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Hazrat Amir-ul-Momineen Imam Ali Ibn-e-Abi Talib


Hazrat Amir-ul-Mo'mineen Ali ibn Abi Talib a.s
Asalamoalaka ya Ameer ul Momineen Imam Ali Ibn Abitalib a.s.

Name - Ali
Title - Al-Murtaza, Al-Amir-ul-Mo'mineen, Abu-Turab, Asadullah
Kunyat - Abul Hasan
Born - Friday 13th of Rajab, in the Holy Ka'ba
Father's Name - Abu Talib-ibne-Abdul Muttalib
Mother's Name - Fatima bint-e-Asad
Died - at the age of 63 years, at Kufa, on Monday, the 21st Ramadan 40 AH, murdered by an assassin who mortally wounded him with a poisoned sword in the Mosque at Kufa during morning prayers on the 19th of Ramadan.
Buried - Najaf, near Kufa.
  The Life of the Commander of the Faithful
Harzat Imam Ali Ibn e Abu Talib (a.s)

(This part gives) an account of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, the first of the Imams of the belicvers, of the rulers (wulat) of the Muslims and of God's (appointed) successors in religion after the Apostle of God, the truthful one and the trusted one, Muhammad b. Abd Allah, the seal of the Prophets, blessings on him and his pure family. (He was) the brother of the Apostle of God and his paternal cousin, and his helper (wazir) in his affair, his son-in- law (being married) to his daughter, Fatima the chaste, mistress of the women of the universe. (The full name of) the Commander of the faithful is Ali b. Abi Talib b. Abd al Muttalib b. Hashim b. Abd Manaf. (He was) the Lord of the testamentary trustees of authority (wasiyyin), the best of blessing and peace be on him. His kunya was Abu al-Hasan.
He was born in the Sacred House (i.e. the Kaba) in Mecca on Friday, the thirteenth day of the month of Rajab, thirty years after the Year of the Elephant (c.570). Nobody before or after him has ever been born in the House of God, the Most High. (It was a mark) of him being honoured by God, the Most High, may His name be exalted, and of his position being dignified in its greatness.
His mother was Fatima, daughter of Asad b. Hashim b. Abd Manaf, may God be pleased with her. She was like a mother to the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, and he (the Apostle) was brought up under her care.
He was grateful for her kindness and she was among the first to believe in him and she emigrated with him in the group of the emigrants. When she died, the Prophet shrouded her with his own shirt in order to protect her from the insects of the earth, and he laid her to rest in her grave in order that, through that, she might be protected from (the crushing pressure of) the narrow space within the grave. He dictated to her her last words (which were) the statement of the authority (wilaya) of her son, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, so that at the examination after burial, she would be able to reply with those words. He singled her out with this great favour because of her position with God, may He be magnified and exalted, and with him, peace be on hinn. The report of that is well known.
The Commander of the faithful, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be on him, and his brothers were among the leading members of the second generation of descendants of Hashim. In this way he gained two marks of nobility, through his growing up under the care and education of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family. He was the first of the family of the House and of the Companions to believe in God and His Apostle. He was the first male whom the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, summoned to Islam and who answered. He never ceased to support the religion and to strive against the polytheists. He constantly defended the faith and fought against those who supported deviation (from the truth) and despotism. He spread the teachings of the sunna (the practice of thc Prophet) and the Qur'an, judged with justice and enjoined (people) to do good.
He was with the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, twenty-three years after the (coming) of the (prophetic) mission. Of these, thirteen years were in Mecca before thc migration when he shared with him all the persecutions and bore most of his hardships. Then there were ten years in Medina after thc emigration when he defended him against the polytheists and strove with him against the unbelievers. He protected him with his own life from the enemies of religion until the time God, the Exalted, took (the Prophet) to His heaven, raised him to the highest place in heaven and bestowed His blessings and peace on him and his family. On that day the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, was thirty-three years of age.
On the day of the death of the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, the community differed over his Imamate. His Shia who were all the Banu Hashim, Salman, Ammar, Abu Dharr, al-Miqdad, Khuzayma b. Thabit - the man who is known as the possessor of two testimonies - Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Jabir b. Abd Allah al-Ansari Abu Said al-Khudri and people like them among the important emigrants and Ansar, (all these) maintained that he was the successor (khalifa) after the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, and the Imam. (They did this) because of his outstanding merit (fadl) above all mankind, through the fact that there were gathered in him the qualities of outstanding merit, judgement and perfection, such as him being the first of the community to enter the faith, his superiority over them in knowledge of the laws, his precedence over them in fighting (jihad) and the distinction which set him apart from them in the extent of his piety, asceticism and righteousness.
Furthermore he had been specially singled out by the Prophet from among (all) his relations because of (the qualities) which no other relation, apart from him, shared with the Prophet and because of the nomination (nass) of his authority (wilaya) by God, may God be magnified and exalted, in the Qur'an where He, may His name be exalted, says:
Your authority (wali) is God and His Apostle and those believers who perfrom the prayer and pay alms (zakat) while they are bowing (in prayer). [ V 55 ]
It is known that no one except him paid alms while bowing (in prayer).
It has been established in language that wali means "the most appropriate for authority" (awla), without there being any opposition (to this definition). If the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, was, by the stipulation of the Qur'an, more appropriate for authority among the people than themselves because of his being their wali according to the textual nomination (nass) in the Clear Explanation (i.e. the Qur'an, tibyan), it was obviously necessary for all of them to obey him, just as obedience to God, the Most High, and obedience to His Apostle, peace be on him and his family, was required because of the information about their authority (wilaya) over creatures which is given in this verse with clear proof.
(Another reason for their support for the Commander of the faithful was) because of what the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, said on the day (of the assembly) at his house. He had especially gathered the Banu Abd al-Muttalib there in order to make the (following) solemn pledge:
Whoever helps me in this matter will be my brother, my testamentary trustee (wasi) my helper (wazir), my heir and my successor after me.
Then the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, stood up before him among all the gathering of them, and on that day he was the youngest of them, and he said:
O Apostle of God, I will help you.
Then the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, said:
Sit down, you are my brother, my trustee, my helper, my inheritor and successor after me.
This is a clear statement about the succession (after the Prophet).
In addition, there is also what (the Prophet), peace be on him and his family, said on the day of Ghadir Khumm. The community had gathered to listen to the sermon (in which he asked):
Am I not more appropriate for authority (awla) over you than yourselves?
Yes, they answered.
Then he spoke to them in an ordered manner without any interruption in his speech:
Whomsoever I am the authority over (mawla), Ali is also the authority over.
Thus he (the Prophet) required for him (Ali), through laying down obedience to him and his authority (over them), the same authority as he had over them, and which he made them acknowledge and which they did not deny. This is clear (evidence) of the nomination (nass) of him for the Imamate and for succession to his position.
Furthermore there is (the Prophet's), peace be on him and his family, statement to him at the time of setting out to Tabuk:
You are in the same position with respect to me as Aaron (Harun) was to Moses (Musa) except that there is no prophet after me.
Thus he required him (to have) the office of helping (i.e. administering) and to be characterised by love and outstanding merit over everyone. (He also required) his deputising for him both during his life and after his death. The Qur'an gives evidence for all that coming to Aaron (Harun) from Moses, peace be on them, when God, may He be magnified and exalted, said in giving a report of what Moses, peace be on him, said:
Make Aaron, my brotherly a helper for me from my family. Give me support through him and make him participate in my affair so that we may glorify You much and we may remember You frequently in that You have been a watcher over us. [ XX 29-35]
God, the Most Exalted said:
Your request is granted Moses. [ XX 36 ]
This (verse) confirmed that Aaron had a share with Moses in prophecy, and in helping in delivering the message and his support was strengthened through him by his aid. (Moses) also told him of deputising for him (when he said):
Deputise for me among my people. Act for (their) benefit and do not follow the path of the corrupters. [ VII 142 ]
This confirms his succession by the precise statement of revelation. Therefore when the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, gave all the ranks which Aaron had from Moscs to the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, in the same extent, except for prophecy, (all such things) were required of him as helping the Apostle, giving him support, outstanding merit and love, because these qualities were definitely required by that. Then by the clear statement there is his deputising for him during his life and "after the prophethood" which (gives evidence of his succession) by specification of the exception, (of Prophethood) when he excludes him from it by mentioning "after".
The Imamate of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, was for thirty years after the Prophet, may God bless him and his family. For twenty-four years and six months of these he was prevented from administering the laws (of the office) (and had to) exercise precautionary dissimulation (taqiyya) and withdrawal. For five years and six months of these, he was troubled by wars against the hypocrites, those who broke their pledges, the unjust and those who deviated (from the religion) and he was plagued by the seditions of those who had gone astray. In the same way the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, had been prevented from (administering) the laws (of his office) through fear and through being spied upon, and through being a fugitive and through being exiled, so that he had no power to fight the unbelievers and no means of defending the believers. Then he emigrated and for ten years after the emigration he remained making war on the unbelievers and being troubled by the hypocrites until the time that God, may His name be exalted, took him unto Himself and made him dwell in the gardens of Paradise.
The death of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him occurred before dawn of Friday, the twenty-first of the month of Ramadan, in the year 40 A.H. He was a victim of the sword. Ibn Muljam al-Muradi, may God curse him, killed him at the mosque of Kufa, which he had come out to in order to wake the people for the dawn prayer on the night of the nineteenth of the month of Ramadan. He had been lying in wait for him from the beginning of the night. When he (the Commander of the faithful) passed by him while the latter was hiding his design by feigning sleep amid a group of people who were asleep, he (Ibn Muljam) sprang out and struck him on the top of his head with his sword which was poisoned. He lingered through the day of the nineteenth and the night and day of the twentieth and the first third of the night of the twenty-first. Then he, peace be on him, died a martyr and met his Lord, Most High, as one who has been wronged. He, peace be on him, knew of that before its time and he told the people of it before its time. His two sons, al- Hasan and al-Husayn, peace be on them, performed (the tasks) of washing him and shrouding him according to his bequest. Then they carried him to al-Ghari at Najaf in Kufa and they buried him there. They removed the traces of the place of his burial according to his bequest which was made about that to hath of them by him, because of what he, peace be on him, knew about the regime of the Umayyads (which would come) after him, and their hostile attitude towards him. (For he knew) the evil action and abuse to which they would be led by their wicked intentions if they had been able to know that (place). His grave, peace be on him, remained hidden until al-Sadiq Jafar b. Muhammad, peace be on them, pointed it out during the Abbasid regime. For he visited it when he came to visit Abu Ja'far (al-Mansur) while the latter was in al-Hira. Then the Shi'a knew of it and they began from that time to make visitation to his (grave), peace be on him and on his pure offspring.
On the day of his death he was 63 years of age.
Imam Ali (as) First in many Fields

 
He was the only man to be born in the Kabah (The house of God)
 
He was the first to offer homage to the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF)
 
He was the first to offer prayers after the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF)
 
He was the first to offer his services for Jihad.
 
He was the first to receive religious instructions from the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF)
 
He was the first to compile and codify the Quran
 
He was the first to be styled as "brother" by the Prophet (PBUH&HF) and on every occasion
 
He was the first to give burial to the Prophet (PBUH&HF)
 
He was the first to offer to sleep in the Prophet's (PBUH&HF) bed on the night of his emigration to Medina
 
He was the first to be appointed commander in all those battles in which the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF) didnot participate personally
 
The honor of the propagation of the Quranic Sura, "al Bara'at" fell to Imam Ali's (as) lot
 
He was the only man to be titled as the "Second Aaron" by the Prophet (PBUH&HF)
 
The honor of owning a house which opened into the courtyard of the Prophet's (PBUH&HF) mosque was reserved for Imam Ali (as) alone
 
He was the first to have the honor of being nominated by the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF) as his succesor, testator and vice regent.
... and many many more
Imam Ali and the Ancient Prophets

1.
God gave Adam the knowledge of His names, while Ali held the entire knowledge of the Book of Allah.
2.
Adam was married with Eve in the Garden of Paradise, while God married Imam Ali (as) with Fatima (as) in heaven
3.
God styled Noah as a "Grateful Creature" and he was called the Second Adam, while Imam Ali (as) was styled as "Abu'l Ummah"
4.
God made Abraham the "Imam" or the "Leaders of men", while Imam Ali (as) was the Imam of all creation, men and Jinnis
5.
Moses was brought up in the house of Pharoah, while Imam Ali (as) was brought up in the house of the Prophet (PBUH&HF)
6.
Moses threw his rod which became a serpent, whereas Imam Ali (as), while still in the cradle, cleaved the snake into two
7.
Moses name has been mentioned 230 times in the Quran, while Imam Ali's (as) has been referred to in 300 places in the Quran
... and many many more



The Voice of Human Justice
(Sautu'l 'Adalati'l Insaniyah)

George Jordac Lebanon
Translator: M Fazel Haq

Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qom
First Edition 1421 -200
Printer: Sadr, Qom
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 508
Size: A5
ISBN: 964-438-158-0
ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER



 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qom
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: ++98 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org





CONTENTS

PUBLISHERS' NOTE 11
PREFACE 12
ARABIAN PENINSULA 15
THE COMING OF THE PROPHET 19
A GLANCE OVER HISTORY 24
THE PROPHET AND ABU TALIB 36
THE PROPHET AND ALI 41
ALI IS MY BROTHER 45
THE ATTRIBUTES OF ALI 54
KNOWLEDGE AND SAGACITY OF ALI 75
HUMAN RIGHTS AND ALI 83
POVERTY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES 89
CONDITIONS PRIOR TO ALI 107
RULER IS ONE OF THE PEOPLE 120
FREEDOM AND ITS SOURCES 133
INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM 144
ACCOUNTABILITY 149
HELPING THE NEEDY 162
NEITHER FANATICISM NOR INFALLIBILITY 182
WAR AND PEACE 190
COMBAT OPPRESSION 204
ADMINISTRATION OF ALI 212
U.N.CHARTER OF HUMAN RIGHTS 229
VALUE OF LIFE AND ALI 235
CONDITIONS PREVAILING AFTER ALI 244
THE TWO FAMILIES OF QURAYSH 266
MU`AWIYA AND HIS SUCCESSORS 276
HUSAYN AND YAZID 295
SUPPORTERS OF THE TWO PARTIES 310
MURDERERS OF UTHMAN 341
THE VOLLEY OF CRITICISM 352
FACTS ABOUT UTHMAN`S MURDER 376
SOME FALSE STATEMENTS 387
A GREAT CONSPIRACY 404
REVOLT AGAINST ALI 418
GOD! BE A WITNESS 442
TWO IMPOSTORS 452
THE DISASTER 473
WAS IT JUSTIFIED? 484
THE DIVINE WILL 492
LET THEM MOURN 497

BIOGRAPHY OF
IMAM `ALĪ IBN ABĪ-TĀLIB

Translation of SIRAT AMIR AL-MU’MININ

By:
 MUFTI JA`FAR HUSAYN

TRANSLATED BY:
 SAYYID TĀHIR BILGRAMI

Revised by
Badr Shahin
Author: Mufti Ja`far Husayn
Translator: Sayyid Tahir Bilgrami
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1427 -1385 - 2006
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 720
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-798-8

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER



 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org


TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD 11
BIRTHPLACE AND ORIGIN 14
FAMILY AND PEDIGREE 21
The chronological chart
`Adnan ibn Adad
Ma`d ibn `Adnan
Nizar ibn Ma`d
Mudar ibn Nizar
Ilyas ibn Mudar
Mudrikah ibn Ilyas
Khuzaymah ibn Mudrikah
Kinanah ibn Khuzaymah
Nadr ibn Kinanah
Malik ibn Nadr
Fihr ibn Malik
Ghalib ibn Fihr
Lu’ay ibn Ghalib
Ka`b ibn Lu’ay
Murrah ibn Ka`b
Kalab ibn Murrah
Qasi ibn Kalab
`Abd-Manaf ibn Qasi
Hashim Ibn `Abd-Manaf
`Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim
23
23
24
24
25
27
28
28
29
29
30
30
31
31
32
33
33
33
39
39
44
ABŪ-TALIB IBN `ABD AL-MUTTALIB 64
Fatimah bint Asad
109
THE FELICITOUS BIRTH 114
NAME, APPELLATION AND FILIAL APPELLATION 118
APPEARANCE, BEARING AND LOOKS 121
APPEARANCE, BEARING AND LOOKS 123
HIS SARTORIAL HABITS 125
FOOD HABITS 128
CHILDHOOD 131
EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING 133
THE FIRST TO ACCEPT THE FAITH OF ISLAM 136
THE FEAST OF `ASHIRAH 145
HELP AND ASSISTANCE TO THE PROPHET COMMENCES 148
THE QURAYSH BOYCOTT 150
MIGRATION TO AL-MADINAH 154
THE EVENT OF BROTHERHOOD 161
THE MATRIMONY 163
THE SONS OF THE PROPHET 167
WIVES AND CHILDREN 173
Fatimah al-Zahra’
Umamah bint Abil-`as
Ummul-Banin bint Hizam al-Kalabiyyah
Layla bint Mas`ūd al-Darimiyyah
Asma’ bint `Umays al-Khath`amiyyah
Ummu-Habib al-Sahba’ bint Rabi`ah al-Taghlubiyyah
Khawlah bint Ja`far al-Hanafiyyah
Umm-Sa`id bint `Urwah al-Thaqafiyyah
Ummu-Shu`ayb al-Makhzūmiyyah
Mukhabba`ah bint Imru’ al-Qays

173
173
173
174
174
174
174
174
174
175
CONSTRUCTION OF THE MOSQUE AND SEALING OF THE DOORS 176
THE PROPHET’S EXPEDITIONS 181
THE EXPEDITION OF BADR 184
THE EXPEDITION OF UHUD 198
THE EXPEDITION OF BANŪ-AL-NADIR 216
THE EXPEDITION OF AL-AHZAB 219
THE EXPEDITION OF BANŪ-QURAYZAH 231
THE TRUCE OF AL-HUDAYBIYAH 235
THE CAMPAIGN OF KHAYBAR 247
THE LAND OF FADAK 257
THE CONQUEST OF MAKKAH 260
PURIFICATION OF THE KA`BAH 268
THE DAY OF AL-GHUMAYDA’ 270
THE EXPEDITION OF HUNAYN 273
THE SIEGE OF AL-TA’IF 279
DISTRIBUTION OF THE BOOTY 282
PROPAGATION OF ISLAM IN YEMEN 284
THE EMIRATE OF YEMEN 286
SARIYYAT WADI AL-RAML 288
SARIYYAT BANŪ-TAYY 290
GHAZWAh OF TABŪK 292
PROPAGATION OF SŪRAT BARA`AH 298
THE CALL FOR MUBAHALAh OR IMPRECATION 301
SARIYYAt BANŪ-ZUBAYD 307
THE HIJJAT AL-WADA` 309
GHADIR KHUMM 313
THE CONTINGENT OF USAMAH IBN ZAYD 319
LEADING THE CONGREGATION 325
THE CALAMITY OF QIRTAS 333
THE PROPHET’S LAST JOURNEY 338
COMPLIANCE WITH THE WILL 340
DENYING THE PROPHET’S DEATH 342
AN OVERVIEW OF THE EVENTS OF SAQIFAH 347
HOMAGE AND USE OF COERCION 357
AMIR AL MU’MININ’S DISCREET SILENCE 362
THE LAND OF FADAK 365
THE MISCHIEF OF APOSTASY 375
ISTIKHLAF OR NOMINATION OF THE SECOND CALIPH 383
SHŪRA OR THE COMMITTEE 386
THE ALLEGIANCE TO IMAM `ALI 398
AMIR AL MU’MININ’S STYLE OF GOVERNANCE 404
THE NORMS FOR SELECTION OF THE FUNCTIONARIES 408
ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE FUNCTIONARIES 410
THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 413
PROTECTION OF BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS 417
The Right to Live
The Right of Thought
The Right of Action
Right of Racial Equality

417
419
420
421
THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM 423
DISTRIBUTION FROM THE BAYT AL-MAL 431
THE SYSTEM OF ZAKAT 436
THE SYSTEM OF TRIBUTE 439
THE SYSTEM OF JIZYAH 441
CITIZENSHIP 442
MONITORING THE TRADING COMMUNITY 447
KINDNESS ON WIDOWS, ORPHANS AND THE POOR 450
TREATMENT OF THE CAPTIVES 454
TREATMENT OF THE DHIMMIS 456
THE TRUSTS AND THE PROJECTS FOR PEOPLE’S WELFARE 458
UNREST AND ITS CAUSES 460
DISMISSAL OF FUNCTIONARIES AND REASONS THEREOF 464
MU`AWIYAH IBN ABI-SUFYAN 469
`AMR IBN AL-`AS 477
`ABDULLAH IBN SA`D 480
Al-WALID IBN `UQBAH 484
SA`ID IBN AL-`AS 487
RETALIATION OVER `UTHMAN’S BLOOD 491
THE BATTLE OF THE CAMEL 495
TRANSFER OF THE CAPITAL 540
APPOINTMENT OF THE FUNCTIONARIES OF THE STATE 543
Qays Ibn Sa`d
Sahl ibn Hunayf al-Ansari
Malik ibn al-Harith al-Ashtar
`Abdullah ibn `Abbas
Muhammad ibn Abi-Bakr
Abū-Ayyūb al-Ansari
Mikhnaf ibn Sulaym al-Azdi
Qarazah ibn Ka`b al-Ansari
Qathm ibn al-`Abbas
Yazid ibn Qays al-Arhabi
Kumayl ibn Ziyad al-Nakha`i
Rabi`ah ibn Khaytham al-Asadi
`Umar ibn Abi-Salamah
Al-Nu`man ibn `Ajlan al-Ansari
`Uthman ibn Hunayf al-Ansari
Sa`id ibn Mas`ūd al-Thaqafi
`Ubaydullah ibn `Abbas
Hassan ibn Hassan al-Bakri

543
547
548
548
549
549
549
550
550
550
551
551
552
552
552
552
553
553
INVASION OF AL-DAHHAK IBN QAYS 554
DISMISSAL OF QAYS IBN SA`D 556
THE BATTLE OF SIFFIN  (Part 1) 562
THE BATTLE OF SIFFIN  (Part 2) 597
THE AGREEMENT FOR ARBITRATION 626
THE REACTION OF KHAWARIJ AGAINST ARBITRATION 630
A LOOK AT THE KHAWARIJ 641
THE VERDICT OF THE REFEREES 645
THE BATTLE OF NAHRAWAN 653
THE BATTLES OF THE KHAWARIJ 667
THE DEFEAT OF EGYPT 675
IBN `AMIR IN AL-BASRAH 682
THE AGGRESSIVE ATTACKS OF THE SYRIANS 689
THE ATROCITIES OF BuSR BIN ARTA’AH 697
THE MARTYRDOM 705
THE BURIAL 712
SOME IMPRESSIONS 714
THE END OF IBN MULJIM AND HIS COHORTS 716
SETTLEMENT IN NAJAF 717
CONSTRUCTION OF THE MAUSOLEUM OF IMAM `ALI 719

The Brother of  The Prophet Mohammad

The Imam Ali

Table of Contents

DONORS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

TABLE OF CONTENTS 15
PART I

THE IMAM ALI DURING THE ERA OF THE PROPHETHOOD

1. THE HOUSE OF THE PROPHET MOHAMMAD

Is the Honor Due to the Relationship?, The Record Attests to their Merit, Why Were They so Meritorious?

2. MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF MOHAMMAD

Descriptive Hadiths, The Specific Hadiths

3. THE INDISPENSABLE PEOPLE

Abu Talib, Islam of Abu Talib, Imam Ali

4. THE FIRST MUSLIMS

5. BROTHER AND MINISTER

Gonflicting Hadiths, The Offered Reward, The Outcome of the Gonference of the House of the Prophet

6. THE REDEEMERS

The Magnitude of the Mission

7. ALI'S ROLE IN BUILDING THE ISLAM STATE

Thesis Versus Antithesis

8. ATBADR

9. AT OHOD

Who Remained with the Prophet?

10. THE MOAT

Ali's Response, The Magnitude of Ali's Contribution

11. AT KHEIBAR

The Prophet Besieged Kheibar, Indispensable Man, The Natural Ministry

12. ANNOUNCED BROTHERHOOD

The Significance of the Brotherhood, The Son-in-Law of the Prophet

13. ALl'S PLACE FROM THE PROPHET IN THE QUR'AN

Why Was Ali Included?,

14. THE MOULA OF THE MUSLIMS

15. UNFULFILLED WILL OF THE PROPHET

The Prophet Was Prevented from Writing a Will, The Unusual Event Raises Many Questions, What Did the Prophet Want to Write?, How Gould He Defy the Prophet?, Why Did the Prophet Not Insist on Writing His Directive?, How Could the Directive of the Messenger he a Security to the Nation Against Straying?

PART II

THE IMAM DURING THE ERA OF THE THREE CALIPHS,
16 ABU BAKR SUCCEEDS

Legal and Historical Questions, Did the Messenger of God Desire to Appoint Abu Bakr as His Successor?, Was the Election of Abu Bakr Legal?, Quraish and the Caliphate

17. ALI VIEWS THE SUCCESSION

18. ABU BAKR NAMES A SUCCESSOR

19. OMAR SUCCEEDS

Dialogues About the Caliphate, The Dimensions of Omar's Policy, Prearranged the Future of the Muslims, Subversive Elements in the Caliph's Regime

20. THE ELECTORAL CONVENTION

Observations, Unwarranted Stipulation, Ali's Unique Dedication, Motives and Consequences

21. Othman's Reign

Early Opposition, Implementation of the Omayad's Plan, The Third Caliph and His Two Predecessors, The Growth of Opposition, Opposition Outside Medina, Now People Remembered Ali, The Caliph is Besieged, Observation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ABOUT THE AUTHOR INTRODUCTION

PART III

THE IMAM IN HIS OWN ERA
22. THE ELECTION OF THE IMAM ALI

An Early Opposition Were Talhah and Al-Zubeir Forced to Elect the Imam?

23. THE BATTLE OF BASSRAH

The Imam's Journey Abu Musa Al-Ashaari The Imam's Effort for Peace The Beginning of the Battle The Responsibility of the Three Leaders

24. THE ALLEGED CONSPIRACY

Did Abdullah Ibn Saba Exist? To Discredit Abu Tharr and Ammar Is to Discredit the Prophet The Source of the Legend

25. THE BATTLE OF SIFFEEN

Idealist Versus Opportunist New Efforts for Peace Martyrdom of Ammar Ibn Yasir The Big Conspiracy The Two Arbiters

26. AL-KHAWARIJ (THE SECEDERS)

Violent Extremism Prophecies

27. MARTYRDOM

The Fulfilled Promise

28. THE IMAM'S POLICY CONCERNING PUBLIC FUNDS

Was It Politically Sound?

29. WAS THE WAR OF SIFFEEN INEVITABLE?

Mugheerah and Ibn Abbas Was Omayad's Rule Inevitable?

30. DID THE IMAM EXERCISE HIS RULE AS A PREACHER?

Why Did the Imam Bind Himself With a Document Which Was Forced Upon Him?

31. WHY DID THE REIGN OF THE IMAM NOT LAST LONG?

Ali Did Not Have the Two Elements The Growth of the Qureshite's Influence and the Obscurity of the Imam The Electoral Convention Put the Caliphate in the Hands of the Omayads New Competitors Qureshites, Hostile or Deserter? Conclusions

PART IV THE CALIPHATE IN THE ISLAMIC LAW

32. SHOULD THE FIRST CALIPHATE HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED BY INHERITANCE, POPULAR ELECTION, OR BY THE PROPHET'S SELECTION

The Nature of the Islamic Principle is Consonant with Selection More than Election The Dangers Which Were About to Face the Nation The Need for an Authority in Interpretation of the Qur'an and Communication of the Prophet's Instructions

33. HAD WHAT OUGHT TO BE DONE BEEN DONE? Ali Is the Gate of the City of Knowledge

34. THE HOME CONFERENCE

35. THE HADITH OF THE ANALOGY "YOU ARE TO ME LIKE AARON TO MOSES"

36. THE HADITH OF PERFORMANCE AND DELIVERY

37. HADITH AL-THAQALAIN (THE TWO VALUABLES)

Abu Zuhrah's Argument Against Hadith No.1 The Shi-ites Do Not Believe In the Inheritance of the Caliphate The Sunnis Are Closer Than the Shi-ites to the Opinion of Leadership by Inheritance Political and Jurisprudential Leadership

38. THE HADITH OF THE WILAYAH

The Meaning of Hadith Al-Ghadeer The Verse of Proclamation Why Did the Prophet Not Say: "Ali Is Your Ameer, or My Caliph, or Your Imam?" The Conclusion Let Us Find Our Way Agreeable Points The Shi-ite Companions of the Prophet Legitimacy and Negative Aspects of Elective Caliphate The House of the Prophet Is to Be Followed Unjustifiable Bias My Humble Effort

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ghadir

Content



Certainty Uncovered

Translaition of
Kashf al-yaqin
virtues of imam ali
Author: Jamal al-Din ibn Yusuf 'Allamah Hilli
Translaitor: Dr. 'Ali Akbar Aghili Ashtiani
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition 2007-1386-1428
Quds Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 440
Size: 162X229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-925-2
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER




 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tel: ++98 251 7741744   Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Translator’s Note 7
About the Author Biography of `Allamah Hilli 8
Said About Him
His Teachers
His Pupils
His Works
His Birth
Place of Death and Tomb
9
10
10
11
11
11
Preface
12
`Ali’s Virtues Before His Birth 16
`Ali’s Virtues At Creation And Birth
20
`Ali’s Virtues In Boyhood And Maturity 22
`Ali’s Spiritual Virtues
Faith
`Ali’s Prescience
`Ali’s Courage In Battlefields
`Ali’s Piety

`Ali’s Generosity and Magnanimity
`Ali’s Religiosity, Piety and Prayer
`Ali’s Good Temper
`Ali’s Forbearance
Imam `Ali’s Physical Excellence and Superiority
`Ali’s Worship
Jihad in the Way of Allah
Battle of Badr
The Battle of Uhud

`Ali’s Courage in the Battle of Khandaq (The Ditch) 
Imam `Ali’s Precedence to Believing in the Holy Prophet
`Ali and Surah Bara’ah
`Ali’s Contradictory Virtues (Polarization)
`Ali’s Maxims
24
24
66
78
80

84
92
102
106
106
106
110
112
114

120
166
168
170
172
Imam `Ali’s External Virtues and Merits 190
`Ali’s Genealogy
`Ali’s Marriage with Lady Fatimah
`Ali, the Holy Prophet’s Brother
Only Door of `Ali’s House Open to the Masjid
Mutual Curse (Mubahalah)
Love for `Ali, A Must
`Ali, the Holy Qur’an, and the truth are Inseparable
Whoever I Am the Master, `Ali Is His Master
The Prophet’s Appointment of `Ali for the Next Leadership
`Ali; Amir al-Mu’minin

The Unity of `Ali and the Holy Prophet
The Story of the Grilled Bird
`Ali is the Best Creature
Warning Against Those Challenging `Ali’s Authority
`Ali Compared to Surah al-Ikhlas, the Holy Ka`bah, and the head
of the Holy Prophet; and the duty towards him is like the duty
towards fathers
`Ali’s Ablution with Heavenly Water
`Ali, a Great Master
More Merits of Imam `Ali
Virtues of `Ali’s Children

Virtues of `Ali’s Spouse
Verses Revealed in Honor of `Ali
The Holy Prophet’s Progeny is From the Issue of `Ali, the Distributor of Paradise and Hellfire
Munashadah

The Holy Prophet’s Prayer for `Ali
Divine Punishment for `Ali’s Enemies
`Ali and the Jews (The Story of the Companions of the Cave)
`Ali on the Shoulders of the Holy Prophet
Mentioning and Looking at `Ali; sorts of Worship
`Ali’s Station on the Day of Judgment
Seeking Guidance from `Ali
The Story of a Dinar `Ali Found

`Ali, an Aide of the Holy Prophet and Fatimah
`Ali During the Night Journey
The Holy Prophet’s Sacrificing his father for `Ali and promising him with Paradisiacal gardens
God Decrees the Holy Prophet to Express `Ali’s Merits
`Ali’s Arch-Enemy, Zubayr ibn Bakkar
`Ali’s Valor
190
194
200
204
208
214
224
228
236
242

250
256
258
260


264
264
266
268
268

296
300
330
332

340
340
346
364
366
366
368
368

372
376
376
378
392
402
`Ali’s Posthumous Miracles 406
Final Note
424
Endnotes 427

The Sufferings of Amirol Mo’minin
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Life and Martyrdom


Massoudi, Majid,

 The Sufferings of Amirol Mo’minin Ali bin Abi Talib Life and Martyrdom\ by Majid

Massoudi; Translated by Farid Mohammadi.-Qum: Ansariyan, 2008.

47 p.

ISBN: 978-964-438-959-7

Original Title:              مصائب أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب زندگي و شهادت

1. Ali Ibn Abitaleb, Imam I, 599 – 962 – Biography.

I. Mohammadi, Farid, Tr.                                                                    II. Title.

297.951                                                                                              BP 37.35 .M38
 
Author: Majid Massoudi
Translator: Seyyid Farid Mohammadi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publication
First Edition: 2008 – 1387 – 1429
Sadr Press
Pages: 48
Copies: 2000
Size: 145 x 210 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-959-7

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER

ANSARIYAN PUBLICATIONS
22, Shohada St.,
P.O. Box 187 - Qum
Islamic Republic Of Iran
Tel: 00 98 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net & Int_ansarian@yahoo.com
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net


TABLE OF CONTENTS
The battle of Nahrawan with all its hardships ended finally 5
Youmul Inthar (the day of warning) 16
Leylatol Mabeet (the night of sleeping in  the Prophet's bed) 17
The Battle of Badr 19
The Battle of Uhu 19
The Battle of Ahzab, in the fifth year of Hegira 20
The Battle of Khaybar 22
The disavowal of the Polytheists 23
Patience before of the Prophet’s death 25
The Saqifa of Bani Sa’idah 26
The usurped Caliphate 28
The six men assembly of the Caliphate in (the year 24 After Hegira) 31
The Battle of Jamal 35
The battle of Siffeen 38
The battle of Nahrawan 43

IMAM ALI (S)
Sunshine of Civilized Islam

 

امام على(ع) آفتاب اسلام متمدن

Author: Muhammad Husayn Tahmasebi

Editor: Abdullah al-Shahin

Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum

First Edition 1423-1381

Negheen Press  Quantity: 2000

Number of Pages: 184    Size: 143 x 205

ISBN: 964-438-377-X

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER


Ansariyan Publications

P.O. Box 187

22 Shohada St., Qum

Islamic Republic of Iran

Tel: ++89 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647

Email: ansarian@noornet.net


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE
SELF DENIAL AND PIETY
ADVENT OF ISLAM AND THE ROLE OF IMAM ALI


 

THE HUMANE QUALITIES OF IMAM ALI (S)
HOW AND BY WHICH WAY CAN WE REACH THE TRUTH OF ISLAM?
REFERENCE BOOKS


A VICTIM LOST
IN SAQIFAH

1-4

BY
ALI LABBAF
 WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY
 SAYYID MUHAMMAD DHIYABAADI
 TRANSLATED BY
A GROUP OF TRANSLATORS
 Labbaf, Ali,
A Victim Lost in Saqifah/ Ali Labbaf; Translated by Hassan Najafi.-Qum: Ansariyan, 2008.
576 P.
ISBN: 978-964-438-976–8
Original Title: مظلومي گمشده در سقيفه
1. Saqifeh Bani Sa’edeh.                                      2. Ali ibn Abitaleb, Imam I. 599
– 661 – Proof of Calihpate.                                                  I. Najafi, Hasan, Tr.
294.452                                                                                   BP 223.54 .L32
 مظلوم السقيفة باللّغة الانجليزية
Revised Edition with Comprehensive Additions
A VICTIM LOST IN SAQIFAH
Author: Ali Labbaf
With an introduction by Sayyid Muhammad Dhiyabaadi
Translator: Dr. Hasan Najafi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition: 2008 -1429 - 1387
Neqeen Press
Quantity: 2000
No. of pages: 576
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-976-8
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER


 ANSARIYAN PUBLICATIONS
P.B. Box 187
22, Shohada Str. – Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net & Int_ansarian@yahoo.com
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedicated to 4
Preface 17
INTRODUCTION
FUNDAMENTALS OF EVALUATION AND CRITICISM OF WRITINGS ON ISLAMIC UNITY
21
FIRST INTRODUCTION
NECESSITY OF THOUGHT FOR ISLAMIC UNITY
21
SECOND INTRODUCTION
VALUABLE STANDARDS OF WORKSHEET OF THE THOUGHT OF ISLAMIC UNITY
23
THIRD INTRODUCTION
FAMILIARITY WITH WRITINGS ON THOUGHTS OF ISLAMIC UNITY
27
BEGINNING OF DISCUSSION
AWARENESS OF BASICS OF INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT – RESEARCH TOWARDS CREATING ISLAMIC UNITY
28
INTRODUCTION TO APPLICATIONS OF TWO TENDENCIES BY WAY OF CRITICISM AND NARRATION 30
DISCOURSE ONE
KEEPING QUIET AND PROHIBITING DIFFERENCE-CREATING ACTIVITIES
31
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Invitation to Silence as Open-mindedness
Invitation to Keep Quiet as Mark of Sympathy
Invitation to Keep Quiet for Confidentiality
31
32
41
43
44
DISCOURSE TWO
ADOPT COMMON THINGS AND IGNORE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ISLAMIC SECTS
45
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
45
45
DISCOURSE THREE
TO MAKE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SCHOOLS SO LIGHT AS TO APPEAR DEPTHLESS
48
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
48
51
DEVIATION IN PRINCIPLES AND BRANCHES OF FAITH 57
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Conclusion
Conclusion
Reminder
57
58
61
63
64
DEVIATED SIDE-EFFECTS OF THIS CONJECTURE 65
First Wrong Result
Second Wrong Result
Third Wrong Result
Fourth Wrong Result
1 – This Difference must be acknowledged:
2 – This Difference in Religion is neither rejected nor blamed:
3 – This Difference is desirable and useful:
4 – This Difference is not Harmful, it solves difficulty:
5 – This Difference is Good – there is nothing wrong in it:
65
66
67
69
69
69
69
70
70
DISCOURSE FOUR
EXCUSING THOSE WHO TURN AWAY FROM IMAMATE AND SCHOOL OF AHLE BAYT (A.S.)
71
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Another Criticism and Analysis
71
77
86
DISCOURSE FIVE
ALTERATIONS IN BELIEFS OF SHIA JA’FARI TWELVE IMAMITE FAITH
89
FIRST ALTERATION
IMAMATE AND RULERSHIP
INTRODUCTION
89
89 
FIRST BATCH
THREE TYPES OF SEPARATIONS BETWEEN IMAMATE AND RULERSHIP
91
INTRODUCTORY CONJECTURE 91
DEVIATED REPERCUSSIONS OF THIS CONJECTURE 95
Particulars of this Oblique new thought about the Great Caliphate 102
DEVIATED REPERCUSSIONS OF THIS CONJECTURE 104
Reminder 104
CRITICISM AND OPINION
GUARDIANSHIP AND IMAMATE IS INSEPARABLE FROM APPARENT CALIPHATE
106
The Result 112
SECOND BATCH
TO SHOW RULERSHIP OF LESS VALUE THAN IMAMATE
114
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
114
115
SECOND ALTERATION
REMOVING IMAMATE FROM PRINCIPLES OF FAITH AND MAKING IT A FUNDAMENTAL OF SCHOOL
117
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
117
120
THIRD ALTERATION
AIM OF ESCHEWING SHIA TEACHINGS
123
INTRODUCTION
A question that arises in the mind is that:
Closing Reminder
123
124
127
DISCOURSE SIX
DEVIATION IN THE MEANING OF DIVINELY-GRANTED CALIPHATE OF ALI
129
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
129
130
DEVIATED REPERCUSSION OF THESE CONJECTURES 135
First Wrong Result
Caliphate is not a Monopoly of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)!
Second Wrong Result
Caliph cannot be Exclusively Ali after the Prophet
Third Wrong Result
Usurpation of Ali’s Caliphate is no more in Question!
Fourth Wrong Result
Caliphate of Caliphs is not illegitimate!
Warning:
Propagation of these Conjectures in the Name of Open-mindedness
Relation of Imamate and Caliphate from Shia Viewpoint
The wrong framing of the issue
135
135
135
135
136
136
136
136
137
137
137
137
137
DISCOURSE SEVEN
DENIAL OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ALI AND CALIPHS
141
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
What History says?
The Result
Reminder
141
148
150
153
153
DEVIATION IN CRITICISM OF ALI ABOUT CALIPHS 156
INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Scrutiny
156
157
DISCOURSE EIGHT
TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE LEGITIMACY OF CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT
160
INTRODUCTION
Scrutiny and Criticism
Unanswered Questions
160
161
164
ADDENDUM
SOLUTION OF SHIA TO CREATE ISLAMIC UNITY
166
END
REFLECTION ON SHIA IDEAL OF ISLAMIC UNITY IN THE ZAHRA’S SPEECH
172
VOL. 2
DISCOURSE ONE
CRITICISM AND INVESTIGATION ABOUT PROPAGANDA OF SILENCE OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN
175
Doubts Created Regarding Silence of Amirul Momineen
Conjectures that claim ‘Letting go of Caliphate linked with consent’
Conjectures that claim ‘Detachment of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) from Caliphate and overlooking it, after six months of Abu Bakr’ Caliphate’
Conjectures that claim ‘Absence of plan of right of Caliphate and not proving the School of Imamate’
Did Amirul Momineen (a.s.) Leave Caliphate and Overlook his Rights?
Correct Analysis about Ali’s reaction to Usurpation of Caliphate
Conclusion
175
175
175
176
177
178
183
CORRECT INTERPRETATION ALI’S SILENCE AND ITS CAUSES 184
Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and his Stern Refusal to Pay Allegiance to Abu Bakr
Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and Declaration of Illegitimacy of Caliphate
Final Judgment on Silence of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
To what extent Ali Believed in Preserving Silence?
Did Ali Refrain from Arguing about Imamate?
187
189
190
195
196
ARE SHIAS OBLIGED TO AVOID DISCUSSION ON CALIPHATE…? 205
ARE SHIAS OBLIGED NOT TO DEBATE ON IMAMATE? 211
DISCOURSE TWO
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ANALYSES PROPAGATED ABOUT CONSULTATION OF CALIPHS WITH ALI
216
What doubts are propagated in this regard?
Does Consultation Alone Suffices to Prove Good Relations?
Analysis of Consultation of Caliphs with Amirul Momineen (a.s.) on the basis of Statistical Scrutiny
Chart of Consultations of Three Caliphs with Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
216
216
218
218
WHAT DOES SCRUTINY OF STATISTICS SHOW? 226
Items of Abu Bakr’s Consultation with Imam Ali (a.s.)
Items of consultation of Umar with Imam Ali (a.s.)
Did the Second Caliph always consult Ali? Did he always accept his view?
Instances of Uthman consulting Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.)
Results of Statistical Analysis
Final Analysis about Caliphs’ Consultation with Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
Theological Reminder
Differences between the Aims of Caliphs and Ali Regarding Consultations
226
227
228
229
231
232
239
239
DISCOURSE THREE
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ANALYSES PUBLICIZED REGARDING ALI’S COOPERATION WITH CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT
243
Conjectures spread in this regard
What do Historical Documents and Sources Indicate?
Conclusion
243
244
247
ANALYSIS OF ALI’S PARTICIPATION IN CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT 248
What was Caliphs’ Aim in Giving Government Responsibilities to Ali? 249
WAS ALI GIVEN A GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY DURING THE TENURE OF THE CALIPHS? 253
Analysis of Acceptance of Responsibility for Some Particular Instances
Surrendering Responsibility to Ali in Some Particular Items
253
254
DID AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) HAVE POSITIVE OUTLOOK TO BATTLES OF CALIPH’S PERIOD? 258
Did associates of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) have Active Presence in Caliphs’ government?
Conclusion
Conjecture mentioned in Haft Aasmaan Magazine – A Reply to it
260
263
264
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ALI’S POSITIVE OUTLOOK TO BATTLES 267
PARTICIPATION OF HASAN AND HUSAIN IN BATTLES OF CALIPHS 270
Introduction
Criticism and Analysis
270
271
SCRUTINY OF PARTICIPATION OF ALI’S COMPANIONS IN BATTLES AND GOVERNMENT OF CALIPHS 273
Are Battles of Caliphs Worth Defending?
Forced Participations of Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.) in Caliphs’ Government
273
278
DID AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) ALWAYS ATTEND CALIPHS’ PRAYERS? 282
Deviation in Narration from Shia Sources
Result drawn from contemplating on these headings:
283
284
DISCOURSE FOUR SCRUTINY AND CRITICISM OF ANALYSES PUBLICIZED IN RESPECT OF RELATIONS BETWEEN CALIPHS AND AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) 290
What conjectures are presented in this regard?
Relations of the First Caliph with the Family of Revelation (a.s.)
Historical Reminder
290
291
296
EXAMPLES OF STATEMENTS IN SUNNI SOURCES ABOUT ZAHRA’S ANGER ON ABU BAKR 297
AIM OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) IN TAKING OVER THE GUARDIANSHIP OF MUHAMMAD BIN ABU BAKR? 299
Relations of the Second Caliph with the Family of Revelation (a.s.)
A glance at historical documents
Conclusion
301
302
308
DID THE SECOND CALIPH DESIRE ALI TO BE CALIPH AFTER HIM? 309
Scrutiny of the legend of Second Caliph’s Marriage with Umme Kulthum
The prosperity in the next world for Umar by means of this marriage
Immunity of Second Caliph about crimes committed against Ahle Bayt (a.s.)
Suggestion of Umar having gained the satisfaction of Ahle Bayt particularly that of Hazrat Zahra (s.a.)
Baraat, a principle of Shia belief now is put under question
Enmity and rancor of Umar towards Ali is covered
To show relations between Ali and Umar to be friendly
Giving legitimacy to Umar’s Caliphate and distancing it from term of usurpation
Can only marriage with bin Hashim be a proof of friendship?
Criticism and Investigation
View of the first category of Shia scholars
Why this rumor gained currency?
Outlook of second category of Shia scholars
Opinion of Ustad Sayyid Ali Husaini Milani
How many daughters did Ali have named Umme Kulthum?
Outlook of Ayatullah Marashi Najafi
Another Analysis about the Marriage of Umme Kulthum with Umar
Relations of the Third Caliph with the House of Divine Revelation
A glance at historical documents
311
312
312
312
313
313
313
313
314
314
315
317
319
323
328
329
329
331
331
DISCOURSE FIVE PUBLICIZED ANALYSES ABOUT THE RELATION OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) WITH CALIPHS 334
Ali’s criticism of Caliphs
Why Ali named his sons after Caliphs?
Name of Muawiyah in use
Name of Yazid in use
Another outlook about these namings
Are narrations attributed to Ali about his praise of Caliphs correct?
Narrations in Sunni books
Narrations mentioned in Nahjul Balagha and Al-Gharaat
The Researcher Shushtari’s outlook
Had Ali accepted the legitimacy of Caliphs’ Government?
The text of the Imam’s letter to Muawiyah copied from Waqatus Siffeen
Conclusion
334
338
339
339
342
342
342
344
347
353
355
357
FINAL CONCLUSION
ZAHRA’S MARTYRDOM IS NOT FICTION
359
VOL. 3
MOTIVE OF THIS RESEARCH
365
Analysis of Ustad Sayyid Muhammad Dhiyabaadi 372
INTRODUCTION
CLAIM OF RIGHTEOUS CALIPHATE IS UNTRUE
375
DISCOURSE ONE
PIETY AND SIMPLICITY SCRUTINIZED
386
Motive of Caliphs’ Piety
Political Piety
Piety or Public Deception
Hypocritical Piety
Personal use of Public Funds
Clandestine Luxury
Support to Royal life and Hoarding Wealth
1 – Support to Muawiyah
2 – Support to Tameem
3 – Support to Zaid bin Thabit
4 – Support to Qunfudh
Properties of Staff Members
Selection of officers
Selection of Mughaira bin Shoba
Selection of Khalid bin Waleed
Selection of Amr bin Aas
Piety without a Holy war
Pleasant Food
Rivalry to piety of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
386
388
389
390
395
399
401
401
403
403
404
404
406
406
407
407
408
409
410
DISCOURSE TWO
SCRUTINY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE
412
Help to the Deprived
Love for the People
Social Classes
Policy of Racial Discrimination
1 – Prohibition for non-Arabs to enter Medina
2 – Retaliation of Arab through non-Arab prohibited
3 – Prohibition to Speak in Language other than Arabic
4 – Objection against Rulership of Nobles over Quraish
5 – Restriction for Non-Arabs to marry Arab ladies
6 – Minimum possible allowance for non-Arabs from public treasury
7 – Distinction between an Arab living in a town and an Arab living in deserts
Racial discrimination Resulted in Advantage to Arabs
Cause of Rulers’ Greatness in view of Arabs
Influence of Greatness of Rulers over Ali’s Government
412
414
415
420
423
423
424
424
424
424
425
427
428
429
DISCOURSE THREE
SCRUTINY OF JUDICIAL JUSTICE
433
Double standards in judgment
1 – Two ways of dealing – with Zahra and Jabir bin Abdullah Ansaari
2 – Double Standard Treatment between Son of Amr Aas and Ubadah bin Samit
3 – Different Treatment between the Son of Amr Aas and Mughaira bin Shoba
Ignoring Calls of Oppressed
433
433
435
436
437
DISCOURSE FOUR
ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHTS OF LEGAL OPPONENTS
439
Type of dealing with legal opponents
Iron-handed policy
Stamp of Apostasy
Examples of Caliphate facing its legal opponents
Malik bin Nuwairah
Two Reminders
Saad bin Ubadah
Umme Farwa
Fujayat al-Salma was burnt
439
439
441
457
457
459
462
464
464
DISCOURSE FIVE
ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL LIBERTIES
466
Dealing with youth
Dealing with Zaid bin Muawiyah Qashari
Behavior with Nasr bin Hajjaj
Sacrifices of Limitations
Ibn Abbas
Roughness and Extremism
466
466
473
474
474
477
CONCLUSION
ZAHRA’S SPEECH DESCRIBES THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS AFTER USURPATION OF CALIPHATE AND IDENTIFIES THE ILLS IN POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT
482
VOL. 4
SECTION ONE
ALLEGIANCE OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN TO CALIPHS
487
Motive of this research 487
DISCOURSE ONE
ABSENCE OF ALI’S APPROVAL TO ABU BAKR’S CALIPHATE
489
Historical documents
Conclusion
What is the Meaning of Silence?
What is the Meaning of Allegiance?
Comparison of silence to Bay’at
Conditions of achieving Bay’at
489
491
492
493
495
496
DISCOURSE TWO
EFFORTS TO OBTAIN IMAM ALI’S (A.S.) BAY’AT AFTER THE PROPHET’S DEMISE
499
Motive of Caliphate in taking Bay’at from Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.)
A Look at Historical Proofs and Documents in Sunni Sources
Conclusion
Where did the efforts of Emigrants for taking forced Bay’at from Ali end?
How Sunnis narrate this event?
Conclusion of the Eight Documents
Remark
ِttack on Zahra’s house and efforts for taking Bay’at from Ali (a.s.)
Final Conclusion
Abu Bakr’s Caliphate was always shown by Ali as not rightful.
499
500
504
505
509
510
511
512
513
513
DISCOURSE THREE
LACK OF PUBLIC SATISFACTION FROM ABU BAKR’S CALIPHATE
514
Historical Documents
Another look at Historical Documents about Public Allegiance to Abu Bakr
514
515
DISCOURSE FOUR
EFFORTS TO PROVE THE BAY’AT WAS OF FREE CHOICE AFTER ZAHRA’S MARTYRDOM
520
A suspicion
Cause of Zahra’s wrath against Abu Bakr
Motive of Sunnis in proving the occurrence of this Bay’at?
In how many ways Sunnis narrate this incident?
Criticism of Three Standards in Narrations of Sunni Sources Concerning willing Bay’at
Scrutiny into allegation of becoming Murtad of some Arabs
Allegation of Sunni Sect concerning the Bay’at having had taken place because of Murtads cannot be considered reliable
Investigation on reliability of this narration
Investigation of correctness and occurrence of the Battle of Abraq and events following it
Result
Analysis of proof of this narration
Continuation of scrutiny about authenticity of Abraq battle and events following it
Result
Another look at the case of Apostasy of Arabs
Conclusion
Three main outcomes of scrutiny of the issue of Apostasy of Arabs
On the margins of analysis of issue of apostasy of Arabs
Last Reminder
Scrutiny into narrations regarding the letter of Ali
Remark about Al-Gharaat
Common points in Narrations of Ibne Qutaibah and Thaqafi
A glance at the incident mentioned in this letter
Outcome
Investigation of credibility of sources mentioned in this letter
Evidences that show deviation in Al-Gharaat
The signs of interpolation in Evidence 1
Signs of forgery in Evidence 2
Results of the investigation of above evidences
A look towards inadvertency of Balazari to the contents of the letter of Ali
Three prime results of scrutiny of Ali’s letter
On the margin of scrutiny of the letter of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
Scrutiny of Narrations about the secret meeting of Ali with Abu Bakr
Excuse for compromise with Abu Bakr!
Testimony to the superiority of Abu Bakr!
Caliphate was a bounty that God gave to Abu Bakr!
Accepting that inheritance of Prophet was Sadaqah!
The Prophet preferred Abu Bakr to others!
Deviated Consequences of Forged Narrations
What does history say?
Final conclusion about Bay’at by choice as Sunnis claim
520
520
521
523
523
523
524

524
526
528
528
528
531
531
533
534
534
536
536
537
537
538
538
539
540
540
541
543
543
545
547
547
548
549
549
549
549
549
551
553
SECTION TWO
INFLUENCE OF DEVIATION ON SHIA BELIEF OF IMAMATE
555
DISCOURSE ONE
IMAMATE AND CALIPHATE FROM SUNNI VIEWPOINT
555
Conclusion 557
DISCOURSE TWO
SUNNI-INCLINED INTERPRETATIONS OF IMAMATE AND WILAYAT
565
Perverted Repercussions of Conjecture on the subject of Alawi Government
Reminder
573
575
END
CAUTION OF WILAYAT AND WARNING OF HAZRAT ZAHRA (S.A.) ABOUT THE BEGINNING OF DEVIATION IN BELIEF OF IMAMATE
576
 (Index)

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