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Golden Sayings / Speeches of  Hazrat Imam Ali Zain ul Abideen a.s.
Asalamoalaka ya Hazrat Imam Ali Zain ul Abideen a.s.

1.      Imam 'Ali Ibn al-Husain (A.S) used to say: Every Mu'min, whose eyes shed tears upon the killing of Husain Ibn' Ali (A.S.) and his companions, such that the tears roll down his cheeks, Allah shall accommodate him in the elevated rooms of paradise.
2.      Allama Majlisi writes, “ It is said that he (i.e. Imam Zayn al-'Abideen) continued to weep till his eyes were endangered. And whenever he took water to drink, he wept till the tears filled the pot. Someone talked to him about it and he replied: "Why should not I cry, when my father was denied the water which was free to the beasts and animals?”
3.      He also says, "And never was food brought to him but that he wept, so much so that a servant told him: ‘May I be your ransom, O Son of the Messenger of Allah! I am afraid that you would die (of this weeping).’ The Imam said: 'I only complain of my distraction and anguish to Allah and I do not know. Never do I remember the massacre of the children of Fatima but that tears strangle me.’"
4.      Imam Zainul Abideen (A.S.) is reported to have said: "When a believer’s eyes shed tears for the death of al-Hussain until they flow over his cheeks, Allah will provide for him rooms in Paradise which he will inhabit for a long time. When a believer’s eyes shed tears until they flow over his cheeks because of the atrocities inflicted upon us by our enemies in this world, Allah will provide him with a true abode in paradise." Ibn Qawlawayah p. 103
5.      May Allah have mercy on you - know that Allah has rights against you. These rights surround you in all your movements, in your rest, in all your body parts and every thing that you use. Some of these rights are big others are small.
6.      The greatest right which is on you is from Allah Himself and this is the root of all other rights .... The greatest right of Allah on you is to worship Him without associating anything with Him. If you do that with purity of heart,
7.      He promises to give you sufficiently what you need here and in the next world ...
8.      The rights of your teacher on you are: You should look at him with honor, listen to him with full attention, sit facing him with respect and do not raise your voice in his presence.
9.      If someone asks him a question, you should not reply it but let the teacher do it.
10.  Do not speak to any one or talk bad things about others in front of him.
11.  You should hide his faults and speak of his good qualities.
12.  Keep away from his enemies and do not make enemies with his friends.
13.  If you do all these, angels will be your witness that you did what you were required to do and that you obtained knowledge from him for the pleasure of Allah only.
14.  The rights of your mother are: she carried you where no one carries anyone else; she fed you the fruit of her heart which no one gives to anyone else; she protected you with all parts of her body.
15.  She did not care if she remained hungry as long as you were fed; if she was thirsty as long as you drank; if she was naked as long you had clothes on, if she was in the sun so long as you were in shade.
16.  She lost her sleep for you, she protected you from cold and heat so that you should live.
17.  You will never be able to thank her unless if Allah helps you ....
18.  The right of your neighbor is that you should guard him (His belongings) when he is absent, respect him when he is present and help him when he is wronged.
19.  Do not do any shameful act to him. If you know of any bad things about him keep that secret.
20.  If you know he will accept your advice then give it to him.
21.  Do not leave him alone when he is in trouble.
22.  Help him out of his troubles, forgive him if he has wronged you and treat him generously.
23.  Surely, I have never brought to mind the martyrdom of the children of Fatima (A.S.) except that I have been choked with tears due to it.
24.  Try to earn a high position in Paradise (Jannah). Remember that highest positions will be given to those who have been most useful to their brothers in faith and who have been most helpful to the needy.
25.  Remember there are times when a person says but one good sentence and that brings him very near to Allah and brings his freedom on the Day of Judgment.
26.  Never think that what you do for your brother in faith is unimportant because these are the things that will be of much use to you on a day when nothing else will be of any use.
27.  (Speaking) Good words increase a person's wealth and sustenance, prolong his life, make him to be loved by his wife and children and take him to paradise.
28.  He who honors himself will debase the worldly life.
29.  "Our character isn't one of kicking the fallen ones. Neither do we avenge the enemy when he has fallen and weak. Our character is that of assisting the poor and the needy."
30.  But just apposite to his expectation, Imam (as), in his usual manner of a Muslim must aid a Muslim, called on him: "Salaamun 'Alaikum." After greeting him, the Imam (as) offered: "If there is anything I could do for you, I am ready to do." Bihar v. 11, p. 17 & 27. And "Al Imam Sadiq Sayyed al Ahl" translated by Husayn Wijdani, p. 92.
31.  The richest of people is that who is satisfied with what Allah has chosen for him.
32.  The whole goodness is to protect yourself (against all that which is unacceptable).
33.  The very hypocrite is that who warns people (against evil deeds) but he does not stop committing them and orders them (to do good acts) but he does not do (such acts).
34.  When he stands for offering the prayer he turns right and left, when he genuflects (in the prayer) he huddles, and when he prostrates himself, he pecks.
35.  In evenings, his only concern is dinner while he was not fasting.
36.  In mornings, his only concern is to sleep while he has not passed (the last) night with worship.
37.  The believer, on the other hand, mixes his acts with clemency; he sits down so that he may learn (something); he keeps silent so that he may save himself, he does not divulge his secrets before his friends (even); he does not conceal witnessing for the strangers; he does not act any rightful action out of showing off, he does not neglect any act out of prudence; if he is praised, he fears sayings of the eulogists and seeks Allah's forgiveness for what they do not know; he does not care for the ignorance of those who ignore him.
38.  To spend moderately in times of poverty, give generously in times of luxury, treat people fairly, and greet them initiatively - these manners are within the characters of the believers.
39.  Indeed, the inner knowledge and gnosis and the zenith of the religion of a Muslim is abandoning such talk which is meaningless and futile, and the scarcity of his dispute and arguing, and his forbearance and his patience and fortitude and his politeness and good conduct.
40.  The assemblies of the pious men are the invitations to righteousness and piety.
41.  Imam Sajjad (A.S.): The right of Hajj for you is to know that through this you enter your God's bounders and you turn to him instead of sinning, and because of this your sorrow is accepted and you have achieved what God has asked you to do.
42.  Imam Ali ibn Hussain (A.S.) says: When Haji sacrifices in the desert of Mina (that is a place near Makkah) , his sacrifices will be the price of his freedom from the fire of the Resurrection Day.
43.  Imam Sajjad (A.S.) says: A person, who accepts responsibility for the family and financial matters of a Haji, has the same reward as a Haji has himself. It is even as if he has performed Hajj himself.
44.  Imam Ali ibn Hussain Zainul Abedin (A.S.) says: When the night of Arafat and the first hours of the Mina day come, God presents his dearest Angels to the people standing in Arafat and Mina.
45.  Imam Ali ibn Hussain Zainul Abedin (A.S.) says: Pilgrim of God's House will be forgiven, and he is entitled to go to heaven and his family and  possessions will be safe and immune.
46.  Imam Ali ibn Hussain Zainul Abedin (A.S.) says: Feeding in Makkah is like fasting in other places and fasting one day in Makkah is equal to fasting one year in other places and walking in Makkah is a prayer itself.
47.  Imam Ali ibn Hussain Zainul Abedin (A.S.) says: Perform Hajj and Umrah rituals in order to be safe and sound, to make it better living for your family and make a better life.
48.  Take care. Avoid the companionship of transgressor because he sells you for a morsel (of food) or less than that.
49.  Take care not to acquire the company of foolish and witless since he wants to benefit you but harms you (due to his stupidity).
50.  Take care not to acquire the companionship of the parsimonious and miser because he will deprive you of his wealth while you will extremely need it.
51.  Be careful about committing sin along with joy (avoid it) since the felicity of committing sin is itself a bigger sin (than the actual sin).
52.  (O people) contemplate, meditate, and practice for the (place, thing) that you have been created for; Allah did not at all create you in vain and useless.
53.  Be careful not to acquire the company of sinners and help the oppressors and tyrants and become the neighbor of transgressors.
54.  Be careful keep and look out for their sedition and commotion and keep away from their area.
55.  And be aware that the one who opposes the friends and saints of ALLAH and follows a religion other than the religion of Allah and self willing makes his own view as a basis of his matter than that of the saint of Allah (omits the commands of the saints) will get into roaring fire which eats up the bodies, which were overwhelmed by their wretchedness and villainy.
56.  So take lessons Oh those having eyes and visions and do not praise Allah upon His guiding you and do know that you cannot go out of the (sphere) of Allah’s Power towards the Power of other than Him.
57.  And Allah is watching your practices and then you would resurrected towards Him.
58.  Therefore, get benefited by the admonition (of Allah) and get trained and chastise with the civility (decorum) of those pious.
59.  There is no drop which is dearer to Allah more than two drops: the drop of bloods (which drips out) on the course of Allah (Jihad) and the drop of tears in the darkness of night in which a servant does not want anything except (pleasing and loving) Allah.
60.  Then, Imam Baqir [a] asked his father who they were and might he introduce them to him. He responded: "Beware of and do not associate with the one who tells lies. He is as a mirage which makes near for you what is far, and makes far to you what is near."
61.  "Beware of and do not associate with an immoral person, because he will sell you at the price of a morsel or less than that."
62.  "Beware of and do not associate with a miser because he will deprive you of his wealth when you are seriously in need of it."
63.  "Beware of and do not associate with a fool, because he wants to be of avail to you but he harms you."
64.  "Beware of and do not associate with the one who disregards his kinfolks, because I found him (such a person) cursed in the Book Allah, Almighty and Glorious, in three occurrences."
65.  [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu Nasr told us: Muhammad b. Ali b. Abd Allah told us: my father told me: Abd Allah b. Harun told us: Umar b. Dinar told me:] Death was close to Zayd b. Usama b. Zayd and he began to weep.
"What makes you weep?" asked Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. "What makes me weep," he said, "is the fact that I owe fifteen thousand dlnars and I have not left anything to fulfil the debt for them." "Do not weep," Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, told him, "they are my debt now and you are free of them." So he paid them for him.
66.  Imam Sajjad [a] said: "The meeting of the righteous invites you to goodness." Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p.141
67.  Imam Sajjad [a] said: "Beware of the companionship of the sinful, and helping of the unjust."Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p.151
68.  There are three things which are refuges and shelters for a faithful: to refrain his tongue from the people and their backbiting and keeping himself busy with things which are beneficial for his futurity, hereafter, and the world; protected and lengthy weeping upon his sins.
69.  There are three qualities which if present in a faithful , he is supported and backed by Allah, and Allah provides him the shade of His celestial throne and secures him from the great horror of the doomsday: the one who gives those rights to the others which he wishes and looks forward to from the others.
70.  And the man who does not extend his hand and does not take a step ahead till he knows (for sure) that his step is in the direction of obedience of Allah or in his sin.
71.  And the person who does not find fault with his brother till he abandons that fault himself.
72.  To lessen the demands regarding needs from others is the cash needless and wealth.
73.  The assemblies of the pious men are the invitations to righteousness and piety.
74.  Guard against lies, both small and big, in all conditions both in seriousness and jokes
75.  He (PBUH) was asked, "Who is most in danger?", so he said, "the one who does not regard the dangerous for himself."
76.  Hazrat Imam 'Ali ibn al-Husayn ('a) and the women and children of the Prophet's family were brought as captives into his court at Damascus:
Alas! Had only my elders that were slain at Badr, seen the torments of Khazraj by the edge of the sword.
They would have cried 'hurra!' and given cries of joy, and said: Bravo,
77.  O Yazid, for what you have done!
We have killed the elect of their chiefs, avenging by his death, the victims of Badr.
78.  The clan of Hashim dallied with kingdom, and there was neither any revelations nor any news from the heavens.
79.  I am not of Khindif should I fail to take revenge, from the family of Ahmad for what they have done.
80.  As can be seen, the vengeful spirit that pervades these verses is one that characterized the pagan Arab tribes of the Jahiliyyah.
81.  It is a base spirit that still wallows in the loyalties and attachments of a barbaric tribal society that is a stranger to the message of Islam of a universal creed based on higher moral and spiritual values.
82.  We , descendants of the Noble Prophet of Islam (S.A.W), have been trained from childhood to face afflictions and sufferings. We know that those who are loved by Allah are tried by Him and if they remain steadfast and true to their faith in Him, then only He bestows His Divine favors on them in the life hereafter, which is permanent and not transitory like this worldly life."
83.  Imam Ali bin Hussein (a.s.), in a speech about the Islam of his father, Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.), said: "....and he believed in Allah, the Exalted, and in His Messenger. He preceded the others in Islam and in reciting prayers by a three year interval."
84.  Imam Ali Ibn Al-Hussain (Zain Al-Abedeen (A.S.)) replied to the Syrian who said to him while he was a prisoner of the Umayyads in Damascus: "Praise be to Allah Who killed you..etc. "
Then he (A.S.) said: "Haven't you read the verse: 'Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin, and if any-one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof; For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, most ready to appreciate (service). "' (42: 23)
85.  [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Idrss b. Muhammad b. Yahya b. Abd Allah b. Hasan b. Hasan, Ahmad b. Abd Allah b. Musa, and Ismail b. Yaqub, all told me: Abd Allah b. Musa told us on the authority of his father (Musa b. Abd Allah), on the authority of his grandfather (Abd Allah b. al-Hasan), who said:] My mother, Fatima, daughter of al-Husayn, peace be on him, used to tell me to sit with my maternal uncle, Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. I never sat with him without rising with some good which I had derived from him, whether it was fear of God which occurred in my heart when I realised (what) fear of God (was) or some traditional knowledge (ilm) which I acquired from him.
86.  [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad al-Alawi informed me on the authority of his grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan), on the authority of Muhammad b. Maymun al-Bazzaz, who said: Sufyan b. Uyayna informed us on the authority of Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri, who said:]
Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who was the best Hashimi we ever met, said: "Love us, for it is love for Islam. May your love for us never cease even if it becomes a public disgrace."
87.  [Abu Mu'ammar reported on the authority of Abd al-Aziz Abu Hazim who said:]
I heard my father say: "I have never seen a Hashimi more meritorious (afdal) than Ali b. al-Husayn."
88.  As for the first premise, Imam Zain al Abidin (as) said: وَمِمَّنْ هَدَيْنَا of those whom We guided is us (the ahlul bayt). Alloshi (tafsir) says that it refers to the prophets. If you look back to the beginning of the verse, it is mentioning the prophets and their progeny:
أُوْلَئِكَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِن ذُرِّيَّةِ آدَمَ وَمِمَّنْ حَمَلْنَا مَعَ نُوحٍ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْرَائِيلَ
Those were some of the prophets on whom Allah did bestow His Grace,- of the posterity of Adam, and of those who We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Abraham and Israel
89.  After the murder of al-Husain when his family were taken prisoners and were moved to Damascus, a man in the city (who among others was looking at the passing of prisoners in the city) said to Zain al-Abideen (Imam Ali Ibn al-Husain) that "Praise be to Allah who destroyed you and made you helpless and cut the root of sedition."
90.  On that, Zain al-Abideen said: "Didn't you read 'Say I don't ask you any wage except to love my near kin'?" The man answered: "Are you one of those?" He (Zain al-Abideen) said: "Yes.
91.  Hazrat  Ali Ibn Al-Hussain Ibn Ali (a.s) said: "Once a blind man asked for permission to enter Fatima's house, but she kept a veil between them. The Messenger of Allah noticed her actions and asked: 'Why did you keep a veil between you when he can not see you?' Fatima (a.s) answerd: Messenger of Allah, it is true that he can not see me, but I can see him and he can smell my fragrance.'At this, the Prophet (p.b.u.h) said: 'I bear witness that you are part of me."
92.  One of these persons, who perhaps was closer to him, a friend if not a blood relation and quite advance in age, came hurriedly to where the old man was standing and said: O' Jaber (r), what is the matter with you that you woke up so early before the break of dawn? May Allah bless you and your noble revered father, we all felt frightened by the thought that some illness had come to you some pain had awakened you from your sleep. Pray tell us the cause of your perturbation, if it is not connected in any way with your health.
The old man was no other than Jaber Ibn Abdullah Ansari (r). He had on hearing about martyrdom of Imam Hussain (a.s) and his companions and the imprisonment and humiliation of the surviving members of his family hastened towards Karbala with his devoted friends and follower. He had heard that bodies of the martyrs of Karbala were left without any burial.
On reaching Karbala, he saw that the Bani Asad who were having their nomadic camps some distance away from Karbala have covered the bodies with sand to protect them from ravages but no proper burial had been given to the martyrs. Jaber (r), with the help of his friends prepared the graves of the martyrs.
Jaber Ibn Abdullah (r) explained to his friends and companions that the reason why he had awakened them so early that morning was that in his dream he had seen the Holy Prophet who had told him the captives caravan, comprising Ali Zainul Abedeen (a), his infant son Muhammad al Baqir (a), Hussein (a)'s sisters were to reach Karbala that morning. The Prophet had asked him to go forward to greet them and to convey to them his salaams and condolences. He told his friends that he had awakened after this and he wanted them to accompany him so that they could go forward to receive the caravan and play hosts to the family of the Prophet (s).
93.  By this time the first streak of dawn was visible on the eastern horizon. One of the entourage of Jaber (r) recited the call to prayers and all offered their morning prayers and thanked Almighty Allah for giving them the opportunity of being nor only the first pilgrims at the graves of the martyrs of Karbala, but also the first ones to greet the family of the prophet (s) on their return visit to the land rendered scared by the Holy blood of the martyrs.
No sooner had they finished the prayers than they saw a cloud of dust rising in the distant horizon, indicating the approach of a caravan. Jaber (r) and his friends rode their mounts to receive and welcome the Prophet (s)'s family. As soon as they were at a hailing distance, they got down from their steed and, with profound respect offered their salutation to Imam Ali Zainul abadeen (a). Jaber went over to the imam and holding the bridle of his horse respectfully led him towards his camp on the banks of the river with the rest of the caravan following them. He told the Imam about the purpose of his visit to Karbala what he had seen and heard during his halt there, and what he had done. He also respectfully enquired from Imam Zainul abadeen (a) about treatment meted out to him and the ladies of the prophet (s)'s family. When this question was put to him the Imam wept silently for quite some time and then softly replied:
"O' Jaber it is a story of sufferings which will be written in blood and tears for future generations to read! What suffering shall I recount to you, which we endured after the tragedy here? The defy description".
94.  When the ladies of Imam hussain (a)'s family saw the graves of their dear ones, they fell one by one from their camels, overcome by grief and sorrow. Each one rushed towards the grave of her son, brother, father or husband. Each lady poured her heart over the grave of her dearest departed relation, narrating all the sufferings she endured. Zaineb (a) darted straight towards grave of Hussain (a).
Zaineb (a) was heard to say on Imam Hussain (a)'s grave: "My beloved brother, I have returned to you but without Sakina (a), whom you had at the time of departing entrusted to my care. My dearest brother, your beloved Sakina (a) bore all the suffering mutely and with fortitude till she could no longer endure them and surrendered her soul to her Maker. Forgive me my dear brother, if I faltered in any way in fulfilling the mission you entrusted to me."
95.  [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu-Jafar Muhammad b. Isma'il told us:]
Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, made the pilgrimage and the people were shouting about his comely disposition and looking at him. They began to question each other: "Who is that? Who is that?"
(They were doing this) in magnification of him and in exaltation of his rank. Al-Farazdaq was there and he composed the following, saying:
This is he whose ability the valley (of Mecca) recognizes, and whom the (Sacred) House recognizes (as do) the sanctuary and the area outside the sanctuary (al-hill).
This is the son of the best of all God's servants. This is the pure pious man, the pure eminent man.
When he comes to touch the corner of the wall of the Ka'ba, it almost grasps the palm of his hand.
He takes care to be modest and he is protected from his terror.
He only speaks when he smiles.
None of mankind has within their souls such primacy as he does nor such grace as he does.
Whoever knows God, knows his friend (wali). Religion is from the House of this man.
When Quraysh saw him, their spokesmen told of the outstanding qualities of this man which indicate (his) nobility.
96.  The birth of our Qa'im will be hidden from the people in such a way that they will assert: "He has not been born at all!" The reason for his concealment is that when he begins his revolution he will have no one's allegiance on his neck.
97.  O Lord, bless Muhammad (S.A.W) the last of the Prophets and the chief of the Apostles and His descendants who are Pure and Holy.
98.  [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me on the authority of his grandfather, (Yahya b. al-Hasan) who said: Dawud b. al-Qasim told us: Al-Husayn b. Zayd told us on the authority of his uncle, Umar b. Ali, on the authority of his father Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them:]
(Ali b. al-Husayn) used to say: "I have never seen similar preference (given to) a prayer (than this prayer). The worshipper will never pray without an answer coming to him on every occasion."
99.  (It was one of the prayers learned from him, peace be on him, when it was learned that Musrif b. Uqba was heading towards Medina.)
My Lord, however much favour You have bestowed upon me,
my thanks to You for it has been little.
However much testing You have given me,
my endurance in the face of it has been little.
O He who receives little thanks from me for His favour,
let Him not deprive me.
O He Who receives little endurance from me when He tests me,
let Him not desert me.
O Possessor of unceasing kindness !
O Possessor of incalculable favours,
bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad;
ward off the evil (of man) from me
so that I may find protection through You amid (man's) slaughter.
I seek refuge with You from (man's) evil.
100.                      Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina. It was said that he did not have any hostility towards Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He greeted him, honored him, was generous to him and gave gifts to him.
The account from another source is that when Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina, he sent for Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The latter went to him. When he came to him, he honored him and said:
"The Commander of the faithful (i.e. Yazid) has enjoined me to show goodness and generosity towards you, to distinguish you from the others. "So he treated him very well. Then he said to those who were around him: "Saddle my mule for him."
101.                      Then he said to him: "Go to your family. I see that we have filled them with fear when we made you come to us. If that with which we might increase your gift according to your right, were in our hands, we would give it to you."
102.                      "Do not apologies for the ruler (amir) to me," said Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them and rode away.
103.                      "That is the best of men," said Musrif to those who were sitting with him.
104.                      "There is no evil in him because of his position and rank from the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family."
105.                      The account has been reported that one day Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, was in the mosque of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, when he heard some people describing God in terms of His creation.
106.                      He became fearful and frightened of that.
107.                      He rose and went to the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
108.                      He stood before it and raised his voice to talk to his Lord. He said in his conversation to Him:
109.                      My God, Your power has been shown but the form of Your Majesty has not been shown.
They are ignorant of You and they try to estimate You on the basis of what You are not, and they make comparisons with You.
110.                      O my God, I renounce those who seek to discover You through human comparisons.
111.                      My God, there is nothing like You, and they have not become aware of You.
112.                      It is clear that the favour which they have is their evidence for You, if they would (choose to) know You in Your creation, My God, I am free from the fact that they should give You (these characteristics).
113.                      Indeed they have pictured You according to Your creation.
114.                      Thus they do not know You and have adopted some of Your signs as (if they were their) Lord.
115.                      In that way they have attempted to describe You.
116.                      May You be exalted, O my God above the pictures of You of those who try to describe You in human terms.
117.                      The knowledge and piety of this holy imam was matchless AZ-Zuhari. al-Waqidi and Ibn Uyaynah say that they could not find any one equal to him in piety and Godliness. He was so mindful of Allah that when ever he sat for prayer his face complexion changed and all of his body tremble. When he was asked why it is so he answered " Know ye not before whom i stand in prayer and with whom i hold discourse"
118.                      He came to be known as Zain al-Abideen, history books note ,as a result of his worship, by the Prophet (S.A.W.). Al-Zahiri reported on the authority of Sa'id bin al-Mussayab, on the authority of Ibn Abbas, that the messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) had said" On the day of Judgement, a voice would call, addressing us, "And where is Zain al Abideen?' It is as if I am now looking at my son, Ali bin Husayn, string between the rows of people".
119.                      Amru bin Thabit reported, "When Ali bin Hussein and they started ritually washing them, they examined dark marks on his back. 'What are these? Inquired they." He use to carry a bag of flour on his back, during the night, to distribute it to the poor among the people of Madinah,' came the answer"
120.                      A man reviled Zain al - Abideen (A.S.). His servants lunged at the man with the intention of beating him. "Do not touch him' said Zain al-Abideen (A.S.) to his men. Then he turned to the man and asked him, "Are you in need of anything?” The man blushed and could not manage to answer. Then he favored the man with a new garment and 1000 dirhams. The man left saying loudly, 'I bear witness that you are the son of the Messenger of Allah (s.aw)'. Ibid. p 23
121.                      A man once approached Ali bin Hussein (A.S.) and reviled him. The Imam (A.S.) said nothing to him. When the man left, Imam Zain al Abideen (A.S.) turned to those who were in his presence and said "You have heard what the man said. I 'd love you to come with me to hear what I would say to him. "We certainly will" said they, " though we wish you had answered him and we had said something to him." "We certainly will," said they, "though we wish you had answered him and we had said something to him." Then he set off repeating these Quranic words, "And those curb their anger, and who forgive their fellow men, and Allah loves the Charitable." Imam Zainul-Abideen,Ahl-ul-Bait 6, Al Balagh Foundation, Tehran, Iran, p.24
122.                      Hazrat Bibi Zaynab[sa] was the first person who hit her forehead to a bar inside the carriage she was in, causing considerable bleeding, when the head of al-Hussain (AS) was being paraded in Kufa. This is one evidence that the shedding of blood is permissible; whether from the head or from the back etc. The infallible Imam Zayn-el-'Aabidin (AS) used to address Lady Zaynab al-Kubra (AS) by saying to her "You are al-Hamdu-Lillah an untaught scholar" - "Anti al-Hamdu-Lillah 'Alimah Ghayr Mu'allimah" Bihaar al-Anwaar; volume 45, page 114, Jalaa’ al-‘Oyun; volume 2, page 238, Zaynab al-Kubra; page 112, Asraar al-Shahadah; page 474, Al-Muntakhab; volume 2, page 478, Nusrat-ul-Madhlum; page 18.
123.                      Narration of Ibne Sa'ad she was not seen smiling even for a day. Imam Zainul Abedeen (A) mourned for his father for his entire lifetime. Whenever a sheep was slaughtered and its head separated he used to say: "My father's head was chopped off in the same manner. The son of the Prophet was slain in this way."
124.                      Refrain from lying in all things, big or small, in seriousness or in jest. For when one starts lying in petty matters, soon he will have the audacity to lie in important matters (also).
125.                      A man need not fear Allah except on account of his own sins, and should place his hopes only with his lord. When about something one does not know, one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it. And patience is to faith, what the head is to the body; one who does not have patience also lacks faith.
126.                      The fourth holy descendant of Holy prophet Hazrat Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon him and his pure progeny), Hazrat Imam Zaynul Abedeen bin Hussein bin Ali bin Abi Talib (peace of Allah be upon them) stated:"A mujahid who is martyred for Allah's cause does not deserve as much reward as a person who chooses not to sin despite having the power to do so. Such a person may even become one of the chaste angels". (Saheefa-e-Sajjadia)
127.                      Incident 1
Shaykh al-Mufid states in Kitaab al-Irshaad that once Imam Abu Ja'far Muhammd al-Baqir visited his father Imam 'Ali bin al-Husayn. He saw that Imam as-Sajjad had reached an unprecedented state of 'ibadah. "His color had paled from keeping awake all night; eyes sored from weeping; forehead and nose bruised due to prolonged sajdahs; and his feet and ankles were swollen from standing in salaat." Such was the state of our fourth Imam during the worship that our fifth Imam says that he could not help breaking into tears. "I wept out of compassion that I felt for him," commented Imam al-Baqir. Some time passed before the Imam realized that his son has come. Upon seeing him, Imam as-Sajjad asked for the parchments which describe the great 'ibadah of Imam 'Ali bin Abi Talib (a). The fourth Imam read something from it and let it go from his hands in exasperation commenting, "Who has the strength to worship like 'Ali b. Abi Talib, 'alayhis-salaam?"
128.                      Incident 2
Shaykh al-Toosee writes that once Abu Hamzah al-Thumaalee saw Imam 'Ali ibn al-Husayn saying his prayers and his cloak slipped from his shoulders. The Imam did not arrange it. After the prayers Abu Hamzah asked him about it. The Imam responded: Woe to you, don't you know before whom I stood (Wayhaka, atadaree bayna yaday man kuntu)?
129.                      Incident 3
It is said that Imam al-Sajjad did twenty hajj everytime travelling on foot Mecca.
130.                      Incident 4
The fourth Imam had a large farm of date trees. He offered two raka'at payers besides each date tree.
131.                      Incident 5
His daily practice of salaat. His father Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a) states: "'Ali b. al-Husayn, 'alayhimas-salaam, used to pray a thousand rak'aat during the day and the night. The wind would sway (his body) forward like an ear of corn." reports al-Mufid in al-Irshaad.
132.                      Incident 6
His style of entreating the Almighty is well known to all of us who have had a chance of reading from his famous du'as found in AL-SAHEFAAT AL-SAJJADIYYAH. I invite you all to study, or just have a brief look at, the Du'a Abu Hmazah al-Thumalee found in almost all books which cover the A'maal of Holy Ramadhan.
133.                      Imam Sajjad (PBUH) did not answer the man. When the man left, Imam Sajjad (PBUH) said to his companions, "you have heard what this man said to me; I would like you to come with me so that you can hear my reply to him."
134.                      The companions replied, "We will come with you, for we would like you to answer him back. We too would like to say something to him."
135.                      Imam Sajjad (PBUH) put on his shoes and he read this verse as he began to leave,: "..Those who lower and suppress their anger, yet forgive people, truly Allah loves them." (3:134)
136.                      Hearing that, the companions of Imam Sajjad (PBUH) understood that the Imam will not answer the man back. They walked towards the man's house till they reached to his door. With a loud voice Imam (PUBH) said, "Tell him Ali-ibn al-Hussain is here." The man came out offensively prepared to face the punishment of Imam Sajjad (PBUH). But Imam Sajjad (PBUH) told the man, "My Brother! A few moments ago you came to me, and you said whatever you wished. If what you said about me is true within me, then I will ask Allah for forgiveness; and if what you said is not within me, then may Allah forgive you."
137.                      At that time the man kissed Imam Sajjad's (PBUH) forehead and said: "I said something about you that is not in you, yet I deserve whatever I said to you." (Selection from "al-Irshad", by Sheikh Mofid (RA), vol. 2, p.145)
138.                      Imäm Sajjäd (AS) stated: ‘The right of your child is that you should know he is from you. Be it good or bad he is related to you.
139.                      You are responsible for his upbringing, education and showing him the path to Allah and helping him to be obedient.
140.                      You should treat him in such a way that if you behave well towards him, you will be sure of being rewarded and if you behave badly towards him, you will be sure of receiving punishment’ Dua” and afflictions challenge each other until the day of Judgment, yet “Dua” comes out victoriously even if the afflictions are certain to happen.”
141.                      “Dua” removes both the present affliction and that which will come down later.”
142.                      MY God! By Your Glory, even if You put a chain round my neck, deprive me of Your pardon, disclose my disgrace before people, give order to put me into Fire, and make a separation between the righteous and me I will never lose my hope in You, nor will I expel from my heart the desire of seeking Your pardon and forgiveness, or expel from my heart Your Love. I will never forget Your kindness and Your concealing of my defects.”
143.                      Refrain from lying in all things, big or small, in seriousness or in jest.
144.                      For when one starts lying in petty matters, soon he will have the audacity to lie in important matters (also).
145.                      A man need not fear Allah except on account of his own sins, and should place his hopes only with his Lord.
146.                      When about something one does not know, one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it.
147.                      And patience is to faith what the head is to body; one who does not have patience also lacks faith.
148.                      Imäm Sajjäd (AS) stated: ‘One’s happiness is in having pious children from whom one can seek help’.”
149.                      Imam Zayn al-'Abidin predicted that: "The birth of our Qa'im will be concealed from the people and that will cause the people to say that he is not born at all, so that when he takes the command no one's allegiance will be on his neck".
150.                      Refrain from lying in all things, big or small in seriousness or in jest.
151.                      For when one starts lying in pretty matters, soon he will have the audacity to lie in important matters also.
152.                      A man need not fear. Allah except on the account of his own sins and should place his hopes only with his lord.
153.                      When about something one does not know one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it.
154.                      Patience is to faith what the head is to the body, one who does not have patience also lacks faith.
155.                      Whenever he got a chance, the Imam would advise his followers on how they were to lead their lives. These advises or sayings are in plenty.
Over and above that, the Imam gave a lengthy advice on human rights. These today appear in a book form and is called RISALAT AL-HUQUQ (Or a treatise on rights). In this book, the Imam (A.S) gives examples of 51 different rights.We shall reproduce here a few sayings of the Imam and few rights that the Imam (A.S) describes fully in his RISALAT AL-HUQUQ.
156.                      Once, one of his companions complained to him that out of jealousy some people whom he had served very well were treating him badly. The Imam gave him some advice which was:
157.                      Guard your tongue and do not speak about people whatever comes out of your mouth, otherwise you will turn your friends into your enemies.
158.                      Our fourth Imam Zainul Abedeen (as) why the faces of those who rise for Namaaze Shab are graceful and elegant, he said "Because they seek privacy with their Lord, Whose light is focussed on their faces."
159.                      O Lord, bless Muhammad (S.A.W) the last of the Prophets and the chief of the Apostles and His descendants who are Pure and Holy.
160.                      Avoid saying things which the minds of people are not prepared to accept.
161.                      Ali b. al-Husayn) used to say: "I have never seen similar preference (given to) a prayer (than this prayer). The worshipper will never pray without an answer coming to him on every occasion."
(It was one of the prayers learned from him, peace be on him, when it was learned that Musrif b. Uqba was heading towards Medina.)
My Lord, however much favour You have bestowed upon me,my thanks to You for it has been little. 
162.                      However much testing You have given me, my endurance in the face of it has been little. 
163.                      O He who receives little thanks from me for His favour, let Him not deprive me. 
164.                      O He Who receives little endurance from me when He tests me, let Him not desert me. 
165.                      O Possessor of unceasing kindness ! 
166.                      O Possessor of incalculable favours, 
167.                      bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad; ward off the evil (of man) from me so that I may find protection through You amid (man's) slaughter. 
168.                      I seek refuge with You from (man's) evil.
169.                      Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina. It was said that he did not have any hostility towards Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He greeted him, honored him, was generous to him and gave gifts to him. The account from another source is that when Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina, he sent for Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The latter went to him. When he came to him, he honored him and said: "The Commander of the faithful (i.e. Yazid) has enjoined me to show goodness and generosity towards you, to distinguish you from the others."
170.                      So he treated him very well. Then he said to those who were around him: "Saddle my mule for him." 
171.                      Then he said to him: "Go to your family. I see that we have filled them with fear when we made you come to us. If that with which we might increase your gift according to your right, were in our hands, we would give it to you." 
172.                      "Do not apologize for the ruler (amir) to me," said Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them and rode away.
173.                      "That is the best of men," said Musrif to those who were sitting with him. "There is no evil in him because of his position and rank from the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family." 
174.                      The account has been reported that one day Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, was in the mosque of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, when he heard some people describing God in terms of His creation.
175.                      He became fearful and frightened of that.
176.                      He rose and went to the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
177.                      He stood before it and raised his voice to talk to his Lord. He said in his conversation to Him: 
178.                      My God, Your power has been shown but the form of Your Majesty has not been shown. 
179.                      They are ignorant of You and they try to estimate You on the basis of what You are not, and they make comparisons with You. 
180.                      O my God, I renounce those who seek to discover You through human comparisons. 
181.                      My God, there is nothing like You, and they have not become aware of You. 
182.                      It is clear that the favour which they have is their evidence for You, if they would (choose to) know You in Your creation, My God, I am free from the fact that they should give You (these characteristics). 
183.                      Indeed they have pictured You according to Your creation. 
184.                      Thus they do not know You and have adopted some of Your signs as (if they were their) Lord. 
185.                      In that way they have attempted to describe You. 
186.                      May You be exalted, O my God above the pictures of You of those who try to describe You in human terms.
187.                      He who does not have wisdom will be ruined by the a smallest thing (Mistake).
188.                      Imam Zaynul-Aabideen (as) has said, “These are your duties towards your neighbor; protect his interest when he is absent; show him respect when he is present; help him when he is afflicted with any injustice.
189.                      Do not be on look out to detect his faults; and if, by any chance, you happen to know any undesirable thing about him , hide it from others; and at the same time, try to desist him from improper habits, if there is any chance that he will listen to you.
190.                      Never leave him alone in any calamity. Forgive him, if he has done any wrong.
191.                      In short, live with him a noble life based on the highest Islamic ethical code”.
192.                      O Allah spare me the concerns which distract me, employ me in that about which Thou will ask me tomorrow, and let me pass my days in that for which Thou hast created me! Make me worship Thee and corrupt not my worship with self-admiration!
193.                      Let good flow out from my hands upon the people and efface it not by my making them feel obliged!
194.                      Give me the highest moral traits and preserve me from vainglory!"...
195.                      What harm will come to you if you take all Muslims to be your family and your relations? Consider your elders to be your parents, those younger than you as your children and those of your age as your brothers. If you do so who is going to harm or abuse you?
196.                      Whenever a thought comes in your mind that you are better than any other person, then think along these lines : If the person is older than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you in matters of Islam because he has done more good deeds than you have.
197.                      If the person is younger than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you because he has committed less sins than you have.
198.                      If he is of your age than your argument should be : he is better than you in matters of Islam since you know of your own sins but not of his.
199.                      Abu Hamza Thumali (r.a) was a close companion of Imam Sajjad (a.s) He has related that during the month of Ramadhan Imam Sajjad (a.s) used to spend a greater part of the night in prayers and when it used to be the time of beginning of the fast he recited the following dua'a. This dua'a has been recorded in the book Misabh
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
O' my Lord! Do not discipline me by Your punishment, And do not plot against me in Your stratagem. From where do I obtain the bounties,
200.                      O' Lord, while none can be found except with You, And how can I seek salvation while it can be granted by none but You, Neither can the good-doer do without Your help and mercy, nor can the sinful one who offended You (when sinning), and displeased You, bypass the realm of Your power and capacity.
201.                      O' my Lord, O' my Lord, O' my Lord...(repeat until out of breath) I knew of You by You, and You directed me to You and called me to You, and without You I would not have known what You are.
202.                      All Praise is for Allah whom I call upon with my needs then He answers me, even though I was slow when He calls upon me.
203.                      All Praise is for Allah whom I supplicate and He grants me (what I plead for) even though I was stingy when He sought a loan from me.
204.                      All Praise is for Allah whom I call upon with my needs whenever I wish, and I entrust Him with my secrets without an intercessor, and He grants me my wishes.
205.                      All Praise is for Allah whom I do not plead to anyone but Him, for if I pleaded to others, they would not grant me.
206.                      All Praise is for Allah who dignified me by becoming the Disposer of my affairs, instead of making me rely on others who then would humiliate me.
207.                      All Praise is for Allah who endeared me even though He is not in need of me.
208.                      All Praise is for Allah who treats me with clemency, just as if I have no sin.
209.                      So my Lord is the most praised by me of all, and most worthy of my praise.
210.                      O' Allah! I find the roads of wishes to You wide open, And the rivers of hope to You vast and running, And counting on Your bountifulness (in times of need) for those who wished You freely accessible, And the gates of prayer to those who are disparate, wide ajar, And I know that You are for those who ask You in the position of answer, And for those who are distressed, You are in a posture of rescue. And in disparately seeking Your generosity and being content with Your judgment, I find it compensating from the rejection of the misers, and more satisfying than the handouts of the selfish.
211.                      And truly traveling to You is short in duration, and You do not veil Yourself from Your creatures unless their own misdeeds would block them from You.
212.                      And I have sought You for my wish, and directed my need to You, and I depend on You for my rescue, and I assign my pleading to You by praying to You, doing this while knowing that I am not worthy of Your listening to me nor do I have a right on You to pardon me, but I do so because I trust in Your generosity, and I submit to Your true promise (to answer our prayers) and I take refuge through believing in Your unity, and through my certainty of knowledge about You, that indeed I have no other god or lord but You, only You; there is no partner for You.
213.                      O' my Lord! You did say and all of what You say is true and what You promise is unconditional that
214.                      " O' (believers) ask Allah of His bounty, for Allah is Merciful towards you", And it is not from Your features,
215.                      O' my Master, to order me to ask and prevent the answer, and You are the Grantor of all bounties on all residents of Your kingdom and the Giver of Your consoling tenderness.
216.                      O' my Lord! You have brought me up in Your gifts, and bounties since I was youthful, and elevated my designation as I grew older, So,
217.                      O' the One who brought me up in this life with His benevolence, bountifulness and blessings, and indicated to me His forgiveness and generosity in the hereafter. My knowledge,
218.                      O' my Master, is that which guides me to You and my love is my intercessor to You, and I am trusting of my evidence with Your guidance and comfortable of my intercessor with Your intercession. I pray to You,
219.                      O' my master, with a tongue that has been paralyzed by its sin,
220.                      O' my Lord, I confide to You with a heart that has been doomed by its mischief; I pray to You,
221.                      O' my Lord, frightened but wishful, hopeful but fearful If I contemplate my sins,
222.                      O' my Lord, I become scared, but when I remember Your generosity I yearn, So, if You forgive, You are the most merciful and if You punish, You have not unjustly judged. My excuse,
223.                      O' Allah in my daring to ask You, even though I have committed what You hate, is Your benevolence and generosity, and my preparation for my adversity, given that I lack shyness (in committing sin), is Your forbearance and mercy. And I am wishful that my hope will not be disappointed, so fulfill my ambition and accept my prayer,
224.                      O' The Best who was ever prayed to!
225.                      O' The Most bountiful who was ever wished! My hope, my Master is ever great, but my deeds have worsened, so grant me from Your pardon by as much as I had hoped, and please, do not judge me by my worst mischief, for Your generosity is greater than punishing the sinners, and Your forbearance and patience is higher than recompensing the inadequate.
226.                      I am, my Master, seeking refuge through Your bountifulness, I am escaping from You to You, while anticipating Your promise to forgive those who possessed good convictions toward You. Who am I, my Lord, and what is my danger! Provide me with Your bounties and grant me charity with Your pardon,
227.                      O' my Lord, cover me with Your protection and pardon me of my punishment by the honor of you face. For if any one today other than You would have known of my sin, I would not have sinned, And if I feared that You may hasten my punishment, I would have avoided sinning, Not because You are not an important watcher, nor an unworthy onlooker, but because You, my Lord, are the best secret keeper, and the Wisest of all rulers, and Most generous of all generous.
228.                      O' Protector of secrets!
229.                      O' Oft-forgiver of sins!
230.                      O' Knower of all that is hidden!
231.                      You protect the secretive sin with Your generosity and You delay my punishment with Your patience, So to You extends all the Praise for having known and yet been patient, and for having pardoned even though You are capable (of punishing).
232.                      And what motivates and dares me to disobey You is Your patience with me, and what invites me to the lack of shyness (from You) is Your protection of my (concealed) sins. And what rushes me towards Your forbidden actions is my awareness of the vastness of Your mercy and the greatness of Your forgiveness.
233.                      O' Forbearer! O' Generous!
234.                      O' One who is living and self-subsisting!
235.                      O' Forgiver of sin!
236.                      O' Acceptor of repentance!
237.                      O' Greatest giver of all good!
238.                      O' Ancient in bountifulness! I call upon Your beautiful protection of secrets, I call upon Your abundant pardon, I call upon Your neighboring relief, I call upon Your quick rescue, I call upon Your vast mercy and compassion, I call upon Your bountiful gifts, I call upon Your blessed awards, I call upon Your splendid favors, I call upon Your immense bountifulness, I call upon Your enormous endowments, I call upon Your ancient benefaction, I call upon Your benevolence,
239.                      O' Most Generous. By it (what I mentioned of Your features) I seek Your rescue, and by Your compassion, please relieve me.
240.                      O' Benevolent! O' Creator of beauty! O' Benefactor!
241.                      O' Bountiful! I do not depend on our (good) deeds to achieve salvation from Your punishment, rather I trust it to Your bountifulness toward us, for You are the Lord of righteousness and the Lord of forgiveness.
242.                      You initiate Your giving through Your graciousness and You pardon sin with Your generosity, and we do not know what we should praise more, is it the beauties that You distribute or the sins whose secretiveness You protect, or the greatness of what You have granted and fulfilled or the many misfortunes You have averted and ills You have cured.
243.                      O' The lover of whomever endeared You!
244.                      O' The delight of the eye of who sought You for refuge and dedicated himself to You! You are the well doer and we are the sinners, So pardon,
245.                      O' my Lord, the ugly that we have with the beauties that You have, And what ignorance,
246.                      O' my Lord, can not be accommodated by Your benevolence? And what era is longer than Your patience? And what significance is our deeds compared with Your awards? And how can we hail our good deeds when we observe Your generosity? Yet how can sinners despair when they are encompassed by Your vast mercy?
247.                      O' Vast Forgiver! O' Extender of both hands with mercy! I swear with Your exalted might,
248.                      O' Master, that if You rebuked me, I would not depart from Your door, and I won't cease to compliment You since I have indeed come to grasp the knowledge of Your generosity and benevolence, And You are the doer of whatever You desire, You punish whomever You wish, with whatever You wish, and however You wish, and You bestow Your mercy on whomever You wish, with whatever You wish, and however You wish, You are never questioned about Your doings, neither is there any struggle in Your kingdom, nor is there any partnership in Your command, or conflict in Your judgment, and no one can oppose You in Your disposition of affairs, To You belongs all of the creation and command,
249.                      Indeed Allah, the Most Glorious, is the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds.
250.                      O' my Lord! This is the posture of the one who sought refuge through You and allied himself with Your generosity, and became accustomed to Your forbearance and favors, And You are the benevolent whose forgiveness is never strained, neither are Your bounties ever decreasing, nor is Your mercy ever lacking, And we have known with certainty of Your ancient pardon, great bountifulness and vast mercy, Would You,
251.                      O' Allah, ever disappoint our thoughts or let down our hopes? No never,
252.                      O' Most Generous! for it is not what we expect of You, nor is it what we aspire for,
253.                      O' Allah, we have a greater and ever lasting hope in You, We anticipate prolonged and immense prospect in You, We anticipate great desire in You, We disobeyed You and now we wish that You protect our secret (sins), And we prayed to You and we hope You would answer us, So fulfill our aspiration,
254.                      O' our Master, for otherwise, we realize (the punishment) we deserve as a result of our bad deeds, But Your awareness of our conduct and our knowledge that You indeed won't send us away from You, has motivated us to seek You, and even though we are not worthy of Your mercy, You are worthy of bestowing Your generosity on us and on all the sinners due to Your vast compassion, So, award us with what You are worthy of, and grant us for we are in need of Your bounty.
255.                      O' Most Forgiving! With Your light we were guided and with Your bounties we became richer, and with Your favors we are encountered mornings and evenings, Our sins are before You and we ask You,
256.                      O' Master, for forgiveness and we hereby repent, You befriend us with Your gifts but we reward You by sins, Your bounty to us is ever descending, but our mischief to You is (ever) ascending. And from before and until now, Your honored angel still brings You the news of our ugly deeds but that does not prevent You from continuing to surround us with Your grace, and kindly provide us with Your holy features.
257.                      So, I glorify and praise You for the extent of Your patience, reatness and generosity as a Beginner (of creation) and eventual Claimer of this world. Holiest are Your names, And glorified is Your praise, And honored are Your favors and good deeds. You, my Lord, are more vast in bounty and greater in patience and clemency than to judge me according to my wrong doing and fault,
258.                      So I beg You : Forgiveness, forgiveness, forgiveness,
259.                      O' my Master, O' my Master, O' my Master. O' Lord! Occupy our time with Your remembrance,
260.                      And guard us from Your wrath, And protect us from Your punishment, And grant us from Your rewards, And award us from Your bounties, And provides us the means to conduct pilgrimage to Your house (Ka'ba), and to visit the tomb of Your Prophet, may Your peace, mercy, forgiveness and graciousness be bestowed upon him and his family, Indeed, You are close and forthcoming with Your answer (to our prayers). And assist us in abiding by Your obedience, and claim our souls while we are in Your (righteous) congregation and followers of the tradition of Your Prophet, may peace of Allah be upon him and his family.
261.                      O' Lord! Forgive me and my parents and grant them mercy as they have raised me since I was youthful, reward their good deeds with bountifulness and (pardon) their sins with forgiveness.
262.                      O' Lord! Forgive the believers, be they men or women, living or dead, and let us follow on their path with good deeds.
263.                      O' Lord! Forgive (for) the living or deceased of us, (believers) the present and the absent, our male and female, our young and old, our free and our slave, Indeed the antagonists of Allah lied and enormously wandered astray, and incurred a major loss.
264.                      O' Lord! Bestow Your peace on Muhammad and his family, and conclude my life in virtue, and resolve what worries me from the affairs of this life and in the hereafter, and do not allow anyone who won't treat me justly to come in contact with me, and provide me with Your everlasting protection and do not deprive me of the best of the amenities. You graced me with, and confer on me from Your bounties, vast awards that are lawful and good.
265.                      O' Lord! Guard me with Your safeguard, And protect me with Your protection, And ally me with Your alliance, And award me the ability to conduct pilgrimage to Your sacred house (Ka'ba) in this year and in every year, and to visit the tomb of Your prophet and the Imams, peace be upon them, and do not deprive me,
266.                      Oh Lord, from visiting these honorable sanctuaries and noble positions.
267.                      O' Lord! Accept my repentance so that I may not disobey You, And inspire me with righteousness and its implementation, And the observance of Your presence in the night and the day as long as You let me live,
268.                      O' Allah and Cherisher of the worlds.
269.                      O' Lord! I, whenever I thought I was prepared and ready and rose to pray, before Your hands, and confided to You, You cast sleep on me when I prayed, and You prevented me from confiding to You when I confided, Why is it that whenever I felt content about the goodness of my core, and my companionships have neared that of the repentants, a sin would occur and cause my feet to stumble, and deprive me from Your service,
270.                      O' my Master, Maybe You have expelled me from Your door, and retired me from Your service, or maybe You observed my disregard of Your right on me and thus distanced me, or maybe You saw me headed away from (Your path) and thus You withdrew me, or maybe You found me to be in the position of the liars so You rejected me, or maybe You saw that I was not grateful of Your rewards so You deprived me, or maybe You observed my absence from the assembly of the scholars and thus put me down, or maybe You found me to be one of the unheeding so You despaired me from Your mercy, or maybe You found me frequenting the assembly of the unfaithful, so between me and them You deserted me, or maybe You did not like to listen to my prayers so You distanced me, or maybe You equated me with my crime and sin, or maybe You punished me for my lack of shyness from You. So if You forgive, O' Lord, You have forgiven the many sinners before me. For Your generosity,
271.                      O' Lord, is higher than punishing the delinquents, and I am seeking refuge with Your bountifulness, and I am escaping from You to You, and anticipating Your promise to pardon those who possessed good convictions about You.
272.                      O' My Lord! You are more vast in bountifulness and greater in patience than to judge me according to my deed, or to stumble me with my sin. And who am I, my Master, and what is my danger? award me Your benevolence,
273.                      O' my Master! And render me Your pardon, and cover me with the protection of my secrets, and pardon me from Your chastisement with Your benevolent face.
274.                      O' Master! I am the young one whom You raised, And I am the ignorant whom You educated, And I am the misled whom You guided, And I am the humiliated one whom You elevated, And I am the frightened one whom You safeguarded, And the hungry one whom You fed, And the thirsty whose thirst You quenched, And the naked whom You dressed, And the poor whom You made wealthy, And the weak whom You strengthened, And the insignificant whom You honored, And the sick whom You cured, And the beggar whom You provided charity to, And the sinner whose secret You have protected, And the wrong doer whom You aided, And I am the little (creature) You made more significant, And the oppressed whom You made victorious, And I am the escapee whom You gave refuge to, I am the one,
275.                       O' Allah, who did not revere You (when I committed sins) in my seclusions, nor observed Your (commands) in public, I am the possessor of the great craftiness (bad intentions), I am the one who dared His Master, I am the one who disobeyed the Commander of the skies,
276.                      I am the one who awarded the briberies upon the disobeying of the Magnificent (Allah), I am the one who when I was forewarned about it (sins), I hastily raced to it,
277.                      I am the one whom You awaited (His reverence) but I did not comprehend, and You veiled my secret (sins) but I did not become demure, and I committed sins until I belligerently insisted, and You then disregarded me but I did not care, but with Your benevolence,
278.                      You postponed my punishment, and with Your veil, You safeguarded my secret (sins) as if You have overlooked me, and You shielded me from punishment called upon me by my sins all to the extent that it appeared as if You shied off from me.
279.                      O' my Lord! I did not disobey You when I did because I rejected Your divinity, or because I belittled Your commands, or that I was daringly challenging Your punishment, or that I did not appreciate Your forewarning, Yet the mistake has occurred, and my self misled me, and my sinful desires won over me, and my misery helped me to it, and Your protective veil over my sins lured me,
280.                      For I have disobeyed You and opposed You with my own will, and now from Your retribution who would rescue me, and from the hands of Your angels of punishment tomorrow (in the hereafter), who would redeem me, and with whose rope do I hold on to if You cut off Your rope from me, so what a pity for what Your book has recorded on me, Indeed, if it was not for my anticipation of Your generosity and vast mercifulness as well as Your ordering me not to lose hope (in Your salvation) that I would have despaired whenever I remembered it (my sin).
281.                      O' the Best of whom a worshiper has ever prayed, and the Foremost of whom anyone has wished! O' Lord! In the name of the esteemed Islam, I implore You, And with the holy Qur'an I take witness to You, And with my love for the unschooled Prophet (Muhammad) The Quraishian (the main tribe in Mecca) The Hashimite (The family name of Prophet Muhammad), The Arabian, The Tuhamian (the name of the region where Quraish is located) The Meccan, The Medinan (tracing prophet Muhammad's roots to the city of Medina where He migrated to), I seek to be closer to You (I seek favor to You) So please do not disrupt the serenity of my faith, And please do not cause my ultimate destiny to be similar to that of those who worshipped other than You.
282.                      For, indeed there are some who believed only to the extent of their tongues so that they may save their lives and they gathered what they wished,
283.                      But we have believed in You with our tongues and with our hearts so that You may pardon us,
284.                      So grant us what we wish for, And anchor our hope in You, in our hearts,
285.                      And do not let our hearts go astray after You have guided us, And grant us Your mercy, Indeed You are the Utmost Granter. And I swear with Your glory, that even if You send me away that I would not depart from Your door, and I would not cease to compliment You, for my heart has been fully inspired with the knowledge of Your benevolence and vastness of compassion.
286.                      To where would a slave go but to his master, To where would a creature seek refuge but to his Creator.
287.                      O' my Lord! Even if You tied me with the chains of hell, And You deprived me Your flowing stream (of favors) from between the witnesses (of the day of Judgment),
288.                      And You pointed out my scandals to the eyes of Your worshipers, And You ordered me to hell, And You isolated me from the company of the faithfuls,
289.                      I would not end my hope in You, and I would not dismiss my reassurance of Your pardon, and my love to You would not depart from my heart, I do not forget the helping hand You bestowed upon me, and Your protection of my secrets in life. O' my Master! Remove the adoration of worldliness from my heart, And unite me with Mustafa (Muhammad: the chosen messenger) and his family, the dearest of Your creatures and the last of the prophets, Muhammad, Peace from Allah upon him and his family, A
290.                      nd transfer me to the level of repentance to You, And help me to cry for myself for I have wasted my life away with procrastination and false hopes, And now I have come to You hopeless of my goodness, Who is more worse off than me, if now I am passed on in my present state to a grave that I have not prepared for my repose and I did not line with good deeds for my drowse, And why would I not weep for I have no knowledge of my fate and I observe my self deceiving itself, and my days are fading away, and the wings of death have flapped close by,
291.                      So why wouldn't I cry! I cry for surrendering my life, I cry because of the darkness of my grave, I cry because of the narrowness of my grave, I cry for the questioning of Munkar and Nakeer of me (the names of the two angels that question the dead after being laid in the graves),
292.                      I cry from my leaving my grave (in the hereafter) naked, humiliated and carrying my book (of deeds) on my back,
293.                      I look to the right once and to the left once and I discover that people today have other concern than mine, for every person that day has a concern of his own, some faces today are bright, laughing and joyful, while other faces that day are dusty, loaded with submission and humility.
294.                      O' Master! I settle my destination, dependence, hope and reliance upon You, And with Your mercy, I cling; You bestow Your mercy on whomever You please and You guide with Your benevolence whomever You like, So praise to You for Your purifying my heart from taking false partners to You, And praise to You for releasing my tongue, Is it with this heavy tongue of mine I thank You or with the utmost effort of mine do I satisfy You? And what is the value of my tongue,
295.                      O' Lord, when it comes to thanking You? And what is the value of my good deeds beside Your gifts and fortitude with me?
296.                      O' my Lord! Indeed Your generosity has expanded my hope (in You), And your acceptance has led to the taking of my deed.
297.                      O' my Master! To You I direct my aim, fear, and meditation, And my hope has driven me to You,
298.                      And on You O' Mighty One, I concentrate my initiative, And upon what You possess I unfolded my desire, And my ultimate hope and fear rest upon You, And with You, I cheerfully contemplated Your adoration And I spread my hands wide open to You, And with the rope of Your obedience I eased my fear.
299.                      O' my Lord! In Your remembrance, my heart flourished, And in confiding to You, I relieved my pain of fright.
300.                      So, O' my Lord! And O' the One whom I hope! And O' the One who is the Ultimate Destination and Grantor of my request!
301.                      Separate between me and this sin of mine that disables me from abiding by Your obedience,
302.                      For I only ask You due to the ancient and long resting of hope upon You as well as the great coveting of You, in what You obliged yourself with from compassion and mercy.
303.                      Evidently, the command is yours, for You are the only One without partners, and all creatures are in Your maintenance and within Your grip, and everything submits to You, blessed You are O' Lord and Cherisher of the worlds.
304.                      O' my Lord! Bestow Your mercy upon me when my excuses have failed and when my tongue has ceased to be able to answer to You (on judgment day) and my intellect has subsided upon Your questioning,
305.                      So O' to whom I submit my utmost hope, do not disappoint me when my tragedy has intensified, and do not reject me due to my ignorance and conceit, and do not deprive me (Your mercy) due to my lack of patience, and provide for me for I am poor, and bestow Your mercy upon me for I am weak.
306.                      O' my Master! Upon You I rest my dependence, destination, hope and reliance,
307.                      And with Your mercy I cling, And on Your grounds, I conclude my journey, And to Your generosity I direct my request, And with Your generosity,
308.                      O' Allah, I commence my prayer, And with You I seek relief from my indigence, And with Your wealth I mend my poverty, And under the shadow of Your pardon, I stand, And to Your generosity and benevolence, I raise my eyesight, And to Your favor, I prolong my vision, So, burn me not in the hell fire because You are where I place my hope, And, reside me not in the bottomless pit (hell) for You are indeed the comfort of my eye.
309.                      O' my Master! Disappoint not my expectation in Your benevolence and known favor because You are my Confidant and Security, And do not deprive me of Your reward for You are Aware of my poverty.
310.                      O' my Lord! If the end of my life has neared and my deeds did not bring me near You, then I hereby render my admission of sin as my justification.
311.                      O' my Lord! If You pardon (me), then no one is more worthy of pardoning than You, And if You punish (me), then no one is more just than You in judgment,
312.                      (O' Lord) have mercy toward my expatriation in this life, and my tragedy upon death, and my solitude in the grave, and my loneliness in the grave, and because whenever I am dispatched for judgment before Your hands, my situation is humiliated, and forgive what is concealed from the humans of my (secretive bad) deeds, and prolong for me what You veiled my (secret sins) with, and confer Your benevolence on me when I am (laying) motionless on the (death) bed so that the beloved of my relatives surround me, and grant me Your bountifulness when I am stretched on the funeral bath so that the good-deeded of my community may wash me, and bestow Your kindred tenderness upon me when I am carried while my relatives hand over the extremities of my coffin, and award me Your generosity when I am transported and finally delivered and left alone in my grave, and have mercy on my solitary confinement in this new residence so that I may not be comforted by anyone but You.
313.                      O' my Master! If You in trusted me (with my affairs), I would perish My Master, then whom do I seek rescue with if You would not avert my stumble, To whom would I seek shelter with if I lost Your kindred care in my dormancy, To whom would I resort to if You did not relieve my destitution. My Master! Who will be on my side and who will bestow mercy on me if You do not?
314.                      And whose bounties would I anticipate if I lacked Your grants on the day of my destitution (judgment day)? And to where shall I run away from my sins when my fate is concluded? My Master! Punish me not while I am pleading to You!
315.                      O' my Lord! Fulfill my desire and secure my fright because I can not avert (the result of) my numerous sins except with Your pardon. My Master! I am asking You for what I do not deserve, but You are the Lord of righteousness and the Lord of forgiveness,
316.                      So, forgive for me and veil me from Your sight with a cloak that masks all my liabilities, thus forgiving me so that I may never be reclaimed with it, Indeed, You are the possessor of ancient favor, great pardon and generous forgiveness.
317.                      O' my Lord! You are the One who overflows the streams (of favors) on those who do not even implore You and on those who rejected Your divinity, So how would You not,
318.                      O' Master, grant the same to the one who implored You and submitted with certainty that the creation is yours and the command is to You? Praised and glorified You are,
319.                      O' Lord and Cherisher of the worlds. O' my Master! Your slave is at Your doorstep.
320.                      His desperate need has rooted him before Your hands. He knocks on the gate of Your generosity with his prayer, and he solicits Your gracious consideration (in relieving his dilemma) through his hearty anticipation (in You), So please do not turn Your honorable face away from me and accept from me what I plead for, For I have pleaded with this prayer and I am hopeful that You would not turn me down, since I have always known of Your benevolence and mercy.
321.                      O' my Lord! You are the one who is never burdened by the pleas of the beseecher, nor are You ever encumbered in rewarding (Your) grantee, Verily, You are how You describe Yourself and above what we describe.
322.                      O' my Lord! I ask You (to grant me) a rewarding patience, a neighboring relief, a true affirmation, and a great reward; I ask You,
323.                      O' my Lord, for all the good whether I know of it or not, I ask You,
324.                      O' my Lord, for the best of what have asked You Your righteous believers.
325.                      O' the Foremost of whom was ever asked! and the Most Generous that has ever given, Fulfill my quest in myself, my family, parents, children, proximate community, and my brothers (and sisters) in You, And enrich my living, and ascend my bravery and improve all of my affairs, And cause me to be a (person) whom You have destined to have prolonged his life, and improved his deeds, and consummated Your gifts upon him, and accepted his performance, and made live a good life in permanent joy utmost integrity, and complete living, Indeed, You do as You please, and not as others please.
326.                      O' Lord! Distinguish me with Your distinctive remembrance, And do not allow any of what I seek closeness to You with (of good deeds), in the midst of nights or the extremes of days, to be an object of pretension, seeking of reputation, arrogance, or extravagance. And cause me to be of those who humble themselves to You.
327.                      O' my Lord! Award me vastness in sustenance, And security in my homeland, And the comfort of the eye in family, finances and offspring, And the continued enjoyment of Your bounties, And health and strength in the body, And safeguard in faith, And forever utilize me in (establishing) Your obedience and that of Prophet Muhammad peace of Allah upon him and his household, as ever long as You advance my age, And compel me to have the biggest share among Your worshipers in whatever good You ever caused to descend and especially what You award in the month of Ramadan, in the Night of the Decree, and what You are awarding every year from mercy that You dispense, and good health that You harness, and crises that You deter, and good deeds that You accept and bless, and sins that You acquit. And allot me with the ability to conduct pilgrimage to Your holy house in this year and every year thereafter, And grant me vast sustenance from Your vast bounties, And protect me,
328.                      O' my Master, from encountering the misfortunes (of life) And fulfill on my behalf all my borrowing and satisfy any injustice (I committed to others) so that I may not be harmed by any of it, And preoccupy the hearing and sight of my enemies and the jealous and those who oppress me and award me victory over them, And comfort my eye, And delight my heart, And award me relief and resolution in all of my misfortunes and extremities, And compel any one who wishes me harm from all Your creatures, to be beneath my feet, And guard me from the evil of Satan and the evil of the monarch as well as the evil brought about by my wrong doings, And cleanse me from all sins, And salvage me from the hell fire with Your (divine) pardon, And award me paradise with Your mercy, And marry me to the companions with the beautiful, big and lustrous eyes with Your bountifulness, And reunite me with Your righteous servants Muhammad and his household, the righteous, the virtuous, the pure and the elite, Your peace, mercy and blessings be upon them, their bodies, and their souls.
329.                      O' my Lord and my Master! I swear with Your exalted might and majesty that if You reclaim my sins that I will call upon Your mercy, and if You reclaim my meanness, I will call upon Your generosity, and if You forward me to the hell fire, I will inform its inmates about my adoration of You.
330.                      O' my Lord and my Master! If You were to not forgive but Your devotees and constant obeyers, then to whom would the sinners resort to? And if You were to not honor but the people of loyalty to You, then to whom the offenders would resort to?
331.                      O' my Lord! If You cause me to enter the hell fire, it will be to the pleasure of Your enemy, But if You cause me to enter paradise, it will be to the pleasure of Your Prophet, And verily,
332.                      Oh Allah, I know that the pleasure of Your Prophet is more favorable to You than the pleasure of Your enemy.
333.                      O' my Lord! I ask You to saturate my heart with Your love, fearing and observing You, believing in Your (holy) book, faith in You, fright from You, and longing to You.
334.                      O' the one who is full of majesty, bounty and honor! Render me loving of Your meeting and love my meeting, And grant me in meeting You comfort, happiness and honor.
335.                      O' my Lord! Unite me with the virtuous of those who preceded me, And render me to be among the virtuous of who remained, And lead me to the way of the virtuous, And aid me in restraining myself (from sin) with whatever You aid Your righteous believers with, And culminate my deeds with their best,
336.                      And make my reward from it heaven with Your mercy, And assist me in implementing the virtues that You granted me, And anchor me (on the right path)
337.                      O' Lord! And return me not to an error You rescued me from before,
338.                      O' the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds!
339.                      O' my Lord! I ask You to grant me a faith that has no maturity until I meet You, Prolong my life as long as You maintain me on it, and claim my soul as long as You claim my soul while it is on it (faith), and resurrect me as long as You resurrect me on it; And purify my heart from pretension, doubt, and seeking reputation through Your religion so that all my deeds would be solely intended for You.
340.                      O' my Lord! Award me insight in Your religion And understanding in Your judgment,
341.                      And awareness in Your knowledge, And surety in Your mercy And piety that shields me from committing sin, And brighten my face with Your light, And render my affinity solely in what You possess, And claim my soul on Your path and on the religion of Your Prophet, Peace of Allah upon him and his household.
342.                      O' my Lord! I seek refuge with You from laziness, failure, misery, cowardliness, stinginess, unawareness, cruelty, humility, poverty, indigence and every calamity; and the exorbitant of sins whether they are apparent or concealed, And I seek refuge in You from a self that is never content, and a stomach that is never satisfied, and a heart that is never pious, and a prayer that is not accepted, and a deed that is not beneficial (if committed).
343.                      And I depend upon You O' Lord, to safeguard my self, my religion, my finances, and all of what You awarded me, from the evil of the cursed Satan; Indeed, You are the One who hears and knows all things.
344.                      O' my Lord! Indeed no one can shield me from Your (punishment) and I can not find before You any other shelter, So leave not in me any deed worthy of Your punishment and lead me not back into jeopardy and lead me not into painful retribution.
345.                      O' my Lord! Accept my prayer And renown my commemoration, And elevate my degree, And forgive my sin. And remember me not with my bad deed, And culminate the reward of my convening, my speaking, and my prayer in Your satisfaction and heaven. And award me,
346.                      O' Lord, all of what I asked You and increase it with Your bountifulness; Indeed, I am truly full of desire toward You,
347.                      O' Lord and Cherisher of the worlds. O' my Lord! You have revealed in Your (holy) book for us to forgive those who committed injustice toward us, and we have committed injustice (by sinning) toward ourselves so pardon our conduct, for You are more worthy of pardoning than we are;
348.                      And You commanded us not turn away the needy who knock on our doors, and I hereby come to You needy, so turn me not away until You fulfill my need; And You commanded us to treat justly those whose freedom reins we hold, and You hold our reins of freedom, so liberate our necks from the hell fire.
349.                      O' the Shelter I seek whenever I am in misfortune!
350.                      O' my Guardian from my hardship! To You I resort, and with You I appealed for help and sought refuge, And I would never seek anyone but You, nor would I ever request relief but from You, So come to my aid, and relieve me.
351.                      O' One who liberates the captives, accepts the little (of good deeds), and pardons the numerous (of sin), accept from me the little (good) I have done, and forgive for me the numerous (sins I have committed); Indeed, You are the Most Merciful and Oft-forgiving.
352.                      O' my Lord! I ask You to grant me a faith that You endure my heart on, And a true certainty in believing so that I may ascertain that indeed nothing will happen to me except for what You have destined for me, And award me contentment in my present living (and circumstances) with whatever You have apportioned for me,
353.                      O' the Most Merciful of the merciful. Peace of Thee be upon Prophet Muhammed and his honored family.
354.                      "Know that God has rights against you and that these encompass you in every movement through which you move, every rest through which you rest, every way station in which you reside, every limb which you employ, and every instrument which you put to work. Some of these rights are greater and some less." (Risalatal Haq)
355.                      "Surely your Lord has a right against you, your self has a right against yourself and your wife has a right against you."
356.                      If people show respect to you, think that this is because the people are very good not that you are good. If the people say bad things about you, think that something is really wrong with you. If you live in this way, life will become pleasant for you, you will make many friends and your enemies will be few.
357.                      The great merit (fadl) of Ali b. Husayn, peace be on them, was mentioned to him but he replied: "It is sufficient for us that I should be one of the righteous members of our people."
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed us on the authority of his grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan), on the authority of Salama b. Shabib, on the authority of Ubayd Allah b. Muhammad al-Taymi who said: I heard a shaykh from (the tribe of) Abd al-Qays say: Tawus said:]
I (i.e.Tawus) went into the hijr one night and there was Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He had come in and was standing praying. He prayed as God had wished then he prostrated. I asked a righteous man from the family of goodness whether I might listen to his prayer I heard him saying during his prostration:
358.                      Your little servant is at Your courtyard;
359.                      Your miserable one is at Your courtyard:
360.                      Your poor one is at Your courtyard;
361.                      Your beggar is at Your courtyard.
(Tawus added:)
I have never prayed with these words at any tribulation without me being freed from it.
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me on the authority of his grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan), on the authority of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Rafi'i, on the authority of Ibrahim b. Ali on the authority of his father (Ali b. Abi Rafi'i), who said:]
I (i.e. Ali b. Abi Rafi'i) made the pilgrimage with Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The camel carrying him was moving slowly. He pointed toward it with his stick and then said: "Woe if there was no retaliation (in the next world) !" And he moved his hand away from it.
362.                      Hazrat Imam Zain al-Abideen (a.s.) (his eldest son, and the son who survived the battle) was asked about it. 'It is the trace,' he replied, 'of the bag, which he puts on his back (carrying food) to the house of the widows, orphans and the poor."
363.                      The Imam said, "Do not have relationship with, nor talk with nor give company to 5 types of people:
364.                      The Liar: because they are like mirage : With their words they show things different from what they really are. What is near they make it look far and what is far they make it look near. In this way, they take you away from truth.
365.                      The Greedy and the Sinner: because you cannot rely on their friendship; for a small piece of food or even less than that, they will sell you.
366.                      The Miser: because they will let you down when you need them most.
367.                      The Fool: because even when they try to do you good, they will end you in difficulties.
368.                      Those Who have cut relationship with their relatives, because Allah has cursed them in the Qur'an.
369.                      Try to earn a high position in Paradise (Jannah).
Remember: Highest positions will be given to those who have been most useful to their brothers in faith and who have been most helpful to the needy.
370.                      [Abu- Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Ammar b. Aban told us: Abd Allah b. Bukayr told us on the authority of Zurara b. A'yan who said that:] He (Zurara b. Ayan) heard a voice calling in the middle of the night: "Where are those who abstain with regard to this world out of desire for the next?" A voice called out in answer from the region (of the cemetery) of al-Baqi - he heard its voice without seeing the person
"Such a man is Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them."
371.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu Yunus Muhammad b. Ahmad told us: my father and another of our companions told me:] A young man from Quraysh was sitting in an assembly with Sa'd b. al-Musayyib and saw Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. "Who is that, Abu Muhammad?" the Qurash; asked Sa'id b. al- Musayyib.
"That is the lord of worshippers (abidin), Ali b. al-Husayn b. Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on them," he answered.
[Abu Muhammad al-H. asan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Muhammad b. Jafar and others told me:]
372.                      A man from his House stood in front of Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, and made him listen to him and cursed him. However, he did not reply. When (the man) had gone away, he said to those who were sitting with him: "You heard what that man said? I want you to come with me so that you may hear from me my reply to him."
"We will do that," they replied, "we wanted you to answer him while we were speaking (together)."
373.                      He took his shoes and went, while reciting:
Those who refrain from anger and those who forgive the people, God loves those who do good. (III 133)
Then we knew that he would not say anything to him.
He went along until he came to the house of that man who had screamed at him.
"This is Ali b. al-Husayn," they told him.
374.                      He came rushing out towards us with evil intent. He had no doubt that (Ali b. al-Husayn) had come to him to repay him for some of the evil which he had given him. "Brother," said Ali b. al-Husayn, "you were standing proudly over me and you said this and that. If you have said what is (really) in my (character), I seek God's forgiveness for it. If you have said what is not in my character, may God forgive you".
The man kissed him between the eyes and replied: "Yes, I said what was not in your character, may I be worthy of it (i.e. God's forgiveness)".
375.                      The man was al-Hasan b. al- Hasan, may God be pleased with him.
[Al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me on the authority of his grandfather, (Yahya b. al-Hasan) who said: A Shaykh from Yemen who was some ninety years old, told me: A man called Ubayd Allah b. Muhammad informed me: I heard Abd al-Razzaq say:]
A maid-servant of Ali b. al-Husayn began to pour water for him so that he might perform the ritual ablutions for prayer. The maid-servant became faint and the jug dropped from her hand and struck him. He raised his head towards her and the maidservant said to him:
376.                      "God, the Most High, says: Those who restrain from anger."
377.                      "I have restrained my anger," he replied.
378.                      "And those who forgive the people," she went on.
379.                      "May God forgive you," he said.
380.                      "God loves those who do good," she said.
381.                      "Go, you are a free woman before the face of God, the Mighty and High," he answered.
[Al-Waqidi reported: Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. Umar b. Ali, peace be on him, told me:]
382.                      It is reported that Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, called his slave twice and the latter did not answer him. At the third time, he answered.
383.                      "Didn't you hear my voice?" asked (Ali b. al-Husayn).
"Yes," was the reply.
384.                      "What was on your mind so that you did not answer me?" he asked.
"I was safe (from any harm) from you," he answered.
385.                      "Praise be to God," he said, "Who has caused my slave to be safe (from any harm) from me."
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya al-Hasan) toid me: Yaqub b. Yazid told us: Ibn Abi Umayr told us on the authority of Abd Allah b. al-Mughira, on the authority of Abu Ja'far al-Asha, on the authority of Abu Hamza al-Thumali, on the authority of Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who said:]
386.                      I (i.e. Ali b. al-Husayn) went out until I came to that wall and leaned against it. There was a man wearing two white garments who was looking at me directly in the face.
387.                      Then he said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, why do I see you sorrowful and sad? Is your sorrow on account of the world, since God provides for both the pious and the profligate?"
388.                      "I am not sad on account of that though it is as you say," I replied.
389.                      "Is it on account of the next world, for it is a true promise that there conquering angels will give judgment?" he asked.
390.                      "I am not sad on account of that. though it is as you say," I answered.
391.                      "Then why are you sad?" he asked.
392.                      "I am fearful of the discord (caused) by Ibn al-Zubayr," I replied
393.                      He laughed and said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, have you ever seen anyone who trusted in God and God was not sufficient for him?"
"No," I replied.
394.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he said, "have you ever seen anyone who feared God without God saving him?"
"No," I replied.
395.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he asked, "have you ever seen anyone ask (for something) of God without God giving it to him?"
396.                      "No," I replied. Then I looked and suddenly there was no one here .
397.                      A man need not fear Allah except on account of his own sins, and should place his hopes only with his Lord. When about something one does not know, one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it.
And patience is to faith what the head is to body; one who does not have patience also lacks faith.
398.                      "Awaiting deliverance is itself one of the most mighty deliverances"
399.                      Remember: There are times when a person says but one good sentence and that brings him very near to Allah and brings his freedom on the Day of Judgment.
400.                      Never think that what you do for your brother in faith is unimportant because these are the things that will be of much use to you on a day when nothing else will be of any use.
401.                      Drinking (Alcohol and other forbidden drinks) and Gambling are such sins that they destroy the power to stop committing other sins.
402.                      (Speaking) Good words increase a person's wealth and sustenance (Rizk), prolong his life, make him to be loved by his wife and children and take him to paradise.
403.                       [Imam] Ali ibn-al-Husain(A.S.) used to say: All things that are under the sunlight in the east and west, in oceans and lands, and plains and mountains; all these are just like a shadow for the true disciples of Allah and the people of the acknowledgment of Him. Is there no free man who will leave this valueless world to its people?
404.                      Paradise is the only price of your bodies; hence, you should avoid selling them with any other price.
405.                      He who satisfies themselves with the worldly pleasures is surely satisfying himself with the worthless.
406.                      May Allah have mercy on you - know that Allah has rights against you. These rights surround you in all your movements, in your rest, in all your body parts and every thing that you use. Some of these rights are big others are small.
407.                      [Imam] Ali ibn-al-Husain (A.S.) used to say: "to sit with the virtuous will invite to virtue, to sit with the scholars will increase the mind, the obedience to the just rulers is the perfection of honor, the investment of the wealth is the perfection of personality, to guide the seeker of counsel is fulfilment of the rights of favors, and the desistance from harm is a sign of the perfection of mind. It will, sooner or later, achieve physical relaxation.
408.                      The greatest right which is on you is from Allah Himself and this is the root of all other rights ....
409.                      The greatest right of Allah on you is to worship Him without associating anything with Him.
410.                      If you do that with purity of heart, He promises to give you sufficiently what you need here and in the next world ...
411.                      The rights of your teacher on you are: You should look at him with honour, listen to him with full attention, sit facing him with respect and do not raise your voice in his presence.
412.                      If someone asks him a question, you should not reply it but let the teacher do it.
413.                      Do not speak to any one or talk bad things about others in front of him.
414.                      You should hide his faults and speak of his good qualities.
415.                      Keep away from his enemies and do not make enemies with his friends.
416.                      If you do all these, angels will be your witness that you did what you were required to do and that you obtained knowledge from him for the pleasure of Allah only.
417.                      The rights of your mother are: she carried you where no one carries anyone else; she fed you the fruit of her heart which no one gives to anyone else; she protected you with all parts of her body.
418.                      She did not care if she remained hungry as long as you were fed; if she was thirsty as long as you drank; if she was naked as long you had clothes on, if she was in the sun so long as you were in shade.
419.                       She lost her sleep for you, she protected you from cold and heat so that you should live. You will never be able to thank her unless if Allah helps you ....
420.                      The right of your neighbor is that you should guard him (His belongings) when he is absent, respect him when he is present and help him when he is wronged.
421.                      Do not do any shameful act to him. If you know of any bad things about him keep that secret.
422.                      If you know he will accept your advice then give it to him.
423.                      Do not leave him alone when he is in trouble.
424.                      Help him out of his troubles, forgive him if he has wronged you and treat him generously.
425.                      The killer of Yahya b. Zakariyya (John the Baptist) was a son born out of wedlock. The killer of al-Husayn b. Ali was a son born out of wedlock. The sky only went red for those two. 
426.                      Hisham b. Isma'il used to harm our neighborhood. Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, received severe hardship from him. When he was dismissed, al-Walid ordered that he should be made to stand before the people. Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, walked past him and greeted him. Ali b. al-H. usayn, peace be on them, had come especially so that no one should harm him.
It is reported that Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, called his slave twice and the latter did not answer him. At the third time, he answered.
"Didn't you hear my voice?" asked (Ali b. al-Husayn).
"Yes," was the reply. 
427.                      "What was on your mind so that you did not answer me?" he asked.
"I was safe (from any harm) from you," he answered. 
428.                      "Praise be to God," he said, "Who has caused my slave to be safe (from any harm) from me."
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya al-Hasan) toid me: Yaqub b. Yazid told us: Ibn Abi Umayr told us on the authority of Abd Allah b. al-Mughira, on the authority of Abu Ja'far al-Asha, on the authority of Abu Hamza al-Thumali, on the authority of Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who said:]
429.                      I (i.e. Ali b. al-Husayn) went out until I came to that wall and leaned against it. There was a man wearing two white garments who was looking at me directly in the face. Then he said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, why do I see you sorrowful and sad? Is your sorrow on account of the world, since God provides for both the pious and the profligate?"
"I am not sad on account of that though it is as you say," I replied. 
430.                      "Is it on account of the next world, for it is a true promise that there conquering angels will give judgment?" he asked.
"I am not sad on account of that. though it is as you say," I answered. 
431.                      "Then why are you sad?" he asked.
"I am fearful of the discord (caused) by Ibn al-Zubayr," I replied 
432.                      He laughed and said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, have you ever seen anyone who trusted in God and God was not sufficient for him?"
"No," I replied. 
433.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he said, "have you ever seen anyone who feared God without God saving him?"
"No," I replied. 
434.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he asked, "have you ever seen anyone ask (for something) of God without God giving it to him?"
"No," I replied. Then I looked and suddenly there was no one here .
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Abu Nasr told us: Abd al- Rahman b. Salih. told us: Yunus b. Bukayr told us on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, who said:] 
435.                      Death was close to Zayd b. Usama b. Zayd and he began to weep.
"What makes you weep?" asked Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. 
436.                      "What makes me weep," he said, "is the fact that I owe fifteen thousand dlnars and I have not left anything to fulfill the debt for them." 
437.                      "Do not weep," Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, told him, "they are my debt now and you are free of them." So he paid them for him.
438.                      A maid-servant of Ali b. al-Husayn began to pour water for him so that he might perform the ritual ablutions for prayer. The maid-servant became faint and the jug dropped from her hand and struck him. He raised his head towards her and the maidservant said to him:
"God, the Most High, says: Those who restrain from anger." 
439.                      "I have restrained my anger," he replied.
"And those who forgive the people," she went on. 
440.                      "May God forgive you," he said.
"God loves those who do good," she said. 
441.                      "Go, you are a free woman before the face of God, the Mighty and High," he answered.
442.                      (i.e.Tawus) went into the hijr one night and there was Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He had come in and was standing praying. He prayed as God had wished then he prostrated. I asked a righteous man from the family of goodness whether I might listen to his prayer I heard him saying during his prostration: 
443.                      Your little servant is at Your courtyard; 
444.                      Your miserable one is at Your courtyard:
445.                      Your poor one is at Your courtyard; 
446.                      Your beggar is at Your courtyard.
447.                      He (Zurara b. Ayan) heard a voice calling in the middle of the night: "Where are those who abstain with regard to this world out of desire for the next?" A voice called out in answer from the region (of the cemetery) of al-Baqi - he heard its voice without seeing the person
"Such a man is Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them."
448.                      A man from his House stood in front of Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, and made him listen to him and cursed him. However, he did not reply. When (the man) had gone away, he said to those who were sitting with him: "You heard what that man said? I want you to come with me so that you may hear from me my reply to him."
"We will do that," they replied, "we wanted you to answer him while we were speaking (together)."
449.                      Imam Ali Raza a.s "My father Musa Al-Kadhim narrated to me from his father Ja'fer As-Sadiq from his father Mohammed Al-Baqir from his father Ali Zaynul Abedeen from his father , the martyr of Kerbala from his father Ali ibn Abu Talib saying :"My loved one, and the pleasure of my eyes, the Messenger of God (S.A.W.) told me once, that Jibrail told him from the Lord "The kalima of LA ILAHA ILLALLAH is my fort; whoever said it would enter my fort; and whoever entered my fort was safe from my punishment".
450.                      Those who wrote down the hadith numbered twenty thousand. People started reciting the Kalima when Imam put his hand up and continued: "Yes, the kalima is Allah's fort. It will provide you with excellent safety but on one condition only and that is that you obey and follow us - the holy Imams in the progeny of the holy Prophet (S.A.W.). On reaching Marw Mamun forced Imam to accept the heir apparency (To be the leader after him). Imam accepted unwillingly.
451.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Idrss b. Muhammad b. Yahya b. Abd Allah b. Hasan b. Hasan, Ahmad b. Abd Allah b. Musa, and Ismail b. Yaqub, all told me: Abd Allah b. Musa told us on the authority of his father (Musa b. Abd Allah), on the authority of his grandfather (Abd Allah b. al-Hasan), who said:]
452.                      My mother, Fatima, daughter of al-Husayn, peace be on him, used to tell me to sit with my maternal uncle, Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. I never sat with him without rising with some good which I had derived from him, whether it was fear of God which occurred in my heart when I realised (what) fear of God (was) or some traditional knowledge (ilm) which I acquired from him.
453.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad al-Alawi informed me on the authority of his grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan), on the authority of Muhammad b. Maymun al-Bazzaz, who said: Sufyan b. Uyayna informed us on the authority of Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri, who said:]
454.                      Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who was the best Hashimi we ever met, said: "Love us, for it is love for Islam. May your love for us never cease even if it becomes a public disgrace."
[Abu Mu'ammar reported on the authority of Abd al-Aziz Abu Hazim who said:]
455.                      I heard my father say: "I have never seen a Hashimi more meritorious (afdal) than Ali b. al-Husayn."
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me Abu Muhammad al- Ansari told me: Muhammad b. Maymun al-Bazzaz told me: al-Hasan b. Alwan told us on the authority of Abu Ali Ziyad b. Rustum, on the authority of Sai'd b. Kulthum who said:]
456.                      I was with al-Sadiq Jafar b. Muhammad, peace be on them. He mentioned the Commander of the faithful, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him, and praised and extolled him with (praise) which he was worthy of.
Then he said: "O God, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him, never ate anything forbidden in this world until he passed along his (final) road.
457.                      Two alternatives were never presented to him, when God would be pleased with both, without him taking the more religious of them.
458.                      No dispute occurred about the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, without him being summoned as a reliable authority.
459.                      No one else of this community was able to do the work of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family; for if he enjoined (such a) man (as Ali) to work, his position would be between Heaven and Hell, hoping for the reward of the former and fearing the punishment of the latter.
460.                      He freed a thousand slaves with his own money in his desire to seek the face of God and to escape the fire of Hell, (money) which he had laboured for with his own hands and for which his own brow had sweated, even though it had been to provide his family with oil, vinegar and dates.
461.                      He did not have (many) clothes except white cotton fabrics since when there was any sleeve left over his arm, he called for scissors and cut it off. None of Ali's children or his family was more like him and nearer to him in manner of dress and understanding than Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them.
462.                      (One day) his son, Abu Jafar (Muhammad al-Baqir), peace be on them, came to him.
463.                      He had carried out in worship what no one had ever carried out.
464.                      He saw that his colour had gone yellow from weeping all night; his eyes had used up all their water from being awake all night; his forehead was bruised and his nose squashed from prostrating; and his legs and feet were swollen from standing in prayer.
465.                      Abu Jafar, peace be on him, reported: I could not control myself from weeping when I saw him in that state and I wept, may God have mercy on him. Behold, he was thinking and he turned to me a short time after I had come and said: 'My son, give me some of those parchments in which there is the (practice of) worship of Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him."
466.                      I gave them to him and he read something from them for a while. Then he let them go from his hand in exasperation and said: 'Who is strong enough to perform the worship of Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him?'
467.                      Once on the Mimber, Imam Zain al-Abideen(a.s.) first praised Allah(swt) and His Messenger(pbuh&hf). After that the Imam gave along and very powerful speech letting the Syrians know the great position of Imam Husain(a.s.) to Allah(swt), and how evil Yazid and his family were. Part of the speech is summarised below:
"O listeners Allah has given us (Ahle Bart) six things which no one else has.
468.                      He has given us special Wisdom, Patience, Dignity, Power of speech, Courage and Respect.
469.                      He gave us special benefit of belonging to the family of his Prophet.
470.                      To us belong Hamza and Jafar. To us belong Asadullah (The lion of Allah, Imam Ali(a.s.)).
471.                      To us belong the leader of the youths of paradise (Imam Hassan (a.s.) and Imam Hussain (a.s.)).
472.                      "Those who know me, know me. Those who do not, then know that I am the son of Mecca and Mina. I am the son of Zamzam and Safa. I am the son of he who gave Zakat to the poor.
473.                      I am the son of the best of those who have ever put on Ihram and performed ceremonies of Hajj.
474.                      I am the son of he who was taken on the night journey from house of Allah to the Mosque of Aqsa and then to Miraj.
475.                      I am the son of he who was taken around by Gibrael to the Lote-tree of the boundary (Sidratul Muntaha).
476.                      "I am the son of Muhammad Mustafa (pbuh&hf). I am the son of Ali Al-Murtaza(a.s.) who fought the polytheists in the battle till they submitted to Islam and fought in the presence of the Prophet until his sword was broken and to whom Zulfikar was given.
477.                      I am the son of he who had the honor to migrate twice in Islam. I am the son of Fatima the best women of the world...".
478.                      The effect of the speech was so powerful that everybody in the Mosque began to weep and to blame Yazid. Yazid was afraid that if the Imam continued his speech, there would be a revolution and revolt. At the same time Yazid could not stop the Imam and get him down from the Mimber. He therefore ordered a "Muazzin" to give Azan, knowing that this would automatically cut the Imam's speech. But he underestimated the Imam's bravery and intelligence.
479.                      The Imam stopped his speech but did not get down from the Mimber. When the Muazzin said " Allahu Akber" the Imam testified Allah's greatness. When the Muazzin said, "Ash hadu anna Muhammaddan Rasulullah", the Imam stopped the Muazzin from going any further.
480.                      He then turned to Yezid and asked him. "Tell me o Yazid, was Muhammad (pbuh&hf) your grandfather or mine? If you say he was your grandfather it will be an open lie and if you say he was my grandfather then why have you killed his son and imprisoned his family?
481.                      Why have you killed my father and brought his women and children to this city as prisoners?"
Yazid had no reply to give.
The effect of this was to turn Syrians against Yazid. Everyone of them now found out about Yazid's crimes that he had committed against the Prophet (pbuh&hf) and his family. They began to blame him and ask for the release of Imam Zain al-Abidin(a.s.) and the womenfolk of the house of the Prophet. Yazid was now afraid that if he did not act fast his ruler ship would be lost. He therefore freed Imam Zain al-Abidin(a.s.) and let. him return to Medina with full honour and respect.
482.                      Imam Sajjad (a.s.) started regular mourning session right from the day he arrived in Madina and apprised the people of the hard times that the family of the Prophet (pbuh&hf) had to to through. Day in and day out, people used to go to Imam (a.s.) and present condolence and hear the events of Karbala. Once a visitor named Noman came to Imam (a.s.) and asked him which was the most difficult time he had to face and the Imam (a.s.) cried for a long time and three times said "AS-SHAAM AS-SHAAM AS-SHAAM". Another visitor asked him as to how long would he continue mourning and crying and he replied that Prophet Ayub (a.s.) had 12 sons and only one of them got lost and he know that he was still alive but he continued crying until his eyes became white and his back got bent - I had seen 17 members of my family being slaughtered around me like sheep and you ask me as to how long I would continue mourning.
483.                      [Muhammad b. al-Husayn reported: Abd Allah b. Muhammad al- Qurashi told us:] When Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, used to perform ritual ablutions, his skin would turn yellow.
484.                      "What is it that has afflicted you?" his family asked him. "Don't you know Whom you are preparing to stand before?" he asked.
485.                      [Amr b. Shamir reported on the authority of Jabir al-Jufi on the authority of Abu Jafar, peace be on him:] Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, used to pray a thousand rakas during the day and the night. The wind would bend (his body) forward like an ear of corn.
486.                      [Sufyan al-Thawri reported on the authority of Ubayd Allah b. Abd al-Rahman b. Mawhib:] The great merit (fadl) of Ali b. Husayn, peace be on them, was mentioned to him but he replied: "It is sufficient for us that I should be one of the righteous members of our people."
487.                      I (i.e. Ali b. Abi Rafi'i) made the pilgrimage with Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The camel carrying him was moving slowly. He pointed toward it with his stick and then said: "Woe if there was no retaliation (in the next world) !" And he moved his hand away from it.
[With this chain of authorities:]
488.                      Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, made the pilgrimage on foot and he took twenty days to travel from Medina to Mecca.
489.                      Imam Ali Ibn Al-Hussain (Zain Al-Abedeen (A)) replied to the Syrian who said to him while he was a prisoner of the Umayyads in Damascus:
"Praise be to Allah Who killed you.. etc. "
490.                      Then he (A) said: "Haven't you read the verse: 'Say: `No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of those near of kin, and if any-one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof; For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, most ready to appreciate (service). "' (42: 23)
491.                      "The right of your companion is that you act as his companion with bounty and in fairness. You honour him as he honours you an you do not let him be the first to act with generosity.
492.                      If he is the first, you repay him. You wish for him as he wishes for you and you restrain him from any act of disobedience he might attempt.
493.                      Be a mercy for him, not a chastisement. And there is no strength save in God."
494.                      All praise be to Almighty Allah (swt), the Lord of the Universe.
Imam Sajjad (as) welcomes the Holy Month of Ramadan:
Praise be to Allah, who ordained this month, the month of Ramadan, the month of fasting, the month of Islam, the month of purity, the month of purification, and the month of prayers. In this month the Qur'an was made to descend as guidance to mankind and contains clear instructions and distinctions.
495.                      He gave this month superiority over all other months by giving it abundant honor and dignity.
496.                      He prohibited in it what He has allowed in other months in order to exalt it, and forbade in it food and drink in order to honor it.
497.                      O Lord! Bless Muhammad and his family, and inspire us to know this month's excellence, and to honor its dignity, and to abstain from whatever You have forbidden in it.
498.                      Help us to observe its fast, by restraining our limbs from disobeying You, and by employing them in that which would please You, so that we may not lend our ears to any vain speech, and may not direct our eyes, hands and feet towards anything forbidden, and that nothings fills our stomachs except what You have made lawful, and our tongues may not utter anything except what You have allowed.
499.                      O Lord! Bless Muhammad and his family, and give us grace to perform timely the five prayers with due regard to their limits which You have enjoined, and the rites which You have prescribed. In this respect, raise us to the rank of those who performed them with success, who duly observed their essential points, who always performed them at proper times, in most perfect and complete humility according to the rules laid down by Your Prophet, may You blessings be on him and his family.
500.                      And our Lord, give us grace in this month, to show favors to our relations, and do good to them, and to take care of our neighbors and do good to them, to take care of our neighbors with kindness and benevolence, to purge our property of obligations, and purify it by giving charity, and to call back those who have left us, and be just to those who were unjust to us, and make peace with those who were hostile to us.
501.                      O Lord! Erase our sins with the disappearance of this month's crescent, and free us from our penalties with the completion of its days, so that the month may pass from us while You have cleansed us of our guilt, and freed us from our sins.
502.                      O Lord! Fill this month with our worship of you alone, and adorn its moments with our service to You, and help us in the daytime to observe the fast, and at night to pray and beseech You, help us to humble ourselves before you and lower ourselves in Your presence.
503.                      [Abu- Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Ammar b. Aban told us: Abd Allah b. Bukayr told us on the authority of Zurara b. A'yan who said that:]
504.                      He (Zurara b. Ayan) heard a voice calling in the middle of the night: "Where are those who abstain with regard to this world out of desire for the next?" A voice called out in answer from the region (of the cemetery) of al-Baqi - he heard its voice without seeing the person
"Such a man is Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them."
505.                      [Abd al-Razzaq reported on the authority of Mamar on the authority of al-Zuhri, who said:] I have never seen any of that House, meaning the House of the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, more meritorious (afdal) than Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them.
506.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu Yunus Muhammad b. Ahmad told us: my father and another of our companions told me:] A young man from Quraysh was sitting in an assembly with Sa'd b. al-Musayyib and saw Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them.
507.                      "Who is that, Abu Muhammad?" the Qurash; asked Sa'id b. al- Musayyib. "That is the lord of worshippers (abidin), Ali b. al-Husayn b. Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on them," he answered. [Abu Muhammad al-H. asan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Muhammad b. Jafar and others told me:]
508.                      A man from his House stood in front of Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, and made him listen to him and cursed him. However, he did not reply. When (the man) had gone away, he said to those who were sitting with him: "You heard what that man said? I want you to come with me so that you may hear from me my reply to him."
509.                      We will do that," they replied, "we wanted you to answer him while we were speaking (together)." He took his shoes and went, while reciting: Those who refrain from anger and those who forgive the people, God loves those who do good. (III 133) Then we knew that he would not say anthing to him.
510.                      He went along until he came to the house of that man who had screamed at him. "This is Ali b. al-Husayn," they told him.
511.                      He came rushing out towards us with evil intent.
512.                      He had no doubt that (Ali b. al-Husayn) had come to him to repay him for some of the evil which he had given him.
513.                      "Brother," said Ali b. al-Husayn, "you were standing proudly over me and you said this and that.
514.                      If you have said what is (really) in my (character), I seek God's forgiveness for it.
515.                      If you have said what is not in my character, may God forgive you".
516.                      The man kissed him between the eyes and replied: "Yes, I said what was not in your character, may I be worthy of it (i.e. God's forgiveness)".
517.                      [The narrator of the account added:] The man was al-Hasan b. al- Hasan, may God be pleased with him.
[Al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me on the authority of his grandfather, (Yahya b. al-Hasan) who said: A Shaykh from Yemen who was some ninety years old, told me: A man called Ubayd Allah b. Muhammad informed me: I heard Abd al-Razzaq say:]
518.                      A maid-servant of Ali b. al-Husayn began to pour water for him so that he might perform the ritual ablutions for prayer. The maid-servant became faint and the jug dropped from her hand and struck him.
519.                      He raised his head towards her and the maidservant said to him:
"God, the Most High, says: Those who restrain from anger."
520.                      "I have restrained my anger," he replied.
"And those who forgive the people," she went on.
521.                      "May God forgive you," he said.
"God loves those who do good," she said.
522.                      "Go, you are a free woman before the face of God, the Mighty and High," he answered.
523.                      [Al-Waqidi reported: Abd Allah b. Muhammad b. Umar b. Ali, peace be on him, told me:] Hisham b. Isma'il used to harm our neighbourhood. Ali b. al- Husayn, peace be on them, received severe hardship from him.
524.                      When he was dismissed, al-Walid ordered that he should be made to stand before the people.
525.                      A Mujahid who is martyred for Allah's cause does not deserve as much reward as a person who chooses not to sin despite having the power to do so. Such a person may even become one of the chaste angels. (Saheefa-e-Sajadia)
526.                      When about something one does not know, one should not be ashamed of having to learn about it.
527.                      Patience is to faith what the head is to the body; one who does not have patience also lacks faith.
528.                      Refrain from lying in all things, big or small, in seriousness or in jest. For when one starts lying in petty matters, soon he will have the audacity to lie in important matters (also).
529.                      A man need not fear Allah except on account of his own sins, and should place his hopes only with his Lord.
530.                      Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, walked past him and greeted him. Ali b. al-H. usayn, peace be on them, had come especially so that no one should harm him.
531.                      It is reported that Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, called his slave twice and the latter did not answer him. At the third time, he answered.
"Didn't you hear my voice?" asked (Ali b. al-Husayn).
"Yes," was the reply.
532.                      "What was on your mind so that you did not answer me?" he asked.
"I was safe (from any harm) from you," he answered.
533.                      "Praise be to God," he said, "Who has caused my slave to be safe (from any harm) from me."
534.                      Imäm Sajjãd (AS) stated: ‘One of the rights of a woman upon her husband is that he should
forgive her ignorance and foolishness’.
535.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Yahya informed me: my grandfather (Yahya al-Hasan) toid me: Yaqub b. Yazid told us: Ibn Abi Umayr told us on the authority of Abd Allah b. al-Mughira, on the authority of Abu Ja'far al-Asha, on the authority of Abu Hamza al-Thumali, on the authority of Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who said:]
536.                      I (i.e. Ali b. al-Husayn) went out until I came to that wall and leaned against it. There was a man wearing two white garments who was looking at me directly in the face.
537.                      Then he said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, why do I see you sorrowful and sad? Is your sorrow on account of the world, since God provides for both the pious and the profligate?"
"I am not sad on account of that though it is as you say," I replied.
538.                      "Is it on account of the next world, for it is a true promise that there conquering angels will give judgment?" he asked.
"I am not sad on account of that. though it is as you say," I answered.
539.                      "Then why are you sad?" he asked.
"I am fearful of the discord (caused) by Ibn al-Zubayr," I replied
540.                      He laughed and said: "Ali b. al-Husayn, have you ever seen anyone who trusted in God and God was not sufficient for him?"
"No," I replied.
541.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he said, "have you ever seen anyone who feared God without God saving him?"
"No," I replied.
542.                      "Ali b. al-Husayn," he asked, "have you ever seen anyone ask (for something) of God without God giving it to him?"
"No," I replied. Then I looked and suddenly there was no one here .
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told us: Abu Nasr told us: Abd al- Rahman b. Salih. told us: Yunus b. Bukayr told us on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, who said:]
543.                      There was in Medina such and such a family. Their provisions used to come to them without them asking for them. They did not know >From where they came to them. However, when Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, died, they stopped (receiving) those.
544.                      [Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu Nasr told us: Muhammad b. Ali b. Abd Allah told us: my father told me: Abd Allah b. Harun told us: Umar b. Dinar told me:] Death was close to Zayd b. Usama b. Zayd and he began to weep.
"What makes you weep?" asked Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them.
"What makes me weep," he said, "is the fact that I owe fifteen thousand dlnars and I have not left anything to fulfill the debt for them."
545.                      "Do not weep," Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, told him, "they are my debt now and you are free of them." So he paid them for him.
546.                      Guard your tongue and do not speak about people whatever comes out of your mouth, otherwise you will turn your friends into your enemies.
547.                      Avoid saying things, which the minds of people are not prepared to accept.
548.                      What harm will come to you if you take all Muslims to be your family and your relations? Consider your elders to be your parents, those younger than you as your children and those of your age as your brothers. If you do so who is going to harm or abuse you?
549.                      If people show respect to you, think that this is because the people are very good not that you are good. If the people say bad things about you, think that something is really wrong with you. If you live in this way, life will become pleasant for you, you will make many friends and your enemies will be few.
550.                      Do not have relationship with, nor talk with nor give company to 5 types of people:
i- The Liar: because they are like mirage: With their words they show things different from what they really are. What is near they make it look far and what is far they make it look near. In this way, they take you away from truth.
551.                      ii- The Greedy and the Sinner: because you cannot rely on their friendship; for a small piece of food or even less than that, they will sell you.
552.                      iii- The Miser: because they will let you down when you need them most.
553.                      iv- The Fool: because even when they try to do you good, they will end you in difficulties.
554.                      v- Those Who have cut relationship with their relatives, because Allah has cursed them in the Qur'an.
555.                      He who does not have wisdom will be ruined by a smallest thing (Mistake).
556.                      Whenever a thought comes in your mind that you are better than any other person, then think along these lines: If the person is older than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you in matters of Islam because he has done more good deeds than you have.
557.                      If the person is younger than you then remind yourself that this person is better than you because he has committed less sins than you have.
558.                      If he is of your age than your argument should be: he is better than you in matters of Islam since you know of your own sins but not of his.
559.                      O Lord, Thou art my shelter if I grow sad, and Thou art my resource if I am in need and unto Thee I cry for help, when deeply afflicted, and with Thee is recompense for what is lost, and reformation for what is corrupted, and alteration for what Thou disapproves:
560.                      Therefore, favor me with security before calamity, and bounty before begging (for it) and right direction before error and spare me from bearing me peace on the day of resurrection and favor me with hand some guidance.
561.                      O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and ward off (evil) from me with Thy grace, and nourish me with Thy blessing, and reform me with Thy graciousness and cure me with Thy goodness and hide me in the shelter of Thy mercy and clothe me with Thy approbation, and help me, when matters grow difficult about me, (to choose) the most righteous of them, and when actions become dubious, (to select) the purest of them, and when the creeds conflict, (to adopt) the most praiseworthy of them.
562.                      O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and crown me with sufficiency and adorn me with the grace of Thy love and grant me true guidance and do not try me with prosperity and confer on me the beauty of comfort and do not make my life a succession of trials, and do not reject my prayer with repulsion; for, I do not recognize any as Thy rival, and I do not call upon any as Thy equal.
563.                      O Lord, bless Muhammad and his Al (family) and restrain me from extravagance and preserve my subsistence from waste and increase my possessions by giving blessing therein and let me walk along the path of benevolence; in whatever I spend my (wealth).
564.                      [Harun b. Musa reported: Abd al-Malik b. Abd al-Aziz told us :] When Abd al-Malik b. Marwan succeeded to the caliphate, he returned the (proportion of) taxes (sadaqat) given to the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, to Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, and also (the proportion of) taxes (sadaqat) given to Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him. They were both written down (in the diwan as going to Ali b. al-Husayn). Umar b. Ali went to Abd al-Malik and complained to him on behalf of himself. Abd al-Malik replied, "I can only use the words of Ibn Abi al-Huqayq:
Indeed when claims of desire are put forward, the listener listens to the speaker.
The people wrestle with their hearts but we are judging with a just and decisive judgment.
We do not make the false true, nor do we deny the true in favor of the false.
We fear that we would make our minds foolish and we would spend (our) time with those without repute.
[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me: my grandfather (Yahya b. al-Hasan) told me: Abu-Jafar Muhammad b. Isma'il told us:]
565.                      Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, made the pilgrimage and the people were shouting about his comely disposition and looking at him. They began to question each other: "Who is that? Who is that?"
(They were doing this) in magnification of him and in exaltation of his rank. Al-Farazdaq was there and he composed the following, saying:
This is he whose ability the valley (of Mecca) recognizes, and whom the (Sacred) House recognizes (as do) the sanctuary and the area outside the sanctuary (al-hill).
566.                      This is the son of the best of all God's servants. This is the pure pious man, the pure eminent man.
567.                      When he comes to touch the corner of the wall of the Ka'ba, it almost grasps the palm of his hand.
568.                      He takes care to be modest and he is protected from his terror.
569.                      He only speaks when he smiles.
570.                      None of mankind has within their souls such primacy as he does nor such grace as he does.
571.                      Whoever knows God, knows his friend (wali). Religion is from the House of this man. When Quraysh saw him, their spokesmen told of the outstanding qualities of this man which indicate (his) nobility.[Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Muhammad informed me on the authority of his grandfather, (Yahya b. al-Hasan) who said: Dawud b. al-Qasim told us: Al-Husayn b. Zayd told us on the authority of his uncle, Umar b. Ali, on the authority of his father Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them:]
572.                      (Ali b. al-Husayn) used to say: "I have never seen similar preference (given to) a prayer (than this prayer). The worshipper will never pray without an answer coming to him on every occasion."
(It was one of the prayers learned from him, peace be on him, when it was learned that Musrif b. Uqba was heading towards Medina.)
My Lord, however much favour You have bestowed upon me, my thanks to You for it has been little.
573.                      However much testing You have given me, my endurance in the face of it has been little.
574.                      O He who receives little thanks from me for His favour, let Him not deprive me.
575.                      O He Who receives little endurance from me when He tests me, let Him not desert me.
576.                      O Possessor of unceasing kindness !
577.                      O Possessor of incalculable favours, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad; ward off the evil (of man) from me so that I may find protection through You amid (man's) slaughter.
578.                      I seek refuge with You from (man's) evil.
579.                      Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina. It was said that he did not have any hostility towards Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. He greeted him, honoured him, was generous to him and gave gifts to him.
The account from another source is that when Musrif b. Uqba came to Medina, he sent for Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them. The latter went to him. When he came to him, he honoured him and said:
"The Commander of the faithful (i.e. Yazid) has enjoined me to show goodness and generosity towards you, to distinguish you from the others."
580.                      So he treated him very well. Then he said to those who were around him: "Saddle my mule for him."
581.                      Then he said to him: "Go to your family. I see that we have filled them with fear when we made you come to us. If that with which we might increase your gift according to your right, were in our hands, we would give it to you."
582.                      [Muhammad b. al-Husayn reported: Abd Allah b. Muhammad al- Qurashi told us:]
When Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, used to perform ritual ablutions, his skin would turn yellow. "What is it that has afflicted you?" his family asked him.
"Don't you know Whom you are preparing to stand before?" he asked.
[Amr b. Shamir reported on the authority of Jabir al-Jufi on the authority of Abu Jafar, peace be on him:]
583.                      Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, used to pray a thousand rakas during the day and the night. The wind would bend (his body) forward like an ear of corn.
[Sufyan al-Thawri reported on the authority of Ubayd Allah b. Abd al-Rahman b. Mawhib:]
584.                      Sample of Zainul Abideen’s Supplications: MUNAJAAT: (The Whispered Prayer) of the Hopeful:
O Lord! Which person has come before Thee seeking hospitality, and You have not received him hospitably?
585.                      And who is the one who has dismounted at Thy door hoping for magnanimity, and to whom You have not shown it?
586.                      O Allah who is the asylum of every fleer, the hope of seekers!
587.                      O Best Object of hope! O Most Generous Aim for supplication!
588.                      O Allah who does not reject His asker or disappoint the expectant!
589.                      O Allah whose door is open to His supplicators and whose veil is lifted for those who hope in Him!
590.                      I ask Thee by Thy generosity to show kindness toward me through Thy gifts,
* with that which will give serenity to my soul, and
591.                      * through certainty with that which will make easy for me the afflictions of this world, and
592.                      *life from my insight the veils of blindness!
593.                      By Thy mercy, O Most Merciful of the merciful! ANOTHER MUNAJAAT
My Lord!
*Thy bounty which Thou hast given me - - strip it not away!
594.                      *Thy generosity which Thou hast given me - - strip it not away!
595.                      *Thy cover over me through Thy clemency - - tear it not away!
596.                      *My ugly acts which Thou hast come to know - - forgive them!
597.                      My Lord!
*I seek intercession from Thee with Thee, and
598.                      *I seek sanctuary in Thee from Thee!
599.                      *I have come to Thee craving Thy beneficence, desiring Thy kindness, …
600.                      *So act toward me with the forgiveness and mercy of which Thou art worthy!
601.                      *Act not toward me with the chastisement and vengeance of which I am worthy!
602.                      *By Thy mercy, O Most Merciful of the merciful!
603.                      An extract from a du'a for Sunday (the 1st verse) from AL- Sahifat al-kamilat al-Sajjadiyya:
In the name of Allah, the most Kind and the most Merciful.In the name of Allah from whom I hope for nothing but bounty, and from whom I fear nothing but justice!I rely only upon His word, and I cling only to His cord!
604.                      Hazrat Imam Ali bin Hussein (a.s.), Sa'id bin Jubair, Amru bin Shu'aib, Abu-Ja'far, and Imam Hussein (a.s.) quoted the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) as having said when asked about the interpretation of the verse, 'To love my relatives...’
605.                      "Do not apologies for the ruler (amir) to me," said Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them and rode away.
606.                      "That is the best of men," said Musrif to those who were sitting with him.
607.                      "There is no evil in him because of his position and rank from the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family."
608.                      The account has been reported that one day Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, was in the mosque of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, when he heard some people describing God in terms of His creation.
609.                      He became fearful and frightened of that.
610.                      He rose and went to the tomb of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
611.                      He stood before it and raised his voice to talk to his Lord.
612.                      He said in his conversation to Him:
My God, Your power has been shown but the form of Your Majesty has not been shown.
613.                      They are ignorant of You and they try to estimate You on the basis of what You are not, and they make comparisons with You.
O my God, I renounce those who seek to discover You through human comparisons.
614.                      My God, there is nothing like You, and they have not become aware of You.
615.                      It is clear that the favour which they have is their evidence for You, if they would (choose to) know You in Your creation, My God, I am free from the fact that they should give You (these characteristics).
Indeed they have pictured You according to Your creation.
616.                      Thus they do not know You and have adopted some of Your signs as (if they were their) Lord.
In that way they have attempted to describe You.
617.                      May You be exalted, O my God above the pictures of You of those who try to describe You in human terms.
618.                      Imam who will arise Hazrat Mahdi (Qa'im), peace be on him, and the events which will take place before his appearance, together with the indications and features of it.
Among them are:
- The Sufyani will come out in revolt;
- the Hasanid will be killed;
- the Abbasids will dispute over worldly kingdom;
- there will be an eclipse of the sun in the middle of the month of Ramadan;
- there will be an eclipse of the moon at the end of that month in contrast to ordinary happenings;
- the land will be swallowed up at al-Bayda'; it will be swallowed in the east-it will be swallowed up in the west;
- the sun will stay still from the time of its decline to the middle of the time for the afternoon prayer;
- it will rise from the west;
- a pure soul (nafs zakiyya) will be killed in the outskirts of Kufa with seventy righteous men;
- a Hashimite will be slaughtered between the corner (of the Ka'ba) and the station of Abraham);
- the wall of the mosque of Kufa will be destroyed;
- black standards will advance from Khurasan;
- al-Yamani will come out in revolt;
- al-Maghribi will appear in Egypt and take possession of it from Syria;
- the Turk will occupy the region of al-Jazira;
- the Byzantines will occupy Ramla;
- the star will appear in the east giving light just like the moon gives light;
- then (the new moon) will bend until its two tips almost meet;
- a colour will appear in the sky and spread to its horizons;
- a fire will appear for a long time in the east remaining in the air for three or seven days;
- the Arabs will throw off the reins and take possession of their land, throwing out the foreign authority;
- the people of Egypt will kill their ruler and destroy Syria; and three standards will dispute over it (Syria);
- the standards of Qays and the Arabs will come among the people of Egypt;
- the standards of Kinda (will go) to Khurasan;
- horses will come from the west until they are stabled in al-Hira;
- the black standards will advance towards them from the east; the Euphrates will flood so that the water comes into the alleys of Kufa;
- sixty liars will come forward, all of them claiming prophethood, and twelve will come forward from the family of Abu Talib, all of them claiming the Imamate; a man of important rank of the supporters of the 'Abbasids will be burnt between Jalula' and Khaniqin;
- the bridge next to Karkh in the city of Baghdad will be established;
- a black wind will raise it at the beginning of the day and then an earthquake will occur so that much of it will be swallowed up;
- fear will cover the people of Iraq and Baghdad; swift death (will occur) there and there will be a loss of property, lives and harvests;
- locusts will appear at their usual times and at times not usual so that they attack agricultural land and crops and there will be little harvest for what the people planted;
- two kinds of foreigners will dispute and much blood will be shed in their quarrel;
- slaves will rebel against obedience to their masters and kill their masters (mawali);
- a group of heretics (ahl al-bida) will be transformed until they become monkeys and pigs;
- slaves will conquer the land of their masters; a cry (will come) from the sky (in such a way) that all the people will hear it in their own languages;
- a face and a chest will appear in the sky before the people in the centre of the sun;
- the dead will arise from their graves so that they will return to the world and they will recognize one another and visit one another;
- that will come to an end with twenty-four continous rainstorms and the land will be revived by them after being dead and it will recognize its blessings;
- after that every disease will be taken away from those of the Shia of the Mahdi, peace be on him, who believe in the truth;
at that time they will know of his appearance in Mecca and they will go to him to support him.
(These signs) are as the reports have mentioned. Among the total of these events are some which are bound (to happen) and other which are conditional. God knows best what will take place. We have only mentioned them on the basis of what is recounted in basic sources of tradition (usul) because of their inclusion in traditions which have been handed down. From God we seek help and Him do we ask for success.
619.                      Recite this dua'a after Fajr salat. It will keep you safe from all evils and misfortunes till next morning.
BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHIM
ALLAHUMMA S'ALE A'LAA MUHAMMED WA AALE MUHAMMED
O Allah send blessings on Muhammed
and on his children,
and take the matter of my welfare in
Your hand! take me in under Your
protection, allow me to enter into
Your impregnable sanctuary.
I look up to Your generous
assurance, fill me with the sense of
total security under Your shelter ,
give out to me Your surety as a
charity, award to me Your guarantee
as a gift, spread out the kindness of
Your patronage, make the
availability of Your assistance easy for me,
and let there be no hindrance
between me and Your support, in
this and the next world.
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on his children,
and grant me ample, effective,
exclusive, expanding and protective safety;
which gives strength to my limbs,
and helps rile in this and the next world.
Give me as a gift safe and sound health,
perfection of faith, a discerning mind,
success in my pursuits,
reverential fear for Your inspiring might,
courage to obediently carry out Your commandments;
and to avoid that which has been
denounced as Your disobedience.
O Allah give me sufficient means,
so long as You keep me alive, this
year, and year after year ,
to perform Hajj and Umra,
and to call on the graves of Your
messenger (the Holy Prophet) and his Ahl ul Bayt,
[bestow Your blessings. Your mercy
and Your bounties on him and on his
children. peace be on them (all). for ever].
Accept and acknowledge my (these) acts,
and keep them with You as my advance deposit.
Make me speak Your praise, express gratitude to You.
mention Your remembrance. and sing Your glorification.
and let me set my heart on the right path of Your religion.
Shield me and my children from the
danger of the accursed Shaytan,
poisonous animals and reptiles.
people of vulgar and vile dispositions;
and save me and my children from
the evil of the rebel Shaytan,
obstinate ruler and arrogant affluence;
and keep me and my children safe
from the harm (as a whole) of the
timid and the violent. the celebrated and
the plebeian, the insignificant and the powerful,
the near and the distant;
protect me and my children against
the sly wickedness of those, among
the Jinn and humans,
who made war in opposition to Your Holy Prophet,
and his Ahl ul Bayt;
and drive away the evil forces,
all of which are under the domain of Your control.
620.                      Verily Your path is the right path.
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on his children,
and bring to nothing the underhand
intrigues devised against me by the
vile plotter (under the satanic influence),
and trap him in his own trickery,
draw a curtain between him and me
so that his eyes do not see me,
his ears do not hear me,
his tongue does not speak about me,
and he may bedeprived
of the power of insight,
in order to prevent him from
hatching mischief whereby his high-
and-mightiness is crushed, his
arrogance is humbled, his authority
is broken down, his haughtiness is disolved;
and protect me from his mischief,
his evil, his slander, his reproach,
his accusation, his envy, his
hostility, his traps, his schemes and
his friends and followers,
verily You are almighty, all-powerful.
621.                      It is recounted by one narrator that:
"One night I was performing tawaf around the Holy Ka'bah in Meccah. I saw a young man who had caught the cover of the Ka'bah in his hands and was crying. He was beseeching Allah. Saying:
"O Lord of the universe, the eyes of all people of the world have closed for sleep, the sun has set and the stars have appeared in the sky. But You, O Master of the universe.
622.                      You are always awake, alive and are the only permanence, and You are controlling the world and its inhabitants.
623.                      `O Lord of all beings, the rulers have shut firm their gates, and have assigned watchmen over them. But the door to Your House.
624.                      O dear Lord. is always open to all, and You are always ready to relieve the distressed, cure the sick and help the oppressed.
625.                      "O Merciful Allah. O creation's Beloved, this helpless creature has come to Your House this dark night, perhaps You will favor him."
626.                      O Allah. You Who answer the call of the helpless in the darkness of night.
627.                      "O Allah. You Who rescue the distressed from their difficulties.
628.                      "O Allah You Who aid Your creatures when they are in distress.
629.                      "O Allah, You Who cure those in pain.
630.                      "O Lord, Your guests are asleep around Your House. but You,
631.                      O Adored Lord, are the only One Who has no sleep. You are He Who is controlling the world and all its creatures.
632.                      "O Lord, I have come to Your House this dark night and am calling on You, for You Yourself have told us to call on You'.
633.                      "O Allah, I implore You by this Holy House to have mercy on Your servant. O Lord, if Your creatures don't come to Your House and place their hopes in You. to whose house will they go and in whom will they place their hopes?" "I became very joyful." the narrator continued.
"listening to the young man imploring God and from witnessing his devotion to Him. I went closer to see who the young man was. I saw that it was Imam al- Sajjad Zayn al `Abidin', and I realized that only he could beseech Allah in such a way."
634.                      His Supplication in the Night Prayer
His Supplication for himself in Confessing Sins after Finishing the Night Prayer
(Supplication - 32)
O God,
O Possessor of
kingdom perpetual in everlastingness,

authority invincible without armies or helpers,

might abiding through aeons past,
years gone by,
times and days elapsed!

Thy authority is mighty
with a might that knows no bound by being first
nor utmost end by being last!

Thy kingdom towers high with a towering
before which all things fall down without reaching its term;

the least of it which Thou hast kept to Thyself is not reached
by the furthest description of the describers!

Attributes go astray in Thee,
descriptions fall apart below Thee,
the subtlest of imaginations are bewildered
by Thy magnificence!

So art Thou:
God, the First in Thy firstness,
and so art Thou everlastingly.
Thou dost not pass away.

But I am the slave,
feeble in works,
immense in hopes.
The tying links are outside my hand,
except what is tied by Thy mercy;
the bonds of hopes have been cut away from me,
except the pardon to which I hold fast.

Little on my part is
the obedience toward Thee upon which I count,
and great against me
the disobedience toward Thee to which I have reverted.
But pardoning Thy slave will not constrain Thee,
even if he be bad,
so pardon me!

O God,
Thy knowledge watches over hidden works,
every covered thing is exposed before Thy awareness,
the intricacies of things are not concealed from Thee,
and unseen mysteries slip not away from Thee.

But over me Thy enemy has gained mastery:
He asked a delay from Thee to lead me astray,
and Thou gavest him the delay!
He asked a respite from Thee until the Day of Doom to misguide me,
and Thou gavest him the respite!135

So he threw me down,
though I had fled to Thee from
small, ruinous sins
and great, deadly works,
until, when I had yielded to disobeying Thee
and merited Thy anger through my bad efforts,
he turned the bridle of his treachery away from me,
met me with the word of his ingratitude,
undertook to be quit of me,136
turned his back to flee from me,
threw me to the desert of Thy wrath alone,
and sent me as an outcast
into the courtyard of Thy vengeance.

There is no intercessor to intercede for me with Thee,
no protector to make me feel secure against Thee,
no fortress to veil me from Thee,
no shelter in which to seek asylum apart from Thee!

This is the station of him who takes refuge with Thee,
the place of the confessor to Thee:
Let not Thy bounty be too narrow for me,
let not Thy pardon fall short of me!
Let me not be the most disappointed
of Thy repentant servants,
nor the most despairing
of those who come to Thee with expectations!
Forgive me,
surely Thou art the best of the forgivers!

O God,
Thou commanded me,
and I refrained,
Thou prohibited me,
and I committed.
evil thoughts tempted me to offend,
and I was negligent.

I cannot call upon daytime to witness my fasting,
nor can I seek sanctuary in night because of my vigil;
no Sunna praises me for keeping it alive,
only Thy obligations,
he who neglects which has perished.

I cannot seek access to Thee
through the excellence of a supererogatory work,
given the many duties of Thy obligations
of which I have been heedless
and the stations of Thy bounds which I have transgressed,
thereby violating sacred things and committing great sins,
though Thou hast given me safety from their disgraces as a covering.

This is the station of him who is
ashamed of himself before Thee,
angry with himself,
and satisfied with Thee.
He meets Thee
with a humble soul,
a neck bent down,
a back heavy with offenses,
hesitating between longing for Thee and fear of Thee.

Thou art the most worthy of those in whom he might hope,
the most deserving for him to dread and fear.
So give me, my Lord, what I hope for,
make me secure against what frightens me,
and act kindly toward me with the kindly act of mercy!
Surely Thou art the most generous
of those from whom are asked!

O God,
since Thou hast covered me with Thy pardon
and shielded me with Thy bounty
in the abode of annihilation and the presence of equals,
grant me sanctuary from the disgraces of the Abode of Subsistence
at the standing places of the Witnesses
(the angels brought nigh,
the messengers honored,
the martyrs, the righteous)
before the neighbor
from whom I have hidden my evil deeds
and the womb relative
before whom I feel ashamed in my secret thoughts!

I trust them not, my Lord,
to cover me over,
but I trust Thee, my Lord,
to forgive me!
Thou art the most worthy of those in whom confidence is had,
the most giving of those who are besought,
and the most clement of those from whom mercy is asked.
So have mercy upon me!

O God,
Thou caused me to descend as mean water
from loins of narrow bones and tight passages
into a constricted womb
which Thou hadst covered with veils;137
Thou turned me about from state to state
until Thou tookest me to the completion of the form
and fixed within me the bodily parts,
as Thou hast described in Thy Book:
a drop,
then a clot,
then a tissue,
then bones,
then Thou garmented the bones with flesh,
then Thou produced me as another creature
as Thou willed.138

Then, when I needed Thy provision,
and could not do without the aid of Thy bounty,
Thou appointed for me a nourishment
from the bounty of the food and drink
which Thou bestowed upon Thy handmaid
in whose belly Thou gavest me to rest
and in the lodging of whose womb
Thou deposited me.

Hadst Thou entrusted me in those states, my Lord,
to my own force
or driven me to have recourse to my own strength,
force would have been removed from me
and strength taken far away.

So Thou hast fed me through Thy bounty
with the food of the Good, the Gentle;
Thou hast done that for me in graciousness toward me
up to this my present point.
I do not lack Thy goodness,
nor does Thy benefaction keep me waiting.
Yet with all that,
my trust has not become firm enough
that I might free myself
for that which is more favoured by Thee.

Satan has taken possession of my reins
through my distrust and frail certainty.
I complain of his evil neighbourhood with me
and my soul's obedience toward him!
I ask Thee to preserve me against his domination,
and I plead with Thee to turn his trickery away from me!

I ask Thee
to make the path to my provision easy,
since to Thee belongs praise for
Thy beginning with immense favours
and Thy inspiring gratitude
for beneficence and bestowing favour!
Bless Muhammad and his Household,
and make the way to my provision easy for me!
[I ask Thee] to make me content
with Thy ordainment for me,
to make me satisfied with my lot
in that which Thou hast apportioned for me
and to place what has gone of my body and my life-span
into the path of Thy obedience!139
Surely Thou art the Best of providers!

O God, I seek refuge in Thee
from the Fire
through which Thou art harsh
toward him who disobeys Thee
and by which Thou hast threatened
him who turns away from Thy good pleasure;
from the Fire
whose light is darkness,
whose ease is pain,
and whose far is near;
from the Fire
parts of which devour parts
and parts of which leap upon parts;

from the Fire which
leaves bones decayed
and lets its people drink boiling water;
from the Fire which
'does not spare him who pleads to it,'140
has no mercy on him who seeks sympathy from it,
and has no power to relieve him
who humbles himself before it
and yields himself to it;
it meets its inhabitants with the hottest that it possesses:
painful punishment and intense noxiousness.

I seek refuge in Thee from
its gaping-jawed scorpions,
its scraping-toothed serpents,
and its drinks, which
tear apart the intestines and hearts of its inhabitants
and root out their marrows.
I ask guidance from Thee
to that which will keep far from it
and make it retreat!

O God,
bless Muhammad and his Household,
grant me sanctuary from it through the bounty of Thy mercy,
release me from my stumbles through Thy good releasing,
and abandon me not,
O Best of the sanctuary-granters!

O God,
Thou protectest from the disliked,
givest the good,
dost what Thou wilt,
and Thou art powerful over everything.141

O God,
bless Muhammad and his Household
when the pious are mentioned
and bless Muhammad and his Household
as long as night and day come and go
with a blessing
whose replenishment is never cut off
and whose number cannot be counted,
a blessing
that will fill up the air
and crowd the earth and the heaven!

God bless him
until he is well pleased
and God bless him and his Household
after good pleasure
with a blessing that has neither bound
nor utmost limit!
O Most Merciful of the merciful!
Praise belongs to Allah who guided us to His praise,
And placed us among the people of praise ......

And praise belongs to Allah who..........
directed us onto the paths of His mercy in order that through His kindness
we may travel upon them to praise His pleasure .......

And praise belongs to Allah who appointed among these paths His month,
the month of Ramadhan,- the month of fasting,
the month submission the month of purity,
the month of putting to test, the month of standing in prayer,
in which month the Qur'an was sent down as a guidance to people...........

He showed its excellence over other months.....
for He made unlawful in it what He declared lawful in others to magnify it,
he prohibited food and drink in it to honour it....

Then He made one of its nights surpass the nights of a thousand months,
and named it the night of decree....

O Allah! bless Muhammad and his progeny,
Inspire us with knowledge of its excellence....

Help us to fast in it:
By our stopping our limbs from acts of disobedience towards you,
And our using them in that which pleases you ......

Give us success in this month to:
Tighten our bonds of family with devotion and gifts,
Attend to our neighbours with bestowal and giving,
Rid our possessions from claims,
Purify them through paying alms (Zakat),
Go back to him who has gone far from us,
Treat justly he who has wronged us,

Make peace with him who shows emnity towards us except he who is
regarded as an enemy of yours for he is the enemy who will not befriend ....
635.                      BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHIM
ALLAHUMMA S'ALE A'LAA MUHAMMED WA AALE MUHAMMED
My Allah,
O He, who, for seeking fulfillment of
desires,
is the ultimate means of relief.
O He unto whom requests reach to
obtain fulfillment.
O He who does not sell favours for a price.
O He who does not attach strings (of
obligations) to His bestowals.
O He, with whom sufficiency is
secured, and no one is able to do
anything without Him.
O He who (alone), no one else, is
humbly beseeched, and it (the
desire) is never turned away.
O He whose treasures are not
consumed by giving what is asked for.
O He whose wisdom is not altered by any means.
O He from whom the "be in need of"
relationship of the needy cannot be cut off.
O He who is not troubled by the calls of the supplicators.
You have glorified Your quality of
being independent of Your creations,
and indeed You are.
You have made wants necessary for
Your creation, and they, always in need, turn to You.
So whoever makes a request to You to
free himself from poverty,
has come at the right source,
which alone gives satisfaction,
but whoever turns to another,
from among Your creation,
to seek fulfillment of his desires,
overlooking You, surely comes to. greif,
and in an attempt to bargain away, I
is deprived of Your favours.
O Allah, now I put forward my need
to You, since my efforts failed, my
means fell short, my strategy has
been interrupted,
because my lust prompted me to go
for him who, not being free from
Your control, himself seeks Your
help for fulfillment of his desires.
It was an error like the errors of the
transgressors, it was a blunder like
the blunders of the sinners.
Then, it was You who thought of me,
awoke me out of the slumber, and
helped me to realize my mistake, and
on account of Your admonition, I
turned back and abandoned my
delusion, saying to myself,
"Glory be to my Lord."
How can one destitute ask a favour of
another destitute?
Wherefore a poor makes a request to
another poor?"
So I submissively move towards You
O my God, and hopefully put my trust in
You, knowing that the very much I
want is very little against Your abundance,
and the great quantity I ask for is a
drop in Your plenteousness.
Your generosity does not shrink by
giving out to any supplicant, and
Your hand (aid), full of gifts, is
more sublime than all hands.
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad
and on his children,
and bestow Your favours on me very
generously while dealing with me, in
keeping with Your liberal kindness,
and not on the basis of what I
deserve, as Your justice demands.
Certainly, I am not the first
expectant who, although should have
been turned away, but receives Your
favours, nor I am the first
supplicant who, though deserved
refusal, but has been blessed with
Your bounties.
O Allah send blessings on Muhammad
and on his children,
and respond to my prayer, give ear
to my outcry, feel pity for my
humility,
hear and answer my call.
Do not cut off my hope from You.
Do not disconnect (my hope of
getting) my means of living from You,
and do not let me turn towards
someone else other than You,
to seek satisfaction of my this and other needs,
and to make a request for fulfillment of my wants.
Prior to my departure from this
place make the difficult task easy for me,
and settle well all my affairs in my favour ,
and send blessings on Muhammad
and on his children, constant,
increasing, unlimited and continuous blessings,
and make these blessings support me
and provide a medium for obtaining
satisfaction of my wants;
verily You are extensively generous.
O Allay my desire is

(mention it, go into sajdah and say:)

Your favour has given me joy, and
Your kindness has shown me the right way,
so I beseech You in Your name and
the name of Muhammad and his children,
bless them all,
and do not send me away disappointed
O Lord! You have given it (Ramadhan) distinction above all the other months and chosen it out of all other seasons and periods giving it preference over them by having made the Qur'an, the light of guidance to descend in it;
And by having made wajib in it fasting ;
And by encouraging us to stand (mustahab salaa);
And by placing in it Laylatul Qadr (the night of decree) which is better than a thousand months.
636.                      .... We bid it farewell with the farewell to one whose parting pains us, whose departure fills us with sadness and loneliness ....
We say: Salaams upon you - O greatest month of Allah,
O Eid of it's friends.
Salaams upon you- ..O best of months in days and hours.
Salaams upon you - O month in which hopes came near
and deeds (good) increased.
Salaams upon you - ..O neighbour in whom hearts became tender and sins decreased.
Salaams upon you O helper who assisted us against Shaitan,
O companion who made it easy for us to take the path of goodness.

Salaams upon you ... how many sins you erased,
how many faults you covered.
Salaams upon you - ..how much we longed for you yesterday,
and how much we shall long for you tomorrow
O Allah! ... with its departure make us depart from our evil deeds...
O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his Family,
and write for us the like of the reward of one who fasted in it
or worshipped you within it until the day of qiyama.
O Allah! Forgive our fathers and our mothers and all the people of our religion,
those who have gone and those who will pass by until the day of qiyama...
 
   


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