Home

Hazrat Imam Hussian


Hazrat Syed ush Shuda Imam Hussian a.s
Asalamoalaka ya Abaabdella -hel -Hussain a.s.

Name - Hussain
Title - Sayyid-ush-Shohada (Leader of Martyrs)
Kunyat - Abu Abdullah
Born - Thursday, 3rd Shaban 4 AH at Medina
Father's Name - Ali ibne abu Talib
Mother's Name - Fatima (Daughter of the Holy Prophet)
Martyred - at the age of 57 years, in Kerbala, on 10th Muharram 61 AH by Yazid-ibn-Muawiya and his ruthless army.
Buried - in Kerbala

A brief look at the Life of Hazrat Imam Hussain (a.s)


(This is) an account of the Imam after al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on him, (giving) the date of his birth, the evidence of his Imamate, the age he reached, the period of his succession (khalifa), the time and cause of his death, and the place of his grave. (It also provides) a selection from the (historical) reports about him.

The Imam after al-Hasan b. Ali was his brother, al-Husayn b. Ali (who was) the son of Fatima, daughter of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, through the designation (nass) of his father and grandfather, peace be on them, and the testamentary bequest (wasiyya) of his brother, al-Hasan, peace be on him. His kunya was Abu Abd Allah (glory be to Him).

He was born in Medina, on the fifth of Shaban in the year 4 A.H. (626). His mother, Fatima, peace be on her, brought him to the Apostle of God. The latter was delighted with him and named him Husayn. He sacrificed a ram on his behalf in the rite of aqiqa. On the testament of the Apostle of God, he and his brother are the two lords of the youth of Heaven, and by unanimous agreement, they were the grandsons of the Prophet of Mercy.

Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them, was like the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, from his head to his chest, while al-Husayn was like him from his chest to his feet. They were the two dear ones of the Apostle of God among all his family and children. [Zadhan reported on the authority of Salman, may God be pleased with him:]

I heard the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, say concerning al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them: O God, I love both of them. Therefore love them and love whoever loves them Then he said: Whoever loves al-Hasan and al-Husayn, is one whom I love. Whomever I love, God loves, and whomever God loves, He will cause to enter Heaven. Whoever hates them, I hate and God hates. Whomever God hates, He will cause to enter the Fire. Then he said: These two sons of mine are my two plants of sweet basil (to sweeten) the world.

[Zirr b. Hubaysh reported on the authority of Ibn Mas'ud: ]

While the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, was praying, al-Hasan and al-Husayn came and stood behind him. When he raised his head, he took them tenderly (into his arms). When he resumed (his prayers), they resumed (theirs). Then when he had finished, he sat one on his right knee and the other on his left knee and said: Whoever loves me, should love these two. They, peace be on them, are the two proofs (hujjatay Allah) of God of His Prophet in the contest of prayer (mubahala). After their father, the Commander of the faithful, they were the two proofs of God (hujjatay Allah) to the community concerning religion (din) and belief (milla).

[Muhammad b. Umayr has reported on the authority of his teachers (rijal) that Abu Abd Allah (i.e. Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq), peace be on him, said:]

Al-Hasan, peace be on him, said to his companions: God has two cities - one in the east and the other in the west - in which Gods creatures are never interested in disobeying Him. Yet, by God, God's proof to His creatures, both in those two and between them, is no other than myself and my brother, al-Husayn.

A narration of the same kind is reported from al-Husayn b. Ali peace be on them, when he said to the followers of Ibn Ziyad on the day of deprivation:

What is the matter with you that makes you help each other against me or (don't you see) if you kill me, you kill God's proof to yourselves? No, by God, there is not between Jabilqa and Jabirsa a son of a prophet through whom God provides proof to you other than myself.

He meant by Jabilqa and Jabirsa, the two cities which al-Hasan, peace be on him, had mentioned.

One of the conclusive pieces of evidence (burhan) of the perfection of both of them, peace be on them, and the proof of God's special regard for them both, after what we have mentioned of the contest of prayer of the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, (in which he used) them both, is the pledge (bay'a) which the Apostle of God made to them, when he never made any (other) pledge to a child. The Qur'an also brings down the positive statement of the reward of Heaven to them both because of their works, despite the outward state of childhood in which they were. It did not bring down that to any other like them. God said in Surat Hal ata (known also as Surat al Dahr)

"And they give foods out of love for him, to the poor, orphans and prisoners We only feed you for the sake of God; we do not want reward or thanks from you. Indeed we fear from our Lord a hard depressing day. Therefore, God will guard them from the evil of that day, and make them meet with ease and joy, and reward them with gardens and silk because they were patient." [Ch 76: Vr 8-12]

This statement is general to them, peace be on them, with their father and their mother. The tradition contains their assertion of that and their awareness of it; both of which indicate that the illustrious verse was about the two of them and (that) the greatest proof (hujja) to creatures was through them both. In the same way the report about the Messiah, peace be on him, speaking in the cradle was a proof of his prophethood and God's special regard for him through miraculous acts (karama) which indicated his place and position with God with regard to merit (fadl) The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, had made clear his Imamate and the Imamate of his brother before him through designation (nass) when he said:

These two sons of mine are Imams who will experience difficulties. The testamentary bequest (wasiyya) of al-Hasan, peace be on him, to him indicated his Imamate,just as the testamentary bequest of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, to al-Hasan, peace be on him, indicated his Imamate just as the testamentary bequest of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, to the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, indicated his Imamate after himself.

According to what we have (just) mentioned the Imamate of al- Husayn, peace be on him, was confirmed after the death of his brother al-Hasan, peace be on him, and the obedience of all creatures to him was binding, although he did not summon them to (follow) him because of precautionary dissimulation (taqiyya) which he was following and because of the truce which existed between him and Mueawiya b. Abl Sufyan and the need to fulfil it. In that he followed the same course as his father, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, in terms of the establishment of his Imamate after the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, despite (his own) silence (about it), and also of the Imamate of his brother after the truce despite (his) abstention (from politics) and (his) silence. In that they were acting according to the practices (sunan) of the Prophet of God, may God bless him and his family, when he was blockaded in al-Shi'b and when he escaped Mecca as an emigrant by hiding in a cave and he was hidden from his enemies.

When Muawiya died, the period of the truce came to an end. (It was this) which had prevented al-Husayn, peace he on him, from calling (people) to (follow) him. Then he made public his (claim to) authority as far as was possible. Time after time he explained his right (to authority) to those who were ignorant of it until followers gathered around him. Then he, peace be on him, urged (them) to take up the struggle (jihad) and prepared for battle.

Then with his children and the people of his house (ahl baytihi), he set out from the sanctury of God (Mecca) and the sanctury of his Apostle (Medina) towards Iraq because of the help that was sought from him by the members of his Shia who had urged him (to come) against the enemies. His paternal cousin, Muslim b. Aqil, may God be pleased with him, had preceded him and had satisfied him of the (sincerity of their) call to God and of (their) pledge of allegiance to him to take part in the struggle. For the people of Kufa had pledged their allegiance to him (Muslim) to (do) that, and had promised (to do) it and had guaranteed help and advice to him and had given their trust and contract to him. However it was not long before they broke their pledge, deserted him and handed him over. Then he was killed in their midst without them (trying) to stop it.

(Furthermore) they went out to (make) war against al-Husayn. They besieged him, peace be on him, prevented him from returning to God's land (i.e. Mecca) and they used force against him in such a way that he could find no one to help him, and no place of refuge from them. They prevented him from getting water from the Euphrates so that they might gain power over him. Then they killed him. He, peace be on him, died, (a man desperately) thirsty, yet still striving and showing fortitude, (a man) forced to be detained, (a man) oppressed. The pledge of allegiance to him was revoked. The respect due to him was ignored. The covenant to him was not fulfilled nor the responsibility of the agreement made with him honoured. (He died) a martyr as his father and brother, peace be on them, had done before him.

A Sample of the Outstanding Virtues of al-Husayn b. 'Ali Peace be on Him, the Merit in Visiting (His Grave) and Mention of His Tragedy [Said b. Rashid reported on the authority of Yala b. Murra, who said:] I heard the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, say: Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn. God loves whoever loves him. Husayn is indeed an (outstanding) grandson among grandsons.

[Ibn Lahia reported on the authority of Abu 'Awana (with an interrupted chain of authorities) (rafa'ahu) back to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family:]

The Apostle of God said: Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, are the ornaments of the throne (of Heaven). Indeed Heaven, itself, said, 'O my Lord, You have filled me with weak and poor inhabitants.' God, the Exalted, replied to it: 'Are you not content that I have adorned your corners with al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on him?' Then it swaggered as a bride swaggers with happiness.

[Abd Allah b. Maymun al-Qaddah reported on the authority of Jafar b. Muhammad al-Sadiq, peace be on them, who said:]

Al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, were wrestling in front of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Hasan, catch hold of Husayn, said the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Apostle of God, are you encouraging the big one against the little one? said Fatima, peace be on her. It is Gabriel, peace be on him, who is saying to al-Husayn: Husayn, catch hold of al-Hasan, replied the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.

[Ibrahim b. al-Rafi'i reported on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather, who said:]

I saw al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, walking to the pilgrimage. They did not pass a rider who did not dismount and walk too. It became arduous for some of them. They said to Sad b. Abi Waqqas Walking is arduous for us. We would prefer to ride but these two young lords (sayyid) are walking. Abu Muhammad, said Sad to al-Hasan, peace be on him, Walking is hard on a group of those with you, yet the people cannot make themselves feel better by riding when they see you two walking. If you rode, (it would be easier for them). We will not ride, replied al- ,Hasan, peace be on him. We have pledged ourselves to walk to the Sacred House of God on our feet. However, we will turn aside from the road. They both went aside from the people.

[Al-Awza'i has reported on the authority of 'Abd Allah b. Shaddad, on the authority of Umm al-Fadl, daughter of al-Harith: ]

She visited the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family and said: Apostle of God, I have had a strange dream during the night. What was it?, he asked. It was terrible, she said. What was it?, he repeated. I saw (something) like a piece of your body cut up and put in my lap, she answered. You have seen well said the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. Fatima will give birth to a boy when she is sitting on your lap (to give birth). [She reported:] Fatima did give birth to al-Husayn, peace be on him, and he was in my lap just as the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, had said. One day I took him to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, and I put him in his lap. His gaze turned away from me. Behold, both the eyes of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, were flowing with tears. I said: (May I ransom you) with my father and mother Apostle of God, what is the matter with you? "Gabriel, peace be on him, came to me," he said. "He told me that my community will seek to kill this son of mine and he brought me dust made red by his (blood)."

[Simak reported on the authority of Ibn al-Mukhariq on the authority of Umm Salama, may God be pleased with her, who said:]

One day while the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, was sitting down, and al- Husayn was sitting on his knee, his eyes suddenly filled with tears. I said to him: Apostle of God, why do I see you weeping, may I be your ransom? Gabriel, peace be on him, came to me, he said. She consoled me for the death of my son, al-Husayn, and he told me that a group of my community will kill him. May God never let them have intercession from me.

[It is reported with another chain of authorities on the authority of Umm Salama, may God be pleased with hey that she said:]

One evening the Apostle of God left us and was away for a long time. He came back, he was dishevelled and dusty and his hand was holding (something). I said to him: Apostle of God, why do I see you dishevelled and dusty? He said: I have just been on a night journey to a place in Iraq, called Karbala. There I saw the death of my son, al-Husayn, and a group of my children and the members of my family (ahl al-bayt). I could not stop (myself) from gathering (some of) their blood and here it is in my hand. He opened his hand and said: Take it and look after it. I took it. It was like red soil. I put it in a phial, fastened its top and kept it. When al-Husayn, peace be on him, left Mecca on his way to Iraq, I took out that phial every day and night. I used to smell it and look at it. Then I would weep for his fate. On the 10th of (the month of) al-Muharram, the day on which al-Husayn, peace be on him was killed, I took it out. At the beginning of the day it was in its usual condition, but at the end of the day, behold, it was fresh blood. I shrieked (with grief) and wept. Then I restrained my anger out of fear that the enemies of the family of the Prophet) in Medina would heae and would hurry to rejoice at their misfortune. I have kept it secret up to the present time, even to the day when the messenger bringing the news of his death came to announce it. Then what I had seen was proved.

It is reported that one day the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, was sitting down. Around him were Ali, Fatima, al-Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them. He asked them: How would you feel if when you were killed, your tombs were scattered around (the country)? Will we die an (ordinary) death or will we be killed? al-Husayn, peace be on him, asked, Rather you will be killed unjustly, my little son, and your brother will be killed unjustly," he answered. "Your offspring will be scattered over the land. Apostle of God, who will kill us? asked al-Husayn, peace be on him. The evil men among the people, he said. Will anyone visit (our graves) after we are killed?, he asked. Yes, my little son, he told him, a group (taifa) of my community will gain my benificence and favour through visiting (your graves). On the Day of Resurrection, I will bring them to the place so that I may take them by the arms and save them from its terrors and sorrows.

[Abd Allah b. Sharik al-Amiri reported:]

I heard the followers of Ali say when 'Umar b. Sed went through the gate of the mosque: There is the killer of al-Husayn b. 'Ali, peace be on him. That was some time before he was killed.

[Salim b. Abi Hafsa reported:]

Umar b. Sa'd said to al-Husayn: Abu Abd Allah, stupid people have come to me claiming that I will kill you. They are not stupid, al Husayn, peace be on him told him. They are men who dream (of the future). Yet it pleases me that you will not enjoy the land of Iraq for long after me.

[Yusuf b. Abida reported: I heard Muhammad b. Sirin say:]

Such a redness which was in thc sky was never seen except after the killing of al-Husayn b. Al, peace be on him.

[Said al-Iskaf reported: Abu-Ja'far, peace be on him, said:]

The killer of Yahya b. Zakariyya (John the Baptist) was a son born out of wedlock. The killer of al-Husayn b. Ali was a son born out of wedlock. The sky only went red for those two.

[Sufyan b. Uyayna reported on the authority of Ali b. Zayd, on the authority of Ali b. al-Husayn, peace be on them, who said:]

We set out with al-Husayn, peace be on him. We did not stop at any halting-place without him setting off from there by (first) mentioning Yahya b. Zakariyya and his death. He would say: There was a day and it was a day of the humiliation of the world before God, when the head of Yahya b. Zakariyya was given to one of the prostitutes of the Banu Israil.

Reports have already been presented (which show) that none of the killers of al-Husayn, peace be on him, and his followers, may God be pleased with them, managed to avoid being killed or suffering tribulation in such a way as put them to shame before their death.

Al-Husayn, peace be on him, came to his death on Saturday, the 10th of (the month of) al-Muharram in the year 61 A.H. after the (time for) the mid-day prayer. (He was) killed wrongfully, while thirsty, always showing fortitude but forced to be detained, as we have already explained. His age on that day was fifty-eight years. Of these, he spent seven with his grandfather, the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, thirty-seven with his father, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and forty-seven with his brother, al- Hasan, peace be on him. The period of his succession (to the Imamate) after his brother was eleven years. He, peace be on him, used to use henna and a black dye (katam). When he, peace be on him, was killed, the dye came off (the beard on) his two cheeks.

Many reports have come down about the great merit (to be acquired) by visiting his (grave) indeed of it being necessary for everyone who accepts the Imamate of al-Husayn, peace be on him, (as being bestowed on him) by God, the Mighty and High. It is reported from al-Sadiq Jafer b. Muhammad, peace be on him, that he said: Visiting the grave of al-Husayn, peace be on him, is equal to a hundred acceptable pilgrimages and a hundred acceptable lesser pilgrimages ('umra). The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, said: Whoever visits the grave of al-Husayn, peace be on him, after the latter's death, will have heaven (as his reward).
Hazrat Imam Hussein had married five times. The names of his wives are: 

1. Hazrat Bibi Shahr Banu the daughter of Yazd Gurd, the last emperor of Iran. Hazrat Imam Zaynul Abedin a.s. our fourth Imam was her son. She died within ten days of our fourth Imam's birth.
2. Hazrat Bibi Umm e Rabab was the daughter of Imra'u Al Qays the chief of the tribe of Kinda.Janabe Rabab was the mother of Sakinah and the baby Abdallah (also called Ali Asghar). She was present in Kerbala with Hazrat Imam Hussein a.s. and died after one year of return to Medinah after the tragedy of Kerbala.
3. Hazrat Bibi Umm e Laila was the daughter of Abu Murra, the son of Urwah bin Mas'ud Al Thaqafi. Her mother was Maymunah, the daughter of Abu Sufyan and thus she was the cousin of Yazid. Her aunt Umm Sa'id, daughter of Urwah was a wife of Imam Ali a.s.. Janabe Laila was the mother of Ali Akbar. According to scholars she was not alive at the time of the Tragedy of Kerbala. Her name has not been mentioned in the old books written about Kerbala. Nor was her name mentioned in the court of Yazid and there is no account of anyone blaming Yazid for imprisoning his own cousin.
4. Hazrat Umm e Ishaq was the daughter of Talhah bin Ubaydallah Taimi and she is the mother of Fatema Kubra.
5. Hazrat Umm e Quda'iyah was from the the tribe of Quda'ah. She gave birth to one child Jaffer who died in Childhood.

The life of
Imam Husain ('a)

Author: Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi
Translator: Sayyid Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition 2007-1386-1428
Quds Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 888
Size: 162 X 229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-889-7

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER

Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tel: ++98 251 7741744   Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedicated 
 
4
 
At your service, O chief of the Noble ones!
 
27
 
Introduction 
 
29
 
Offspring of Prophethood  "Part 1" 47
  Mother
Father
The first new-born
Dream of Ummul Fadl
The Blessed Birth
Grief and weeping of the Holy Prophet (s)
Year of Imam Husain’s (‘a) birth
Birth ceremonies of Imam Husain (‘a)
First: Azan and Iqamah
Second: Naming
Statements opposed to facts
Third: Aqiqa Ceremony
Fourth: Shaving of the head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Fifth: Circumcision
Attention of the Prophet (s) towards Imam Husain (‘a)
Amulet of the Holy Prophet (s) for Imams Hasan and Husain (‘a)
Appearance of Imam Husain (‘a)
Awe of Imam Husain (‘a)
Titles of Imam Husain (‘a)
Patronymic of Imam Husain (‘a)
Inscription on the Ring stone of Imam Husain (‘a)
Use of Perfume
Residence
Upbringing and Training
Heritage
Family
The Prophet’s Training
Imam Amirul Momineen’s (‘a) Training
Her Eminence, Fatima’s (‘a) Training to Imam Husain (‘a)
Environment
In the Shade of Quran and Sunnah
Under the shade of Quran
Verse of Purification
A – Who are the “Ahle Bayt” (People of the House)?
B – Exclusion of the Prophet’s wives in the verse of Purification
C – False Claims of Akrama and Maqatil
48
49
49
49
50
51
51
52
52
53
53
54
54
55
55
55
56
57
58
58
58
58
59
59
59
61
62
62
65
66
67
67
67
68
69
70
     
Offspring of Prophethood  "Part 2"  
  Akrama in Mizanul Etedal
Maqatil bin Sulaiman
Weak arguments of Akrama and Maqatil
The Proof of the Verse of Purification on Infallibility
The Verse of Love
Razi’s Opinion
Verse of Malediction
Verse of the Righteous
In the Shade of Sunnah
First Group
Second Group
Deep Love
Third Group
The Messenger of Allah Prophesied the martyrdom
Respect Accorded by Companions to Imam Husain (‘a)
Examples of the Merits of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imamate of Imam Husain (‘a)
70
71
72
73
74
75
77
80
82
82
87
92
92
95
101
103
103
     
Characteristics of the Personality of Imam Husain (‘a) 104
  1 – Firm Determination
2 – Refusal to accept Injustice
3 – Valor
4 – Frankness
5 – Firmness on the Path of Truth
6 – Patience and Forbearance
7 – Forbearance
8 – Humility
9 – Kindness and Affection
10 – Charity
 
104
104
108
110
111
111
113
114
115
115
 
Worship and Piety of Imam Husain (‘a) 120
  A – Imam Husain (‘a) and his fear of God
B – Excessive Prayer and fasting of Imam Husain (‘a)
C – Hajj of Imam Husain (‘a)
D – Charitable nature of Imam Husain (‘a)
 
120
120
120
121
 
Intellectual Talents of Imam Husain (‘a) 121
  Referring to Imam Husain (‘a) for religious Verdict
Gathering of Imam Husain (‘a)
Narrators from Imam Husain (‘a)
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) from his grandfather
Reports of Imam Husain (‘a)
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) narrated from his mother
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) from his father, Ali (‘a)
About the astonishing inheritance of Imam Husain (‘a)
Predestination
Self-sufficient
Monotheism
Enjoining Good
Types of Jihad (Holy War)
Legislation of fasting
Types of worship
Love for Ahle Bayt (‘a)
Lofty Morals
Legislation of the Call of Prayer
Brothers
Knowledge and Experience
Meaning of Charity
Advice and Guidance
 
122
122
123
123
125
127
127
129
130
131
131
133
135
136
136
136
137
138
139
139
139
139
 
Sermons of Imam Husain (‘a) 
 
143
 
Supplications of Imam Husain (‘a) 144
  1 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) for warding off the enemies
2 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) for rain
3 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) on the Day of Arafah
 
144
144
144
 
Some sayings of Imam Husain (‘a) 154
  Among the Poems
 
156
 
The Great Disaster in Islam 161
  Sign of Passing away
Farewell Hajj
Gathering of Ghadeer Khumm
The Prophet’s Illness
Seeking Forgiveness of those Buried in Baqi Cemetery
Usamah’s Expedition
The Prophet Allows Retaliation
The Prophet gave his Personal wealth in Charity
Thursday Tragedy
The Great Grief of Her Eminence, Zahra (‘a)
The Prophet’s Heritage for his two grandsons
The Prophet’s Bequest regarding his Grandsons
The Prophet’s Sorrow for Husain (‘a)
Towards Paradise
Funeral Ceremony of the Holy Prophet (s)
Funeral Prayer of the Holy Prophet (s)
The Prophet’s Burial
Difficulties of the Purified Progeny
Rule of the Two Shaykhs (Abu Bakr and Umar)
Saqifa gathering
Motives of Saqifah Meet
Political statement of Saad
Criticism against Saad
Weakness of Ansar
Jealousy and Enmity
Umar’s Planning
Some Important Points
Ansar Surprised
 
161
162
164
168
168
169
171
173
174
175
177
178
178
178
181
181
182
182
184
187
188
190
191
192
192
193
194
195
 
Abu Bakr’s Discourse 196
  Research and Investigation
Allegiance of Abu Bakr
Celebration of Quraish
Role of Abu Sufyan
Defeat of Ansar
Reaction of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
The Imam’s Refusal to Pay Allegiance
Forcing Imam Ali (‘a) for allegiance
Dreadful Steps
Economic Embargo
A – Abrogation of Khums
B – Confiscation of the Prophet’s Inheritance
Abu Bakr’s Argument and Justification
Lady Zahra’s Discourse to Abu Bakr
Arguments of Her Eminence, Zahra (s.a)
Confiscation of Fadak
Calamities of Her Eminence, Zahra (a.s)
Towards Paradise
Officials and Governors of Abu Bakr
Economic Policies of Abu Bakr
Entrusting the Caliphate to Umar
 
196
198
201
202
203
203
203
204
206
206
206
207
207
208
211
212
212
215
218
220
220
 
Umar’s Reign 225
  Economic Policy of Umar
Umar’s Critics
Umar’s Arguments
Umar’s Regret
Internal Policies of Umar
Freedom of Companions of the Prophet Restricted
Justification of Taha Husayn
Officials and Governors appointed by Umar
Supervision of Governors
Seclusion of Imam Ali (‘a)
Umar and His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
His Eminence Husain (‘a) and the Family of Umar
Assassination of Umar
Shura
Umar with the Members of Shura Committee
Procedure of Shura Committee
Warning to the Companions
The Imam’s Reaction
The Imam’s Acceptance
Problems of Shura
Mode of Selection
 
225
226
227
227
227
229
229
230
230
234
235
237
237
241
242
247
248
248
249
249
253
 
Uthman’s Reign 260
  Aspects of Uthman’s Personality
Administrative System of Uthman
Officials and Governors of Uthman
1 – Saeed Ibn Aas
2 – Abdullah bin Aamir
3 – Walid bin Uqbah
4 – Abdullah Ibn Saad
5 – Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan
Economic Policies of Uthman
Uthman’s Bestowals to the Umayyads
Uthman’s Generosity to Nobles
Allotment of Land to Feudal Lords
Appropriating Public Wealth for Personal Needs
Opposing Groups
Crushing the Opponents
1 – Ammar bin Yasir
2 – Abu Zar
Abu Zar’s Imprisonment in Syria
Abu Zar Imprisoned in Rabadha
Statements of His Eminence, Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a)
Words of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Statements of Imam Husain (‘a)
Ammar’s Discourse
3 – Abdullah Ibn Masood
Revolution
Another Message to Frontier Military Officials
Delegations from Different provinces
A – Egyptian Delegation
B – Kufian Delegation
C – Basran Delegation
Memorandum of Egyptians to Uthman
Uthman Sought Imam’s Help
Uthman Breaks the Pledge
Uthman Seeks Muawiyah’s Help
Uthman Besieged
Day of the House
Attack on Uthman
Effects of Uthman’s Regime
 
261
262
263
264
266
268
273
274
275
276
278
279
280
281
282
282
284
285
287
288
289
289
289
291
293
294
294
294
294
294
295
295
296
297
298
299
299
300
 
Period of Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a) Part 1 303
  Disinclination and Silence of Imam (‘a)
Conference of the Armed Forces
Imam’s Acceptance
Allegiance
Sanitizing of Government Machinery
Nationalization of Embezzled wealth
Quraishites Panic
Afflictions of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Policies of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Economic Policy of Imam Ali (‘a)
Internal Policy of Imam Ali (‘a)
Equality
Freedom
Political Freedom
1 – Freedom of Expression
2 – Freedom of Criticism
Universal Justice
National Integration
Training and Education
Governors and Officers of Imam Ali (‘a)
Supervision on Governors
Keeping away the Opportunists
Keeping away the Greedy Elements
Frankness and Truthfulness
With Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Ali’s Prophecies on the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (‘a)
With the Nakiseen and Qasiteen
Nakiseen
Motive for Rebellion
Muawiyah and Defrauding of Zubair
Conference of Mecca
Resolutions of the conference
Equipping the Army with Plundered Items
Political Discourse of Ayesha
Ayesha and Umme Salma
Ayesha moves to Basra
Askar
Hawwab
In Basra
Conflict over Leading Prayers
Imam’s Messengers to Kufa
The Two Armies Come face to Face
Messengers of Conciliation
Calling by the Quran
 
303
304
305
305
306
307
308
308
309
309
312
313
313
313
314
314
315
315
316
317
318
319
319
320
321
322
326
327
327
328
329
329
329
330
330
332
332
332
333
336
337
338
338
339
 
  Period of Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a) Part 2 340
  General Battle
Zubair is Killed
Killing of Talha
Ayesha Leads the Army
Cutting off the camel’s legs
General Amnesty
Consequences of the Battle
Qasiteen (Rebels)
Sending of Jurair
Muawiyah and Amr Ibn Aas
Sending back of Jurair
Uthman’s Shirt
Muawiyah’s Mobilization of Army towards Siffeen
Imam comes out for the battle
Obtaining control over the Euphrates
Messengers of Armistice
The Battle
Restraining Hasan and Husain (‘a) from the Battle
Ammar’s Martyrdom
Ibn Aas’ Ruse
Arbitration
Arbitration Document
The Imam’s Return to Kufa
With the Mariqeen
The Two Arbitrators hold a Meeting
Mutiny of the Mariqeen
Battle against Mariqeen
After effects of the Battle
Muawiyah’s victory
Dissipation of Imam’s army
Conquest of Egypt
Attacks
Attack on Iraq
Attack on Hijaz and Yemen
Chaos and Disorder of Khawarij
Supplication of the Imam (‘a) for himself
Demise of the Rightful Government
Conference of Mecca
Valueless Opinion
The Umayyad Plot
Imam’s Assassination
Towards the Eternal Abode
Effects of the Imam’s Government
 
340
340
342
342
343
344
345
346
347
347
349
350
350
350
351
352
352
353
354
356
359
360
361
361
363
367
368
369
370
370
371
372
372
374
376
377
378
380
380
381
382
384
385
Caliphate of His Eminence, Hasan (‘a) 387
  1 – Cruelty to the Imam
2 – Associating Infidelity with Imam Hasan (‘a)
3 – The Great Breach of Trust
4 – Plundering Sources and Capital of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Treaty
Reaction of Imam Husain (‘a)
Adi bin Hatim
Transformation of Caliphate
 
388
388
388
389
389
390
390
390
 
 Muawiyah’s Rule 392
  Muawiyah’s Fiscal Policy
Economic Deprivation
1. Yathrib
2. Iraq
3. Egypt
Prosperity in Syria
Muawiyah Employed wealth for strengthening his rule
Muawiyah’s great bestowals to his clansmen
Amr Aas sanctioned the Tax of Egypt
Largesse upon the supporters
Purchase of Faith
Deficiency of Central Treasury
Confiscating the properties of citizens
Agricultural Income
Plunder carried out by governors and Agents
Tax collection
Hoarding of Gold and Silver
Economic Progress Paralyzed
Muawiyah’s Justification
Policy of disintegration and favoritism
Oppression of Non-Arabs
Tribal Prejudice
Policy of intimidation and violence
Considering the poor people as despised
Policy of Deceit and Intrigue
Spread of opportunism
Insult and Unrestrained Behavior
Spread of Unrestrained behavior in Mecca and Medina
Considering religious values unimportant
Joining Ziyad with his lineage
 
393
393
393
395
395
395
395
396
396
396
397
397
398
398
399
399
400
400
400
401
401
403
403
405
405
407
408
409
410
411
 
Objection of Imam Husain (‘a) 412
  Muawiyah’s Animosity towards the Prophet
Transforming the realities of Islam
Muawiyah’s Behavior with Ahle Bayt (‘a)
1. Control over Preachers
2. Using the centers of Education
3. Fabricating Traditions
Fabricated Traditions Regarding Imam Husain (‘a)
Imprecation of Imam Amirul Momineen (‘a)
Concealing the Merits of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
Preventing the Remembrance of Imam (‘a)
Behavior with Shias
Mass Killings
Eliminating Great Shia Thinkers
1. Hujr bin Adi
Protest of Imam Husain (‘a)
2. Rushaid bin Hijri
3. Amr bin Hamaq al-Khuzai
Imam Husain's Memo
4. Awfa bin Haseen
5. Hadhrami and his companions
Objection of Imam Husain (‘a)
6. Juwayriyya Abadi
7. Saifi bin Faseel
8. Abdur Rahman Anzi
Prominent Shia Personalities who bore tortures and sorrows
Intimidation of ladies
Demolishing Shias houses
Depriving Shias from Public Treasury
Testimonies of Shias not accepted
Banishment of Shias to Khorasan
 
412
413
415
415
415
415
417
418
420
422
422
423
423
423
424
425
425
426
426
427
427
427
428
429
430
430
430
430
431
431
 
Allegiance of Yazid 432
  Birth of Yazid
Yazid’s Upbringing
Yazid’s characteristics
Yazid’s fondness for Hunting
Fondness for Monkeys
Habitual Alcoholism of Yazid
Yazid’s Cronies
Muawiyah’s advice to Yazid
Defense of Yazid by Muhammad Izzat Druze
Muawiyah accepted the wanton behavior of Yazid
Yazid’s Malice to the Holy Prophet (s)
Yazid’s Malice to Emigrants
Mughairah’s invitation for Yazid’s allegiance
Granting Immunity to Muawiyah
1. Ahmad Dahlan
2. Dr. Abdul Munim
3. Husain Muhammad Yusuf
Opinion of Hasan Basri
Statement of Ibn Rushd
Muawiyah’s Motives
Diplomatic tricks for obtaining allegiance
1. Use of Poets
Doling out wealth to prominent persons
Correspondence with Governors
Delegations from Islamic countries
Conference of Islamic Delegations
Supporters of Allegiance
Speech of Ahnaf bin Qais
Failure of the Conference
Muawiyah’s Journey to Medina
A closed door meeting
Muawiyah’s Speech
Speech of Abdullah bin Abbas
Speech of Abdullah bin Ja’far
Speech of Abdullah bin Zubair
Statements of Abdullah bin Umar
Muawiyah’s Discourse
Consternation of Muslims
Opposition group
1. His Eminence, Imam Husain (‘a)
Fiscal Deprivation
2. Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr
3. Abdullah bin Zubair
4. Mundhir bin Zubair
5. Abdur Rahman bin Saeed
6. Abis bin Saeed
7. Abdullah bin Hanzalah
Attitude of the Umayyad clan
1. Saeed bin Uthman
2. Marwan bin Hakam
3. Ziyad bin Abih
Seeds of dissent among the Umayyads
Postponing the Allegiance
Assassination of Muslim personages
1. Saad bin Abi Waqqas
2. Abdur Rahman bin Khalid
3. Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr
4. His Eminence, Imam Hasan (‘a)
Official Announcement for Allegiance
With the opponents in Medina
Statements of His Eminence, Imam Husain (‘a)
Pressurizing the Opponents
Attitude of Imam Husain (‘a)
Delegations of Islamic countries
Marwan’s Memorandum to Muawiyah
Muawiyah’s Reply
Marwan’s Opinion Regarding Exiling the Imam
Muawiyah’s Letter to Imam Husain (‘a)
The Imam’s Reply
Muawiyah’s Anguish on Receiving the Imam’s Letter
Public Political Meeting
Judah’s Letter to the Imam
Imam’s Reply
Khudri’s Advice to the Imam (‘a)
Imam Husain (‘a) takes over Government Funds
A Fabricated Tradition
His Eminence, Husain (‘a) and Bani Umayyah
Muawiyah’s Death
Muawiyah’s Testaments
 
432
432
433
433
434
434
436
436
436
436
437
437
438
439
441
441
442
443
443
444
444
444
445
446
446
446
447
447
448
448
449
449
449
450
450
450
451
451
452
452
452
453
453
453
453
453
453
454
454
454
455
455
456
456
456
457
457
457
458
458
458
460
461
461
461
461
461
462
462
465
465
466
466
467
467
469
469
470
471
 
Yazid’s Rule 474
  First Royal Address
Yazid speaks to Syrias
With the Opponents in Medina
Emphatic orders to Walid
Walid’s Consternation
Consulting Marwan
Marwan’s Advice
Explanation of Marwan’s attitude
Summons for Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Husain (‘a) and Marwan
Walid contacts Damascus
Strict orders from Damascus
Non-acceptance of Walid
Farewell to the Prophet’s Tomb
Imam Husain (‘a) sees his Grandfather in his Dream
Imam Husain’s farewell to the Graves of his mother and brother
Fear of Bani Hashim Ladies
With his brother, Ibn Hanafiyah
Imam Husain’s bequest to Ibn Hanafiyah
 
474
475
475
476
478
478
478
479
480
483
484
484
484
484
485
485
486
486
487
 
Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 1 490
  Causes of the Revolution
1. Religious responsibility
2. Social Responsibility
3. Completion of Argument for Imam Husain (‘a).
4. Defense of Islam
5. Protecting Islam
6. Freeing the Aspirations of the Nation
7. Freeing the National Economy
8. Social Injustice
9. Terrible Atrocities on Shias
10. Destroying the name of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
11. Destruction of Islamic Values
A. Unity of Muslims
B. Equality:
C. Freedom:
12. Trampling of the society
13. Defending his own rights
14. Enjoining Good
15. Uprooting Innovations
16. Order of the Prophet
17. Respect and honor
18. Deceit and tyranny of Umayyads
Valueless Opinion
Charting out the Course of Revolution
1. Sacrificing his own life
2. Sacrificing his family Members
3. Sacrificing his property
4. Taking the ladies of his family with him
In Mecca
With Abdullah bin Muti’
Imam Husain (‘a) in Mecca
Attention of Hajj Pilgrims and Umrah visitors
Consternation of Ibn Zubair
Ghazzali’s view
Cheap view
Anxiety of the local regime
Yazid’s Anxiety
Response of Ibn Abbas
 
490
491
493
494
494
495
495
496
497
497
498
499
499
499
499
500
501
502
502
503
503
503
504
506
506
507
507
507
511
512
513
514
514
516
516
516
517
518
 
  Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 2 519
  Deposition of Governor of Medina
His Eminence, Husain (‘a) with Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas
Bequest of Imam Husain (‘a) to Ibn Abbas
Letters of Imam Husain (‘a) to Leaders of Basra
Reply of Ahnaf bin Qais
Evil Deeds of Mundhir bin Jarud
Positive Reply of Yazid bin Masud
Yazid bin Masud’s Reply to Imam (‘a)
Positive Reply of Yazid Basri
Opposition of Iraq to Umayyads
Announcement of Disobedience in Iraq
Public Conference
Sulaiman’s Speech
Delegation of Kufa
Letters
Muslim Delegated for Iraq
Muslim’s Letter to the Holy Imam (‘a)
Reply of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Explanation of the Matter
In the House of Mukhtar
Celebrations in Kufa
Taking Allegiance for Imam Husain (‘a)
Speech of Abbas Shakiri
Number of Pledge-makers
Letter of Muslim to Imam Husain (‘a)
Reaction of Noman bin Bashir
Noman’s Speech
Anger of Umayyad Party
Contact of Umayyad Party with Damascus
Yazid’s Worry
Yazid takes Sarjun’s Counsel
Ibn Ziyad’s Rule in Kufa
Ibn Ziyad’s Speech in Basra
The Tyrant goes to Kufa
At the Governor’s Palace
Ibn Ziyad’s Speech in Kufa
Spread of Terror and Fear
Muslim Shifts to Hani’s House
Muslim Refrained from Killing Ibn Ziyad
Explanation of this Event
Horrible Plot
Spying upon Muslim
With the Organs of the Revolution
Bribing the leaders and elders
Refraining from Attacking Hani’s House
Messengers of Deceit
Hani’s Detention
Revolt of Madhij Tribe
Muslim’s Uprising
 
519
520
522
522
523
524
524
526
526
527
528
528
528
529
529
532
534
535
535
536
536
536
537
537
538
538
539
540
540
540
541
541
542
543
543
544
545
545
546
548
550
550
551
552
552
553
553
556
558
 
  Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 3  
  War of Nerves
Epidemic of Terror and Fear
Defeat of the army
As a Guest of Tawa
The Tyrant becomes certain of the Failure of the Uprising
Announcement of Emergency
Standard of security
A Doubt
Ibn Ziyad Speaks
Information Regarding Muslim’s whereabouts
Muslim Attacked
Soldiers Defeated
Ashath Guarantees Security
Muslim taken Prisoner
With Ubaidullah Sulami
With Bahili
In the Presence of Ibn Ziyad
Muslim’s Bequest
Muslim and the Oppressor
Towards God
Plundering Muslim
Hani is sentenced to Death
Dragging the corpses of Muslim and Hani through the streets
Hanging the Corpses at City Gate
Severed heads taken to Damascus
Yazid’s reply
Declaring Martial Law
Sealing Borders of Iraq
Widespread Arrests
 
560
561
561
561
563
564
564
564
565
565
566
567
568
569
570
570
571
573
574
575
576
576
578
578
578
579
580
580
581
 
Failure of the Uprising 582
  Kufian Society
Social Phenomena
Contradictory Behavior
Disloyalty and Deceit
Rebellion against Governors
Cowardice
Bad Manners
Greed and Jealousy
Influenced by Rumors
Economic Life
Social Factors
Arabs
Yemeni Tribes
Adnani Tribes
Bani Bakr Tribes
Tribal Spirit
Persians
Anbat
Syrians
Religious Groups
1. Islam
2 – Christians
3 – Jews
Military Organization
Seven-division System
Experts of Tribal Affairs
The Tyrant Ibn Marjana
Birth of Ibn Marjana
Parents
Upbringing of Ibn Marjana
Characteristics of Ibn Marjana
Bad Accent
Gluttony and Debauchery
Ibn Ziyad’s Rule in Basra
Yazid’s Dislike for Ibn Marjana
Plan for Coup d’etat
Muslim bin Aqil
 
582
582
582
583
586
586
587
588
589
589
591
591
591
591
592
592
593
594
594
595
595
596
597
598
598
599
600
600
600
600
601
601
602
602
602
603
603
 
Selection of Migration to Iraq 604
  Abandoning Hijaz
Avoiding Egypt
Avoiding Yemen
Avoiding Iran
Avoiding Basra
Sympathizers and critics
Sympathizers
1. Masoor bin Mukhrama
2. Abdullah bin Ja’far
3. Abdullah bin Abbas
4. Abu Bakr Makhzumi
5. Abdullah bin Judah
6. Jabir bin Abdullah
7. Abdullah bin Muti
8. Amr bin Saeed
9. Muhammad bin Hanafiyah
10. Her Eminence, Umme Salma
11. Abdullah bin Zubair
Critics
1. Abdullah Ibn Umar
2. Saeed bin Musayyab
3. Abu Waqid Laithi
4. Abu Salma
5. Abu Saeed
6. Ammarah binte Abdur Rahman
Modern Critics
1. Shaykh Muhammad Hadhari
2. Muhammad Najjar
3. Muhammad Ghazzali
4. Ahmad Shibli
 
607
608
608
609
609
610
610
610
611
611
613
614
614
614
614
615
616
616
617
618
618
618
618
619
619
619
619
620
620
620
 
Towards Iraq 622
  Imam’s letter to Bani Hashim
Bani Hashim People join the Imam
Why Imam left Mecca?
1. Safety of the Sanctuary
2. Fear of being Killed
3. Muslim’s Letter
Imam’s discourse in Mecca
Conclusion of Umrah
Departure before Hajj
With Ibn Zubair
Journey to Iraq
The regime pursues the Holy Imam
Connection of Damascus with Kufa
Attitude of Umayyads
1. Letter of Walid bin Utbah
Misunderstanding of Ibn Kathir
2. Ashdaq’s Letter
Confiscating Yazid’s wealth
Meeting with Farazdaq
Letter of the Imam to people of Kufa
With Abu Harra
With an Arab Shaykh
Worry of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
With Zuhair bin Qain
The Tragic News of Muslim’s Martyrdom
News of Abdullah’s Martyrdom
Dream of Imam Husain (‘a)
Encounter with Hurr
Imam’s sermon
Imam’s Discourse
Argument between His Eminence, Husain (‘a) and Hurr
A Fabricated report
Error of Ibn Anba
Discourse of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Some people of Kufa join Imam (‘a)
With Tirmah
With Ubaidullah bin Hurr
With Amr bin Qais
Ibn Ziyad’s Letter to Hurr
Location of Tents
 
623
623
623
623
624
624
625
626
627
628
628
629
629
630
631
631
631
632
632
633
635
636
636
636
637
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
645
645
647
648
650
652
652
654
 
In Kerbala 656
  A man from Bani Asad waits for Imam (‘a)
The Imam’s letter to Ibn Hanafiyah
With Harthima bin Salmi
Anas bin Harith Joins Imam (‘a)
Ibn Ziyad’s letter to His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Deployment of the Kufan Army
Ibn Saad selected as Commander-in-chief
Prophecy of Allah’s Messenger regarding Ibn Saad’s end
Saad’s hatred for his son Umar
Harun Rashid Curses Umar Saad
Ajali considers Ibn Saad a reliable narrator
Habits and Nature of Ibn Saad
A. Surrender to Governor’s Rule
B. Severe Greed for Rulership
C. Decadence
D. Cowardice and Fearfulness
E. Doubt in Resurrection
Reasons for selection of Ibn Saad
Anxiety of Ibn Saad
Those who tried to stop Ibn Saad
March Past
Speech of Ibn Marjana
Samrah encouraged people to fight the Imam
Shabth bin Rabi feigned Illness
Public Mobilization
Strict Surveillance on Kufa
Flight of Soldiers
The Tyrant Ibn Ziyad in Nukhaila
Plan to kill Ibn Ziyad
Number of Umayyad Soldiers
Research on this topic
Military Commanders
Arming the soldiers
1. Archers
2. Foot soldiers
3. Armored soldiers
Number of Companions of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Ibn Saad’s Messenger meets Imam (‘a)
Ibn Saad Meets the Imam
Ibn Saad’s letter to Ibn Ziyad
Ibn Saad’s Slander
Shimr Defeats Efforts of Peace
Ibn Ziyad Rejected Peaceful Negotiation
The Imam Meets Ibn Saad
Shimr offers Security to Brothers of His Eminence, Abbas
Embargo on Imam’s Entourage
Access to Euphrates cut off
Decadent Nature
1. Muhajir bin Aws
2. Amr bin Hajjaj
3. Abdullah bin Haseen
Objection to Ibn Saad
1. Yazid bin Haseen
2. Burair bin Khudhair
3. Hurr
Access to a Spring
Battle over water supply
Habib seeks help from his clan
With the two Encampments
Husain’s Camp
Noble Aims
1. Defense of Islam
2. In defense of Imam Husain (‘a)
3. Saving the community from oppression
4. Incomparable natures
A. Nobility and Self-respect
B. Valor and Steadfastness
Elements constituting the Imam’s Army
A. Bondsmen
B. Arabs
Umayyad Troops
1. Aimlessness
2. Confusion and Anxiety
3. Recklessness
Elements of the Army
1. Opportunists
2. Mercenaries
3. The Transmogrified
4. The Compelled Ones
5. Khawarij
 
658
658
659
659
659
660
660
661
661
661
663
663
663
664
664
664
665
665
665
666
666
667
667
667
668
668
668
669
669
669
670
671
672
672
672
672
672
673
674
674
674
675
676
677
678
678
678
680
680
680
680
681
681
681
681
682
682
683
683
684
684
684
685
686
686
686
686
688
688
689
689
689
690
691
691
691
691
691
692
692
 
Immortal Tragedy 693
  Beginning of Hostilities
Battle delayed till the morning next
Imam (‘a) permitted his companions to go away
Reply of Ahle Bayt of Imam Husain (‘a)
Reply of Companions of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. Muslim bin Ausaja
2. Saeed bin Abdullah
3. Zuhair bin Qain
The Imam exposes the Deception of Kufians
With Muhammad bin Bashir
Firaas Makhzoomi Flees
The Imam did not allow martyrdom for Sinful persons
The Imam (‘a) speaks about his death
Precautionary steps
Night of worship
Imam’s Companions Overjoyed
Shimr ridicules the Imam (‘a)
Imam Husain’s Vision
Distress of Ladies of the Prophet’s Family
Imam applied Perfume and Anointed Himself
Day of Ashura
Supplication of the Imam
Firing up the Ditch
Clamor of the Beastly Enemies
1. Shimr bin Zil Jaushan
2. Muhammad bin Ashath
3. Abdullah bin Hawza
Both camps became fully prepared
Severe Objections
Imam’s Address
Zuhair’s Speech
Burair’s speech
Speech of Imam Husain (‘a)
Hurr’s Response
Hurr’s speech to the soldiers
Thirty mounted fighters join Imam’s Army
The Battle
 
693
695
696
697
697
697
698
698
699
699
699
700
700
701
702
702
703
703
703
704
704
705
705
705
705
706
706
707
707
707
711
712
713
715
717
717
717
 
Martyrdom of the Companions 719
  General Attack
Number of Imam’s Men who were martyred
Single Combat
Inconclusive Attack
Burair’s Imprecation contest with Yazid
Burair’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Amr Ansari
Umayyad Army refuses one to one fight
Attack of Amr bin Hajjaj
Martyrdom of Muslim bin Ausaja
Shimr’s Attack
Martyrdom of Abdullah Kalbi
Urwah Asks for Help
Opening of Another front
Shimr tries to burn to death the Ladies of Revelation
Objection of Hamid bin Muslim
Condemnation of Shabth bin Rabi
Noon prayer time arrives
Martyrdom of Habib
Hurr’s Martyrdom
Fulfilling the Duty of Prayer
Zuhair’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Nafe bin Hilal
Abis and Shauzab
Martyrdom of Abis Shakiri
Zahhak flees
Jaun’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Hanzalah Shabami
Martyrdom of Hajjaj
Martyrdom of Amr bin Junada
Martyrdom of Anas Kahili
Martyrdom of Abul Shasa
Martyrdom of Two Jabiris
Martyrdom of Two Ghiffaris
Martyrdom of Two Ansaris
Martyrdom of Anees
Martyrdom of Qurra Ghiffari
Martyrdom of Yahya Mazini
The Imam (‘a) and his companions
Martyrdom of Abdullah Yazani
The Imam (‘a) Besides the martyrs
Martyrdom of Suwaid
 
719
719
719
721
721
722
723
723
724
724
725
725
726
727
727
727
728
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
734
735
735
737
737
738
738
739
739
740
740
740
740
741
741
742
742
742
 
Martyrdom of the Purified Progeny (‘a) 744
  Ali Akbar (‘a)
Martyrdom of Aqil’s family
Abdullah bin Muslim
Ja’far bin Aqil
Abdur Rahman bin Aqil
Muhammad bin Aqil
Abdullah Akbar
Muhammad bin Abi Saeed bin Aqil
Muhammad bin Muslim
Ali bin Aqil
Sons of His Eminence, Hasan (‘a)
Abdullah bin Hasan
Qasim bin Hasan (‘a)
Hasan, Son of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Abdullah bin Hasan (‘a)
Sons of Abdullah bin Ja’far
1. Aun bin Abdullah
2. Muhammad bin Abdullah
3. Ubaidullah bin Ja’far
Brothers of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
His Eminence, Abbas and his Brothers
Worthless statement
Martyrdom of Abdullah son of Amirul Momineen
Martyrdom of Ja’far
Martyrdom of Uthman
Martyrdom of His Eminence, Abbas (‘a)
Muhammad Asghar
Abu Bakr
Abbas Asghar
 
744
748
749
749
750
750
750
751
751
751
751
751
751
753
753
753
753
754
755
755
755
755
756
756
756
756
761
761
761
 
Martyrdom of the Great Imam (‘a) 763
  The Imam Calls for Help
Martyrdom of the suckling infant
Steadfastness of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Attitude of those who were forced
Ibn Saad’s Fear
Imam (‘a) Reaches Water
Attack on the camp of Imam Husain (‘a)
The Last Sermon of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam (‘a) asks for worn-out clothes
Imam Husain’s (‘a) Farewell to his family
Imam (‘a) with Ibn Rubah
Imam’s Confidential Supplication
Attack on Imam Husain (‘a)
Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a) comes out
Horrible Tragedy
The wicked killer
1. Sinan bin Anas
2. Shimr bin Zil Jaushan
3. Umar bin Saad
4. Khooli bin Yazid Asbahi
5. Shabl bin Yazid Asbahi
6. Haseen bin Numair
7. A man from Madhij
8. Muhajir bin Aws
Imam’s age at Martyrdom and the year of his martyrdom
Reddening of the sky
Imam Husain's Horse
Burning of the Tents
Plundering the Imam’s body
Plundering the Noble Ladies of Prophethood
Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a) Attacked
Horses Trample on the body of the Great Imam (‘a)
Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a) at the corpse of Imam Husain (‘a)
Sinan Demands the Reward
Tribes divided the severed heads among themselves
Return of the Tyrant, Ibn Ziyad, to Kufa
Night of the 11th Mohurrum
Number of Martyrs of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
The injured among the companions of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. Suwaar bin Humair Jabiri
2. Amr bin Abdullah
3. Hasan bin Hasan
Those who were saved from death
1. Uqbah bin Samaan
2. Muraqqa bin Qumama
3. Muslim bin Rubah
4. His Eminence, Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
5. Hasan bin Hasan
6. Umar bin Hasan
7. Qasim bin Abdullah
8. Muhammad bin Aqil
9. Zain bin Hasan
Losses suffered by troops of Ibn Saad
Dream of Ibn Abbas
Dream of Umme Salma
Khooli Carries the severed Head of Imam Husain (‘a)
The Tyrant and Killer of the Imam (‘a)
Ibn Ziyad takes revenge from the Severed Head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Return of the Armed Forces
Distress of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Burial of the Purified Corpses
Excellence of the Ziarat of Imam Husain (‘a)
Supplication of Imam Sadiq for visitors of Imam Husain (‘a)
 
764
764
765
767
767
767
768
768
769
769
772
772
773
774
774
776
776
776
776
776
776
776
777
777
777
778
779
779
780
780
781
782
782
783
784
784
785
785
787
787
787
787
788
788
788
788
788
788
788
789
789
789
789
789
790
791
792
792
793
794
794
797
798
 
Prisoners from Ahle Bayt (‘a) in Kufa 800
  Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Reaction to the Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Speech of Her Eminence, Fatima, daughter of Imam Husain (‘a)
Reaction to the speech of Her Eminence, Fatima (‘a)
Sermon of Her Eminence, Umme Kulthum
Sermon of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
In the Assembly of Ibn Ziyad
The Tyrant Ibn Ziyad with the Respected Lady of revelation
The Tyrant’s Encounter with Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Ibn Afif Revolts
Amnesty for Ibn Mauqal
Arrest of Jundab
Ibn Ziyad with Qais
Hacking up the Blessed head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Husain’s Head taken around the Town
Imprisonment of the Ladies of Revelation
Abduction of His Eminence, Ali bin al-Husain (‘a)
Ibn Saad’s Regret
Ibn Ziyad asks Ibn Saad for the Letter
Ibn Ziyad condemned
1. Marjana
2. Uthman bin Ziyad
3. Mauqil bin Yasar
Objection on Ibn Saad
Widespread Discontent
Regret of People of Kufa
1. Baraa bin Azib
2. Musayyab bin Najba
3. Sulaiman bin Surd
4. Ubaidullah bin Hurr
 
801
802
803
805
805
806
807
807
808
809
812
813
813
813
814
814
815
815
815
816
816
817
817
817
817
819
819
819
819
820
 
Migration from Kufa 821
  Prisoners from the Family of the Prophet in Damascus
Departure of the Heads
Departure of the Prophet’s Family
People of Kufa see off the Prisoners
Celebrations of Syria
The Syrian with Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Yazid’s Delight
The Imam’s head in the Presence of Yazid
Imam’s head taken to the Mosque
Imam’s head in the Presence of Yazid’s womenfolk
Hostages in Yazid’s Court
Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Main Points of the Discourse of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Yazid’s Reply
Reaction to the Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Sermon of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Reaction of the Sermon of Imam Sajjad (‘a)
The Syrian and Fatima
Imam Sajjad (‘a) and Minhal
Mourning for His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Ibn Marjana Rewarded
Regret of the Oppressor, Yazid
Critics and Censurers
1. Roman Ambassador
2. A Jew scholar
3. Caesar, King of Rome
4. Raas al-Jaloot
5. Wathila bin Asqa
6. Ibn Abbas
7. Ibn Zubair
8. Abu Barza
9. Umayyad clan
10. Yazid’s son, Muawiyah
Idle talk and Nonsense
1. Ibn Taimiyyah
2. Ghazzali
3. Ibn Arabi
4. Ibn Hajar
5. Anis Zakaria
6. Dr. Najjar
7. Muhammad Izzat Duruza
Dr. Taha Husain’s view
Statement of Taftazani
Yafai’s view
Opinion of Ahmad bin Hanbal
Statement of Motazid Abbasi
 
821
821
821
822
822
824
825
825
827
827
827
828
831
832
833
833
836
836
838
838
839
840
840
840
841
841
841
841
842
843
843
843
844
845
845
845
846
847
847
847
847
848
848
849
849
849
 
Towards Medina 851
  Yazid’s Apology to Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Ahle Bayt (‘a) Presented Compensations
Reply of Her Eminence, Umme Kulthum
Request of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Journey to Medina
News of Ahle Bayt’s Return to Medina Arrives
Ashdaq’s Speech
Hashemites Devastated
Mourning of Abdullah bin Ja’far
Ibn Abbas observes Mourning
Masoor and Ibn Zubair
Head of Imam Husain (‘a) in Medina
Return of the Hostages to Kerbala
To Medina
Bashir conveys the news of the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (‘a)
Discourse of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Rewarding the Escorts
Grief of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Hashemites Observe Mourning
Grief of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Mourning of Rabab
Sorrows of Ummul Baneen
Fate of the blessed head of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. In Kerbala
2. In Baqi
3. In Najaf
4. In Damascus
5. In Iran
6. In Egypt
 
851
851
851
852
852
852
853
854
855
855
855
856
857
857
857
858
859
860
860
860
861
862
862
862
863
863
864
864
864
 
Effects of Imam Husain’s Revolution 866
  Victory of Islam
Defeat of the Umayyads
A. Their separation from Religious Authority
B. Their widespread Condemnation
C. Transfer of Caliphate from Umayyads
Bringing out the True Status of Ahle Bayt
Centralizing the Shiite Faith
Uniting the Shia People
Creating Social Awareness
Blooming of Talents
Pulpits of Exhortation and Guidance
Continuation of Revolution
1. Uprising of Abdullah bin Afif
2. Uprising of Medina
3. Uprising of the Penitents (Tawabbeen)
Resolutions of the Conference
Announcing of Revolt
In Kerbala
At Ainul Wurda
4. Uprising of Mukhtar
Anguish of the Killers
Widespread Destruction
The Revolution Continues
 
866
867
867
868
868
868
868
869
870
870
871
872
872
872
873
873
874
874
875
875
876
877
878
 
Bibliography 879
1

NAFASUL MAHMOOM

Relating to the heart rending tragedy of Karbala

By
Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
 

Translated By
Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)

 
Author: Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
Translator: Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1425 -1383 - 2005
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 496
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-654-X
 
ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER
 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

 
5
About the Author 13
Translator'sNote 15
Author'sPreface 25
Introduction Birth of Our Master Imam Husain (a.s), the oppressed 29


Chapter I:
On virtues of Imam Husain (a.s), reward of weeping over his afflictions,imprecation upon his murderers, and prophesies regarding his Martyrdom

33
Section 1: On some of the virtues of Imam Husain (a.s)
35
  HisValor 
Hisknowledge 
Hismunificence and generosity
Hiseloquence, abstinence, humility, and worship
36
38
39
41
 
Section 2: Forty Traditions (Ahadeeth) regarding the merit of mourning over theafflictions of Imam Husain (a.s), the reward of invoking curse upon hismurderers, and prophesies regarding his martyrdom 44
  Tradition 1
Tradition 2
Tradition 3
Tradition 4
Tradition 5
Tradition 6
Tradition 7
Tradition 8
Tradition 9
Tradition 10
Tradition 11
Tradition 12
Tradition 13
Tradition 14
Tradition 15
Tradition 16
Tradition 17
Tradition 18
Tradition 19
Tradition 20
Tradition 21
Tradition 22
Tradition 23
Tradition 24
Tradition 25
Tradition 26
Tradition 27
Tradition 28
Tradition 29
Tradition 30
Tradition 31
Tradition 32
Tradition 33
Tradition 34
Tradition 35
Tradition 36
Tradition 37
Tradition 38
Tradition 39
Tradition 40
44
46
47
47
48
49
49
49
49
50
50
50
51
51
52
52
53
53
53
53
54
55
55
56
57
57
58
58
59
60
60
62
63
64
65
66
67
67
68
 

ChapterII:
On what befell Imam Husain (a.s) before Yazeed bin Mu'awiyah claimedallegiance from him, until his Martyrdom

71
Section 1: Relating to the death of Mu'awiyah bin Abu Sufyan 74
  Mu'awiyah'swill to his son Yazeed 75
 
Section 2: The governor of Madina and Imam Husain(a.s) 78
 
Section 3: Discourse of Allamah Majlisi in Bihaar al-Anwaar 83
  Conversationof Angels with Imam Husain (a.s) 86
The armyof genie in defense of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dialogueof Ummu-Salamah (a.s) with Imam Husain (a.s) during his journey 
Conversationof Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari with Imam Husain(a.s)
86
86
87
88
 
Section 4: On Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention on proceeding towards Makkah (from Madina)and the letters addressed to him by the people of Kufa 90
  Lettersof the people of Kufa to Imam Husain (a.s) 91
 
Section 5: Muslim bin Aqeel's departure from Makkah in Mid-Ramazan according to thediscourse by Mas'oodi 95
  No'manbin Basheer issues warning to the people of Kufa
Anaccount of the personality of No'man bin Basheer
96
97
 
Section 6: Imam's letter to the noblemen of Basra

99
 
Section 7: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad's exit from Basra towards Kufa 104
 
Section 8: Ubaydullah in Kufa 107
  Muslimbin Aqeel (a.s) taken to the presence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Hani bin Urwah Muradi 
Appendix
Pilgrimageto the grave of Hani bin Urwah Muradi
120
122
122
124
124
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Maytham bin Yahya at Tammar 129
  Meetingbetween Habeeb bin Muzhaahir and Maytham at-Tammaar 
TheCommander of the faithful Imam Ali (a.s) reveals his mysteries to a well
Martyrdomof Rushayd al Hajari (May Allah sanctify his spirit) 
Anaccount of the personality of Abu Arakah
Martyrdom of Hujr bin Adi 
Martyrdom of Amr bin Humaq
Martyrdomof the two infant sons of Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s)
130
132
135
137
139
148
153
 
Section 10: Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention of proceeding towards Iraq from Makkah 158
 
Section 11: Relating to Imam Husain (a.s)'s departure from Makkah towards Iraq 165
 
Section 12: Information to Al-Hurr bin Yazeed ar Riyahi, his encounter with Imam Husain(a.s) and resisting him from going towards Kufa 177
 
Section 13: Imam Husain (a.s) on way to Kufa 189
 
Section 14: Imam Husain (a.s)'s hault at the ground of Karbala, Umar bin Sa'ad's entry,and the circumstances thereat 192
  Ubaydullahbin Ziyad's letter to Imam Husain (a.s) 196
   
Section 15: Imam Husain (a.s) in Karbala 201
 
Section 16: Shimr bin Ziljawshan's arrival at Karbala and the events on the night ofninth Moharram 205
  Proposalof security to Abbas bin Ali (a.s) 207
 
Section 17: Relating to the events of the night of Ashoora (the tenth of Moharram) 210
 
Section 18: Relating to the events of the day of Ashooraa, the array of the two armiesand Imam Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa  218
  ImamHusain (a.s)'s sermon on the day of Ashoora
Zuhairbin Qayn's address amidst the people of Kufa
Speechof Burayr bin Khuzayr 
ImamHusain (a.s)'s address to the people of Kufa
221
222
223
226
 
Section 19: Praise of the battle of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s) and theirMartyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them)  230
  Al-Hurrbin Yazeed joins Imam Husain (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Burayr bin Khuzayr 
Martyrdomof Amr bin Qartah Ansari 
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Awsaja
Remindingfor Prayers by Abu Samamah Saedi and the Martyrdom of Habeeb bin Muzhaahir
Martyrdomof Al-Hurr bin Yazeed
Martyrdomof Nafe' bin Hilal 
Martyrdomof Abdullah and Abdul Rahman Ghifari 
Martyrdomof Hanzalah bin al-Aas'ad Shabami 
Martyrdomof Shawzib and Abis 
Martyrdomof Abul Sha'sa Kindi 
Martyrdomof a collective number of companions of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Suwayd bin Amr bin Abi Muta' 
Recedingto the account of the condition of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s)
232
237
238
240
244
246
249
250
251
252
253
253
254
265
 
Section 18: Combat of the member's of Imam Husain (a.s)'s Household (Ahlulbayt) andtheir Martyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them) 267
  Martyrdomof Abul Hasan Ali bin Husain al Akbar (a.s) 
RegardingUrwah bin Mas'ood, the maternal (great) grandfather of Ali Akbar (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Aun bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Mohammad bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdul Rahman bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah al Akbar bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Qasim bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof the sons of the Commander of the faithful Ali(a.s) 
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Usman bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Mohammad al Asghar bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Relatingto the Martyrdom of our Master Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib(a.s) 
Description of the valour of Hazrat Abbas(a.s)
267
268
273
274
276
277
277
277
279
281
281
281
282
282
282
283
283
284
293
 
Section 19: Relating to the Martyrdom of Our Master Abu Abdullah Husain (a.s), andfurthermore the Martyrdom of a suckling child and Abdullah bin Hasan (a.s) 296
  Martyrdomof the suckling child (Abdullah, Ali al Asghar) 298
 

Chapter III :
Relating To TheIncidents After The Martyrdom

313
Section 1: After Martyrdom 315
 
Section 2: Plundering of the belongings of Imam Husain (a.s) and the wailing of thewomenfolk of the Household (Ahlulbayt) 317
 
Section 3: Looting of the heads of the martyrs, jewelery of the women folk and Camelsof the Master of the oppressed by the Kufan army 320
 
Section 4: Incidents of the evening of the tenth of Moharram (Ashura) and despatchingthe blessed heads to the accursed Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 323
 
Section 5: Exit of Umar bin Sa'ad from Karbala to Kufa 326
 
Section 6: Relating to the burial of our Master Imam Husain (a.s) and his companions 329
 
Section 7: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) of Imam Husain (a.s) into Kufa  
  SayyedahZainab binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa and his reproach tothem for their breach of trust and deception 
SayyedahUmme Kulsum binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
334

336
339
 
Section 8: Relating to the entry of the Household of Imam Husain (a.s) into thepresence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 343
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Abdullah bin Afeef Azdi 349
 
Section 10: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad despatches Abdul Malik Salami to Madinah with the newsof Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s), and the sermon of Abdullah bin Zubayr inMakkah 353
 
Section 11: Despatching of the blessed heads and the Pure Household by Ubaydullah binZiyad, the accursed, from Kufa to Syria, and the events that occurredthereafter 357
 
Section 12: A short account of the events taken place en route to Syria 362
 
Section 13: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) into Syria and the blessed head inDamascus 365
  SayyedahZainab (a.s)'s sermon in the presence of Yazeed, the accursed, on the first ofthe month of Safar 
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s sermon
Dream ofSayyedah Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dream ofthe wife of Yazeed and her lamenting upon Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dream ofthe infant daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Incidentpertaining to an envoy of the Roman king in the court of Yazeed

376
381
386
387
388
390
 
Section 14: Despatching of the Household (Ahlulbayt) by Yazeed from Syria to Madinah 395
  Entry ofthe Household into Madinah, and their mourning upon Imam Husain (a.s) 
Sermonof Imam Ali Zainul Abedeen (a.s) 
Lamentationof Ali bin Husain (a.s)
395
399
401

Chapter IV:
Relating to the events that manifested after the Martyrdom of Abi AbdullahImam Husain (a.s), the weeping of the heavens and the earth and theirinhabitants, wailing of the Angels in the Audience of Allah, the Glorified, forImam, the lamentation of Genies, and the elegies of poets

407
Section 1: Mourning of the Heavens and Earth and its inhabitants upon Imam Husain (a.s) 407
  Anaccount of Zuhri on the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) 409
 
Section 2: Complaining of the Angels regarding the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) inthe Audience of Allah and their lamenting upon him 416
 
Section 3: Bemoaning of the Genies upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)

419
  Incidentof the congregation of Imam Moosa al Kazim (a.s) on the day of Nawrooz 
Elegiesof poets expressing grief upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)
420
422
 

Chapter V :
Relating to the number of children and wives of Imam Husain (a.s), the meritof visiting his blessed grave, and the oppression of the Caliphs upon his grave

423
Section 1: The children of Imam Husain (a.s) and some of his wives 425
  Asregards Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 427
 
Section 2: Merit of visiting the grave of Imam Husain(a.s) 430
 
Section 3: Oppression of the Caliphs upon the blessed grave of Imam Husain (a.s) 441
  ConclusionAn account of the Tawwabeen (Penitents) and the rising of Mukhtar bin AbuUbaydah Saqafi to avenge the blood of Imam Husain(a.s)
Anaccount of the Tawwabeen (Penitents) 
Entry ofMukhtar into Kufa
Thedeparture of the Tawwabeen and their Martyrdom
Movement of Mukhtar in Kufa
Theelimination of the murderers of Imam Husain (a.s) by Mukhtar
Eliminationof Umar bin Sa'ad and other murderors of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Ibraheembin Malik Ashtar leaves for battle with Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Eliminationof Ubaydullah bin Ziyad

447
447
451
456
465
477
486
489
490
Husain
The Saiviour of Islam

BY:
S.V. Mir Ahmad Ali
TABLE OF CONTENTS



'Ashura:
Misrepresentations and Distortions Al-Tawhid

(Vols. 13 No. 3, Vol. 13, No. 4, and Vol.14 No. 2)


Table of contents

Title
Sermon 1
Meaning of distortion (tahrif) in general 
Description and examples of the distortions that have taken place in regard to the historic event of 'Ashura
Sermon 2
Factors responsible for these distortions
Further examples of distortions
Sermon 3
Distortions of meaning and their cause
Character of a sacred movement
Sermon 4
Responsibility of the 'ulama and the common people in regard to these distortions 

The Hidden Truth About
Karbala

Author: A.K.ahmed B.Sc., B. L.
Editor: Abdullah al-shahin
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition 1386-1428-2007
Quds Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 358
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-921-4

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER


Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St. - Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tel: ++98 251 7741744   Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication of the first Edition 4
Preface to the First Edition 9
Introduction to the First Edition 15
Preface to the Second Edition 17
Chapter 1
Preamble 18
Chapter 2
Historical Background 26
Chapter 3
The Antagonists 33
  Migration 34
Chapter 4
Nomination of Ali to the Caliphate by the Prophet 46
  The Feast of Youm ad-Dar
The Night of Emigration
The Bond of Brotherhood
The Sura of at-Tawba
Mubahala
Madinatul Ilm (the city of knowledge)
Ghadir Khum
Authenticity of the event of Ghadir Khum
The Last Will
The Oral Will
Miscellaneous Traditions
Conclusion
47
50
50
50
51
51
51
54
56
57
58
59
Chapter 5
The Intrigue 63
Chapter 6
Attributing fallibility to the Prophet 68
Disobeying the Prophet 71
The Myth of Leading the Prayers 72
Anguish of the Ansar before the Saqifa 74
Introduction of Fatalism 79
Chapter 7
Hadith 81
  Prohibition of Narrating the Hadith
Coining and Propagating False traditions
The Effect of Prohibiting the Narration of Hadith
82
84
90
Chapter 8
Mutilation of the Concept of Jihad 93
  Greed and Territorial Expansion:Motive for the Early Wars 97
Chapter 9
Mutilation of the Concept of Zakat and Khums 104
Dispute about the Caliph’s Authority to Collect Zakat 107
Chapter 10
The Caliphate 109
  The Saqifa
Conclusion
119
126
Chapter 11
Imam Ali The only Caliph by Public Choice 129
Chapter 12
Imamate 136
Chapter 13
The Muslim Empire 146
Chapter 14
Yazid bin Mu’awiya 153
Chapter 15
Imam Husain migrates to Mecca 160
Chapter 16
Muslim bin Aqeel: Imam Husain’s Ambassador to Kufa 166
Chapter 17
Imam Husain’s Migration from Mecca 177
Chapter 18
Imam Husain’s journey to Karbala 185
Chapter 19
Yazid’s forces gather at Karbala 201
Chapter 20
Seventh and eighth of Muharram 206
Chapter 21
The Ninth of Muharram 212
Chapter 22
Ashura; the Tenth of Muharram 220
  The Martyrdom of al-Qasim ibn al-Hasan
The Martyrdom of Abbas and other sons of Imam Ali
The Martyrdom of Ali al-Akbar
The Martyrdom of Ali al-Asghar
The Martyrdom of Imam Husain
228
229
231
236
238
Chapter 23
The Martyrs 246
Chapter 24
The Burial of the Martyrs 254
Chapter 25
Persecution after Karbala 258
Chapter 26
Miracles 281
Chapter 27
Persecution of the Shia 292
Part A
Demolition of the Shrines 293
Part B
Persecution of the Shia by the Umayyads 298
Persecution of the Shia by Mu’awiya 299
Persecution by Mu’awiya between 30-60 AH 316
Between 61 to 64 AH under Yazid bin Mu’awiya 323
The Shia Martyred between 64 & 73 AH 324
Persecution between 64 to 85 AH 325
Part C
Persecution of the Shia by the Abbasid kings 330
Part D
Persecuton of the Shia during various reigns 340
Part E
Persecution under the Mongols and Recent Times 344
  Persecution by the Mongols 344
Appendix 349
The Martyrs at Karbala 349
Bibliography 355
A Prayer 358

1

NAFASUL MAHMOOM

Relating to the heart rending tragedy of Karbala

By
Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
 

Translated By
Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)

 
Author: Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
Translator: Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1425 -1383 - 2005
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 496
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-654-X
 

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER
 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

 

5
About the Author 13
Translator'sNote 15
Author'sPreface 25
Introduction Birth of Our Master Imam Husain (a.s), the oppressed 29


Chapter I:
On virtues of Imam Husain (a.s), reward of weeping over his afflictions,imprecation upon his murderers, and prophesies regarding his Martyrdom

33
Section 1: On some of the virtues of Imam Husain (a.s)
35
  HisValor 
Hisknowledge 
Hismunificence and generosity
Hiseloquence, abstinence, humility, and worship
36
38
39
41
 
Section 2: Forty Traditions (Ahadeeth) regarding the merit of mourning over theafflictions of Imam Husain (a.s), the reward of invoking curse upon hismurderers, and prophesies regarding his martyrdom 44
  Tradition 1
Tradition 2
Tradition 3
Tradition 4
Tradition 5
Tradition 6
Tradition 7
Tradition 8
Tradition 9
Tradition 10
Tradition 11
Tradition 12
Tradition 13
Tradition 14
Tradition 15
Tradition 16
Tradition 17
Tradition 18
Tradition 19
Tradition 20
Tradition 21
Tradition 22
Tradition 23
Tradition 24
Tradition 25
Tradition 26
Tradition 27
Tradition 28
Tradition 29
Tradition 30
Tradition 31
Tradition 32
Tradition 33
Tradition 34
Tradition 35
Tradition 36
Tradition 37
Tradition 38
Tradition 39
Tradition 40
44
46
47
47
48
49
49
49
49
50
50
50
51
51
52
52
53
53
53
53
54
55
55
56
57
57
58
58
59
60
60
62
63
64
65
66
67
67
68
 

ChapterII:
On what befell Imam Husain (a.s) before Yazeed bin Mu'awiyah claimedallegiance from him, until his Martyrdom

71
Section 1: Relating to the death of Mu'awiyah bin Abu Sufyan 74
  Mu'awiyah'swill to his son Yazeed 75
 
Section 2: The governor of Madina and Imam Husain(a.s) 78
 
Section 3: Discourse of Allamah Majlisi in Bihaar al-Anwaar 83
  Conversationof Angels with Imam Husain (a.s) 86
The armyof genie in defense of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dialogueof Ummu-Salamah (a.s) with Imam Husain (a.s) during his journey 
Conversationof Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari with Imam Husain(a.s)
86
86
87
88
 
Section 4: On Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention on proceeding towards Makkah (from Madina)and the letters addressed to him by the people of Kufa 90
  Lettersof the people of Kufa to Imam Husain (a.s) 91
 
Section 5: Muslim bin Aqeel's departure from Makkah in Mid-Ramazan according to thediscourse by Mas'oodi 95
  No'manbin Basheer issues warning to the people of Kufa
Anaccount of the personality of No'man bin Basheer
96
97
 
Section 6: Imam's letter to the noblemen of Basra

99
 
Section 7: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad's exit from Basra towards Kufa 104
 
Section 8: Ubaydullah in Kufa 107
  Muslimbin Aqeel (a.s) taken to the presence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Hani bin Urwah Muradi 
Appendix
Pilgrimageto the grave of Hani bin Urwah Muradi
120
122
122
124
124
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Maytham bin Yahya at Tammar 129
  Meetingbetween Habeeb bin Muzhaahir and Maytham at-Tammaar 
TheCommander of the faithful Imam Ali (a.s) reveals his mysteries to a well
Martyrdomof Rushayd al Hajari (May Allah sanctify his spirit) 
Anaccount of the personality of Abu Arakah
Martyrdom of Hujr bin Adi 
Martyrdom of Amr bin Humaq
Martyrdomof the two infant sons of Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s)
130
132
135
137
139
148
153
 
Section 10: Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention of proceeding towards Iraq from Makkah 158
 
Section 11: Relating to Imam Husain (a.s)'s departure from Makkah towards Iraq 165
 
Section 12: Information to Al-Hurr bin Yazeed ar Riyahi, his encounter with Imam Husain(a.s) and resisting him from going towards Kufa 177
 
Section 13: Imam Husain (a.s) on way to Kufa 189
 
Section 14: Imam Husain (a.s)'s hault at the ground of Karbala, Umar bin Sa'ad's entry,and the circumstances thereat 192
  Ubaydullahbin Ziyad's letter to Imam Husain (a.s) 196
   
Section 15: Imam Husain (a.s) in Karbala 201
 
Section 16: Shimr bin Ziljawshan's arrival at Karbala and the events on the night ofninth Moharram 205
  Proposalof security to Abbas bin Ali (a.s) 207
 
Section 17: Relating to the events of the night of Ashoora (the tenth of Moharram) 210
 
Section 18: Relating to the events of the day of Ashooraa, the array of the two armiesand Imam Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa  218
  ImamHusain (a.s)'s sermon on the day of Ashoora
Zuhairbin Qayn's address amidst the people of Kufa
Speechof Burayr bin Khuzayr 
ImamHusain (a.s)'s address to the people of Kufa
221
222
223
226
 
Section 19: Praise of the battle of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s) and theirMartyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them)  230
  Al-Hurrbin Yazeed joins Imam Husain (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Burayr bin Khuzayr 
Martyrdomof Amr bin Qartah Ansari 
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Awsaja
Remindingfor Prayers by Abu Samamah Saedi and the Martyrdom of Habeeb bin Muzhaahir
Martyrdomof Al-Hurr bin Yazeed
Martyrdomof Nafe' bin Hilal 
Martyrdomof Abdullah and Abdul Rahman Ghifari 
Martyrdomof Hanzalah bin al-Aas'ad Shabami 
Martyrdomof Shawzib and Abis 
Martyrdomof Abul Sha'sa Kindi 
Martyrdomof a collective number of companions of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Suwayd bin Amr bin Abi Muta' 
Recedingto the account of the condition of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s)
232
237
238
240
244
246
249
250
251
252
253
253
254
265
 
Section 18: Combat of the member's of Imam Husain (a.s)'s Household (Ahlulbayt) andtheir Martyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them) 267
  Martyrdomof Abul Hasan Ali bin Husain al Akbar (a.s) 
RegardingUrwah bin Mas'ood, the maternal (great) grandfather of Ali Akbar (a.s) 
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Aun bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Mohammad bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdul Rahman bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah al Akbar bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Qasim bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof the sons of the Commander of the faithful Ali(a.s) 
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Usman bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Mohammad al Asghar bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Ali bin Abi Talib 
Relatingto the Martyrdom of our Master Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib(a.s) 
Description of the valour of Hazrat Abbas(a.s)
267
268
273
274
276
277
277
277
279
281
281
281
282
282
282
283
283
284
293
 
Section 19: Relating to the Martyrdom of Our Master Abu Abdullah Husain (a.s), andfurthermore the Martyrdom of a suckling child and Abdullah bin Hasan (a.s) 296
  Martyrdomof the suckling child (Abdullah, Ali al Asghar) 298
 

Chapter III :
Relating To TheIncidents After The Martyrdom

313
Section 1: After Martyrdom 315
 
Section 2: Plundering of the belongings of Imam Husain (a.s) and the wailing of thewomenfolk of the Household (Ahlulbayt) 317
 
Section 3: Looting of the heads of the martyrs, jewelery of the women folk and Camelsof the Master of the oppressed by the Kufan army 320
 
Section 4: Incidents of the evening of the tenth of Moharram (Ashura) and despatchingthe blessed heads to the accursed Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 323
 
Section 5: Exit of Umar bin Sa'ad from Karbala to Kufa 326
 
Section 6: Relating to the burial of our Master Imam Husain (a.s) and his companions 329
 
Section 7: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) of Imam Husain (a.s) into Kufa  
  SayyedahZainab binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa and his reproach tothem for their breach of trust and deception 
SayyedahUmme Kulsum binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
334

336
339
 
Section 8: Relating to the entry of the Household of Imam Husain (a.s) into thepresence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 343
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Abdullah bin Afeef Azdi 349
 
Section 10: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad despatches Abdul Malik Salami to Madinah with the newsof Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s), and the sermon of Abdullah bin Zubayr inMakkah 353
 
Section 11: Despatching of the blessed heads and the Pure Household by Ubaydullah binZiyad, the accursed, from Kufa to Syria, and the events that occurredthereafter 357
 
Section 12: A short account of the events taken place en route to Syria 362
 
Section 13: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) into Syria and the blessed head inDamascus 365
  SayyedahZainab (a.s)'s sermon in the presence of Yazeed, the accursed, on the first ofthe month of Safar 
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s sermon
Dream ofSayyedah Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dream ofthe wife of Yazeed and her lamenting upon Imam Husain (a.s) 
Dream ofthe infant daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Incidentpertaining to an envoy of the Roman king in the court of Yazeed

376
381
386
387
388
390
 
Section 14: Despatching of the Household (Ahlulbayt) by Yazeed from Syria to Madinah 395
  Entry ofthe Household into Madinah, and their mourning upon Imam Husain (a.s) 
Sermonof Imam Ali Zainul Abedeen (a.s) 
Lamentationof Ali bin Husain (a.s)
395
399
401

Chapter IV:
Relating to the events that manifested after the Martyrdom of Abi AbdullahImam Husain (a.s), the weeping of the heavens and the earth and theirinhabitants, wailing of the Angels in the Audience of Allah, the Glorified, forImam, the lamentation of Genies, and the elegies of poets

407
Section 1: Mourning of the Heavens and Earth and its inhabitants upon Imam Husain (a.s) 407
  Anaccount of Zuhri on the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) 409
 
Section 2: Complaining of the Angels regarding the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) inthe Audience of Allah and their lamenting upon him 416
 
Section 3: Bemoaning of the Genies upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)

419
  Incidentof the congregation of Imam Moosa al Kazim (a.s) on the day of Nawrooz 
Elegiesof poets expressing grief upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)
420
422
 

Chapter V :
Relating to the number of children and wives of Imam Husain (a.s), the meritof visiting his blessed grave, and the oppression of the Caliphs upon his grave

423
Section 1: The children of Imam Husain (a.s) and some of his wives 425
  Asregards Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 427
 
Section 2: Merit of visiting the grave of Imam Husain(a.s) 430
 
Section 3: Oppression of the Caliphs upon the blessed grave of Imam Husain (a.s) 441
  ConclusionAn account of the Tawwabeen (Penitents) and the rising of Mukhtar bin AbuUbaydah Saqafi to avenge the blood of Imam Husain(a.s)
Anaccount of the Tawwabeen (Penitents) 
Entry ofMukhtar into Kufa
Thedeparture of the Tawwabeen and their Martyrdom
Movement of Mukhtar in Kufa
Theelimination of the murderers of Imam Husain (a.s) by Mukhtar
Eliminationof Umar bin Sa'ad and other murderors of Imam Husain (a.s) 
Ibraheembin Malik Ashtar leaves for battle with Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Eliminationof Ubaydullah bin Ziyad

447
447
451
456
465
477
486
489
490
 

No comments:

Post a Comment