Home

Hazrat Imam Hassan Askari



Hazrat Imam Hassan Askari a.s
Asalamoalaka ya Imam Hassan Askari a.s.

Name - Hassan
Title - Al-Askari
Kunyat - Abu Muhammad
Born - Monday 8th of Rabi-ul-Akhar 232 A.H. , at Medina
Father's Name - Ali ibn Muhammad
Mother's Name - Saleel
Died - At the age of 28 years, at Samarra, on Friday 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 260 AH. Poisoned by Mo'tamad the Abbaside Caliph
Buried - at Samarra, Baghdad.

Hazrat Imam Hassan Askari (a.s), a brief look into his Life


Birth & Childhood

When he was born his father said that it was an order from the prophet s.a.w. that he should be named Hasan. It was so well known that the last Imams father would be called Hasan that people had previously looked for the 12th Imam amongst the sons of Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a.s.)

His mother was Sulail (or Hudaitha) who was a slave of the 10th Imam whom he had freed and subsequently married. The 10th Imam said of her that she was one who was free from all vice and pollution and that she was one of the righteous ones. After the 11th Imam's martyrdom he left all the "orders" of Imamate with her (his mother).

Once when Imam Hasan Al-Askary (A.S.) was a young child he fell into a well near their house. His father Imam Ali An-Naqi (A.S.) was praying and didn't even notice the commotion around him of the ladies crying. When he finished praying and asked what had happened, he was told. He went towards the well. The water rose and all saw the 11th Imam sitting peacefully on the water and playing.

Bahlool once saw the young Imam crying in the street where all the other children were busy playing with their toys. He asked whether Imam was crying because he had no toys to play with. Imam replied: "We have not been created to play!"
Bahlool asked where he had learnt his from and the Imam said :
"Have you not read the Qur'an where it says - "Do you think we have created you in vain and that you will not be returned to us".
When Bahlool heard this he asked Imam for some advice. Imam talked about death, barzakh and qiyama and cried so much, he fainted. When he came to, Bahlool asked him why he was so fearful as he was not even baligh yet. Imam said:
"I have watched my mother light a fire; she uses the little twigs to get the big pieces of wood to burn; I fear that on qiyama Allah too will use little ones to light the big ones.


Title: Al-Askary

The 10th and 11th Imamayn were both called Al-Askary as they lived in an area of Samarra called Askary.

Another reason that the 11th Imam was called Askary is said to be that once Mutawakkil wanted to show the Imam the strength of his army of 90,000 men and so he asked his men to fill their sacks with sand and pile all the sacks up. He then showed Imam this mountain of sacks. Imam asked Mutawakkil, to look through his (Imam's) two fingers, where he saw a an army of armed Angels. Imam told him that they were at his disposal but he would not use them. (An army is called Askary).

Life & Works

Ahmed Bin Ishaq relates that when he heard of the death of the 10th Imam he went to Samarra and asked for the whereabouts of the 11th Imam. He was told that Imam had been imprisoned by Mo'taz Billah. After bribing the guards he was able to visit Imam one night. He described the prison as a tunnel under the Khalifa's home where there was no space to stretch ones legs nor room to be able to stand. Ahmed says he cried when he saw Imams condition. Food was only one glass of water and a piece of dry bread a day.

He was imprisoned because all the rulers knew of the justice that was promised to come with the coming of the 12th Imam and they wished to prevent anyone being born of the 11th Imam.

Whilst in prison he told his companions to accumulate all the masails of Fiqh and he completed the masails on the chapters that were found missing. He introduced the institution of "Taqleed" advising people to follow those who were learned, "Muttaqi", and just, as he was in prison and it was extremely difficult for people to meet him. Khums was collected through his representative and masails too asked to him, Abu-Ja'fer Uthman bin Saeed, who was later to become the representative of the 12th Imam.

There was once a severe drought in Samarra and a Christian priest came who whenever he raised his hands caused rain to fall from the heavens. The Muslims faith started wavering and the Khalifa Mo'taz Billah got worried for if they left Islam he would have none to rule over.
He went to the 11th Imam saying that Imam's grandfathers religion was in trouble. Imam asked him to call all the people outside Samarra with the Christian priest. He asked the Christian priest to pray for rain. When he raised his hands to pray it started to rain. Imam asked for whatever was in this hands to be taken away and then asked him to pray for rain again. There was no rain this time. Imam showed that what the priest had in this hand was the bone of a Prophet which whenever placed under the open sky caused it to rain.Imam then prayed for rain and it rained. Mo'taz could not re imprison Imam for some time for when the people saw the miracle they all wanted to visit Imam and asked where they might find him. Imam pointed to the Khalifa and asked them to ask him. Mo'taz told them that Imam was staying at the house where the 10th Imam used to reside.
Bibi Nargis was there and it was in that year that the 12th Imam was born. Imam was allowed out of prison for 13 months after which he was rearrested.
Martyrdom

In the six years of his Imamate several attempts were made on his life. On the 1st of Rabi-ul Awwal 260 a.h. Mo'tamad arranged for Imam to be poisoned in prison and then sent him home. Imam was in great pain and difficulty for 8 days. On the 8th of Rabi-ul Awwal he asked his son, the 12th Imam, to bring him some water and then leave him. He died that day and was given ghusl & kafan by his son, the 12th Imam.

Burial

The funeral prayers were led by the 12th Imam and it was then that a lot of Shia's saw him for the first time. A large number of people attended the funeral and he is buried in Samarra.

Additional Notes

The 11th Imam was once asked of the signs of a mo'min (believer).He listed the following signs.

He is one prays 51 rakaats of salaa daily.
He prostates on Khake Shafaa.
He wears rings on his right hand.
He repeats the verses of Azhan & Ikama.
He recites "Bismillah" loudly in Namaz..
He prays his Fajr Namaz  before the stars disappear and his Zohar prayers before the sun starts to decline.
He recite Qunoot in Namaz .
He dyes his hair and beard.
He recites 5 Takbirs in Salatul Mayyit.

THE LIFE OF IMAM
AL-HASAN AL-ASKARI
Study And Analysis

By:
Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi

Translation by:
Abdullah al-Shahin

Author: Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi
Translator: Abdullah al-Shahin
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1426 -2005 - 1384
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 1000
Number of Pages: 232
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-689-2

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER



 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DEDICATION 4
INTRODUCTION 9
BIRTH AND UPBRINGING 15
  THE IMAM’S NOBLE LINEAGE
HIS FATHER
HIS MOTHER
THE GREAT NEWBORN CHILD
CEREMONIES OF BIRTH
HIS NAME AND SURNAME
HIS EPITHETS
HIS MIEN
HIS UPBRINGING
GOD-FEARING
WITH HIS FATHER
THE DEATH OF HIS BROTHER
WITH HIS BROTHER AL-HUSAYN
THE LOSS OF HIS FATHER
TO THE PARADISE
HIS WORSHIP
HIS PRAYER
HIS QUNUT
HIS DU’A IN THE MORNING
HIS IDEALS
HIS KNOWLEDGE
HIS PATIENCE
HIS STRONG WILL
HIS GENEROSITY
HIGH MORALS
INFALLIBILITY
HIS IMAMATE
THE TRADITIONS ON HIS IMAMATE
FROM THE SIGNS OF HIS IMAMATE
15
16
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
27
27
27
28
31
31
32
32
32
34
35
35
38
41
IMPRESSIONS ABOUT HIM 49
HIS LETTERS 57
WORDS OF LIGHT 67
  THE PREFERENCE OF THE AHLUL BAYT
HIS RECOMMENDATION TO HIS ADHERENTS
A VALUABLE ADVICE
PREACHING
PONDERING ON ALLAH
WISDOM OF FASTING
DISPRAISING THE HYPOCRITES
PIOUS AND IMPIOUS
WONDERFUL SHORT MAXIMS
67
68
69
69
70
70
70
71
71
WITH THE HOLY QUR’AN 77
  THE TAFSIR ASCRIBED TO HIM
THOSE WHO DEPENDED ON THIS TAFSIR
THE SANAD OF THIS TAFSIR
DEFECTS
80
80
81
84
HIS TRADITIONS AND JURISPRUDENCE 87
  THE INTEREST OF THE ULAMA IN HIS TRADITIONS
TRADITIONS ON RELIGIOUS RULINGS
87
89
HIS COMPANIONS AND NARRATORS OF HIS TRADITIONS 97
THE AGE OF THE IMAM 137
  THE ECONOMICAL LIFE
INCOMES OF THE STATE
VIOLENCE IN COLLECTING THE LAND TAX
INCREASING THE KHARAJ
APPROPRIATING THE WEALTH OF THE STATE
GREAT GIFTS TO BONDMAIDS
ABUNDANT GIFTS TO POETS
PALACES
THE LUXURY OF THE ABBASID WOMEN
THE WRETCHEDNESS OF THE PUBLIC
THE IMAM’S SITUATION
THE POLITICAL LIFE
OPPRESSING THE ALAWIDS
THE IMAM’S AMULET
PERSECUTING THE PEOPLE OF QUM
OPPRESSION AND TYRANNY OF VIZIERS
INTERNAL REVOLTS
THE REVOLT OF YAHYA
THE REVOLT OF THE NEGROES
THE REVOLT OF SHAM
THE DOMINATION OF THE TURKS ON THE RULE
THE RELIGIOUS LIFE
REFUTING AL-KINDI
REFUTING A MONK
LIARS AND FABRICATORS
AMUSEMENT AND DIVERSION
138
139
139
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
150
150
151
153
158
159
159
160
160
161
162
162
163
164
165
THE KINGS IN THE AGE OF THE IMAM 167
  AL-MUTAWAKKIL
HIS CHARACTERISTICS
HIS ENMITY TOWARDS THE ALAWIDS
WITH IMAM AL-HADI
THE DEATH OF AL-MUTAWAKKIL
THE REIGN OF AL-MUNTASIR
THE REIGN OF AL-MUSTA’EEN
HIS SPITE TOWARDS THE IMAM
ARRESTING THE IMAM
FRIGHT OF THE SHIA
THE DEPOSITION OF AL-MUSTA’EEN
THE REIGN OF AL-MU’TAZZ
THE DEPOSITION OF AL-MU’TAZZ
THE REIGN OF AL-MUHTADI
THE REIGN OF AL-MU’TAMID
167
168
170
174
177
178
180
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
TO THE BETTER WORLD 189
  APPOINTING AL-MEHDI (A.S.) AS THE NEXT IMAM
THE IMAM COMFORTS HIMSELF
ASSASSINATING THE IMAM
THE GOVERNMENT CONFUSION
TO THE BEST OF ABODES
IN HIS LAST ABODE
THE DATE OF HIS DEATH
191
194
194
195
195
196
197
THE ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-HASAN AL-ASKARI 199
  THE COMMON ZIYARAH
PRAYER FOR IMAM AL-HASAN AL-ASKARI
205
221
REFERENCE BOOKS 227

No comments:

Post a Comment