Book , not withstanding they have not learnt it by heart . And the farthest people from Quran are those not acting upon it's instructions , though they are able to recite it .
  213. O' people ! whoever with sincerity and devotion towards God , listens to His guidance , will be guided to the most righteous path and God will assist him in knowledge and awareness to reach a happy end .
  214. A right question is tantamount to half knowledge , tolerance of people is tantamount to a half of reason , and economy is tantamount to a half of expenditures .
  215. The highest degree of cleverness is God-fearing and piety , and the highest degree of ignorance is gratifying one's passions .
  216. Friday night , I saw my mother worshipping till dawn bowing down and prostrating herself . She offered petitions to many believers mentioning their names , she did not offer any petition for herself , I therefore ,
    asked her : " Mother , why did not you not offered any petition for yourself as you did for others ? " " My son , " replied she , " Neighbors are to be given priority over the members of the household amd oneself .
256.                      Janada bin umaiyyah says I visited Imam Hassan bin Ali ibn e Abi Talib during the ailment which caused his death . I said ' , Oh lord why do you get yourself treated ? He said , ' O Abdullah with what may I treat the death ? I said (Indeed , we are for Allah & toward Him shall we go back) then he turned to me & said ', By Allah , the Prophet of Allah s.a.w got us committed that 12 Imams would be the owners of this matter (Imamate) from the sons of Ali a.s & Fatima s.w.a . There is none of us but that he would be poisoned or slain. And then he s.a.w admonished me.'  He said , ' yes , get ready for your journey (towards resurrection day) & get your provisions before your death arrival. And know it that you seek the world (material sources ) & death is seeking you. Do not load the worry of the day which has not yet come , upon your present day. And beware that you do not achieve & attain a wealth above your energy but you are a trustee of it (wealth) for an other person. And do know that there is account in it's lawful & permitted , & in it's prohibited lies punishment & retribution , & in it's paradox & doubt fuls there is reproof. So , suppose the world as if it is a dead corpse (dirt). Take out of it which is sufficient for you . So if it is halal (lawful  & legal) you have adopted piety & asceticism. And if it (sustenance) is (from) prohibited there would be no load (upon you) since you took out of it just as you took out of a dead corpse. And if there is a reproof that reproof is easy (soft one). And work for your resurrection day & here after as if you have die tomorrow . And if you intend to achieve honour without  a tribe & appalling presence & majesty without a ruler ship then move out of the abjectness & disgrace of committing sin forbidden by Allah , towards the honour of the obedience of Allah .(BIHAR UL ANWAR , VOL 44 , P-138/139).
257.                      It has also been reported in the same book that Imam Hassan (A.S.) gave a speech in which he said: "Surely we are among the Ahlul-Bayt whose love and support were made incumbent (upon the faithful) by Allah, the Exalted. He­-- Glory be to Him, said:
258.                      Do not be hasty in punishing (someone’s) sin, and leave (room) between the two (fault and punishment) for apology.
259.                      Whoever fears Allah, He paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials, and directs him in his affairs, and facilitates his (path) of guidance. And makes his proof successful. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires. He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His favors from among the Prophets, The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company is they.
260.                      Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom, and the distinction of all deeds.
261.                      One who lacks intelligence has no decorum, and one who lacks determination has no magnanimity, and one who has no modesty has no religion.
262.                      O’ Son of Adam, abstain from the unlawful and you will be a worshipper, and be content with what Allah has predestined for you, you will be sufficient, be benevolent to those who take up proximity in your neighborhood, you will be a Muslim.
263.                      The most preferable adornment is graceful manners.
264.                      A person asked him, "What is fear? He said, "To have courage upon friend and recoiling from the enemy.
265.                      A person asked him, "What is generosity and magnanimity?" He replied, "To secure and protect the religion, and respecting one’s soul, (self respect) and softness of conduct (gentleness in behavior) and permanency of favor and kindness and the discharging of rights."
266.                      I have not seen a cruel one more similar and resembling with an oppressed and wronged one than the jealous.
267.                      A man asked him, "What is munificence and bounty?" He replied, "To begin with granting before being asked for."
268.                      The annihilation of people lies in three things: Arrogance, greed, and jealousy.
269.                      Arrogance is the cause of destruction and annihilation of religion and Satan was cursed due to it.
270.                      And greed is the enemy of the soul and Adam was expelled by it from the paradise and jealousy is the guide to wickedness for the same reason Qabil killed Habeel.
271.                      It is for you to ponder because it is the (source) of the life of the visionist’s heart.
272.                      The one who does not have wits and intelligence does not have decorum and decency and the one who lacks fortitude does not have generosity and magnanimity and the one who does not possess shame and modesty does not have religion.
273.                      The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility (before the rich ones).
274.                      The one who continues his visits (going and coming) to the mosque does lay his hand upon one of eight benefits:
275.                      1.(Getting to know) one of the decisive verses.
276.                      2.Finding a beneficial brother.
277.                      3.Fresh knowledge.
278.                      4.A mercy waiting for him.
279.                      5.A word leading to the guidance.
280.                      6.An admonition averting from sin.
281.                      7.Not committing sin out of shame.
282.                      8.Not committing sin for the fear of Allah.
283.                      I am surprised over the person who thinks about the things he eats (so that those are hygienic and clean) how does he not think and ponder about his spiritual (matters) so he avoids harmful foods to enter his stomach but his chest (mind) becomes the rendezvous of deviational, low meanings.
284.                      The most sighting eye is the one which penetrates (views) into the blessings and beneficence.
285.                      And the most auditory ear is the one which takes in (comprehends and retains) admonition, and gets benefited by it.
286.                      The healthiest of hearts is the heart which is pure from doubts.
287.                      Nice conduct and behavior with people is the height of intelligence and wits.
288.                      Brotherhood is loyalty in hardship and comfort
289.                      Imam Hasan (a..s) said: Allah will make the one who puts on a garment of fame in this world wear a garment of Fire in Hereafter.
290.                      The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility.
  1. One day Imam Hasan, (a.s.) was busy eating when a dog came and stood in front of him, gazing at him. Imam Hasan put a mouthful of food in his own mouth and then threw some in front of the dog. The dog ate it, wagged his tail in thanks, barked, and again lifted its head to gaze at Imam hasan.
    Imam Hasan (a.s.) threw another mouthful of food in front of the dog A man who was passing by came forward and said, " It's not right that this dog stands in front of you and stops you from eating in peace With your permission I will beat it and drive it away."
    "No, no, don't do that," Imam Hasan told him. "Allah has created this animal and Allah loves it. It is hungry and l am ashamed before Allah to eat His food and His blessings and not give anything to this creature that is His creation. After all, it is hungry and is looking at me."
  2. Imam Hassan (AS) martyred after the cursed Mu'awiya asked his wife to poison him.
    Based on this treacherous action, Imam (A.S) suffered heavy bleeding and the color of his face changed and he said, "On several occasions , poison was given to me, but I had never suffered such hardship as on this occasion." sharh Nahjul Balagah ; vol 16 ; pg 49
    Imam Hasan (AS) attained shahadat due to poison at the age of 47.Al - Kafi vol I pg 461 & 462
  3. One day during his childhood, he with his brother Hussain (AS) saw an Arab man performing ablution. In as much as he didn't perform the ritual properly, they decided to show him how it should be done. But in order that he might not be annoyed, they suggested to him that they perform ablution, and the man judge which ablution was correctly performed. The Arab man said: " Both your ablutions are perfect and mine is wrong." He was amazed at their politeness and asked them who they were and kissed their faces.
  4. Another problem that faced Imam Hassan (AS) was a group named `Khavarij' in Kufa and among his own men'. These men attacked Imam Hassan (AS) in order to assassinate him at the first opportunity, but failed and only struck him on his thigh and the Imam fell ill in bed. Under the circumstances, Muawiya proposed a peace treaty. Imam Hassan (AS) addressed his people, thus:
    "Muawiya has invited us to a peace treaty which is far from being just and honorable. I am going to make you accept something you don't like. If you don't fear death, our answer shall be negative and let our swords speak for us. But if you choose to live longer, we shall accept his invitation to peace."
  5. The People of Kufa cried that they wanted to live longer and to avoid bloodshed among Muslims. Imam (AS) yielded to public opinion, stepped down and signed the `Peace Treaty':
    This `Peace Treaty' between Hassan (AS) son of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) and Muawiya son of Abu Sufyan on the strength of which, the caliphate shall be entrusted to Muawiya in order for him to rule according to the Holy Book, the Qur'an, and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) not entrust the caliphate to anyone else but to let it be handled by the Council of Muslims and the people in the Islamic countries of Syria, Iraq, Tahama and Hejaz .
    After having signed the `Peace Treaty', Muawiya addressed the people, thus:
    "I accept the clauses in the Treaty just for the sake of ending the hostility and establishing amity among the people. Bearing in mind that all is with me."
    Thus, the black autocratic rule of Ummayids over the Islamic world began.
296.                      When Al-Hasan-bin-Ali(A.S.) was stabbed and people mutinied, he conceded to Muawiya. Hence, his followers came to him and said: Peace be upon you, disgracer of the believers!" He (A.S.) said: I am not the disgracer of the believers. I am their consolidator. When I noticed that you were weaker than them, I conceded so that you, as well as I, would remain among them. This is the same reason that made the scholar crack the ship so that it would be kept for its owners.
297.                      O son of Annu'man, as I say something to one of you, he relates it to me before others. This will make him deserve my curse and disavowal.
298.                      My father used to say: "Nothing is more delightful that taqiyyah.
299.                      It is the shelter of the faithful believers.
300.                      Without taqiyyah, Allah would not have been worshipped." Allah says in this regard: The believers must not establish friendship with the unbelievers in preference to the faithful. Whoever does so has nothing to hope for from Allah unless he does it out of fear or pious dissimulation - taqiyyah. (Holy Qur'an 3:28)
301.                      O son of Annu'man, beware of disputation, because it destroys you. Beware of quarrelsomeness, because it takes you away from Allah.
302.                      Those who preceded you used to keep silence, while you are learning how to speak.
303.                      If one of them wanted to dedicate his efforts to worship, he would have to learn keeping silent ten years before so.
304.                       If he learned it adequately, he would go worshipping.
305.                      Otherwise, he would say: No, I am not fit enough for so.
306.                      Only he who keeps silent against obscenity and tolerates harm under the ruling of the unjust authorities will be saved.
307.                      These are the chaste, the pure, and the true disciples.
308.                      Moreover, they are the faithful believers.
309.                      The most hated to me are the distributors of the news, the gossiping, and those who envy their friends.
310.                      They are not from me and I am not from them.
311.                      My disciples are only those who submit to our affairs, our tracks, and rest upon us in every matter.
312.                      I swear by Allah, if you provide gold as much as this earth for Allah's sake and then envy a believer, you will be ironed with that gold after it will be hearted in Hell.
313.                      O son of Annu'man, the divulger of our secrets is more sinful than him who kills us with his sword.
314.                      He is surely more sinful. He is surely more sinful.
315.                      O son of Annu'man, he whoever relates a narrative to us is murdering us intentionally, not unintentionally.
316.                      O son of Annu'man, the Shaitan is still attaching to us -the prophet's family - those who are neither with us nor with our religion.
317.                      When such an individual is raised and regarded by people, the Shaitan will order him to fabricate lies against us.
318.                      Whenever such an individual goes, another will come forth.
319.                      O son of Annu'man, he who says, 'I do not know,' if he does not find the answer of a question is behaving fairly to knowledge.
320.                      The faithful believers who bear malice in a situation should get rid of that malice as soon as that situation ends.
321.                      O son of Annu'man, the scholar cannot tell you of everything he knows, because he is Allah's secret that He revealed to Gabriel the angel.
322.                      Gabriel revealed it to Muhammad (S.A.W.), and he revealed to Ali(A.S.) who revealed it to Al-Hasan (A.S.).
323.                      Al-Hasan revealed to al-Hussein (A.S.) who revealed to Ali (A.S.). Ali (A.S.) revealed it to Muhammad (A.S.) who revealed it to someone.
324.                      Do not be hasty. This issue was about to be come forth three times, but it was postponed because you declared it publicly. Your enemies are more acquainted with your secrets.
325.                      O son of Annu'man, Keep yourself safe. You have disobeyed me.
326.                      Do not divulge my secrets. Al-Mughira-bin-Saeed forged lies against my father and divulged his secrets; therefore, Allah caused him to suffer the heat of iron.
327.                      Likewise, Abul-Khattab forged lies against me and divulged my secrets; therefore, Allah caused him to suffer the heat of iron, For those who conceal our affairs, Allah will adorn them with our affair in this world and the world to come, give them their shares, and guard them against the heat of iron and the narrow detention.
328.                      Once, the Israelis were inflicted with such a harsh famine that their animals and children perished. Hence, Moses the prophet (A.S.) supplicated to Allah to save them.
329.                      Allah said: O Moses, they have made public fornication and usury, constructed the churches, and wasted the alms,-giving."
330.                      Moses said: O Lord, be merciful to them out of your compassion. They do not understand."
331.                      Thus, Allah told Moses that He would send rainfall on them and test them for forty days.
332.                      But they publicized this matter; hence, Allah ceased rainfall for forty years.
333.                      In the same way, as your issue was about to come forth, you publicized the matter in your sessions.
334.                      O son of Annu'man, what is your business with people? Leave them alone and do not call anyone to this matter.
335.                      I Swear by Allah, if the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth support each other on deviating a servant whom Allah wants to guide, they will not be able to do it.
336.                      Let people alone and do not say this is my brother, uncle, or neighbor.
337.                      When Allah the Glorified wants the good of somebody, He will make his soul so fertile that he accepts any good matter and refuse any evil.
338.                      Then Allah will strike his heart with a word that corrects his matter totally.
339.                      O son of Annu'man, if you want your friend to keep your friendship, you should not joke or dispute with him, show him pride, or mistreat him.
340.                      Do not inform your friend of Allah of your secrets except those which will not harm you if your enemy knows them, because it is possible that your friend becomes your enemy someday.
341.                      O son of Annu'man, a servant will nor be a faithful believer before he learns three characters; one from Allah, one from His messenger, and one from the Imam.
342.                      The character that he should learn from Allah is the concealment of secrets. Allah the Glorified says: He knows the unseen and He does not allow anyone to know His secrets... (Holy Qur'an 72:26)
343.                      The character that he should learn from the Prophet (S.A.W.) is that he should treat people courteously.
344.                      The character that he should learn from the Imam (A.S.) is to be steadfast against situations of misfortune and crises until relief comes about.
345.                      O son of Annu'man, eloquence is neither the sharpness of the tongue nor the much speaking. It is targeting the meaning and going for the evidence.
346.                      O son of Annu'man, he whoever sits with those who revile at Allah's disciples is disobeying Allah.
347.                      He whoever suppresses his rage for our sake since he cannot show it will be with us on the Highest Peak.
348.                      Allah will cause to suffer the heat of iron and the narrow detention those who begin their days with divulging our secrets.
349.                      O son of Annu'man, do not seek knowledge for showing off, pride, and disputation.
350.                      Do not leave it for the desire of ignorance, belittlement of knowledge, and feeling shy of people.
351.                      The protected knowledge is the like of a covered torch.
352.                      O son of Annu'man, when Allah the Glorified wants to do good to a servant, He situates a white mark in his heart.
353.                      Hence, the heart will be in search of the right. Then he will be as hasty as a bird going back to its nest for achieving your affair.
354.                      O son of Annu'man, Allah causes the adoration to us-the Prophet's family-to descend from the heavens. It is situated in warehouses, like those of gold and silver, under the Divine Throne. He descends it in limited quantities and gives it to the best of His creatures only. It is in a cloud similar to that of rain. When Allah wants to give it exclusively to whom He loves, he permits that cloud to pour. It then pours, like rainfall, on the fetuses in their mothers' wombs.   Reference:Tuhaf al-Uqool  ,  From: Anecdotes of the Pious Ones, # 58, V. 1
  1. Maxims by Imam Hassan peace be upon him when asked what piety is , Imam Hassan , peace be upon him replied : " yearning for virtue and no longing for this world . "
  2. When asked what manliness is . Imam answered : " protection of religion , self-respect , lenience , benevolence , discharging one's duties , and showing amity towards people .
  3. When asked what generosity is , Imam said : donation before request and feeding people during drought .
  4. When asked what parsimony is , Imam said : to consider what you have as dignity and what you spend as waste .
  5. When asked what freedom from want is , Imam said : Being satisfied with one's destiny , however meager it may be .
  6. When asked what poverty is , Imam said : greed for everything .
  7. When asked what dignity is , Imam said : agreeing with friends and maintaining good neighborly relations .
  8. When asked what meanness is , Imam said : self - centeredness and having no regard for one's wife .
  9. The person who takes refuge in God is relaxed and secure where as his enemy is fearful and friendless .
  10. Be careful with God by frequently remembering Him , and be fearful of God by being pious , and approach God through obedience , for indeed He is near and responsive .
  11. The greatness of those who came to know his greatness lies in their modesty .
  12. The dignity of those who came to know His glory lies in their humbleness .
  13. The security of those who came to know His power lies in their submission to God .
  14. You should know that God has not created you for no reason and that has not left you to your own .
  15. He has determined your life time and divided your sustenance among you so that every wise man know his share and understand what- ever he receives has been predestined and that he would not receive that which does not belong to him .
  16. God has provided you with sufficient in come to have enough time to worship and thank Him .
  17. He made remembrance and prayer obligatory and recommended you to be pious to gain his utmost satisfaction .
  18. O' servants of God ! Do have God fearing and do know that God enables God fearing persons to overcome trials , and to succeed in their affairs .
  19. He will also smooth the path of right for God-fearing people .
  20. Only those people who are properly guided consult one another .
  21. Meanness is to fail to thank God for His blessing .
  22. In quest , do not take victory for granted , do not trust predestination like the yielding , for it is a tradition to be in quest of sustenance .
  23. Thus , moderation in search of one's livelihood comes from chastity which is not on the way of sustenance
  24. By the same token , avarice does not increase sustenance .
  25. In deed , sustenance has been predestined and avarice brings about sins .
  26. One is free as long as has not promised .
  27. However when one promises ,he shoulders responsibility and shall not be released until he fulfils his promise .
  28. The person having confidence in God's free-will ( satisfied with divine destiny ) dose not wish to be in a state other than the one chosen for him by God .
  29. The good without evil is thanking for the blessing and patience in calamities and hardships .
  30. Imam , peace be upon him , said to a man just cured from a disease : God remembered you , then you remember Him . He pardoned you , you  should thank him .
  31. In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
    Once on an Eid al-Fitr, Imam Hassan (PBUH) saw a man who had occupied his time with laughter and useless entertainment. At that Imam Hassan (PBUH) turned to his companions and said: "Allah placed the holy month of Ramadan for people so that they compete with each other in worship and obedience.
  32. In this competition, some excel, achieve unlimited blessings of Allah, and (therefore) win the competition.
  33. Whereas, others fall back, lose, and obtain nothing but loss.
  34. It is striking that in such a day-- in which the righteous and the hard workers will receive great rewards and the culpable and one's who did not try their best will see loss,-- (that they) keep themselves busy with entertainment."
  35. One of the rituals done in this festival is Salat al-Eid. In addition to the fact that prayer (Salat) is a sign of Allah's mercy and munificence, each Salat can strengthen the ties one has with Allah (SWT). Certain prayers allow one to gain specific blessings from Allah (SWT). Hence, one who has the chance to perform such prayers may reach to his/her own needs in addition to forgiveness and special gifts from the almighty Allah. The prayer of Eid al-Fitr belongs to this category of prayers. On such an important Eid, one should be hopeful of Allah's mercy and forgiveness, rather than being hopeless because of his sins. Moreover, despite disgrace of any individual as a consequence of sins, one should seek Allah's compassion through His Prophet, Imams (PBUT) and those who attained high ranks. Indeed, Allah (SWT) will not turn His servants down and everyone will be able to gain profit.
    Thus, one should perform the prayer with special attention and a hopeful heart toward Allah's mercy and kindness. (Reference: Al-Muraqibat by Haj Mirza Jawad Maliki Tabrizi)
  36. Imam Hasan (a.s.) was standing amid the masses calling them to rally around the truth. In one of his speeches he said: "Thanks be to Allah. There is no god other than He.
  37. He has no partner. I praise Him and He is Praiseworthy.
  38. Allah gave you great favors and showered you with His graces which are beyond number.
  39. One cannot possibly thank Him for them.
  40. Neither a statement or saying can express them.
  41. We are angry only on behalf of Allah.
  42. He favored us with what cannot be given by anyone but Him.
  43. We should, therefore, thank Him for His bounties, tribulations and favors.
  44. Our praise should ascend to Allah, carrying our satisfaction to Him.
  45. It should be truthful. Our praise has to be so true that Allah believes us.
  46. It has to make us entitled to receive more of his bounties.
  47. Our praise should increase rather than decrease Allah's favors.
  48. No group of people gather around some matter without making it firmer, and their beliefs solid.
  49. So mobilize yourselves for the fight against your enemy, Mu'awiyah, and his soldiers, because he has advanced against you.
  50. And do not discourage one another, for discouragement cuts asunder the heartstrings.
  51. Advancing under the spearheads is a sign of bravery and piety, for no people had ever observed jihad without the lifting of malaise from among them by Allah.
  52. He would spare them the tribulations of humility, and guide them to the hallmarks of denomination..."(17)
  53. The Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali bin Abi-Talib (a.s.), had warned the people against the arbitration during the Battle of Siffin. He knew it was a trick. After the charade of arbitration was over--and it ended with Abu-Musa al-Ash'ari's failing Imam Ali (a.s.)--the camp of Imam Ali (a.s.) was thrown into confusion. Chaos prevailed, and each group of people began to disassociate themselves from the other. They started reviling each other. Imam Ali (a.s.) wanted to explain to the people the situation as it was, and to show that the arbitration was invalid because it was not based on truth and logic. He assigned this task to his son Abu-Muhammad Hasan (a.s.).
    "Stand up, son, and talk about these two men: Abdullah bin Qais, (18) and Amru bin al-Aas," Imam Ali (a.s.) told his son. Imam Hasan (a.s.) stood and addressed the people, telling them the real dimensions of the situation. He said: "O people! You have talked too much about these two men. They were only chosen to judge according to the Book and in the light of its guidance.
  54. But, they judged according to their whims and not the Book.
  55. This being true, their verdict cannot be called a judgment.
  56. Rather, it was an opinion forced upon them.
  57. Abdullah bin Qais erred when he named Abdullah bin Umar as the caliph. He made mistakes concerning three points: First, he disagreed with his father who did not rate him as qualified for caliphate, nor did he appoint him as a member of the Shura (consultative group).
  58. Secondly, he did not consult him on the matter. And thirdly, neither the immigrants nor the ansar (helpers) rallied around him.
  59. These are those who appoint the ruler and establish his reign over the people.
  60. As for arbitration, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) himself had chosen Sa'd bin Ma'ath for this. And he did judge with what pleases Allah.
  61. Undoubtedly, if he had deviated, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) would not have approved of him".(19)
  62. The second part or stage of the role of Imam Hasan (a.s.) in the life of the Muslims commenced when his father appointed him as the next Imam. In the wake of the cruel attempt on his life by Abdul-Rahman bin Muljim and his cohorts the dying Imam (a.s.) said his last will to his son, Hasan (a.s.):
    "...my son, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) ordered me to inform you of my last will, and hand over my books and weapons to you, exactly as he told me his last will and gave me his books and weapons. He ordered me to order you to give them to your brother, Hussein, when death approaches you..."
    Then he turned to his son, Hussein, and said:
    "And the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) ordered you to hand them to this son of yours."
  63. Thereupon, he took hold of the hand of Ali bin Hussein (a.s.) and said to him:
    "And the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) ordered you to give them to your son, Muhammad bin Ali. Remember, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) and me to him."(20)
  64. The grandson of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), Imam Hasan (a.s.), stood amid this multitude, promulgating the first of his communiqu├ęs, after the departure of his great leader. He said: "...this night, a man has died whom the first Muslims did not outrun with good deeds, nor did the last ones catch up with him in pleasing acts.
  65. He used to fight by the side of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.), risking his own life for the sake of the Prophet's.
  66. The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) would send him as his standard-bearer. Jibra'il would protect him by fighting on his right, and Mika'il on his left.
  67. He would not return from the battlefield until Allah had given him victory.
  68. He died in this night, on which Isa bin Maryam (a.s.) ascended to heaven, and Yusha' bin Noon, the trustee of Musa (a.s.), passed away. He has left no dirhams or dinars besides the 700 Dirhams which were left over from his pay."
  69. At this point Imam Hasan (a.s.) halted his speech for his tears choaked him.
  70. The image of the great departing man, with his eternal deeds and stances, loomed before his eyes. The Muslims could not help crying bitterly with him. Then he resumed his speech.
  71. He said: "O people! Who has recognized me, that is that. Who has not, let him know that I am Hasan bin Ali. I am the son of the Holy Prophet. I am the son of the Trustee.
  72. I am the son of the bearer of the good news, and the warner.
  73. I am the son of the Caller to Allah by His permission.
  74. I am the son of the bright lamp. I am from the house at which Jibra'il used to descend to us, and ascend from us, and from the Ahlul-Bait whom Allah kept away from uncleanness and totally purified them.
  75. I am from a household whose love Allah made an obligation on every Muslim. Allah, the Blessed and the Most High, said to His Prophet:
  76. ‘...say. I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives;...’Holy Qur'an (42:23)
    Imam Hasan (a.s.) concluded his speech by saying, 'Doing a good deed means loving us, the Ahlul-Bait...'"
  77. Imam Hasan's (a.s.) plans of solidifying the government sys tem, and establishing it on a firm ground, were soon effective in unearthing the plots of the Umayyads. In the wake of that, Imam Hasan (a.s.) sent a letter to Mu'awiyah warning him, and threatening him with war:
    "...Mind you. You have sent stealthily men to me. It is as if you like to go to war.
  78. I have no doubt it. Then anticipate it, Allah willing. I have heard that you rejoiced about what the wise men do not gloat over.
  79. Your parable is like the one of whom the poet says: "I and the one who had died are like someone who goes home, goes to sleep, to wake up the following day.
  80. So, tell him who remains behind that who departs: 'Prepare for something like this. You, too, will be something of the past.’"
  81. Imam Hasan (a.s.) sent a short letter which displays his insistence and determination:
    "Mind you, your letter has arrived. You mention in it what you mention and I did not answer you...
  82. I take refuge with Allah from that. Follow the right, you will know that I am its follower.
  83. I will be a sinner if I tell a lie. And peace be upon you."
  84. That was the last letter. The situation went from bad to worst. War was declared between the two parties.
    Mu'awiyah was the first to declare the state of war. He began to advance his armies towards Iraq.
  85. The Muslims communicated the news of Mu'awiyah's move to one another. Imam Hasan (a.s.) took due measures to face the coming enemy.
  86. Imam Hasan (a.s.) announced, in a statement, the next move. He called the ummah to mobilize and prepare to war: "Mind you, Allah ordained jihad on His creatures, and made it a duty which they receive reluctantly.
  87. Then He said to the combatants: 'Be patient, Allah is certainly with the patient.'
  88. You, O people, will not win what you love without enduring what you do not like.
  89. Go out, may Allah have mercy on you, to your camp at al-Nukhailah, till we think and you think, and see and you see."
  90. Imam Hasan (a.s.) praised them for their true stance, and addressed them in these words: "You are truthful, may Allah have mercy on you.
  91. I still know of your true intention and loyalty, your approval and true love. May Allah reward you the best of rewards."
  92. The committed people hastened to al-Nukhailah and encamped there, in obedience to their Imam (a.s.). Imam Hasan (a.s.), afterwards, followed them with an army, estimated by some historians, at 4,000 men.The rest of the people were to join him.
  93. Imam Hasan (a.s.) hoped that the people would support the right cause and so come to defend Islam.
  94. But their delay in joining him made Imam Hasan (a.s.) return once again to his capital, Kufah, to egg on the people to join him.
  95. He marched on, leading a tremendous army, which was paradoxically in low spirit, eaten away by weakness and disharmony.
  96. He arrived in al-Nukhailah, where he organized his army, and set plans for the commanders of the divisions.
  97. From there, he headed for Dair Abdul-Rahman. There he decided to send a military force ahead of his army. He elected his cousin Ubaidullah bin al-Abbas as its commander.
  98. He said to him: "...Cousin! I am sending with you twelve thousand men, among whom there are famous horsemen of the Arabs, and the Quranic reciters of Kufah. Each one of them is equal to one battalion in courage.
  99. March with them, be kind to them, look at them with a smiling face, be humble to them, and consult them. They are the remaining men whom the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.) trusted. Lead them along the bank of Euphrates.
  100. Then march till you come face to face with the army of Mu'awiyah. If you meet him, keep him there till I join you.
  101. I will go, following you closely behind. Keep me informed of your moves on a daily basis.
  102. Consult these two men, Qais bin S'ad and Sa'eed bin Qais. If you meet Mu'awiyah, refrain from engaging him in battle till he fights you.
  103. Should he do so, then fight him. If you are injured or killed, Qais bin S'ad will succeed you as the commander of the army, and if he is injured or killed, Sa'eed bin Qais will succeed him."
  104. Thus Imam Hasan's answer to Hijr ibn Uday Al-Kindi came "I found people wishing to reconcile and and disliked war.
  105. I did not want to go through something which they disliked.
  106. I reconciled especially for the sake of our followers to be spared from being killed.
  107. However, I have only postponed the war, and God has a surprise every day".
  108. A blessing is trial, if gratitude is shown for it, it becomes a blessing, and if you show ingratitude for it then it becomes a wrath.
  109. Goodness that is free of any wickedness is, gratitude for the blessings, and patience during misfortune.
  110. The most discerning eye is the one that penetrates (views) into the blessings and the most auditory ear is the one heeds reminding and benefits from it.
  111. And the most pure of hearts is the one purified from doubt.
  112. Opportunities pass away swiftly, and take longer to return
  113. Do not struggle hard like a successful (searcher) of material and do not depend upon destiny like those who surrender to it. (Neither greed nor laziness) Because seeking the Grace (of Allah) is Sunnah and not being greedy in seeking sustenance is modesty. And modesty is not the cause for the repulsion of sustenance, nor does greed attract grace, because sustenance is (already) apportioned, and being greedy is being sinful.
  114. Jest eats away one’s dignity, and the one remaining silent increases in dignity.
  115. Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
470.                      Imam Hassan-ibn-Ali (A.S.) said: " I wonder about the person who contemplates about his nutrition but he does not consider (the food of) his intellect. Thus, he avoids of what hurts him in his stomach but he lets his mind to be filled with what destroys him." Safinat-ul-Bihar, vol. 2, p. 84
471.                      The following incident is quoted in the book `Kashful Ghumma':
A Syrian came to Madinah. He saw a handsome man astride a good camel. Upon enquiry he learnt that it was Imam Hasan ibn Ali (a.s.).
This man from Syria stepped forward in anger and said; "Are you the son of Ali ibn Abi Talib ?"
"Yes, I am the son of Ali."
He said, "You are the son of a person who was a mushrik (polytheist)". And he continued his foul utterances till he got tired of it. Imam Hasan (a.s.) remained silent. At last the man felt ashamed.
472.                      The Imam (a.s.) seeing his remorse said: "You look like a traveler, are you from Syria ?"
"Yes sir", he replied.
473.                      Imam Hasan (a.s.) said: "If you need a place to stay, we shall provide it. If you need money we would give it you. If you have any other problem, we shall help you."
Not only was the Syrian ashamed but was also rendered speechless by such an excellent behavior.
474.                      The following are his own words: "After I had the good fortune of enjoying the hospitality of Imam Hasan Ibne Ali (a.s.), I found his personality more likeable than that of any other person in the world."
475.                      Hazrat Imam Al-Hasan a.s and Hazrat Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), were present. Al- Husayn (a.s.), rose to reply but al-Hasan (a.s.), took him by the hand and made him sit down. Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke: O you who mention Ali, I am al-Hasan and Ali was my father.
476.                      You are Muawiya and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan).
477.                      My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind.
478.                      My grand father was the Apostle of Allah and your grandfather was Harb.
479.                      My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother was Futayla.
480.                      May Allah curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy.
Groups of the people in the mosque shouted out: "Aameen, Aameen"
481.                      Hazrat Imam Hasan (a.s.), addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which Hazrat Ali (a.s.) was Martyred. He praised and glorified Allah and blessed His Apostle. Then he said: There has died tonight a man, who was the first among the early (Muslims) in (good) actions.
482.                      Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his level in (good) actions.
483.                      He used to fight alongside the Apostle of Allah, and protect him with his own life.
484.                      The Apostle of Allah, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Mikhail supported him on his left.
485.                      He would not return until Allah brought victory through his hands. He, has died on this the night on
which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, died.
486.                      He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend (ata'), with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family.
Then tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him.
487.                      Then Imam Hasan (a.s.), wrote to Mua'wiya:
You sent men to use deception and to carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet (in battle). That is something which will soon happen so wait for it, if Allah wills.
488.                       I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty. In that you are just as al-Awwal described:
489.                      Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died:
490.                      Prepare for another like him, as if (from the same) root.
491.                      I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that (the other) may come in the morning.
Muawiya replied to him with his letter, which there is no need to mention.
Muawiya set off towards Iraq. When he reached the bridge of Manbij, Imam Hasan (a.s.), reacted. He sent Hujr ibne Adi to order the leaders of Amman to set out and to call the people together for war.
492.                      They were slow to (answer) him and then they came forward. (Imam Hasan) had a mixed band of men: some of them belonged to his Sh'ia and to his father's: some of them were members of the Muhakimma (i.e. Kharijites) who were influenced by (the desire of) fighting Muawiya with every means (possible); some of them were men who loved discord and were anxious for booty; some of them were doubters; others were tribal supporters who followed the leaders of their tribes without reference to religion.
He set off until he came to Hammam Umar, then he went on to Dayr Kab. He stopped at Sabat, just before the bridge and spent the night there. In the morning, he (a.s.) wanted to test his followers and make their situation clear with regard to obedience to him, so that in that way he might be able to distinguish his friends from his enemies and be in a clear mind (about his position) to meet Mu'awiya and the Syrians. He ordered the call to be made:
The prayer is a general one (which all should attend) (al-salat jamia).
They gathered and he went up on the pulpit and addressed them. He said:
Praise belongs to Allah whenever a man praises Him.
493.                      I testify that there is no god but Allah whenever a man testifies to Him.
494.                      I testify that Mohammed is His servant and His apostle whom He sent with the truth and whom He entrusted with revelation, may Allah bless him and his family.
495.                      By Allah, I hope that I shall always be with Allah's praise and kindness.
496.                      I am the sincerest of Allah's creatures in giving advice to them.
497.                      I have not become one who bears malice to any Muslims nor one who wishes evil or misfortune to him.
498.                      Indeed what you dislike about unity (jama'a) is better for you than what you like about division.
499.                      I see what is better for you better than you see for yourselves.
500.                      Therefore do not oppose my commands and do not reject my judgment.
501.                      May Allah forgive both me and you and may He guide me and you to that in which there is love and satisfaction.
502.                      The people began to look at one another and asked each other, "What do you think he intends by what he has just said?
"We think that he intends to make peace with Muawiya and hand over the authority to him" they answered.
"By Allah the man has become an unbeliever, they declared and they rushed towards his tent.
503.                      They plundered him to the extent that they even took his prayer mat from under him. Then Abd al- Rahman ibne Abd Allah ibne Ja'al al-Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak. He called for his horse and mounted it. Groups of his close associates and his Shia surrounded him and kept those who wanted (to attack) him away from him. He said: Summon (the tribes of) Rabia and Hamdan to me.
They were summoned to him and they surrounded him and defended him, from the people. A mixed group of others went with him (as well). When he was passing through the narrow pass of Sabat, a man of Banu Asad called al-Jarrah ibne Sinan caught hold of the reins of his mule. He had an axe in his hand. He cried:
Allahu Akbar! You have become a polytheist, Hasan, just like your father became a polytheist before.
Then he stabbed him in the thigh. It penetrated right through to the bone. He seized (al-Hasan) by the neck and they both fell to the ground. A man from al-Hasan's Shi'a called Abd Allah ibne Khatal al- Tai; pulled the axe away from his hand and struck him with it in the stomach. Another man called Zubyan ibne Umara attacked him, struck him upon the nose and killed him. Another man who had been with (al-Jarrah) was caught and killed.
504.                      Imam Hasan (a.s.), was carried on a stretcher to al-Mada'in where he was lodged with Sa'd ibne Masud al-Thaqafi. The latter was the governor of (Ali), the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, there and al-Hasan had confirmed him in that position.
505.                      Imam Hasan (a.s.), was distracted by his own (discomfort) and with treating his wound. (In the meantime) a group of the tribal leaders wrote secretly to Mu'awiya offering to accept his authority (lit. to listen and obey). They urged him to come to them and they guaranteed to hand over Imam Hasan (a.s.), when they got to his camp, or to kill him treacherously.
506.                      Imam Hasan (a.s.), learnt of that when a letter came to him from Qays ibne Sa'd, may Allah be pleased with him. He had sent Qays with Ubayd Allah ibne Abbas (to go on ahead) when he had set out from Kufa to meet Muawiya and to drive him out of Iraq, and make himself a commander of a unified people (jama'a).
507.                      He had said to Ubayd Allah: If you are struck down, then the commander will be Qays ibne Sa'd.
Qays ibne Sad's letter arrived informing him that they had stopped Muawiya at a village called al-Habubiyya opposite Maskan. Then Muawiya had sent to Ubayd Allah ibne Abbas, urging him to come to him and offering him a million dirhams, half of which he would give him immediately, and the other half on his entry into Kufa. Ubayd Allah had slipped away in the night with his close associates to (join) Muawiya's camp. In the morning the people found their leader missing. Qays ibne Sa'd, may Allah be pleased with him, said the prayer with them and took charge of their affairs.
508.                      Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah’s choices, doesn’t wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
509.                      The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably.
510.                      Clemency is suppression of anger and self-restraint.
511.                      Generosity is giving in prosperity and adversity.
512.                      Put what you seek from this world, but you know is unattainable, in the same rank as that which does not cross your mind.
513.                      I wonder at a person who ponders over the things that he eats, how he does not ponder over his reasoning. He preserves his stomach from that which harms him, yet deposits in his breast that which is a cause for his destruction.
514.                      The annihilation of people lies in three things: Arrogance, Greed and envy. Arrogance causes destruction of the religion and because of it Satan was cursed, and Greed is the enemy of one’s soul, and because of it Adam was expelled from Paradise, and envy is the guide to wickedness, and because of it Qabil killed Habil.
515.                      "Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin, and if arty one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, most ready to appreciate (service).'" (42: 23)
516.                      It is quoted in v.10 of Bihar that Imam Hussain (A.S.) quoted Imam Hassan (A.S.) as saying: "Once, on a Friday night, I watched my mother, Fatima, pray all night long. She kept making Ruku' and prostrating until dawn. I heard her supplicate for the believers by name; but she did not supplicate for herself, so I asked: `Mother, why don't you supplicate for yourself as you supplicate for others?' She answered: `Son! Prefer your neighbor over yourself. "'
517.                      Surely we are the Ahlul-Bayt, whose love and support were made incumbent (upon the faithful) by Allah, the Exalted."
518.                      We are from the family of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and are the nearest ones to Him than anyone else. We are the family members of the Prophet (S.A.W) and are glorified from sins. We are one of the two precious trust left by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) to His Ummah."
519.                      There will be twelve Imams following the Prophet. Nine of these Imams will be from the progeny of my brother Husayn. The Mahdi of this umma will be among them.
520.                      Al Hassan Ibn Ali came to Abu Bakr when he was upon the mimbar of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said ‘Come down from my father’s seat’. He said ‘You have told the truth, it is your father’s seat,’ and he placed him in his lap and wept’. Ali said ‘By Allah this was not from my command’.
521.                       If you fail to obtain something of worldly benefit, take it as if the thought of it had never crossed your mind at all.
522.                      If you fail to obtain something of worldly benefit, take it as if the thought of it had never crossed your mind at all.
523.                      Never did a nation resort to mutual counsel except that they were guided by it towards maturity.
524.                      It is love which brings closer those who are remote by ancestry, and it is (the absence of) love which causes dissociation between those who are related by ancestry.
525.                      Opportunity is something which is quick to vanish and late to return.
526.                      Real abstinence lies in concentration on the life hereafter & negation of physical worldly affairs .
527.                      Suppressing of anger & self-control are synonymous to knowledgeable thought & tolerance .
528.                      Greatness comes through perseverance against distress & handling calamities through reason & sagacity .
529.                      Benevolent person defends & supports his faith , perseveres & self-reverence & treats others with affection
530.                      Real charity means giving to the needy before he begs .
531.                      A person is never respected if he finds importance for trifles .
532.                      Real fraternity les in maintaining brotherhood both in times of happiness & woe , prosperity & straitened conditions .
533.                      O Abdullah! How can I cure death?" I said, "we are from the Almighty and to him is our Return."
534.                      Attacking a friend & escaping an enemy are real cowardice .
535.                      Person satisfied with divine subsistence is never in want .
536.                      How can a believer be a believer when he is discontent with His (Allah’s) predestination, and disparages
537.                      His (Allah’s) status, when it is Allah whom rules over him.
538.                      And guarantee, for the one whose heart does not harbor other than satisfaction , that if he supplicates Allah, he will be granted.
539.                      If you fail to obtain something of worldly benefit, take it as if the thought
of it had never crossed your mind at all.
540.                      Never did a nation resort to mutual counsel except that they were guided by it towards maturity.
541.                      It is love which brings closer those who are remote by ancestry, and it is the absence of love
which causes dissociation between those who are related by ancestry.
542.                      The Treaty agreed upon between Moawiya and Imam Hasan (AS) tells us the following salient points:
That Moawiya should rule strictly according to the Holy QurAan and the Sunna of the Prophet.
That Moawiya should not appoint or nominate anyone to the Khilafat after him but that the choice should be left to the Muslims.
That the people should be left in peace, wherever they are in the land of God.
That the persecution of the companions of Imam Ali (AS) should immediately be stopped; their lives and properties and families guaranteed safe conduct and peace.
That the cursing of Imam Ali (AS) from the pulpit should stop immediately.
That no harm should be done secretly or openly against Imam Hasan and his brother Imam Hussain or any of the Ahlubayt. (AS)
This agreement concluded, Imam Hasan (AS) went to Kufa, shortly followed by Moawiya who came their to take the allegiance of the people. In a speech delivered in front of Moawaiya, Imam Hasan (AS) explained the situation clearly.:
543.                      “O’People, Allah has guided you through our elders (Muhammad and Ali) and spared you from bloodshed through those who followed (referring to himself). Indeed this (the Khilafat) is nothing but a passing phase, these worldly possessions keep shifting and changing hands."
544.                      Opportunity is something which is quick to vanish and late to return
545.                      Manliness demands pronouncement of truth in front of the bitterest enemy .
546.                      To show breach of trust in friendship amounts to indignity & disgrace .
547.                      Real nobility & greatness lie in avoiding evil & doing good .
548.                      Affection for brothers of faith & looking after rights of neighbors secure respect & grace .
549.                      It is the biggest folly to have amity with low-bred , base people & to keep company with mean , abject person .
550.                      Bravest person is he who is patient & shows perseverance in face of chaos & adversity .
551.                      Avoid giving opinion where u are not concerned .
552.                      Person careless about his property & grace is highly foolish .
553.                      A person not comprehending values of guidance cannot appreciate values of piety & abstinence .
554.                      Company with illiterates gets no benefits . Avail company of learned & intellectuals if u want to learn .
555.                      Really learned are those who never defy truth nor do they differ from it .
556.                      You should seek needs only from their proper people." 'O son of the Messenger of Allah,' some asked him, 'Who are the proper people on needs?'
557.                      He answered: They are those whom Allah mentions in His Book and says about them: Only the people of reason take heed. Holy Qur'an( 38:19) They are the owners of mind.
558.                      Person who holds Allah responsible for vice is a transgressor as Allah has authorised man to act freely .
559.                      Insight is a great blessing , thank Allah  , therefore , as much as u can .
560.                      Piety & abstinence pave way to acceptance of repentance & grant of greatness of action .
561.                      Person who practices piety succeeds here & also in the hereafter .
562.                      Allah Almighty grants freedom from distress , convenience in worldly affairs & title of His Will to the pious
563.                      Never forget to consult your fellow-beings in your affairs of life .
564.                      It has also been reported in the same book that Imam Hassan (A) gave a speech in which he said:
"Surely we are among the Ahlul-Bayt whose love and support were made incumbent (upon the faithful) by Allah, the Exalted. He-- Glory be to Him, said: "Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin, and if arty one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, most ready to appreciate (service).'" (42: 23)
565.                      In his book `Usul al-Kafi, p. 61', Muhammad b. Ya'qub al Kulayni, may Allah have mercy on him, has narrated: "Indeed al Hasan stipulated that he should not call Mu'awiya Commander of the faithful (Amir al-mu'minin)."
566.                      In his book ` `Ilal al-Shard' p. 81', Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Babawayh said: "Indeed al-Hasan stipulated that he should not testify that he called Mu'awiya the Commander of the faithful."
567.                      In reply to Mu'awiya, the Commander of the faithful said: "In spite of our old established honor and our well- known superiority over your people, we did not keep away mixing with you and married and got married (among you) like equals although you were not so. How could you be so when (the position is that) from us is the Prophet while from you is the liar, from us the Lion of Allah while from you is the Lion of the allies, from us is the two Lords of the youth of Heaven while from you are the children of the fire, from us is the mistress of the women of the worlds while from you is the bearer of firewood, and there are many distinctions between you and us." By: Shaykh Radi Aal-Yasin , From The Book: Sulh al-Hasan (The Peace Treaty of al-Hasan [a])
568.                      It is enough for us to mention the words which Mu'awiya said concerning the Peace Treaty with al-Hasan, peace be on him. Many historians have narrated these words on his authority. Among them is b. Kathir, who has reported these words of Mu'awiya: "We are satisfied with it (i.e., the Peace Treaty) (to take the reins of) government. [1] Ibn Kathir, al-Kamil fi al-Ta'rikh, vol. 6, p. 220.
569.                      When Mu'awiya exchanged letters with al-Hasan to pave the way to the Peace Treaty, he said: "It is for you that you are not ruled with wrong, the affairs are not executed without you, and you are not disobeyed in any affair." [2]  Ibn Abd al-Hadid, Sharh Nahj al-Balagha, vol. 4, p. 13.
570.                      It is enough for us to mention the declarations which al-Hasan said to make his Shi'a understand the backgrounds of his reconciliation with Mu'awiya: "You do not know what I have done. By Allah, what I have done for my Shi'a is better than what the sun rises over." Also what he said one day to Bashir al-Hamadani who was among the chiefs of his Shi'a in Kufa: "With my reconciliation I wanted nothing but to drive killing away from you. [3] Ibn Qutayba al-Dinawari, al-Imama wa al-Siyasa, p. 203.
571.                      Also what he said in his speech after peacemaking: "Men, Allah has guided you (to belief) with the foremost one of us, and prevented your blood from shedding with the last one of us. I have made peace with Mu'awiya while I know that it may be a tribulation and a provision till a time." [4] Al-Ya'qubi, Ta'rikh, vol. 2, p. 192.
572.                      After Mu'awiya had taken the reins of government, Sa'd b. Abu Waqqas came to him and said: "oh King, as- salamu `alayka!" Mu'awiya smiled at him and said: "Abu Ishaq, what prevent you from saying: `Commander of the faithful',?" Sa'd said: "Do you say this cheerfully? By Allah, I dislike to call you the Commander of the faithful as I called him (i.e., 'Ali) with it." [5] Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil fi al-Ta'rikh, vol. 3, p. 163. Muhammad b. `Aqil, al-Nasa'ih al-Kafiya, p. 158.
573.                      In another speech, after the Peace Treaty, al-Hasan said in the presence of Mu'awiya: "The caliph is not he who believes in oppression, stops the laws, and regards the life in this world as father and mother. However, that is a king who obtains supreme authority to enjoy it, hastens towards its pleasure, and pays no attention to its final consequence. So he is as Allah, the Great and Almighty, said: `And I do not know of this may be a trial for you and a provision till a time.' " [23] Al-Bayhaqi, al-Mahasin wa al-Masawi', vol. 2, p. 63. Other authors have mentioned this speech.'
574.                      Also al-Hasan said to another companion of his: "I have made these (the Umayyads) quarrel with each other over the authority of the world, of which I am in no need."' [26] Ahmad Shahab al-Din al-'Asqalani, al-Isaba fi Tamyiz al-Shahaba, vol. 2, p. 12.
575.                      Some of what al-Hasan, peace be on him, said to those who blamed him for making peace with Mu'awiya is: "Abu `Amir, don't say that I have humiliated the believers. Rather I had hated to kill them for the authority." [25] Ibn Kathir, al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya, vol. 8, p. 19.
576.                      Mu'awiya sent letters to al-Hasan to pave the way to make peace with him. In these letters the fate of the Succession to authority was clearly limited. For example, Mu'awiya asked al-Hasan to hand over the authority for his lifetime. Thus he said: "The authority will be for you after me." [28] "You are the worthiest of all people of it." Ibn Abu al-Hadid, Sharh Nahj al-Balagha, vol. 4, p. 13
577.                      Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil fi al-Ta'rikh, vol. 3, p. 162. After that he said: "Then he (i.e., Mu'awiya) did not fulfill it, either."
  1. In his book (al-Kamil fi al-Ta'rikh, vol. 3, p. 162), Ibn al-Athir said: "As for the land taxes of Dar Abjard, the people of Basrah stopped them." They said: "These land taxes are ours. We do not give them to anyone." Also he said: "They stopped them according to Mu'awiya's order."
579.                      Imam who will arise Hazrat Mahdi (Qa'im), peace be on him, and the events which will take place before his appearance, together with the indications and features of it.
Among them are:
- The Sufyani will come out in revolt;
- the Hasanid will be killed;
- the Abbasids will dispute over worldly kingdom;
- there will be an eclipse of the sun in the middle of the month of Ramadan;
- there will be an eclipse of the moon at the end of that month in contrast to ordinary happenings;
- the land will be swallowed up at al-Bayda'; it will be swallowed in the east-it will be swallowed up in the west;
- the sun will stay still from the time of its decline to the middle of the time for the afternoon prayer;
- it will rise from the west;
- a pure soul (nafs zakiyya) will be killed in the outskirts of Kufa with seventy righteous men;
- a Hashimite will be slaughtered between the corner (of the Ka'ba) and the station of Abraham);
- the wall of the mosque of Kufa will be destroyed;
- black standards will advance from Khurasan;
- al-Yamani will come out in revolt;
- al-Maghribi will appear in Egypt and take possession of it from Syria;
- the Turk will occupy the region of al-Jazira;
- the Byzantines will occupy Ramla;
- the star will appear in the east giving light just like the moon gives light;
- then (the new moon) will bend until its two tips almost meet;
- a colour will appear in the sky and spread to its horizons;
- a fire will appear for a long time in the east remaining in the air for three or seven days;
- the Arabs will throw off the reins and take possession of their land, throwing out the foreign authority;
- the people of Egypt will kill their ruler and destroy Syria; and three standards will dispute over it (Syria);
- the standards of Qays and the Arabs will come among the people of Egypt;
- the standards of Kinda (will go) to Khurasan;
- horses will come from the west until they are stabled in al-Hira;
- the black standards will advance towards them from the east; the Euphrates will flood so that the water comes into the alleys of Kufa;
- sixty liars will come forward, all of them claiming prophethood, and twelve will come forward from the family of Abu Talib, all of them claiming the Imamate; a man of important rank of the supporters of the 'Abbasids will be burnt between Jalula' and Khaniqin;
- the bridge next to Karkh in the city of Baghdad will be established;
- a black wind will raise it at the beginning of the day and then an earthquake will occur so that much of it will be swallowed up;
- fear will cover the people of Iraq and Baghdad; swift death (will occur) there and there will be a loss of property, lives and harvests;
- locusts will appear at their usual times and at times not usual so that they attack agricultural land and crops and there will be little harvest for what the people planted;
- two kinds of foreigners will dispute and much blood will be shed in their quarrel;
- slaves will rebel against obedience to their masters and kill their masters (mawali);
- a group of heretics (ahl al-bida) will be transformed until they become monkeys and pigs;
- slaves will conquer the land of their masters; a cry (will come) from the sky (in such a way) that all the people will hear it in their own languages;
- a face and a chest will appear in the sky before the people in the centre of the sun;
- the dead will arise from their graves so that they will return to the world and they will recognize one another and visit one another;
- that will come to an end with twenty-four continous rainstorms and the land will be revived by them after being dead and it will recognize its blessings;
- after that every disease will be taken away from those of the Shia of the Mahdi, peace be on him, who believe in the truth;
at that time they will know of his appearance in Mecca and they will go to him to support him.
(These signs) are as the reports have mentioned. Among the total of these events are some which are bound (to happen) and other which are conditional. God knows best what will take place. We have only mentioned them on the basis of what is recounted in basic sources of tradition (usul) because of their inclusion in traditions which have been handed down. From God we seek help and Him do we ask for success.
580.                      Whoever fears Allah (adopts piety), He (Allah) paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials ,and directs him (on to the right path) in his affairs, and facilitates his (path) of guidance. And makes his proof (and arguments) successful. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires. He is with those upon whom Allah has best owed His favors from among the Prophets, The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company are they.
581.                      Never forget to be grateful to those  who show goodness & favour to u .
582.                      Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom , and the distinction of all deeds.
583.                      Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah’s choices, doesn’t wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
584.                      The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably.
585.                      Magnanimity is adhering to the religion, and honoring one’s selfness), and having a lenient conduct, and permanency of favors , and the discharging of rights.
586.                      (What is magnanimity) prudence none's religion, and incorruptness of his wealth, and up rightness in (discharging) of rights.
587.                      Making efforts to achieve perfection is practice of prophets .
588.                      Averice is a sin , it brings its return even in this world .
589.                      (Silence is) concealment of ignorance, adornment o fine's self, and the one performing it (keeps silent) is inease, and his companion is safe
590.                      No relationship is stronger than friendship , it may not have any blood-relation .
591.                      Never accept relationship with a person who does not have feelings of love & friendship for u .
592.                      It is blessing to be grateful for benevolence & to show perseverance against calamity .
593.                      Fire of hell is better than living in disgrace .
594.                      Never be slack in remembering Almighty Allah .
595.                      Who can be more unfortunate than a person who prefers the world to faith !
596.                      Show fairness in your relationship with Allah  as otherwise u will yourself have to bear the loss .
597.                      Real grace & greatness belong to Allah  alone .
598.                      Man not enticed by mortal beauty of life gets freedom from ignorance .
599.                      Never confide in any person until u achieve full faith in him .
600.                      Create equilibrium in your acts & words , otherwise your character will be doubtful .

 Golden Sayings / Speeches / Sermon of Hazrat Imam e Hassan a.s
Asalamoalaka ya Hazrat Imam Hassan a.s.
  1. Try to find will & sanction of Almighty Allah  before you undertake to act .
  2. Be grateful to your benefactor .This will prove your high breeding .
  3. Do not conceal others rights in your belongings .Try to pay off rights of the rightful instead .
  4. A pious & chaste mind is free from all kinds of pollution & is clean , transparent like glass .
  5. I do not like to be praised in my presence .
  6. Belying somebody in congregation leaves him unable to opine as nobody will listen to him .
  7. I utterly hate to participate in back-biting .
  8. Man's self achieves piety & chastity by bowing before Allah  in prayer .
  9. Faith in Almighty Allah  adorns both physical life & the hereafter .
  10. Do away with options when they stand in way of obligations .
  11. Wise man never deceives a sincere counselor .
  12. Lover of physical world always seeks to have life as longer as possible.
  13. Person desirous to achieve eternity in the life hereafter arranges to achieve virtues through his action & character .
  14. In order to achieve success never be heedless of fear of Almighty Allah .
  15. Lovers life should not forget that its pleasure & luxuries are transient .
  16. Never be deficient in attaining Allah's pleasure .
  17. Devil is on your watch all the time ; be always ready to face them.
  18. World is like a camel that throws down its rider while it is on the run .
  19. Take warning from peoples of the past . Accept their good habits & abstain from their vices .
  20. Always guard blessings you achieve lest your inattention takes them away from u .
  21. Find means for achieving virtues by profiting through good advice .
  22. Always depend upon the Almighty Allah for all problems for He is your strongest support & He helps u in all walks of life .
  23. Kiss forehead of your brother in faith when u meet him because when 2 brothers in faith do so  Allah's will never care for worldly delights .
  24. Person habituated to disobey Almighty Allah , enters followers of Devil &falls prey to disgrace .
  25. Conduct of a man of faith lies in acting on good advice .
  26. Keep close watch on your actions lest Devil misleads u .
  27. Do good till the last breath .It will be beneficial to u .
  28. The person who refuses to accept knowledge of Allah relating to incidents connected with life , is an infidel .
  29. The Almighty Allah has bestowed on us many energies , if  still we do not practise His worship we stand offenders .
  30. Allah divine commands are full of bliss .We can afford means of salvation by following them properly .
  31. There are things harder than one another as created by Allah ;
  32. 1) Allah has created hard stone .
  33. 2) Iron is harder than stone that cuts the stone .
  34. 3) Fire is stronger than iron that melts the iron .
  35. 4) Water is stronger than fire ; it extinguishes the fire .
  36. 5) Clouds are mightier than water that carry it in atmosphere .
  37. 6) Winds are stronger than the clouds that shift them around .
  38. 7) The angle that governs winds is stronger still .
  39. 8) The angle death is stronger that puts other angles to death .
  40. 9)Then comes the command of Almighty Allah that conquers even death .
  41. Supplication of an oppressor shakes even the heavens & the earth .
  42. Person guilty of cutting away blood ties is tyrant .
  43. Let your supplication find way to acceptance of Almighty Allah  through His obedience as Allah does not accept supplications of sinner .
  44. It is unwise to except respect for others from those who do not practice self-reverence .
  45. To forgive slips of others is quality of being venerable .
  46. Adopt such character in social life as to enrich your affinity in minds of your fellow beings .
  47. A person trying to help his brothers overcome their calamities in spite of his own troubles , deserves to be called great .
  48. Sweet accent creates honor & grace for the speaker .
  49. Do not consider wealth spent in the name of Allah as wasted .
  50. To be friendly with our well-wisher brings Allah's pleasure .
  51. Practice forbearance while talking ; it will  prove your personality impressive .
  52. Do not leave this world as usurper of rights of others .
  53. Refer to proper men of reason in order to fully recognize your rights .
  54. Support fully your brother in faith for his rights .Therein lies greatness .
  55. Avaricious man always stands loser while person practicing for the hereafter is always a gainer .
  56. A man without good conduct gains nothing from noble lineage .
  57. Whoever fears Allah (adopts piety), He (Allah) paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials, and directs him (onto the right path) in his affairs, and  facilitates his (path) of guidance.
  58. And makes his proof (and arguments) successful. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires.
  59. He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His favours from among the Prophets, The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company are they .
  60. Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah’s choices, doesn’t wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
  61. Magnanimity is adhering to the religion, and honoring one’s self (nafs), and having a lenient conduct, and permanency of favours, and the discharging of rights.
  62. (What is magnanimity) prudence in one’s religion, and incorruptness of his wealth, and uprightness in (discharging) of rights.
  63. How can a believer be a believer when he is discontent with His (Allah’s) predestination, and disparages His (Allah’s) status, when it is Allah whom rules over him. 
  64. And I guarantee, for the one whose heart does not harbor other than satisfaction, that if he supplicates Allah, he will be granted.
  65. (Silence is) concealment of ignorance, adornment of one’s self, and the one performing it (keeps silent) is in ease, and his companion is safe.
  66. O’ Son of Adam, abstain from the unlawful and you will be a worshipper, and be content with what Allah has predestined for you, you will be sufficient, be benevolent to those who take up proximity in your neighborhood, you will be a Muslim.
  67. One who lacks intelligence has no decorum, and one who lacks determination has no magnanimity, and one who has no modesty has no religion.
  68.  Do not be hasty in punishing (someone’s) sin, and leave (room) between the two (fault and punishment) for apology.
  69. Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom, and the distinction of all deeds
  70. The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably.
  71. Clemency is suppression of anger and self-restraint.
  72. The annihilation of people lies in three things: Arrogance, Greed and envy.  Arrogance causes destruction of the religion and because of it Satan was cursed, and Greed is the enemy of one’s soul, and because of it Adam was expelled from Paradise, and envy is the guide to wickedness, and because of it Qabil killed Habil.
  73. Generosity is giving in prosperity and adversity
  74. Tolerance of the noble is forgiving, if apologizing is difficult for the sinner,
  75. Avariciousness is for one to consider what he has given (away) as a loss and what he kept (for himself) as glory.
  76. The most preferable adornment is graceful manners.
  77. Put what you seek from this world, but you know is unattainable, in the same rank as that which does not cross your mind.
  78. Teach the people of your knowledge, and learn from their knowledge. Hence you would have become adept and learnt that which you do not know.
  79.  You are the most inferior amongst a nation, when you could be on the verge of dignity amongst another nation, therefore learn the knowledge, and those of you who cannot memorize it, consequently,  should write it and place it in his house  .
  80. There was not a nation who consulted (amongst themselves), but was directed to a path of guidance.
  81. I did not witness an oppressor who is more alike to an oppressed, than the one who is envious.
  82. I wonder at a person who ponders over the things that he eats, how he does not ponder over his reasoning.  He preserves his stomach from that which harms him, yet deposits in his breast that which is a cause for his destruction.
  83.  The most discerning eye is the one that penetrates (views) into the blessings and the most auditory ear is the one heeds reminding and benefits from it. 
  84. And the most pure of hearts is the one purified from doubt.
  85. O’ Son of Adam!  Since the day you left your mother’s womb you life has been on the decrease.
  86. Therefore, avail yourself of that between your hands for the hereafter, because the believer takes provisions (from this world) and the disbeliever only takes his leisure (from this world)
  87.  It is for you to ponder, for it is revitalization for the heart of the perspicacious and the key to the gateways of wisdom.
  88. (Describing a good companion of his) He was prestigious in my view because the world was small (insignificant) in his eyes.
  89. He was a dissident, (departing from) the domain of ignorance.
  90. He would not extend a hand unless he is sure that benefit would come from it. 
  91. He did not complain nor become enraged or impatient despair. 
  92. Most of his life he kept silent, but when he spoke he silenced the other speakers (surpassed them) He was perceived weak, but at time of struggle he was a fierce lion.
  93. In the gathering of scholars, he was more eager to observe silence than speak. 
  94. Even if he could be exceeded in speaking, he could not be excelled in silence.
  95. He would not say what he did not practice, but practiced (deeds) what he did not say. 
  96. When he was confronted with two matters, not knowing which was nearer (more pleasing) to Allah, he would ascertain of the two that which was closer to his personal inclinations and then oppose it.  He would not reproach anyone
  97. Allah, the Great and Al-Mighty, did not open the gateway of invocation for anyone, to then shut off from him the gateway of response. 
  98. Nor did a man open the door of action, to then have the door of acceptance shut off from him, nor was the door of gratitude opened for the servant, to have the door of accretion (plentiful) shut off from him.
  99. Brotherhood is loyalty during adversity and during comfort.
  100. Do not struggle hard like a successful (searcher) of material and do not depend upon destiny like those who surrender to it. (Neither greed nor laziness). 
  101. Because seeking the Grace (of Allah) is Sunnah and not being greedy in seeking sustenance is modesty.
  102. And modesty is not the cause for the repulsion of sustenance, nor does greed attract grace, because sustenance is (already) apportioned, and being greedy is being sinful.
  103. Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
  104. It is incumbent on whoever stands in the presence of the Lord of Throne (Allah), that his colour pales, and that his limbs tremble.
  105. One is ignorant of blessing as long as they are present, but when they pass, one becomes aware (of the value) of them.
  106. If the recommended actions harm the obligatory actions, then abandon them.
  107. It is incumbent on whoever stands in the presence of the Lord of Throne (Allah), that his colour pales, and that his limbs tremble.
  108. Opportunities pass away swiftly, and take longer to return.
  109. Goodness that is free of any wickedness is, gratitude for the blessings, and patience during misfortune.
  110. Jest eats away one’s dignity, and the one remaining silent increases in dignity.
  111. Proximate is the one that is drawn closer by affection, even though he is a distant relation.  And the one that is far is the one that affection distances him, even though he is a close relation.
  112. A blessing is trial, if gratitude is shown for it, it becomes a blessing, and if you show ingratitude for it then it becomes a wrath.
  113. That the cursing of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, should be abandoned and the practice of using the personal prayer (qunut) in the formal prayer (salat) (as prayer) against him should be set aside;
  114. That his Shia, may God be pleased with them, should be given security and that none of them should be exposed to any evil; That each of them who had certain rights should attain those rights.
  115. The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility.
  116. Hasan, peace be on him, wrote to Muawiya:  You sent men to use deception and to carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet (in battle).
  117. That is something which will soon happen so wait for it, if God wills.
  118. I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty.
  119. In that you are just as al-Awwal described: Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died: Prepare for another like him, as if (from the same) root.
  120. I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that (the other) may come in the morning.
    Muawiya replied to him with his letter, which there is no need to mention. There followed between him and al-Hasan, peace be on him, correspondences messages and disputes regarding the right of al- Hasan, peace be on him, to authority and the unlawful seizure of power of those who came before his father, peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya's attempt to strip the nephew of the Apostle of God, may God bless him anel his family, from his authority and of their (the House's) right to it apart from them. (All these) matters would take too long to describe.
  121. Imam Mohammad Baqir (A.S.)  and Imam from his forefathers  up to hazrat Ali (A.S.) , Hassan Massana from his father hazrat Imam Hassan (A.S.) and Imam from his father hazrat Ali (A.S.) ,  Hasham bin Hassan from Imam Hussain (A.S.) , Ammash from Imam Jafar Sadeq (A.S.) and the Imam from his fore fathers . In all the above mentioned series of references the Holy Prophet said, "  The stars are protection for the inhabitants of sky when the star will finish the inhabitants of sky will also finish and the same way my Ahlal  Bait are the protection for  the inhabitants of earth, when my Ahlal Bait will pass away from  the  earth the earth along with its all being will collapse.
  122.  Further in the same rewayaat the holy prophet said that I am going to leave two precious things among you and they are the book of Allah ( Quran ) and my Ahlal - Bait.
  123. If you (the direct address is to Sahabah Karam ) keep yourself linked with both of them you will never be misguided  from the right path of Allah . Still this rewayat is continuing, but here I will comment  a bit. From the saying of holy prophet it is very clear that to be with Quran and Ahlal Bait is the guarantee of right path . They are the standard of right path   Sahabah Karam and all other ummah have to be faithfully  link  themselves to them to insure that their are following the right path.  The Quran and the Ahlal Bait are the standard  and the whole ummah including Sahaba Karam are those who are to adapt the standard, and it is very clear to every sensible being that standard and those who are to  adapt  standard can never be of the same status.  Further in the same Rewayat the Holy Prophet said learn from them and don't teach them because they are given a knowledge from God which you do not have. To Allah they are highly respectable beings. 
  124. [He reported:]  The people began to look at one another and asked each other, "What do you think he intends by what he has just said? "We think that he intends to make peace with Muawiya and hand over the authority to him" they answered. "By Gods the man has become an unbelievers they declared and they rushed towards his tent. They plundered him to the extent that they even took his prayer mat from under him. Then Abd al- Rahman b. Abd Allah b. Ja'al al-Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak. He called for his horse and mounted it. Groups of his close associates and his Shia surrounded him and kept those who wanted (to attack) him away from him.
  125. He said: Summon (the tribes of) Rabia and Hamdan to me. They were summoned to him and they surrounded him and defended him, peace be on him, from the people. A mixed group of others went with him (as well). When he was passing through the narrow pass of Sabat, a man of Banu Asad called al-Jarrah b. Sinan caught hold of the reins of his mule. He had an axe in his hand.
  126. He cried: God is greater (Allahu Akbar)! You have become a polytheist, Hasan, just like your father became a polytheist before.
  127. Then he stabbed him in the thigh. It penetrated right through to the bone. He seized (al-Hasan) by the neck and they both fell to the ground. A man from al-Hasan's Shi'a called Abd Allah b. Khatal al- Tai; pulled the axe away from his hand and struck him with it in the stomach. Another man called Zubyan b. Umara attacked him, struck him upon the nose and killed him. Another man who had been with (al-Jarrah) was caught and killed.
  128. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was carried on a stretcher to al- Mada'in where he was lodged with Sa'd b. Masud al-Thaqafi. The latter was the governor of (Ali), the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, there and al-Hasan had confirmed him in that position.
  129. Al- Husayn, peace be on him, rose to reply but al-Hasan, peace be on him, took him by the hand and made him sit down. Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke: O you who mention Ali, I am al-Hasan and Ali was my father. You are Muawiya and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan). My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind. My grand father was the Apostle of God and your grandfather was Harb. My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother was Futayla. May God curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy. Groups of the people in the mosque shouted out: "Amen, Amen"
  130. Al-Hasan, peace he on him, he summoned al-Husayn, peace be on him, and said. My brother, I am leaving you and joining my Lord. I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin.
  131.  I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action.
  132. I will oppose him before God, the Mighty and High.
  133. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you, say nothing about that and wait for what God, the Mighty and High, will decide concerning me.
  134. When I have died, shut my eyes, wash me and shroud me.
  135. Then carry me on my bier to the grave of my grandfather, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, so that I may renew my covenant with him.
  136. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad, may God be pleased with her, and bury me there.
  137. My brother, the people will think that you intend to bury me with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
  138. For that reason, they will gather to prevent you from doing it. I swear by God that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command.
  139. Then he made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children. (He gave him) his heirlooms and the things which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor, had declared him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated to his Shia that he was his successor, and set him up as their sign-post after himself.
  140. It has been narrated that Imaam Hasan(AS)[99], cAli and Faatimah’s first son, spoke these words in a heated encounter in the presence of the Second Amawi ruler, Mocaawiyah(LA)[100], who had called his aids and a number of high-ranking Bakri leaders for the one purpose of crushing Imaam Hasan in that famous debate: ((…And you O Moghayrah! You are indeed an enemy of Allaah, and a discarder of His Book, and an accuser of His Prophet; and you are the Adulterer…And you are the one who beat Faatimah, the Daughter of Rasoolollaah, until she bled, and she miscarried her fetus. You did this as a mark of degradation towards Rasoolollaah, and as a sign for disobeying his order, and violating his sacredness; when Rasoolollaah had told her: O Faatimah! You are the Chief of the Women of the Heaven[101].)).[99] cAlayhes Salaam, peace be upon him.[100] Lacnatollaah cAlayh, may Allaah distance him from His Blessings and Mercy.[101] Saheeh / al-Bokhaari = vol. 13, page 197.
  141. Statements made by Muawiya [L] RE breaking the peace treaty:
    "By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray, nor to fast, nor to make the pilgrimage, nor to pay zakat. Indeed you do that (already).
  142. I fought so that I might have power over you and God has given that to me when you were reluctant to (obey) Him.
  143. Indeed I have been requested by al-Hasan, peace be on him, (to give him) things and I have given things to him. All of them are now under my foot. And from now on I will not fulfill anything." The Peace Treaty of al-Hasan [A] by Shaykh Radi Aal-Yasin .
  144. Then he went on until he entered Kufa. He resided there for several days. When the pledge of allegiance by its inhabitants had to be carried out, he went up on the pulpit and addressed the people. He mentioned the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and that he had taken from him and from al-Hasan, peace be on him, what he had taken.
    Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, were present. Al- Husayn, peace be on him, rose to reply but al-Hasan, peace be on him, took him by the hand and made him sit down. Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke:
    "O you who mention Ali, I am al-Hasan and Ali was my father. You are Muawiya and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan). My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind. My grand father was the Apostle of God and your grandfather was Harb. My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother was Futayla. May God curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy."
  145. These two honourable Imams (AS) are brothers and the sons of `Ali (AS) and Fatimah (AS). According to the ahadith the Holy Prophet (SA) had deep affections towards these honorable grandsons whom he called his own sons. The Holy Prophet (SA) was not able to endure their slightest pain and dissatisfaction and used to state: "These two sons of mine are Imams and leaders, be they rising or sitting". The terms `rising' and `sitting' are used ironically and signify taking charge of superficial khildfah and rising to fight with the enemies of Islam and non-acceptance of superficial khildfah and rising against it. He added: "Hasan and Husayn are the two leaders of the youth of the Heaven) "
  146. Al-'Imam al-Hasan (AS) entered into peace negotiations with Mu'awiyah under specific terms, but Mu'awiyah did not keep up his promise and, after the conclusion of the peace agreement, he went to Iraq and ascended a pulpit in the presence of the Muslims and said: "I was not fighting with you for the cause of religion, so that you would recite salat or observe sawm; rather I wanted to rule over you and now I have achieved my goal". Mu'awiyah added: "I disregard all the promises that I have made to al-Hasan."
  147. Hazrat Imam Hasan a.s has been the victim of a most malicious propaganda for the last 1,250 years. He is portrayed as "fond of ease and quiet" by his admirers (Ameer Ali in "Spirit of Islam") and "the great divorcer" by his detractors (Willi Frischaurer in "The Aga Khans"). Allamah Seyyid Muhammad Husain Tabatabai. & S. Saeed Akhtar Rizvi , Al-Serat, Vol 4 (1978), No 3
  148. When death was close to al-Hasan, peace he on him, he summoned al-Husayn, peace be on him, and said. My brother, I am leaving you and joining my Lord. I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin. I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose him before God, the Mighty and High. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you, say nothing about that and wait for what God, the Mighty and High, will decide concerning me. When I have died, shut my eyes, wash me and shroud me.
  149. Then carry me on my bier to the grave of my grandfather, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, so that I may renew my covenant with him. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad, may God be pleased with her, and bury me there. My brother, the people will think that you intend to bury me with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
    For that reason, they will gather to prevent you from doing it. I swear by God that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command. Then he made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children. (He gave him) his heirlooms and the things which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor, had declared him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated to his Shia that he was his successor ,and set him up as their sign-post after himself.
    When he passed on his (final) journey, al-Husayn, peace be on him, washed and shrouded his (body). Then he carried him on his bier. Marwan and those of the Banu Umayya who were with him had no doubt that they would try to bury him beside the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. They gathered together and armed themselves. When al-Husayn, peace be on him, approached the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, with(the body of al-Hasan) so that he might renew his covenant with him, they came towards them with their group. 'A'isha had joined them on a mule and she was saying:
    What is there between you and me that you should allow someone I don't want to, to enter my house?
    Marwan began to recite:
    O Lord, battle is better than ease.
    (Then he went on:)
    Should Uthman be buried in the outskirts of Medina and al-Hasan be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family? That will never be while I carry a sword. Discord was about to occur between the Banu Umayya and the Banu Hashim. Ibn 'Abbas hurried to Marwan and said to him;
    Go back to where you came from, Marwan. Indeed we do not intend to bury our companion with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. But we want him to be able to renew his covenant with him by visiting him.
    Then we will take him back to his grandmother, Fatima, and bury him alongside her according to his last instructions concerning that. If he had enjoined that he should be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, you know that you would be the least able to deter us from that. However, he, peace be on him, was much too aware of God and His Apostle and the sacredness of his tomb to bring bloodshed to it as others have done (who) have entered it without his permission.
    Then he went to A'isha and said to her:
    What mischief you bring about, one day on a mule and one day on a camel! Do you want to extinguish the light of God and fight the friends (awliya') of God? Go Back ! You have been given assurance against what you fear and have learned what you wanted (to know). By God, victory will come to this House, evenif it is after some time.
    Al-Husayn, peace be on him, said
    By God, if there had been no injunction to me from al-Hasan, peace be on him, to prevent bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping-glass in (carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of God would have taken their toll from you, you have broken the agreement which was made between you and us, you have ignored the conditions which we made with him for ourselves.
    Then they went on with (the body of) al-Hasan, peace be on him, and they buried him in(the cemetery of) al-Baqi' beside his grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. 'Abd may God be pleased with her.
  150. Imam Hasan (A) was once sitting for dinner when his slave slipped and dropped some hot soup on the Imam (A), scalding him. The fearful slave immediately recited the verse 3:134. (The pious people) control their anger.
  151. The Imam (A) smiled and said, "I am not angry". The slave then continued to recite the same ayat: And pardon men
  152. The Imam (A) said, "I have forgiven you". The slave then recited the last part of the ayat:
    And Allah loves those who do god (to others). (Al-Imran, 3:134)
  153. The Imam (A) then set the slave free and also gave him 1000 Dinars.
    This incident shows how an ordinary person with the help of the Holy Qur’an, obtained his freedom. It is also important to note how knowledgeable the slave had become, staying in the company of the Imam A).
  154. A blessing is trial, if gratitude is shown for it, it becomes a blessing, and if you show ingratitude for it then it becomes a wrath.
  155. One who lacks intelligence has no decorum, and one who lacks determination has no magnanimity, and one who has no modesty has no religion.
  156. Abstain from the unlawful and you will be a worshipper, and be content with what Allah has predestined for you, you will be sufficient, be benevolent to those who take up proximity in your neighborhood, you will be a Muslim.
  157. Do not be hasty in punishing (someone’s) sin, and leave (room) between the two (fault and punishment) for apology.
  158. The most preferable adornment is graceful manners.
  159. The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility.
  160. The annihilation of people lies in three things: Arrogance, Greed and envy. Arrogance causes destruction of the religion and because of it Satan was cursed, and Greed is the enemy of one’s soul, and envy is the guide to wickedness and because of it Qabil killed Habil.
  161. Avariciousness is for one to consider what he has given (away) as a loss and what he kept (for himself) as glory.
  162. I did not witness an oppressor who is more alike to an oppressed, than the one who is envious.
  163. I wonder at a person who ponders over the things that he eats, how he does not ponder over his reasoning. He preserves his stomach from that which harms him, yet deposits in his breast that which is a cause for his destruction .
  164. It is for you to ponder, for it is revitalization for the heart of the perspicacious and the key to the gateways of wisdom.
  165. Clemency is suppression of anger and self-restraint.
  166. Generosity is giving in prosperity and adversity.
  167. O’ Son of Adam! Since the day you left your mother’s womb you life has been on the decrease. Therefore, avail yourself of that between your hands for the hereafter, because the believer takes provisions (from this world) and the disbeliever only takes his leisure (from this world).
  168. Teach the people of your knowledge, and learn from their knowledge. Hence you would have become adept and learnt that which you do not know.
  169. Allah, the Great and Al-Mighty, did not open the gateway of invocation for anyone, to then shut off from him the gateway of response. Nor did a man open the door of action, to then have the door of acceptance shut off from him, nor was the door of gratitude opened for the servant, to have the door of accretion (plentiful) shut off from him.
  170. The most discerning eye is the one that penetrates (views) into the blessings and the most auditory ear is the one heeds reminding and benefits from it. And the most pure of hearts is the one purified from doubt.
  171. Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
  172. Brotherhood is loyalty during adversity and during comfort.
  173. One is ignorant of blessing as long as they are present, but when they pass, one becomes aware (of the value) of them.
  174. Opportunities pass away swiftly, and take longer to return.
  175. Proximate is the one that is drawn closer by affection, even though he is a distant relation. And the one that is far is the one that affection distances him, even though he is a close relation.
  176. Goodness that is free of any wickedness is, gratitude for the blessings, and patience during misfortune.
  177. Whoever fears Allah (adopts piety), He (Allah) paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials, and directs him (onto the right path) in his affairs, and facilitates his (path) of guidance.
  178. And makes his proof (and arguments) successful.
  179. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires.
  180. He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His favors from among the Prophets,
  181. The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company are they.
  182. Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom, and the distinction of all deeds.
  183. Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah’s choices, doesn’t wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
  184. The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably
  185. Magnanimity is adhering to the religion, and honoring one’s self (nafs), and having a lenient conduct, and permanency of favors, and the discharging of rights.
  186. (What is magnanimity) prudence in one’s religion, and incorruptness of his wealth, and uprightness in (discharging) of rights.
  187. (Silence is) concealment of ignorance, adornment of one’s self, and the one performing it (keeps silent) is in ease, and his companion is safe.
  188. How can a believer be a believer when he is discontent with His (Allah’s) predestination, and disparages His (Allah’s) status, when it is Allah whom rules over him.
  189. And I guarantee, for the one whose heart does not harbor other than satisfaction, that if he supplicates Allah, he will be granted.
  190. One who lacks intelligence has no decorum, and one who lacks determination has no magnanimity, and one who has no modesty has no religion.
  191. O’ Son of Adam, abstain from the unlawful and you will be a worshipper, and be content with what Allah has predestined for you, you will be sufficient, be benevolent to those who take up proximity in your neighborhood, you will be a Muslim.
  192. Do not be hasty in punishing (someone’s) sin, and leave (room) between the two (fault and punishment) for apology.
  193. Tolerance of the noble is forgiving, if apologizing is difficult for the sinner,
  194. The most preferable adornment is graceful manners.
  195. The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility.
  196. Clemency is suppression of anger and self-restraint
  197. Generosity is giving in prosperity and adversity.
  198. Avariciousness is for one to consider what he has given (away) as a loss and what he kept (for himself) as glory.
  199. I did not witness an oppressor who is more alike to an oppressed, than the one who is envious.
  200. Put what you seek from this world, but you know is unattainable, in the same rank as that which does not cross your mind.
  201. Teach the people of your knowledge, and learn from their knowledge. Hence you would have become adept and learnt that which you do not know.
  202. You are the most inferior amongst a nation, when you could be on the verge of dignity amongst another nation, therefore learn the knowledge, and those of you who cannot memorize it, consequently, should write it and place it in his house .
  203. There was not a nation who consulted (amongst themselves), but was directed to a path of guidance.
  204. I wonder at a person who ponders over the things that he eats, how he does not ponder over his reasoning.
  205. He preserves his stomach from that which harms him, yet deposits in his breast that which is a cause for his destruction.
  206. It is for you to ponder, for it is revitalization for the heart of the perspicacious and the key to the gateways of wisdom.
  207. (describing a good companion of his) He was prestigious in my view because the world was small (insignificant) in his eyes.
  208. He was a dissident, (departing from) the domain of ignorance.
  209. He would not extend a hand unless he is sure that benefit would come from it.
  210. He did not complain nor become enraged or impatient despair.
  211. Most of his life he kept silent, but when he spoke he silenced the other speakers (surpassed them)
  212. He was perceived weak, but at time of struggle he was a fierce lion.
  213. In the gathering of scholars, he was more eager to observe silence than speak.
  214. Even if he could be exceeded in speaking, he could not be excelled in silence.
  215. He would not say what he did not practice, but practiced (deeds) what he did not say.
  216. When he was confronted with two matters, not knowing which was nearer (more pleasing) to Allah, he would ascertain of the two that which was closer to his personal inclinations and then oppose it. He would not reproach anyone
  217. Allah, the Great and Al-Mighty, did not open the gateway of invocation for anyone, to then shut off from him the gateway of response.
  218. Nor did a man open the door of action, to then have the door of acceptance shut off from him, nor was the door of gratitude opened for the servant, to have the door of accretion (plentiful) shut off from him.
  219. The most discerning eye is the one that penetrates (views) into the blessings and the most auditory ear is the one heeds reminding and benefits from it. And the most pure of hearts is the one purified from doubt.
  220. Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
  221. Brotherhood is loyalty during adversity and during comfort.
  222. If the recommended actions harm the obligatory actions, then abandon them.
  223. It is incumbent on whoever stands in the presence of the Lord of Throne (Allah), that his color pales, and that his limbs tremble.
  224. One is ignorant of blessing as long as they are present, but when they pass, one becomes aware (of the value) of them.
  225. Do not struggle hard like a successful (searcher) of material and do not depend upon destiny like those who surrender to it. (Neither greed nor laziness).
  226. Because seeking the Grace (of Allah) is Sunnah and not being greedy in seeking sustenance is modesty.
  227. And modesty is not the cause for the repulsion of sustenance, nor does greed attract grace, because sustenance is (already) apportioned, and being greedy is being sinful.
  228. Opportunities pass away swiftly, and take longer to return.
  229. Jest eats away one’s dignity, and the one remaining silent increases in dignity.
  230. Proximate is the one that is drawn closer by affection, even though he is a distant relation. And the one that is far is the one that affection distances him, even though he is a close relation.
  231. Goodness that is free of any wickedness is, gratitude for the blessings, and patience during misfortune.
  232. A blessing is trial, if gratitude is shown for it, it becomes a blessing, and if you show ingratitude for it then it becomes a wrath.
  233. Whoever fears Allah (adopts piety), He (Allah) paves for him a path of salvation out of the trials, and directs him (onto the right path) in his affairs, and facilitates his (path) of guidance.
  234. And makes his proof (and arguments) successful. And enlightens his face, and grants him his desires.
  235. He is with those upon whom Allah has bestowed His favors from among the Prophets,
  236. The Truthful, the Martyrs and the Righteous, and an excellent company are they.
  237. Piety is the gateway to all repentance, and the principal of all wisdom, and the distinction of all deeds.
  238. Whoever relies on the excellence of Allah's choices, doesn't wish to be in other than the situation that Allah has chosen for him.
  239. The height of intelligence is associating with people amicably.
  240. Magnanimity is adhering to the religion, and honoring one's self (nafs), and having a lenient conduct, and permanency of favors, and the discharging of rights.
  241. - "Am I not the Hujat of the Almighty, being his remembrance upon his creatures? Did not the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A) said, "Hassan and Hussain are two Imams, whether they are sitting or standing? If I had not done this work (signed the peace treaty), nobody from amongst the shias would have remained in this world and every body would have been killed and annihilated." Alalus Sharaya; vol I p 211 - Imam Hassan (A.S) - Excellent conduct with people is the height of intelligence.
  242. Imam Hasan Mujtaba - upon whom be peace - was the second Imam. He and his brother Imam Husayn were the two sons of Amir al-mu'minin Ali and Hadrat Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet. Many times the Prophet had said, "Hasan and Husayn are my children." Because of these same words Ali would say to his other children, "You are my children and Hasan and Husayn are the children of the Prophet."
  243. Imam Hasan (a.s.) had just arrived home. He was tired and intended to rest. Just then, a man knocked on the door. He asked permission and came in. He greeted the Imam with his salam and sat down.
  244. Imam Hasan returned his salam. treated him respectfully and asked him how he was. The man sat very still. It was clear that he had something in his mind, but was embarrassed to speak about it. Imam looked at his face and became sad.
  245. He knew that the man had a problem. Patiently he waited for the man to tell him his troubles.
  246. The man sighed" O son of the Prophet." he said at last, `I have come to you to seek refuge from an enemy, A cruel, dangerous. merciless enemy.
  247. An enemy that neither shows respect to the aged. nor mercy to the young.
  248. This powerful and cruel enemy has blackened my days. My life is a misery and I am helpless.
  249. 0 son of the Prophet Heed my call and save me" Imam Hasan (a.s.) had been listening closely to the man's words. He had become s!) affected that he was trembling.
  250. He leaned forward and said. "Who is your enemy? Whoever he is I will help you against him.
  251. I am a Muslim and a Muslim must defend his oppressed brothers and obtain for them their rights.
  252. Tell me who your enemy is." "My enemy," said the man ,who was so embarrassed that his face had become red "is poverty"
  253. This is my enemy who neither respects the elderly, nor shows mercy to the young.
  254. O son of the Prophet, I am not a lazy man, I work hard, but I cannot meet my expenses.
  255. Problems have put me in distress. I am empty-handed and in debt.
  256. You are from a noble and generous family, will you deliver me from this appalling situation?"
  257. Imam Hasan had become very sad listening to the man's problems. "Whatever money we have in the house," he said to his servant, `bring it to me" The servant put all the gold pieces that were in the house into a large purse and brought it to Imam Hasan.
  258. Imam gave it to the man and, so as to cheer him up, he apologized that he had no more. Then he said, "Pay your debts, with this money and solve all your problems.
  259. Then you can earn your living with a clear heart and mind. I hope that by working hard you can remain independent.
  260. But I swear that if this enemy attacks you a gain, you must again come and complain about it to me.
  261. The poverty of people like you who work hard is because their rights are not properly given to them."
  262. We Muslims are bound to help the poor and destitute and defend their trampled rights. We must strive to establish justice and equity, so that poverty will be eliminated.
  263. Once a follower of Mu'awiyah came to Madina. When he saw our 2nd Imam, Imam Hasan (A) he started to shout names and use foul language at the Imam (A), because Mu'awiyah had told him horrible things about Imam (A). The followers of Imam Hasan (A) wanted to punish the man for what he had said but Imam (A) told them to leave him alone.
    Imam Hasan (A) then turned to the man and greeted him with "Salaam" after which Imam asked the man if he would like to come to his house for food and a rest as he had just come from a long trip.
    When the man saw the Akhlaq of Imam (A), he realized that what Mu'awiyah had told him about the Imam (A) was untrue and he felt very ashamed of how he had spoken.
    The man asked Imam (A) for forgiveness. Thereafter, whenever he heard anyone saying anything against Imam Hasan (A) he would correct them.
  264. "The one who does not have wits & intelligence does not have decorum and decency, and the one who lacks fortitude, does not have generosity and magnamity and that one who does not possess shame and modesty , does not have religion."
  265. " Whoever loves the world ,fear of hereafter gets out of his heart" ..
  266. Befriend people in the same manner you would like them to befriend you.
  267. [Abu Mikhnaf Lut b. Yahya al-Azdi reported: Ashath b. Suwar told me on the authority of Abu Ishaq al-Sabi'i and others, who said;] Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died. He praised and glorified God and blessed the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
  268. Then he said: There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early (Muslims) in (good) actions.
  269. Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his level in (good) actions.
  270. He used to fight alongside the Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and protect him with his own life.
  271. The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Michael supported him on his left.
  272. He would not return until God brought victory through his hands.
  273. He, peace be on him, has died on this the night on which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, peace be on him, died.
  274. He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend (ata'), with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family.
  275. Then tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him. Then he continued: I am the (grand) son of the one who brought the good news.
  276. I am the (grand) son of the Warner. I am the (grand) son of the man who, with God's permission, summoned (the people) to God. I am the (grand) son of the light which shone out (to the world) .
  277. I am of the House, from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has purified thoroughly.
  278. I am of the House for whom God has required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said: Say: I do not ask you for any reward except love for (my) kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself [ XXXIII 33 ]. The good is love for us, the House.Then he sat down.
  279. Abd Allah b. al-Abbas, may God have mercy on him, arose in front of him and said:  People, this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him. The people answered him saying:  No one is more loved by us nor has anyone more right to succession (khilafa). They rushed forward to pledge allegiance to him as successor. That was on Friday on the eleventh of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 A.H. (660). Then he assigned (the posts of) the tax collectors and he gave instructions to the governors (of the provinces). He sent Abd Allah b. al-Abbas to Basra. He took charge of all the matters. When Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan learnt of the death of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and the people's pledge of allegiance to his son, al-Hasan, peace be on him, he sent a man of secretly to Kufa and a man from Banu al-Qayn to Basra. They were to write reports to him to undermine affairs for al-Hasan, peace be on him. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, learned of that. He ordered the Himyari to be brought out from among (the tribe) of Lakhm in Kufa. He had him brought out and executed. (Al-Hasan) wrote to al-Basra, ordering the Qayni to be brought out from among the Banu Sulaym. He was brought out and executed. Then al-Hasan, peace be on him, wrote to Muawiya: You sent men to use deception and to carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet (in battle). That is something which will soon happen so wait for it, if God wills. I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty. In that you are just as al-Awwal described: Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died: Prepare for another like him, as if (from the same) root. I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that (the other) may come in the morning.
    Muawiya replied to him with his letter, which there is no need to mention. There followed between him and al-Hasan, peace be on him, correspondences messages and disputes regarding the right of al- Hasan, peace be on him, to authority and the unlawful seizure of power of those who came before his father, peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya's attempt to strip the nephew of the Apostle of God, may God bless him anel his family, from his authority and of their (the House's) right to it apart from them. (All these) matters would take too long to describe. Muawiya set off towards Iraq. When he reached the bridge of Manbij, al-Hasan, peace be on him, reacted. He sent Hujr b. Adi to order the leaders of Amman to set out and to call the people together for war. They were slow to (answer) him and then they came forward. (Al- Hasan) had a mixed band of men: some of them belonged to his Sh'ia and to his father's: some of them were members of the Muhakimma (i.e. Kharijites) who were influenced by (the desire of) fighting Muawiya with every means (possible); some of them were men who loved discords and were anxious for booty; some of them were doubters; others were tribal supporters who followed the leaders of their tribes without reference to religion. He set off until he came to Hammam Umar, then he went on to Dayr Kab. He stopped at Sabat, just before the bridge and spent the night there. In the morning, he, peace be on him, wanted to test his followers and make their situation clear with regard to obedience to him, so that in that way he might be able to distinguish his friends from his enemies and be in a clear mind (about his position) to meet Mu'awiya and the Syrians. He ordered the call to be made:
  280. The prayer is a general one (which all should attend) (al-salat jamia).They gathered and he went up on the pulpit and addressed them. He said: Praise belongs to God whenever a man praises Him. I testify that there is no god but God whenever a man testifies to Him.
  281. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His apostle whom He sent with the truth and whom He entrusted with revelation, may God bless him and his family. By God, I hope that I shall always be with God's praise and kindness.
  282.  I am the sincerest of God's creatures in giving advice to them.
  283. I have not become one who bears malice to any Muslims nor one who wishes evil or misfortune tor him.
  284.  Indeed what you dislike about unity (jama'a) is better for you than what you like about division.
  285. I see what is better for you better than you see for yourselves.
  286. Therefore do not oppose my commands and do not reject my judgment. May God forgive both me and you and may He guide me and you to that in which there is love and satisfaction.
  287. [He reported:] The people began to look at one another and asked each other, "What do you think he intends by what he has just said? "We think that he intends to make peace with Muawiya and hand over the authority to him" they answered. "By Gods the man has become an unbelievers they declared and they rushed towards his tent. They plundered him to the extent that they even took his prayer mat from under him. Then Abd al- Rahman b. Abd Allah b. Ja'al al-Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak. He called for his horse and mounted it. Groups of his close associates and his Shia surrounded him and kept those who wanted (to attack) him away from him.
  288. He said: Summon (the tribes of) Rabia and Hamdan to me. They were summoned to him and they surrounded him and defended him, peace be on him, from the people. A mixed group of others went with him (as well). When he was passing through the narrow pass of Sabat, a man of Banu Asad called al-Jarrah b. Sinan caught hold of the reins of his mule. He had an axe in his hand. He cried: God is greater (Allaku akbar)! You have become a polytheist, Hasan, just like your father became a polytheist before. Then he stabbed him in the thigh. It penetrated right through to the bone. He seized (al-Hasan) by the neck and they both fell to the ground. A man from al-Hasan's Shi'a called Abd Allah b. Khatal al- Tai; pulled the axe away from his hand and struck him with it in the stomach. Another man called Zubyan b. Umara attacked him, struck him upon the nose and killed him. Another man who had been with (al-Jarrah) was caught and killed. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was carried on a stretcher to al- Mada'in where he was lodged with Sa'd b. Masud al-Thaqafi. The latter was the governor of (Ali), the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, there and al-Hasan had confirmed him in that position.
  289. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, was distracted by his own (discomfort) and with treating his wound. (In the meantime) a group of the tribal leaders wrote secretly to Mu'awiya offering to accept his authority (lit. to listen and obey). They urged him to come to them and they guaranteed to hand over al-Hasan, peace be on him, when they got to his camp, or to kill him treacherously.
  290. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, learnt of that when a letter came to him from Qays b. Sa'd, may God be pleased with him. He had sent Qays with Ubayd Allah b. Abbas (to go on ahead) when he had set out from Kufa to meet Muawiya and to drive him out of Iraq, and make himself a commander of a unified people (jama'a). He had said to Ubayd Allah: If you are struck down, then the commander will be Qays b. Sad. Qays b. Sad's letter arrived informing him that they had stopped Muawiya at a village called al-Habubiyya opposite Maskan. Then Muawiya had sent to Ubayd Allah b. Abbas, urging him to come to him and offering him a million dirhams, half of which he would give him immediately, and the other half on his entry into Kufa. Ubayd Allah had slipped away in the night with his close associates to (join) Muawiya's camp. In the morning the people found their leader missing. Qays b. Sa'd, may God be pleased with him, said the prayer with them and took charge of their affairs.
  291. Al-Hasan's awareness of the people's desertion of him increased, (as did his awareness) of the corrupt intention of the Muhakkima (the Kharijites) against him, which they made obvious by cursing him, accusing him of disbelief, and declaring that it was lawful to shed his blood and plunder his property. There remained no one to protect him from his unfortunate predicament except the close associates from his father's Shia and his own Shia, and they were a group which could not resist the Syrian soldiers.
    Muawiya wrote to him about a truce and peace treaty. He also sent him the letters of his followers in which they had guaranteed to kill him treacherously or to hand him over. He offered him as many conditions as he wanted, to answer his (call) for peace and he gave his (sworn) covenant by whose fulfilment everybody's interests would be served. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, did not trust him. He was aware of his deception and his attempts at assassination. However he could find no escape from assenting to his demands to abandon the war and bring about a truce because of the weakness of his followers' understanding of his right, their corrupt attitude towards him and their opposition to him. (In addition, he was aware) of the view of many of them in declaring it lawful to shed his blood and to hand him over to his rival. (He also knew) of his cousin's desertion (of him) and his joining his enemy, as well as the inclination of the people towards the immediate present and their reluctance (to show concern) for the future.
    Therefore he, peace be on him, bound himself (in a treaty) with Muawiya as a result of the confirmation of the proof (of his situation) and with the excuses before God, the Most High, and all the Muslims, of what had taken place among them. He stipulated: That the cursing of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, should be abandoned and the practice of using the personal prayer (qunut) in the formal prayer (salat) (as prayer) against him should be set aside; That his Shia, may God be pleased with them, should be given security and that none of them should be exposed to any evil; That each of them who had certain rights should attain those rights. Muawiya accepted all that and made a treaty with him to observe that. He swore to him that he would fulfil it. When the truce had been concluded, Muawiya went on until he reached al-Nukhayla. That was on a Friday; he prayed the mid-morning prayer (duha al nahar) with the people, and he addressed them.
  292. In his address, He Said By God, I have not fought against you to make you pray, nor to fast, nor to make the pilgrimage, nor to pay zakat. Indeed you do that (already).
  293. I fought so that I might have power over you and God has given that to me when you were reluctant to (obey) Him.
  294. Indeed I have been requested by al-Hasan, peace be on him, (to give him) things and I have given things to him.
  295. All of them are now under my foot. And from now on I will not fulfill anything.
  296. Then he went on until he entered Kufa. He resided there for several days. When the pledge of allegiance by its inhabitants had to be carried out, he went up on the pulpit and addressed the people.
  297. He mentioned the commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and that he had taken from him and from al-Hasan, peace be on him, what he had taken.
  298. Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, were present. Al- Husayn, peace be on him, rose to reply but al-Hasan, peace be on him, took him by the hand and made him sit down. Then he, himself, (al-Hasan) arose and spoke: O you who mention Ali, I am al-Hasan and Ali was my father. You are Muawiya and your father was Sakhr (Abu Sufyan). My mother was Fatima and your mother was Hind. My grand father was the Apostle of God and your grandfather was Harb. My grandmother was Khadija and your grandmother was Futayla. May God curse him who tries to reduce our reputation and to diminish our nobility, who does evil against our antiquity and yet who has been ahead of us in unbelief and hypocrisy.  Groups of the people in the mosque shouted out: "Amen, Amen"
  299. When the peace between al-Hasan, peace be on him, and Muawiya was concluded in the way we have mentioned, al-Hasan, peace be on him, left for Medina. He resided there, restraining his anger, staying close to his house, and awaiting the command of his Lord, the Mighty and High, until Muawiya had completed ten years of his administration. (Then) the latter decided to have the pledge of allegiance given to his son, Yazid, (as his successor). He communicated secretly with Ju'da, daughter of al-Ash'ath b. Qays- she was the wife of al-Hasan, peace be on him - to urge her to poison him. He gave an undertaking to her that he would marry her to his son, Yazid, and he sent her a hundred thousand dirhams. Juda gave him the poison to drink but he lingered on sick for forty days. He passed along his (final) road in the month of Safar in the year 50 A. H. (670). At that time, he was forty-eight years of age. His succession (to the Imamate) had been for ten years. His brother and testamentary trustee (wasp), al-Husayn, peace be on him, undertook the washing and shrouding of his body, and buried him with his grand mother, Fatima, daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. Abd Manaf, may God be pleased with her, in (the cemetery) of al Baqi.
  300. Reports of the Cause of the Death of al-Hasan, Peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya Poisoning him, the Story of his Burial and the Actions and Statements Concerning that. [Isa b. Mihran reported: Ubayd Allah b. al-Sabb'ah told us: Jarir told us on the authority of Mughira, who said:] Muawiya sent to Juda daughter of al-Ashath b. Qays: I will arrange for you to marry my son, Yazid, on condition that you poison al-Hasan. He also, sent her a hundred thousand dirhams. She did that: she poisoned al-Hasan, peace be on him. (Mu'awiya) gave her the money but did not marry her to Yazid. Instead he gave her a man from the family of Talha as a substitute. The latter gave her children. Whenever any argument occurred between them and the clans of Quraysh, they would revile them saying: Sons of a woman who poisons her husbands.
  301. [Isa b. Mihran reported: 'Uthman b. Umar told me Ibn Awn told us on the authority ot 'Umar b. lshaq, who said.] I was with al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, in the house. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, came in from outside and then went out again. He said:  I have been given poison to drink several times but I have never been given poison like this. A bit of my liver has come out of my mouth and I began to turn it over with a stick I had. Who gave you the poison to drink, al-Husayn, peace be on him, asked him, and what do you want for him? Do you want him killed? If he may remain as he is, then God will be more terrible in His vengeance than you. It he may not remain as he is, then I should like to be free of any blame.
  302. [ Abd Allah b. Ibrahim reported on the authority of Ziyad al- Makhariqi, who said:] When death was close to al-Hasan, peace he on him, he summoned al-Husayn, peace be on him, and said.  My brother, I am leaving you and joining my Lord. I have been given poison to drink and have spewed my liver into a basin. I am aware of the person who poisoned me and from where I have been made a subject to this deceitful action. I will oppose him before God, the Mighty and High. Therefore by the right I have with regard to you, say nothing about that and wait for what God, the Mighty and High, will decide concerning me. When I have died, shut my eyes, wash me and shroud me. Then carry me on my bier to the grave of my grandfather, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, so that I may renew my covenant with him. After that take me to the grave of my grandmother, Fatima daughter of Asad, may God be pleased with her, and bury me ther. My brother, the people will think that you intend to bury me with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. For that reason, they will gather to prevent you from doing it. I swear by God that you should not shed even your blood into the cupping-glass in (carrying out) my command.
  303. Then he made his testamentary bequests to his family and his children. (He gave him) his heirlooms and the things which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had bequeathed to him when he had made him his successor, had declared him worthy to occupy his position, and had indicated to his Shia that he was his successor, and set him up as their sign-post after himself.
  304. When he passed on his (final) journey, al-Husayn, peace be on him, washed and shrouded his (body). Then he carried him on his bier. Marwan and those of the Banu Umayya who were with him had no doubt that they would try to bury him beside the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. They gathered together and armed themselves. When al-Husayn, peace be on him, approached the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, with (the body of al-Hasan) so that he might renew his covenant with him, they came towards them with their group. 'A'isha had joined them on a mule and she was saying: What is there between you and me that you should allow someone I don't want to, to enter my house? Marwan began to recite: O Lord, battle is better than ease. (Then he went on:)
    Should Uthman be buried in the outskirts of Medina and al-Hasan be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family? That will never be while I carry a sword. Discord was about to occur between the Banu Umayya and the Banu Hashim. Ibn 'Abbas hurried to Marwan and said to him;
    Go back to where you came from, Marwan. Indeed we do not intend to bury our companion with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. But we want him to be able to renew his covenant with him by visiting him. Then we will take him back to his grandmother, Fatima, and bury him alongside her according to his last instructions concerning that. If he had enjoined that he should be buried alongside the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, you know that you would be the least able to deter us from that. However, he, peace be on him, was much too aware of God and His Apostle and the sacredness of his tomb to bring bloodshed to it as others have done (who) have entered it without his permission.
    Then he went to A'isha and said to her: What mischief you bring about, one day on a mule and one day on a camel! Do you want to extinguish the light of God and fight the friends (awliya') of God? Go Back ! You have been given assurance against what you fear and have learned what you wanted (to know). By God, victory will come to this House, even if it is after some time.
  305. Al-Husayn, peace be on him, said: By God, if there had been no injunction to me from al-Hasan, peace be on him, to prevent bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping-glass in (carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of God would have taken their toll from you, you have broken the agreement which was made between you and us, you have ignored the conditions which we made with him for ourselves.
  306. Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died. He praised and glorified God and blessed the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Then he said:  There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early (Muslims) in (good) actions. Nor did any later (Muslims) attain his level in (good) actions. He used to fight alongside the Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and protect him with his own life. The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Michael supported him on his left. He would not return until God brought victory through his hands. He, peace be on him, has died on this the night on which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up (to Heaven), on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of Moses, peace be on him, died. He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend (ata'), with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family.
    Then tears overcame him and he wept and the people wept with him. Then he continued:
    I am the (grand) son of the one who brought the good news. I am the (grand) son of the Warner. I am the (grand) son of the man who, with God's permission, summoned (the people) to God. I am the (grand) son of the light which shone out (to the world) . I am of the House, from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has purified thoroughly. I am of the House for whom God has required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said: Say: I do not ask you for any reward except love for (my) kin. Whoever earns good, will increase good for himself [ XXXIII 33 ]. The good is love for us, the House.
    Then he sat down. Abd Allah b. al-Abbas, may God have mercy on him, arose in front of him and said:
    People, this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee (wasi) of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him. The people answered him saying: No one is more loved by us nor has anyone more right to succession (khilafa).
  307. 1 - Maxims by Imam Hassan peace be upon him when asked what piety is , Imam Hassan , peace be upon him replied : " yearning for virtue and no longing for this world . "
  308. 2 - When asked what manliness is . Imam answered : " protection of religion ,self-respect , lenience , benevolence , discharging one's duties , and showing amity towards people .
  309. 3 - When asked what generosity is , Imam said : donation before request and feeding people during drought .
  310. 4 - When asked what parsimony is , Imam said : to consider what you have as dignity and what you spend as waste .
  311. 5 - When asked what freedom from want is , Imam said : Being satisfied with one's destiny , however meager it may be .
  312. 6 - When asked what poverty is , Imam said : greed for everything .
  313. 7 - When asked what dignity is , Imam said : agreeing with friends and maintaining good neighborly relations .
  314. 8 - When asked what meanness is , Imam said : self - centeredness and having no regard for one's wife .
  315. 9 - The person who takes refuge in God is relaxed and secure where as his enemy is fearful and friendless.
  316. 10 - Be careful with God by frequently remembering Him , and be fearful of God by being pious , and approach God through obedience , for indeed He is near and responsive .
  317. 11 - The greatness of those who came to know his greatness lies in their modesty . The dignity of those who came to know His glory lies in their humbleness . The security of those who came to know His power lies in their submission to God .
  318. 12 - You should know that God has not created you for no reason and that has not left you to your own . He has determined your life time and divided your sustenance among you so that every wise man know his share and understand what- ever he receives has been predestined and that he would not receive that which does not belong to him . God has provided you with sufficient in come to have enough time to worship and thank Him . He made remembrance and prayer obligatory and recommended you to be pious to gain his utmost satisfaction .
  319. 13 - O' servants of God ! Do have God fearing and do know that God enables God fearing persons to overcome trials , and to succeed in their affairs . He will also smooth the path of right for God-fearing people .
  320. 14 - Only those people who are properly guided consult one another .
  321. 15 - Meanness is to fail to thank God for His blessing .
  322. 16 - In quest , do not take victory for granted , do not trust predestination like the yielding , for it is a tradition to be in quest of sustenance . Thus ,moderation in search of one's livelihood comes from chastity which is not on the way of sustenance .By the same token , avarice does not increase sustenance . In deed , sustenance has been predestined and avarice brings about sins .
  323. 17 - One is free as long as has not promised . However when one promises ,he shoulders responsibility and shall not be released until he fulfils his promise .
  324. 18 - The person having confidence in God's free-will ( satisfied with divine destiny ) dose not wish to be in a state other than the one chosen for him by God .
  325. 19 - The good without evil is thanking for the blessing and patience in calamities and hardships .
  326. 20 - Imam , peace be upon him , said to a man just cured from a disease : God remembered you , then you remember Him . He pardoned you , you  should thank him .
  327. 21 - Whoever regularly goes to the mosque will enjoy one of the following eight benefits : a decisive verse , access to a helpful brother , new knowledge , an expected mercy , a word leading him to the way of salvation or salvation or saving him from death , quitting sins out of public shame , and God-fearing .
  328. 22 - Indeed , the eyes with most clear - sightedness are those penetrating good , the ears with sharpest hearing are those benefiting from advice , and the purest hearts are those without any doubts .
  329. 23 - A man asked Imam Hassan peace be upon him , " I have a daughter , whom should she marry ? " A man", answered the Imam , " of faith and God fearing for if he loves her, he will respect her , and should he hate her won't do injustice to her".
  330. 24 - Indeed , this world offers no everlasting blessing , nor one is immune to its damages and evils . The world is a sham standing on the way to happiness , an unreliable support .
  331. 25 - O' Servants of God ! Take advice from example , be admonished by the effects of ancients , stop disobedience by remembering His blessings and benefit from pieces of advice .
  332. 26 - Indeed , God made Ramadan a racing field of His people so that take precedence to obtain His consent by obeying Him .
  333. 27 - I Swear by God , if the veil is lifted , it will be revealed that benefactors are engaged in benefaction and that malefactors in wickedness .
  334. 28 - O' My son Fraternize nobody before knowing his destiny or origin .Thus , after having come to know him and after having accepted to keep company with him , enter in to a fraternity , provided you could pardon his blunders and help him in hardships .
  335. 29 - When asked what fear is , Imam , peace be upon him , replied .Showing bravery towards friends and running away from enemies .
  336. 30 - Infamy is easier than entering the Hell .
  337. 31 -Foolishness is tending to meanness and keeping company with the misguided .
  338. 32 - Imam , peace be upon him , described his benefactor brother as follows : I thought him to be the greatest of all . The secret of his greatness lay in his low opinion of this world . Ignorance had no control on him . He did not take any action unless he made sure that the action was useful . He never complained, nor , did he get angry and distressed . He was silent for the greater part of his life time and when he spoke , he was the most eloquent of all . He looked weak ; how ever , he fought as bravely as a lion . At the presence of scholars , he preferred listening to speaking . He spoke whenever it was necessary , never saying anything he did not act upon and acting upon things he did not speak about . When faced with two alternatives he was not sure which one was more pleasing to God , he considered the alternative less pleasing to himself . He did not blame anybody for doing something for which there existed an acceptable excuse .
  339. 33 - An irrational person is rude , and a person with no ambition lacks manliness , An infidel has no shame . Wisdom causes one to keep good company with people . Happiness in both worlds is obtained by wisdom .
  340. 34 - I am astonished to see people thoughtful of their food , but unthoughtful of their spiritual nourishment . They protect themselves against harmful food , but fail to reject dirty and mean thoughts .
  341. 35 - Imam , the chosen one , peace be upon him , wore his best attire on prayers . In response to those who had asked the reason , Imam said : " God is beautiful and likes beauty , that is why I adorn myself at His presence .
  342. 36 - The only permanent phenomenon in this perishing world is Quran . There- fore , let Quran be your Imam and leader to be guided . Indeed , those who apply the teaching of Quran to their conduct , are the most deserving of the Book , not withstanding they have not learnt it by heart .And the farthest people from Quran are those not acting upon it's instructions , though they are able to recite it .
  343. 37 - O' people ! whoever with sincerity and devotion towards God , listens to His guidance , will be guided to the most righteous path and God will assist him in knowledge and awareness to reach a happy end .
  344. 38 - A right question is tantamount to half knowledge , tolerance of people is tantamount to a half of reason , and economy is tantamount to a half of expenditures .
  345. 39 - The highest degree of cleverness is God-fearing and piety , and the highest degree of ignorance is gratifying one's passions .
  346. 40 - Friday night , I saw my mother worshipping till dawn bowing down and prostrating herself . She offered petitions to many believers mentioning their names , she did not offer any petition for herself , I therefore , asked her : " Mother , why did not you not offered any petition for yourself as you did for others ? " " My son , " replied she , " Neighbors are to be given priority over the members of the household and oneself . "
  347. 41 - Messenger of Allah , peace be upon him and his progeny , said : " Choose to be a friend of the Prophet's family , for whoever meets God while being a friend of our household , will enter Paradise as a result of our intercession .
  348. 42 - O' people ! I heard my grandfather , the messenger of God , say : " I am the city of knowledge and Ali , peace be upon him , is the gate to the city . How can one enter a city without going through its gate ?
  349. 43 - Some body asked Imam Hassan , peace be upon him , : Why are we reluctant to die , why don't we like death ? " Because , " replied the Imam , " You ruined your next world and developed this one ; naturally , you do not like to be transferred from flourishing to decline .
  350. 44 - I swear by God , whoever chooses to be our friend , no matter he is kept in captivity in such a remote place as Deylam , our friendship will benefit him . Indeed , our friendship removes Adam's offspring's' sins , as the wind scatters the leaves of trees .
  351. 45 - Most inhabitants of Kufah wrote Mu'awiya letter to the effect that they support him and that should he wish so , they would capture Imam Hassan , peace be upon him and bring him to Mu'awiya . Than they plundered Imam Hassan's tent and injured him . subsequently , Imam Hassan , peace be upon him , wrote Mu'awiya the follwing letter : Indeed , this government and the Holy Prophet's succession belongs to me , and the members of my family being forbidden to you and the members of your family , that is what I personally heard from the Apostle of God . I swear by God , If I could find patient friends aware of their right, I would not yield to you and would deny you your requests .
  352. 46 - If I could reduce the entire world to one single morsel of food to feed a pure worshipper , I would feel negligent of my duties to wards him . And if I could prevent an infidel from enjoying worldly blessing , to the extent that his life should be endangered for want of food and water , and then I hand him a glass of water , I would consider myself to be wasteful .
  353. 47 - To God , the highest - ranking man is the one most familiar with people's rights . And that who is humble towards his brothers in faith , will be put , by God , among the veracious and shi'ites of the king of the Believers Ali , peace be upon him .
  354. 48 - The Holy Prophet said : No one is a true believer unless he does an evaluation of himself more seriously than the selting of accounts between two partners or between a master and his slave .
  355. 49 - The Messenger of God , may the blessing of Allah be upon him said : " Making brothers in faith happy causes one's sins to be forgiven .
  356. 50 - This world is a trouble - some place of trail , and everything therein will decline , God has informed us of its situation so that we could be taught a lesson there from . He has warned us against punishment in order that , thereafter , we would not argue with him . Consequently , be pious in this perishing world , and be interested in the internal , and be God fearing openly and secretly .
  357. 51 - Abandon what is discretionary when it happens to be in contradiction to what is obligatory .
  358. 52 - Three things lead people to their destruction . pride , greed and jealousy . Pride undermines faith , and Satan was cursed and damned for the same . Greed is the enemy of one's soul and Adam was expelled from paradise for the same reason , and jealousy leads to evil and misery . Cain killed his brother Abel only because of jealousy .
  359. 53 - Transfer your knowledge to others and also learn from others to enhance your own knowledge and also forever coming your own short comings .
  360. 54 - Only visit those from whom you hope to be endowed or whose power you fear , or those who benefit . you from their knowledge or those whom you hope would pray for you , or those who are your own relatives .
  361. 55 - I have never seen a tyrant more similar to the oppressed than a jealous person .
  362. 56 - Forget about whatever worldly things you aimed to attain but couldn't.
  363. 57 - Any one whom God blesses with an opportunity to pray , God will accept his prayers and to whom God gives the chance to worship and be obedient , for him He will open the doors of acceptance , and any one who is blessed by Him to thank God , He will open the doors of abundance for increasing his blessings .
  364. 58 - This question was put forward to Imam Mujtaba . Oh son of Prophet . How are you ? He said : I have a God that controls me while the fire of Hell is in front of me . Death is summoning me and I am surrounded by what I've to give an account of on the day of final Judgment . I'm caught and entangled between my actions and deeds . I can't get what I like and I am unable to get away from what I despise , because all affairs are in the hands of God . If He chooses He will forgive me . Therefore which poor man is more needy than me ?
  365. 59 - Giving promises is like aphids in generosity and philanthropy , the remedy is only in fulfillment and accomplishment .
  366. 60 - Don't be too prompt in punishing wrongdoings and errors; always leave some time for apology between the perpetration of a mistake and punishment .
  367. 61 - Disasters and hardships are keys to rewards and compensations .
  368. 62 - A blessing is a Divine test , therefore if you thank God it remains a blessing , but if you are ungrateful it turns in to God's wrath .
  369. 63 - The benefit you get from your tongue is enough for you to distinguish the path to guidance from the route to aberration .
  370. 64 - Don't ever regret deep reflection and rationalization because thinking revives the alert heart and is a key to doors of wisdom .
  371. 65 - Oh thou the son of Adam ! Since you were born you were busy destroying your life . So try to provide provision for the world hereafter in the rest of your life . Indeed a true believer makes provision in this world and an unbeliever regales himself and then he recited this verse : " Make provision ( in this world ) indeed there is no provision better than piety . "
  372. 66 - Some one asked Imam to give him a piece of advice . He said : Get ready for your last journey , and before death arrives prepare yourself some provision and be ware that when you desire this world , death desires for you . To day you shouldn't think about tomorrow's sorrows . And be ware that whatever wealth gathered by you , if it exceeds your daily sustenance , infact is saved for others . And be ware for the lawful wealth of this world will be duly counted , and the unlawful wealth is followed by punishment ,and there is reproach in doubtful wealth . Therefore consider this world as a carcass and take only that much that suffices you . In this case if it is lawful , you've performed a virtuous act , and if it is unlawful you haven't committed any sin because it sufficed your urgent need , the same way you may eat a carcass in exigency , and if there is any reproach in it , it will be little and light .
  373. 67 - Behave , in this world , in such a way as if you will be living forever , and for the world hereafter act in a way as if you'll die tomorrow .
  374. 68 - If you had to become friends due to a want with a man and associate with him , Be friends with a person whose association adds to your dignity and when you do him a service , he supports you and when you ask him for assistance he helps you and if you say something , he confirms your words and if you attack , strengthens you in your assault and if you asked for  something , assists you and if your shortcoming is revealed he covers it and if he sees any good deed performed he takes it into account .
  375. 69 - One prayer of he who recites Quran is accepted by God either immediately or with some delay .
  376. 70 - Imam Hassan on whom be peace : The Prophet of God ( P.B.U.H ) has said : Any one who recites " AYAT - OL - KORSI " ( verses ) after obligatory prayer will be under the protection of God till the next prayer .
  377. 71 - Any fasting person can have one prayer accepted at the time he opens his fast . So when you take the first morsel to open a fast say : " In the name of God , oh God thine forgiveness is over whelming and abundant . Please forgive me .
  378. 72 - Imam Hassan on whom be peace : The Prophet of God ( P.B.U.H ) he said after performing morning prayers anyone who sits in the same place and keeps invoking the name of God until sunrise will have a curtain and a barrier between him and the tormenting fire of God .
  379. 73 - Whoever is foud of praying , purifies and adorns himself for it.
  380. 74 - It is becoming of a man on fast to dye his beard and put perfume on his clothes and It is becoming of a woman on fast to comb her hair and put perfume on her clothes .
  381. 75 - I heard it from my father that the messenger of God said anyone who tries to satisfy the need of his Muslim brother , his endeavors are equal to nine thousand years of worshipping God with days spent on fasting and nights busy with praying .
  382. 76 - Giving alms tax never results in decrease of wealth .
  383. 77 - I feel ashamed of my God to meet Him while I haven't performed pilgrimage to the House of God on foot .
  384. 78 - When one of you meets his friend , you must kiss the place of light on his forehead .
  385. 79 - He whose death is due asks for time to compensate for the misdeeds of the past and one whose death is not due and has time to perform good deeds , procrastinates .
  386. 80 - Oh those who seek pleasures of the world ! You should know that they are transitory and taking pride in a shadow that vanishes is absurdity .
  387. 81 - The greatest forgiveness and pardon of God comes when the sinner is not able to make a pretext for his wrong doing .
  388. 82 - One who know God , loves God . One who knows the world , the world tries to be chaste , and a true believer never goes after useless things , unless he is taken unawares and when he recognizes his mistake , he feels sad .
  389. 83 - God provides everything to one who worships God .
  390. 84 - He who counts his good deeds compromises the gratitude and benedictions that are due to him .
  391. 85 - Some body asked Imam Hassan (PBUH ) about the virtues of reticence . He replied . Reticence is a cover for ignorance and beauty honor and respect .And he who observes silence is always easy and calm and the one who associates with him is secure .
  392. 86 - A man sought guidance of Imam Hussain . The Imam replied : Don't praise me for I know myself much better than you know me and don't consider me a liar for the views of a liar are worthless and never talk light of others before me .
  393. 87 - Oh son of Adam , abstain from misdeeds to remain pious and be content with what God gives you to remain free of needs . Recognize and implement the right of your neighbor to remain a Muslim and treat others as you would like others to treat you , in order to remain just .
  394. 88 - It was asked of Imam , " Whose life is better than all ? " .He replied : " The one who , he allows participation of people in his life .
  395. 89 - Being deprived of necessities is better than cadging from the aberrant .
  396. 90 - Having a sour disposition is worse than affliction and misfortune .
  397. 91 - Oh you people of Kufa , remember that there is beauty in forbearance
  398. and keeping promises manliness , precipitance and haste show lake of knowledge and lake of knowledge imprudence , Fellowship with the mean brings disgrace and shame , and social communication with libertines and sinners creates suspicion and doubt .
  399. 92 - Have experienced and those who experience have also experienced that nothing surpasses forbearance in effectiveness and nothing is more pernicious as lack of it . With patience all affairs are rectified and nothing else can replace it .
  400. 93 - I have never seen any right with no wrong in it but death , which is so Similar to wrong with no right in it .
  401. 94 - Imam Hassan Mujtaba used to raise his eyes upwards before entering the mosque and say : Oh creator your guest is standing in front of your house .Oh the beneficent ! I the uncouth transgressor, have come to your threshold to ask forgiveness for all my loathsome misdeeds from all the beauties that abound in you, oh thou the merciful and beneficent .
  402. 95 - There are 12 Points which Should be observed about eating and that every Muslim is required to be informed of . Four of them are compulsory, the other four are the Prophets traditions, and the remaining four are in accordance with the etiquettes and ethics . On compulsory Points : 1 ) Knowing the Person who feeds you .
  403. 2 ) Being satisfied with what is fed .
  404. 3 ) Taking the name of Good and being thankful to whatever is endowed .
  405. On Prophet' traditions 1 ) Performing one's ablution before eating .
  406. 2 ) Sitting on the left leg (Or part of the body) .
  407. 3 ) Eating with 3 fingers and licking them up .
  408. On etiquettes and ethics 1 ) Eating What is set before you
  409. .2 ) Having small morsels .
  410. 3 ) Chewing the food well .
  411. 4 ) Avoiding staring at the others constantly .
  412. 96 - Jesting eliminates respect and honor .
  413. 97 - A good deed is one performed without hesitation and Without reminding that a favor has been done .
  414. 98 - The blessings of our Creator remain unknown and are taken for granted , as long as they abound and their worth is realized , only when they are gone .

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